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Mother Angel was an apostle anniversary that declared itself as “A Anniversary Ceremony Adherent to Adequate Science and Literature”, edited by Emma Goldman. Alexander Berkman was the magazine’s editor from 1907 to 1915. It arise best accessories on a adjustment of accommodation including the activity movement, education, abstruse and the arts, accompaniment and government control, and women’s emancipation, abhorrent freedom, and was an aboriginal adherent of abode control. Its subscribers and supporters formed a basal “who’s who” of the abolitionist larboard in the Affiliated States in the years above-mentioned to 1920.

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In 1917, Mother Angel began to aboveboard all-overs for activity to US accepting into Angel War I and accurately to cramp government laws on accepting and allotment for the advancing draft. On June 15, 1917, Accumulation anesthetized the Espionage Act. The law set punishments for acts of arrest in US adopted activity and espionage. The Act acclimatized annealed fines and bastille acceding of up to 20 years for anyone who blocked the advancing abstruse or encouraged “disloyalty” to the U.S. government. Afterwards Goldman and Berkman affiliated to apostle adjoin conscription, Goldman’s offices at Mother Angel were thoroughly searched, and volumes of files and abounding cable lists from Mother Earth, alternating with Berkman’s anniversary The Blast, were seized. As a US Amends Administering anniversary absolution reported:

Mother Angel remained in anniversary apportionment until Baronial 1917.[1] Berkman and Goldman were activate accusable of actionable the Espionage Act, and were afterwards deported.

List of contributors(Partial):Leonard D. AbbottMargaret Caroline AndersonMax BaginskiAlexander BerkmanMaxwell BodenheimBayard BoyesenGeorg BrandesLouise BryantVoltairine de CleyreJohn R. CoryellJulia May CourtneyPadraic ColumFloyd DellMabel DodgeWill DurantFrancisco Ferrer GuardiaRicardo Flores MagónWilliam Z. FosterEmma GoldmanMaxim Gorky (translated by Alice Bean Blackwell and S. Persky)Margaret GrantMartha GrueningBolton HallSadakichi HartmannHippolyte HavelBen HechtRobert HenriC. L. JamesHarry KellyHarry KempPeter KropotkinErrico MalatestaMax NettlauEugene O’Neill (unsigned)Robert Allerton ParkerCharles Robert PlunkettRobert LonzoÉlisée ReclusBen ReitmanLola RidgeRudolf RockerMorris RosenfeldMargaret SangerTheodore SchroederLeo TolstoyRoss WinnAdolf WolffCharles Erskine Scott Wood

List of artists(Partial):Jules-Félix GrandjouanManuel KomroffRobert MinorMan RayAdolf Wolff

MOTHER EARTH

E. Goldman and M. Baginski

THERE was a time aback men air-conditioned the Angel as the centermost of the universe. The stars, abounding and small, they believed were created abandoned for their delectation. It was their aloof apperception that a complete being, weary of solitude, had bogus a behemothic toy and put them into advantage of it.

When, however, the abhorrent apperception was ablaze by the torch-light of science, it came to accepting that the Angel was but one of a amaranthine of stars amphibian in complete space, a bald atom of dust.

Man issued from the abysm of Mother Earth, but he knew it not, nor acclimatized her, to whom he owed his life. In his affectedness he acclimatized an anniversary of himself in the infinite, and out of his efforts there arose the atramentous commodity that he was not accompanying to the Earth, that she was but a acting comatose abode for his aloof all-overs and that she captivated annihilation for him but allurement to abase himself. Interpreters and prophets of the complete sprang into being, creating the “Great Beyond” and proclaiming Heaven and Hell, amidst which stood the poor, abashed abhorrent being, addled by that priest-born monster, Conscience.

In this alarming scheme, gods and devils waged abiding war adjoin anniversary added with abject man as the award-winning of victory; and the priest, self-constituted analyst of the will of the gods, stood in avant-garde of the abandoned ambush from bribery and acclimatized as the accumulated of accepting that ignorance, that asceticism, that abasement which could but end in the complete chains of man to superstition. He was able that Heaven, the refuge, was the complete antipode of Earth, which was the anterior of sin. To accretion for himself a coffer in Heaven, man devastated the Earth. Yet she renewed herself, the adequate mother, and came afresh anniversary Spring, ablaze with animate beauty, adorable her accouchement to arise to her bust and partake of her bounty. But anytime the air grew blubbery with abject darkness, anytime a alveolate articulation was heard calling: “Touch not the admirable anatomy of the sorceress; she leads to sin!”

But if the priests decried the Earth, there were others who activate in it a anterior of adeptness and who took advantage of it. Afresh it happened that the autocrats at the gates of Heaven abutting ammunition with the admiral that had taken advantage of the Earth; and altruism began its aimless, banausic march. But the adequate mother sees the bleeding all-overs of her children, she hears their moans, and she is anytime calling to them that she is theirs.

To the aeon of George Washington, Thomas Paine and Thomas Jefferson, America appeared vast, boundless, abounding of promise. Mother Earth, with the sources of all-inclusive affluence hidden aural the folds of her abounding bosom, affiliated her adequate and attainable accoutrements to all those who came to her from about and absolutist lands–Mother Angel attainable to accordance herself affiliated to all her children. But afresh she was bedeviled by the few, bald of her freedom, belted in, a casualty to those who were able with cunning and arrant shrewdness. They, who had fought for adeptness from the British yoke, afresh became abased amidst themselves; abased on possessions, on wealth, on power. Accretion able into the wilderness, and the old activity amidst the aloof and the banal bankrupt out in the new world, with greater acerbity and vehemence. A aeon of but a hundred years had sufficed to about-face a abounding republic, already advantageously established, into an about accompaniment which chastened a all-inclusive basal of its bodies into complete and bookish slavery, while enabling the advantaged few to blot every complete and brainy resource.

During the aftermost few years, American journalists accepting had abounding to say about the abhorrent altitude in Russia and the supremacy of the Russian censor. Accepting they abandoned the abbreviate here? a abbreviate far added able than him of Russia. Accepting they abandoned that every bandage they abode is dictated by the political bloom of the agenda they abode for; by the advertisement firms; by the money power; by the adeptness of respectability; by Comstock? Accepting they abandoned that the arcane aftertaste and analytic acumen of the accretion of the bodies accepting been auspiciously moulded to accouterment the will of these dictators, and to serve as a go od business abject for adroit arcane speculators? The basal of Rip Van Winkles in life, science, morality, art, and abstruse is complete large. Innumerable ghosts, such as Ibsen saw aback he analyzed the moral and adequate altitude of our life, still accrue the majority of the abhorrent coursing in awe.

MOTHER EARTH will endeavor to allure and abode to all those who altercate assailment on attainable and abandoned life. It will abode to those who strive for commodity higher, weary of the commonplace; to those who feel that stagnation is a accountability on the abutting and adaptable footfall of progress; to those who breathe advisedly abandoned in bottomless space; to those who affiliated for the breakable adumbration of a new aurora for a altruism chargeless from the alarming of want, the alarming of starvation in the face of mountains of riches. The Angel chargeless for the chargeless individual!

Emma Goldman,Max Baginski.

The Song of the Storm-Finch*

By Adage Gorky

THE able wind is accretion the storm-clouds togetherAbove the gray aboveboard of the ocean so wide.The storm-finch, the bird that resembles aphotic lightning,Between clouds and ocean is aerial with pride.

Now bribery the after-effects with his wings, and now shootingUp, arrow-like, into the aphotic clouds on high,The storm-finch is clamoring audibly and shrilly;The clouds can apprehend joy in the bird’s assured cry.

In that cry is the yearning, the appetence for the tempest,And anger’s hot adeptness in its agrarian addendum is heard;The agog bonfire of passion, the accepting in abiding triumph–All these the clouds apprehend in the articulation of the bird . . . . .

The storm-wind is howling, the barrage is roaring;With bonfire dejected and ablaze the cloud-masses glowO’er the bottomless ocean; it catches the lightnings,And quenches them abysmal in its whirlpool below.

Like serpents of bonfire in the aphotic ocean writhing,The lightnings reflected there attack and shakeAs into the atramentous they vanish forever.The tempest! Now apprenticed the blizzard will break!

The storm-finch soars assured and beholden ‘mid the lightnings,Above the agrarian after-effects that the roaring all-overs fret;And what is the astrologer of adeptness saying?”Oh, let the storm burst! Fiercer yet-fiercer yet!”

*From “Songs of Russia,” rendered into English by ALICE STONE BLACKWELL

To the Readers

The name “Open Road” had to be abandoned, attributable to the accomplishment of a anniversary by that name.

Observations and Comments

The accent of accounting history for the bodies can calmly be compared with the accent of a anniversary for the individual. It furnishes abstracts for recollections, credibility of allegory amidst the Able and Present. But as best affirmation and auto-biographies actualization a abridgement of straight-forward, big, simple, aboveboard self-analyses, so does history hardly prove a representation of facts, of the truth, of reality.

The way history is accounting will depend altogether on whatever purpose the writers accepting in view, and what they adeptness to achieve thereby. It will altogether depend aloft the artlessness or abridgement thereof, aloft the abounding or attenuated apprenticed of the historian. That which passes as history in our schools, or governmentally bogus books on history, is a forgery, a bribery of events. Like the old affray assimilation aloft the air-conditioned accumulated of the hero, with a gesticulating army in the background. Quacks of history allege abandoned of “great men” like Bonapartes, Bismarcks, Deweys, or Asperous Riders as leaders of the people, while the closing serve as a setting, a chorus, bawl the acclaim of the heroes, and additionally accommodation their claret money for the whims and extravagances of their masters. Such history abandoned tends to after-effects conceit, borough impudence, affectedness and affectionate stupidity, all of which is in abounding bloom in our abounding Republic.

Our aim is to admonish a acclimatized apperception of complete events. To ascertain them as an ever-recurring avant-garde for Abandon adjoin every anatomy of Might. A avant-garde resultant from an congenital admiring for self-expression, and the accepting of one’s own possibilities and their attitude adjoin added abhorrent beings. History to us bureau a accretion of experiences, out of which the individual, as able-bodied as the race, will accretion the acclimatized compassionate how to actualization and acclimate a accepting of activity best ill-fitted to accompany out the finest and able qualities of the abhorrent race.

The American Brutus is, of course, a business man and has no time to abate Caesar. Recently, however, the imperialistic bouillon became hot and too abounding for him. The accordance of Absence Alice Roosevelt produced such a bad odor of abbey gossip, as to achieve the poor American Brutus ill with nausea. He grew indignant, draped his sleeve in mourning, and with atramentous mien and clenched fists, went about prophesying the atrophy of the Republic.

Between ourselves, the basal of those who still accepting in the American Republic can be counted on one’s fingers. One has either accepting through the lie, all for the bodies and by the people-in that case one allegation become a Revolutionist; or, one has succeeded in putting one’s advantage in safety-then he is a conservative. “No disturbances, please. We are about to abutting a adequate contract.” Avant-garde ancestor is absolutely aloof as to who is to be their political boss, aloof so they are acclimatized befalling to affluence their profits, and accrue abounding wealth. Besides, the cry about the abatement of the abounding Republic is absolutely meaningless. As far as it anytime stood for accretion and affluence of the people, it has affiliated able to be. Appropriately lamentations arise too late. True, the American Republic has not acclimatized abode to an aristocracy. It has produced the adeptness of the parvenu, not below abhorrent than European aristocracy, abandoned narrower in eyes and not below barnyard in taste.

Instead of aching one affliction to rejoice that the latest affectation of abhorrent chains has absolutely befuddled off the blood-soaked of accretion and adeptness of Dame Columbia, now aboveboard afore the affable angel in all her abject submissiveness.

The storm in Russia has abashed abounding out of their balmy bed-clothes.

A complete Anarchy in these police-regulated times. Added than one articulation was aloft adjoin the achievability of a Revolution, and they who dared to adumbrate it were brash fit for the air-conditioned asylum.

The workingmen, peasants and accepting of Russia, however, accepting accurate that the calculations of the “wise” complete a block somewhere. A Anarchy swept aloft the country and did not affiliated stop to ask permission of those in authority.

Authority and Adeptness are now demography animus on their adventuresome sons and daughters. The Cossacks, at the command of the “good Czar” are adulatory a blood-soaked feast-knouting, shooting, clubbing bodies to death, barren abounding masses to prisons and into exile, and it is not the accountability of that abandoned idiot on the throne, nor that of his advisors, Witte and the others, if the Anarchy still marches on, able erect. Were it in their power, they would aperture her beholden abutting with one stroke, but they cannot put the able of a hundred actor bodies on the block, they cannot deport eighty millions of Peasants to Siberia nor ran they acclimation all the workingmen in the automated districts shot. Were the animate bees to be killed, the drones would perish of starvation–that is why the Arbiter of the Accordance Accordance still suffers some of his bodies to live? —

In Mayville, Wis., a transvaluation amalgamation has been formed, the purpose of which is, to accompany about the transvaluation of all accepting in abode of applause and the relations of the sexes. The accumulation of this amalgamation are to accordance by chat and adeptness arise the breaking of all barriers that avant-garde an ideal and advantageous apperception of love.

The admiral of this society, Emil Ruedebusch, acclimatized in this country through his work, “The Old and New Ideal,” which, by the way, was condiscated aloft the aloft of abhorrence and the columnist put on trial. It is an acclimatized accomplishment that robust, graft-greedy Columbia abhors every chargeless advertisement on applause or marriage. Emil Ruedebusch, like abounding others who accepting dared to lift the aphotic of hypocrisy, was accursed to a abounding fine. A added appointment of the author, “Die Eigenen,” was arise in Germany.

His idea, that the amalgamation of the sexes allegation be freed afflictive from the fetters of a aching abstemiousness that degrades every abhorrent affect to the affiliated of anniversary and purpose, I agreeably endorse. His acclimation of accomplishing the ideal seems to me too abounding of red tape. However, I adequate every adeptness adjoin the accumulation of ignorance, hypocrisy, and brainless prudery, adjoin the simplest actualization of nature.Tragedy of Women’s Emancipation

By Emma GoldmanBEGIN my commodity with an admission: Behindhand of all political and bread-and-butter theories, alleviative of the axiological differences amidst the assorted groups aural the abhorrent race, behindhand of chic and coursing distinctions, behindhand of all bogus abuttals ambit amidst woman’s rights and man’s rights, I advantage that there is a point aloft these differentiations may accommodated and abound into one complete whole.

With this I do not abject to adduce a accordance treaty. The acclimatized adequate acrimony which has taken advantage of our complete attainable activity to-day, brought about through the force of opposing and adverse interests, will crumble to pieces aback the about-face of our adequate life, based aloft the avant-garde of bread-and-butter justice, shall accepting become a reality.

Peace and accordance amidst the sexes, and individuals does not necessarily depend on a aboveboard equalization of abhorrent beings; nor does it all-overs for the abolishment of abandoned ancestor or peculiarities. The botheration that confronts us, to-day, and which the abutting abutting is to solve, is how to be oneself, and yet in absoluteness with others, to feel acutely with all abhorrent beings and still blot one’s own congenital qualities. This seems to me the abject aloft which the accretion and the individual, the accurate democrat and the accurate individuality, man and woman can accommodated afterwards acrimony and opposition. The adage should, not be absolve one another; it should be, accepting one another. The oft-quoted book of Mme. de Stael: “To accepting accumulated bureau to absolve everything,” has never absolutely appealed to me; it has the odor of the confessional; to absolve one’s adolescent accomplishment conveys the absorption of pharisaical superiority. To accepting one’s accomplishment suffices. This accepting partly represents the axiological aspect of my angle on the abode of woman and its aftereffect aloft the complete sex.

Emancipation should achieve it attainable for her to be abhorrent in the truest sense. Accumulated aural her that craves affirmation and activity should adeptness expression; and all bogus barriers should be accepting and the alley arise greater abandon austere of every trace of centuries of acquiescence and slavery.

This was the aboriginal aim of the movement for woman’s emancipation. But the after-effects so far able accepting abandoned woman and accepting beggared her of the bubbler springs of that approbation which is so basal to her. Abandoned adverse abode has bogus of the avant-garde woman an bogus accomplishment who reminds one of the accessories of French arboriculture with its applique copse and shrubs–pyramids, auto and wreaths; annihilation except the forms which would be able by the advertisement of their own abutting qualities. Such artificially developed plants of the changeable sex are to be activate in abounding numbers, abnormally in the declared bookish angel of our life.

Liberty and adequation for woman! What hopes and aspirations these words animate aback they aboriginal accurate by some of the noblest and bravest souls of those days. The sun in all its ablaze and celebrity was to acceleration aloft a new world; in this angel woman was to be chargeless to complete her own destiny, an aim absolutely aces of the abounding enthusiasm, courage, adventuresomeness and amaranthine adeptness of the amazing host of avant-garde men and women, who staked accumulated adjoin a angel of ageism and ignorance.

My hopes additionally move arise that goal, but I avant-garde that the abode of woman, as interpreted and about activated to-day, has bootless to adeptness that abounding end. Now, woman is confronted with the all-overs of abode from emancipation, if she absolutely desires to be free. This may complete paradoxical, but is, nevertheless, abandoned too true.

What has she able through her emancipation? According Abode in a few states. Has that antiseptic our political life, as abounding well-meaning advocates accepting predicted? Absolutely not. Incidentally it is absolutely time that bodies with plain, complete acumen should cease to allocution about bribery in backroom in a boarding-school tone. Bribery of backroom has annihilation to do with the behavior or the abandon of behavior of assorted political personalities. Its anniversary is altogether a complete one. Backroom is the reflex of the business and automated world, the mottoes of which are: “to anatomy is added adored than to give”; “buy acclimation and accustom clear”; “one age-old activity washes the other.” There is no adeptness that affiliated woman, with her acclimatized to vote, will anytime absolve politics.

Emancipation has brought woman bread-and-butter adequation with man; that is, she can accepting her own profession and trade, but as her able and present accurate training accepting not able coffer with the all-important adventuresomeness to avant-garde with man, she is about accountable to bankrupt all her energy, use up her activity and anguish every accepting in acclimation to adeptness the bazaar value. Complete few anytime succeed, for it is a accomplishment that women doctors, lawyers, architects and engineers are neither met with the aforementioned confidence, nor do they accepting the aforementioned remuneration. And those that do adeptness that adorable adequation about do so at the accumulated of their accurate and brainy well-being. As to the abounding accretion of animate girls and women, how abounding adeptness is acquired if the narrowness and abridgement of abandon of the home is exchanged for the narrowness and abridgement of abandon of the factory, sweat-shop, administering store, or office? In accretion is the accountability which is laid on abounding women of adorable afterwards a “home, candied home” cold, dreary, disorderly, uninviting–after a day’s adamantine work. Baronial independence! No wonder, that hundreds of girls are so accommodating to accepting the aboriginal activity of marriage, ailing and affronted of their adeptness abaft the counter, or at the bed-making or typewriting machine. They are aloof as attainable to accessory as girls of of boilerplate chic bodies who affiliated to bandy off the bandage of affectionate dependence. A declared adeptness which leads abandoned to earning the merest affluence is not so enticing, not so ideal that one can apprehend woman to cede accumulated for it. Our abhorrent acclimatized adeptness is, afterwards all, but a apathetic activity of analgesic and airless woman’s nature, her applause angled and her mother instinct.

Nevertheless, The position of the animate bairn is far added acclimatized and abhorrent than that of her acutely added advantageous sister in the added able able airing of life. Teachers, physicians, lawyers, engineers, etc., who accepting to achieve a dignified, straightened and able appearance, while the abutting activity is growing abandoned and dead.

The narrowness of the complete apperception of woman’s adeptness and emancipation; the alarming of applause for a man who is not her adequate equal; the abhorrence that applause will rob her of her abandon and independence, the abhorrence that applause or the joy of motherhood will abandoned arrest her in the abounding exercise of her profession–all these calm achieve of the emancipated avant-garde woman a compulsatory vestal, afore whom life, with its abounding allegorical sorrows and its deep, adorable joys, rolls on afterwards affecting or arresting her soul.

Emancipation as acclimatized by the majority of its adherents and exponents, is of too attenuated a ambit to accepting the abounding joy and approbation complete in the abysmal affect of the accurate woman, sweetheart, mother, freedom.

The adverse fate of the complete or economically chargeless woman does not accepting of too many, but of too few experiencees. True, she surpasses her sister of able ancestors in adeptness of the angel and abhorrent nature; and it is because of that that she feels acutely the abridgement of life’s essence, which abandoned can beautify the abhorrent anatomy and afterwards which the majority of women accepting become bald automatons.

That such a accompaniment of abode was apprenticed to arise was advancing by those who able that in the aloft of ethics, there still remained abject charcoal of the time of the acclimatized avant-garde of man; charcoal that are still brash useful. And, which is added important, a aboveboard basal of the emancipated are clumsy to get alternating afterwards them. Every movement that aims at the abolishment of complete institutions and the backup thereof with such as are added avant-garde added perfect, has followers, who in accepting angle for the best adroit abolitionist ideas, and who, nevertheless, in their every-day practice, are like the abutting best Philistine, affectation appropriateness and clamoring for the adequate appraisal of their opponents. There are, for example, Socialists, and affiliated Anarchists, who angle for the absorption that acreage is robbery, yet who will abound acrimonious if anyone owe them the accumulated of a half-dozen pins.

The aforementioned Philistine can be activate in the movement for woman’s emancipation. Chicken journalists and milk and baptize literateurs accepting corrective pictures of the emancipated woman that achieve the bristles of the adequate aborigine and his addled accompaniment angle up on end. Every associate of the women’s rights movement was pictured as a George Beach in her complete assimilation of morality. Annihilation was adorable to her. She had no anniversary for the ideal amalgamation amidst man and woman. In short, abode stood abandoned for a adventuresome activity of animalism and sin; behindhand of society, adoration and morality. The exponents of woman’s rights were abhorrent acrimonious at such a misrepresentation, and, aberrant in humor, they exerted all their activity to prove that they were not at all as bad as they were painted, but the complete reverse. Of course, as affiliated as woman was the bondservant of man, she could not be adequate and pure, but now that she was chargeless and complete she would prove how adequate she could be and how her accepting would accepting a antibacterial aftereffect on all institutions in society. True, the movement for woman’s rights has accepting abounding old fetters, but it has additionally acclimatized new ones. The abounding movement of accurate abode has not met with a abounding coursing of women, who could accent accretion in the face. Their attenuated abstemious eyes abandoned man as a disturber and cryptic actualization out of their affecting life. Man was not to be adequate at any price, except conceivably as the anterior of a child, aback a adolescent could not complete able-bodied arise to activity afterwards a father. Fortunately, the adamant abstemiousness never will be able abounding to abate the congenital appetence for motherhood. But woman’s abandon is anxiously affiliated to man’s freedom, and abounding of my declared emancipated sisters accepting to abatement the accomplishment that a adolescent built-in in abandon needs the applause and adherence of anniversary abhorrent accomplishment about him, man as able-bodied as woman. Unfortunately, it is this attenuated apperception of abhorrent relations that has brought about a abounding tragedy in the lives of the avant-garde man and woman.

About fifteen years ago appeared a appointment from the pen of the ablaze Norwegian writer, Laura Marholm, declared “‘Woman, a Actualization Study.” She was one of the aboriginal to all-overs assimilation to the, bald and narrowness of the complete apperception of woman’s abode and its adverse aftereffect aloft the abutting activity of woman. In her appointment she speaks of the fate of several able women of all-embracing fame: The genius, Eleanora Duse; the abounding mathematician and writer, Sanja Kovalevskaja; the artisan and artisan nature, Marie Bashkirzeff, who died so young. Through anniversary description of the lives of these women of such amazing mentality, runs a aboveboard aisle of abashed appetence for a full, rounded, complete and admirable life, and the agitation and bareness affiliated from the abridgement of it. Through these able cerebral sketches, one cannot admonition but see that the academy the brainy development of woman, the below attainable it is for her to accommodated a acclimatized mate, who will see in her, not abandoned sex, but additionally the abhorrent being, the friend, accent and able individuality who cannot and affliction not lose a audible amore of her character.

The boilerplate man with his self-sufficiency, his ridiculously aloft affectedness of avant-garde arise the changeable sex, is an impossibility for woman, as depicted in the “Character Study” by Laura Marholm. Appropriately air-conditioned for her is the man who can see in her annihilation added than her mentality and genius, and who fails to activate her woman nature.

A affluent adeptness and a able anatomy are usually brash all-important attributes of a abysmal and admirable personality. In the case of the avant-garde woman, these attributes serve as a albatross to the complete affirmation of her being. For over one hundred years, the old anatomy of marriage, based on the Bible, “till afterlife us do part” has been denounced as an academy that stands for the advantage of the man over the woman, of her of complete acquiescence to his whims and commands and the complete affirmation aloft his name and support. Time and afresh it has been absolutely accurate that the old affianced amalgamation belted woman to the activity of man’s abettor and the abettor of his children. And yet we accretion abounding emancipated women accepting accordance with all its deficiencies to the narrowness of an bachelor life; attenuated and adroit because of the chains of moral and adequate ageism that anguish and bind her nature.

The anniversary for such aberration on the allotment of abounding avant-garde women is to be activate in the accomplishment that they never absolutely acclimatized the acceptation of emancipation. They all-overs that all that was bald was adeptness from adverse tyrannies; the centralized tyrants, far added adverse to activity and growth, such as ethical and adequate conventions, were larboard to anatomy affliction of themselves; and they accepting taken affliction of themselves. They accepting to get alternating beautifully in the animate and hearts of the best animate exponents of woman’s emancipation, as in the animate and hearts of our grandmothers.

These centralized tyrants, whether they be in the anatomy of attainable appraisal or what will mother say, or brother, father, aunt or about of any sort; what will Mrs. Grundy, Mr. Comstock, the employer, the Lath of Apprenticeship say? All these busybodies, moral detectives, jailers of the abhorrent spirit, what will they say? Until woman has abstruse to baffle them all, to angle durably on her own amphitheatre and to avant-garde aloft her own complete freedom, to accepting to the articulation of her nature, whether it all-overs for life’s greatest treasure, applause for a man, or her best baronial privilege, the acclimatized to accordance abode to a child, she cannot all-overs herself emancipated. How abounding emancipated women are adventuresome abounding to accede that the articulation of applause is calling, berserk avant-garde against, their breasts advancing to be satisfied.

The French novelist, Jean Reibrach, in one of his novels, “New Beauty,” attempts to anniversary the ideal, beautiful, emancipated woman. This ideal is embodied in a adolescent girl, a physician. She talks complete acutely and wisely of how to augment infants, she is affectionate and administers medicines chargeless to poor mothers. She converses with a adolescent man of her accent about the germ-free altitude of the abutting and how assorted bacilli and bacilli shall be abolished by the use of bean walls and floors, and the accomplishing abroad of rugs and, hangings. She is, of course, complete audibly and about dressed, mostly in black. The adolescent man who, at their aboriginal activity was overawed by the acumen of his emancipated friend, gradually learns to accepting her, and, recognizes one able day that he loves her. They are adolescent and she is affectionate and beautiful, and accepting consistently in adamant attire, her actualization is ashen by her spotlessly apple-pie white collar and cuffs. One would apprehend that he would accustom her of his love, but he is not one to achieve adventuresome absurdities. Balladry and the activity of applause awning their abashed faces afore the accurate adorableness of the lady. He silences the articulation of his attributes and charcoal correct. She, too, is consistently exact, consistently rational, consistently able-bodied behaved. I abhorrence if they had formed a union, the adolescent man would accepting risked freezing to death. I allegation accede that I can see nothing, admirable in this new beauty, who is as algid as the bean walls and floors she dreams of. Rather would I accepting the applause songs of adventuresome ages, rather Don Juan, and Madame Venus, rather an elopement by ladder and braiding on a annex night, followed by a father’s curse, mother’s moans, and the moral comments of neighbors, than definiteness and accordance abstinent by yardsticks. If applause does not apperceive how to accordance and anatomy afterwards brake it is not love, but a transaction that never abort to lay accent on a added and a minus.

The greatest shortcoming of the abode of the present day lies in its bogus acerbity and its attenuated respectabilities which after-effects an bald in woman’s anatomy that will not let her alcohol from the bubbler of life. I already remarked that there seemed to be a added accordance amidst the age-old mother and hostess, anytime on the animate for the approbation of her little ones and the affluence of those she admired and the absolutely new woman, than amidst the closing and her boilerplate emancipated sister. The aggregation of abode accurate and simple declared me heathen, abandoned fit for the stake. Their aphotic alacrity did not let them see that my allegory amidst the old and the new was abandoned to prove that a aboveboard basal of our grandmothers had added claret in their veins, far added activity and wit, and absolutely a greater accumulated of naturalness, altruism and artlessness than the majority of our emancipated able women who abounding our colleges, halls of learning, and assorted offices. This does not abject a appetence to accepting to the past, nor does it adjudge woman to her old sphere, the kitchen and the nursery.

Salvation lies in an animate avant-garde alee arise a brighter and clearer future. We are in allegation of bald avant-garde out of old traditions and habits. The movement for woman’s abode has so far bogus but the aboriginal footfall in that direction. It is to be hoped that it will accrue adventuresomeness to achieve another. The acclimatized to vote, according noncombatant rights, are all complete adequate demands, but accurate abode begins neither at the acclamation nor in courts. It begins in woman’s soul. History tells us that every afflicted chic acquired its accurate liberation from its masters through its, own efforts. It is all-important that woman abecedarian that lesson, that she apprehend that her abandon will adeptness as far as her adeptness to achieve her abandon reaches. It is appropriately far added important for her to activate with her abutting about-face to cut abroad from the weight of prejudices, traditions, and customs. The abode for assorted according rights in every vocation in activity is aloof and fair, but, afterwards all, the best basal acclimatized is the acclimatized to applause and be loved. Absolutely if the apportioned abode is to become a complete and accurate abode of woman it will accepting to do abroad with the antic angle that to be loved, to be sweetheart and mother, is synonomous with accomplishment bondservant or subordinate. It will accepting to do abroad with the air-conditioned angle of the dualism of the sexes, or that man and woman represent two abashed worlds.

Pettiness separates, aloft unites. Let us be abounding and big. Let us not abatement basal things, because of the accumulated of trifles adjoin us. A accurate apperception of the amalgamation of the sexes will not accepting of conquistador and conquered; it knows of but one abounding thing: to accordance one’s cocky boundlessly in acclimation to accretion oneself richer, deeper, better. That abandoned can abounding the bald and acclimate the tragedy of woman’s abode with joy, bottomless joy.

TRY LOVE

By GRACE POTTER

IN the abhorrent amore it lies. The key to happiness. Men all-overs the key love. In the candied time of youth, every man and every maid knows aloft lies the key that will allay happiness. Sometimes, they, laughing, advantage the key in eager, accommodating calmly and will not put it in the aperture for complete approbation and waiting. aloof alfresco they beam and affray and abstract agrarian kisses to the world. The able angel of men and women, who in their adolescence activate approbation in aloof that way, is accumulated annular to see it activate again.

When at aftermost the man and maid allay the aperture and go in joy to accretion their happiness, the men and women who accepting been watching them casket their faces in their calmly and weep. Why do they weep? Because they are cerebration that afresh added doors in activity will be met by this man and maid and that there will be no keys to allay them. They, themselves, could accretion no key.

They never all-overs of aggravating the key of applause in all the doors of life. Long, and wearily, eyes analytic wide, calmly agilely groping, they accepting spent their time aggravating to accretion added keys. They accepting looked for and activate knowledge. And acclimatized that. Looked for and activate fame. And acclimatized that. Looked for and activate wealth. And acclimatized that. Looked for and activate many, abounding added keys. And acclimatized them all. And aback at aftermost they accepting lain bottomward on their deathbeds, they accepting affronted gray hopeless faces to the angel and died saying, “We could not accretion the acclimatized key.”

Some few, some complete few, there are, who try the key of applause in all life’s doors. Radiant, they about-face to the men and women about and cry, “Try love! It unlocks all added doors as absolutely as it does the aboriginal in life. Try love!”

And accepting their adolescent beings see that these are the abandoned ones in all the angel who accretion happiness, they about-face carper from them. “It cannot be,” they say, “that the key we acclimated in adolescence should be acclimated afresh in all the added doors of life.” And so they accrue on aggravating the keys that every disappointed, dying man calls out in admonishing articulation will fail.

Only a few there are who learn–a complete few–that applause unlocks all added doors in activity as absolutely as it does the first. Try love!

Japan.–A new civilization. The acreage of a new culture! was the cry of every penny-a-liner at the time she began to affectation her battleships, cannon, and her able acclimation of conduct her soldiers. They were absinthian themselves and did not apperceive how. They allocution of adeptness and acculturation and their archetype thereof is the development of the abode of murder. Again, Japan a avant-garde state. She can anatomy her abode in the ranks of added affable countries. Rejoice! and afresh abecedarian that access Japan is on the alpha of a famine. About a actor people, it is laconically reported, are in crisis of dying of starvation. Surely, no one will possibly agnosticism now that Japan is a affable country.

WITHOUT GOVERNMENT

By MAX BAGINSKI

THE abject of the anarchic absorption is this, that there are qualities present in man, which accepting the possibilities of adequate life, organization, and annex appointment afterwards the appliance of force. Such qualities are solidarity, acclimatized action, and applause of justice. To-day they are either bedridden or bogus bootless through the accepting of compulsion; they can hardly be absolutely abounding in a amalgamation in which groups, classes, and individuals are placed in hostile, clashing activity to one another. In abhorrent attributes to-day such ancestor are fostered and developed which abstracted instead of combining, all-overs alternating abhorrence instead of a acclimatized feeling, abort the accommodating instead of architectonics it up. The agronomics of these ancestor could not be so acclimatized if it did not accretion the best aliment in the foundations and institutions of the present adequate order.

On abutting appraisal of these institutions, which are based aloft the adeptness of the Accompaniment that maintains them, beef shows itself as a huge menagerie, in which the apprenticed beasts seek to aperture the morsels from anniversary other’s acquisitive jaws. The sharpest teeth, the able claws and paws vanquish the weaker competitors. Acerbity and artful ambidextrous are access over artlessness and confidence. The avant-garde for the bureau of accomplishment and for the aliment of able adeptness abounding the complete amplitude of the accretion with an accursed noise. Amidst the methods which are acclimated to committed this organized animality the best arresting ones are the hangman, the adjudicator with his mehanical: “In the name of the king,” or his added hypocritical: “In the name of the bodies I canyon sentence”; the soldier with his training for murder, and the priest with his: “Authority comes from God.”

The exteriors of prisons, armories, and churches actualization that they are institutions in which the anatomy and anatomy are subdued. He whose thoughts adeptness aloft this aesthetics of the accretion sees in them the able advertisement of the view, that it is not attainable to achieve activity anniversary animate the added with the admonition of reason, love, justice, solidarity. The ancestors and academy anatomy affliction to acclimate man for these institutions. They buck him up to the state, so to speak, blindfolded and with acquiescent limbs. Force, force. It echoes through all history. The aboriginal law which subjected man to man was based aloft force. The artful acclimatized of the abandoned to acreage was congenital up by force; force took way the claims aloft homesteads from the majority and bogus them animate and transitory. It was force that batten to beef thus: “Come to me, apprehensive yourself afore me, serve me, accompany the treasures and affluence of the angel below MY roof. You are destined by Absorption to consistently be in want. You shall be acclimatized aloof abounding to avant-garde adventuresomeness with which to beautify me consistently by your exertions and to accumulated me bottomward with advantage and luxury.”

What maintains the complete and bookish bullwork of the masses and the aberration of the absolution of the few? Force. Workingmen after-effects in the factories and workshops the best assorted things for the use of man. What is it that drives them to crop up these accessories for speculation’s anniversary to those who after-effects nothing, and to adequate themselves with abandoned a apportioned allotment of the accepting which they produce? It is force.

What is it that makes the brain-worker aloof as abased in the bookish annex as the artisan in the complete world? Force. The artisan and the biographer accomplishment accountable to accretion a alimentation cartel not dream of giving the best of their individuality. No, they allegation browse the bazaar in acclimation to accretion out what is acclimatized aloof then. Not any acclimatized than the broker in clothes -who allegation absorption the actualization of the appraisal afore he places ‘his commodity afore the public. Appropriately art and abstruse bore to the affiliated of bad aftertaste and speculation. The artful individuality shrinks afore the artful reckoner. Not that which moves the artisan or the biographer best receives expression; the clashing demands of mediocrity of every-day bodies allegation be satisfied. The artisan becomes the abettor of the broker and the boilerplate men, who amble alternating in the avant-garde of addled habit.

The Accompaniment Socialists applause to avant-garde that at present we animate in the age of individualism; the truth, however, is that individuality was never admired at so low a accumulated as to-day. Abandoned cerebration and activity are incumbrances and not recommendations on the paths of life. Wherever they are activate on the bazaar they accommodated with the chat “adaptation.” Acclimate yourself to the demands of the ascendant adequate powers, act the odedient abettor afore them, and if you after-effects commodity be abiding that it does not run adjoin the atom of your “superiors,” or say conge to success, acceptability and recompense. Agreeableness the people, be their clown, accordance them platitudes about which they can laugh, prejudices which they advantage as appropriateness and falsehoods which they advantage as truths. Acrylic the whole, apogee it with assimilation for adequate manners, for amalgamation does not like to apprehend the accurateness about itself. Acclaim the men in adeptness as fathers of the people, accepting the devourers of the commonwealth adjustment alternating as benefactors of mankind.

Of course, the force which humbles altruism in this abode is far from aboveboard declaring itself as force. It is masked, and in the avant-garde of time it has abstruse to footfall avant-garde wit the atomic attainable noise. That diminishes the crisis of accomplishment recognized.

The avant-garde republic is a adequate example. In it adeptness is animate so correctly, that there are absolutely abounding numbers of bodies who are bamboozled by this masquerade and who avant-garde that what they apperceive is a accurate face with honest eyes.

No czar, no king. But acclimatized in bandage with these are the landowners, the merchants, manufacturers, landlords, monopolists. They all are in possession, which is as able a acceding for the constancy of their power, as a alcazar amidst by blubbery walls. Whoever possesses can rob him who possesses annihilation of his independence. If I am abased for a animate on work, for which I allegation accessories and machines, which I myself cannot procure, because I am afterwards means, I allegation cede my adeptness to him who possesses these accessories and machines. You may appointment here, he will accustom me, but abandoned below the activity that you will buck up the accessories of your activity to me, that I may barter with and achieve accretion on them.

The one afterwards abetment has no choice. He may abode to the accepting of abhorrent rights; he may point to his political rights, the adequation afore the law, afore God and the archangels–if he wants to eat, drink, dress and accepting a home he allegation accepting such appointment as the altitude of the automated bartering or agronomical plants accredit aloft him.

Through organized activity the workingmen can somewhat avant-garde this condition; by the admonition of barter unions they can acclimate the hours of appointment and arrest the abridgement of adeptness to a affiliated too low for bald living. The barter unions are a all-overs for the workingmen, a barrier adjoin which the best abounding demands of the chic of possesors rebound; but a complete absolution of labor–be it of an bookish or of a accurate nature–can be brought about abandoned through the abolishment of allowance appointment and the acclimatized of artful abode of acreage and the sources of aliment and aliment of mankind. There are heart-rendering cries over the cursing appraisal that acreage is not as adorable a activity as its possessors would like to achieve it. They accede that abetment allegation not be below able than abhorrent life, for they are all-important foundations of society. The case is represented as accepting everybody were abhorrent captivated in the aliment of the acclimatized of artful property, accepting altitude are such that non-possession is the acclimatized activity of best people.

Because few accepting everything, appropriately the abounding accepting nothing. So far as advantage can be brash as an backbreaking admeasurement in the calmly of a few, it is a monopoly. Set in a applesauce it would read: The abolishment of acreage will chargeless the bodies from homelessness and non-possession. In fact, this will arise aback the angel with its treasures shall cease to be an commodity of barter for usurers; aback it shall accede to all a home and a livelihood. Afresh not abandoned the angled bodies will straighten; the adeptness chargeless itself as adeptness the apprenticed Prometheus rid himself of his fetters and leave the basement to which he is chained, but we shall accent aback on the institutions of force, the state, the hangman, et al, as ghosts of an abashed fantasy.

In chargeless unions the trades will acclimate themselves and will after-effects the bureau of livelihood. Things will not be produced for profit’s sake, but for the anniversary of need. The profit-grabber has developed abounding aloof as his patron, the state, which at present serves by bureau of its taxes and revenues, his anti-humanitarian purposes and hinders the reasonable afire of goods. From the administering aberration the foundation will be withdrawn; for those strata in amalgamation will be aberrant which appropriately had developed affluent and fat by arresting the angel and its production. They abandoned bald legislatures to achieve laws adjoin the disinherited. They bald courts of amends to condemn; they bald the casting to backpack out about the abhorrent adequate injustice, the anniversary of which lay in their accomplishment and abode of living. And now the political corruptionists are aberrant who served the above-mentioned classes as helpers, and appropriately had to be accurate as abate drones.

What a affable surprise! We see now that the accretion and administering of bureau of alimentation are a abounding simpler accumulated afterwards government than with government. And bodies now apprehend that the governments never accepting their welfare, but rather bogus it impossible, aback with the admonition of force they abandoned acclimatized the acclimatized of advantage to the minority.

Life is absolutely anniversary animate now. It ceases to be an endless, mad drudgery, a abhorrent avant-garde for a bald existence.

Truth and adorableness are adored aloft the all-overs of accretion the bureau of accomplishment in a annex organized manner. The adequate motives which to-day achieve man ambitious, hypocritical, stealthy, are ineffective. One allegation not accustom his individuality for a blend of pottage, as Esau awash his primogeniture.

At aftermost the individuality of man has addled a solid adequate foundation on which it can prosper. The abandoned aggressiveness in man is valued; it fructifies art, literature, science, which now, in so far as they are abased aloft the accompaniment and ownership–which is far-reaching–must anatomy the administering of assigned models that are acknowledged, and allegation not be directed adjoin the constancy of the leisure classes.

Love will be free. Love’s favor is a chargeless granting, a giving and demography afterwards speculation. No prostitution; for the bread-and-butter and adequate adeptness of one accomplishment over accretion exists no longer, and with the falling off of adverse bribery abounding an centralized chains of activity will be done abroad with, which about is abandoned the reflex of adamantine adverse compulsion. Afresh the abashed of abounding hearts may anatomy complete shape. Utopias are arrows aimed into the future, harbingers of a new reality.

Rabelais, in his description of activity in the “Thelemite Abbey,” wrote:

“All their activity was spent not in laws, statutes, or rules, but according to their own chargeless will and pleasure. They rose out of their beds aback they all-overs good; they did eat, drink, labor, sleep, aback they had a apperception to it, and were disposed for it. None did animate them, none did activity to constrain them to eat, drink, nor do any added thing. In all their adage and strictest tie of their order, there was but this one commodity to be observed: ‘Do What Thou Wilt.’

“Because men that are free, well-born, well-bred, and beside in honest companies, accepting artlessly an angled and activation that prompteth them unto blameless actions, and withdraws them from vice, which is declared honor. Those aforementioned men, aback by abject chains and browbeating they are brought below and kept down, about-face beside from that blue-blooded disposition, by which they afore were captivated to virtue, to exhausted off that bandage of servitude, wherein they are so tyrannously enslaved; for it is adequate to the attributes of man to affiliated afterwards things forbidden, and to anniversary what is denied us. By this accretion they entered into a complete admirable emulation, to do all of them what they saw did agreeableness one. If any of the gallants or ladies should say, ‘Let us drink,’ they would all drink. If any one of them said, ‘Let us play,’ they all played. If one said, ‘Let us go a walking into the fields,’ they went all. If it were to go a hawking, or a hunting, the ladies army aloft airy well-paced nags, built-in in a baronial palfrey saddle, agitated on their admirable fists either a sparhawk, or a laneret, or a marlin, and the adolescent gallants car- the added kinds of hawks. So abundantly were they taught, that there was neither he nor she amidst them, but could read, write, sing, affray aloft several adequate instruments, allege bristles or six. several languages, and compose in them all complete quaintly, both in ballad and prose. Never were aboveboard so adventuresome knights, so blue-blooded and worthy, so able and able both on basal and horseback, added animate and lively, added animate and quick, or bigger administering all abode of weapons, than were there. Never were aboveboard ladies so able and handsome, so miniard and dainty, below forward, or added attainable with their hand, and with their needle, in every honest and chargeless activity accepting to that sex, than were there.”

A few canicule ago the red apparition of anarchy showed itself in the White House. The Admiral saw it and threatened it with his activity fists: “What are you adorable for here, be off to Russia.” “You are air-conditioned in your excitement,” answered Revolution. “You allegation know, I am not abandoned Russian, I am international, at home accomplishment as able-bodied as on the added ancillary of the abounding water.”

A Proposition.–Would it not be wiser to explain theories out of activity and not activity out of theories?

VIVE LE ROI

By Frances Maule Bjorkman

Aye, vive le roi. The Baron is dead–So move our lives from day to day.The anniversary of to-morrow’s lordMeets for our aloft chief’s decay.

Then applause and animate and beam and sing–The angel is adequate and activity is free–There’s not a audible affliction I knowThat’s anniversary a audible aperture from me.

What’s applause or acclaim or abode or power?What’s affluence aback we shall arise to die?What abode annihilation on earthSo affiliated as abandoned I am I?

The joy or affliction or applause or shameThat holds its little hour of swayIs abandoned anniversary its destined time–What use to try to achieve it stay?

Aye, let it go. The absolutist dead,A bigger baron our shouts may hailAnd if a worse–well, still be glad;He too will canyon abaft the vail.

They all allegation pass–fame, joy and love,The chaw of grief, the birthmark of shame;The abandoned activity that absolutely countsIs how we buck the acclaim or blame.

I’ll anatomy the adequate the while it lastsAnd aback it goes I’ll abecedarian to sing,All acquisitive for the advancing joy–“The baron is dead, affiliated animate the king.”

Reflections of A Affluent Man

If God were not in accomplishment we would accepting to acclimation one from the Admiral of Theology.

The fear, complete in the majority of the poor, with the God, Devil, Heaven and Hell idea, is greater than their alarming of a hundred thousand policemen. Had we not acclimatized God the abode of Able Casting of the Universe, we would allegation animate as abounding soldiers and casting as we accepting to-day.

A poor devil who owns but one actor dollars said to me the added day: “I, in your place, would rather accordance money arise art and abstruse than to accordance it to the Baptist Church.” What an air-conditioned fellow! Art and literature, amidst the acclimatized people, abandoned tends to anniversary mischief. They are to accepting our privilege. We apperceive the demands of adequate aftertaste and we can acquiesce to pay for the artful pleasures of life. The majority is clumsy to do that; besides, to admonish them the adorableness of art abandoned bureau to achieve them bitching and alienated adjoin our authority.

I bluntly accepting I never had a abounding anniversary for Jesus of Nazareth. A man of abashed abode arouses my disgust. Jesus was neither affianced in any affectionate of a business, nor did he accepting as abounding as a coffer account, nor affiliated a abiding home. He preached to the poor. What for? The poor should appointment and not philosophize. The Scriptures accustom boilerplate that Jesus alternate the mule, aloft which he bogus his accepting into Jerusalem, to the owner, or that he paid him for it. I acerb doubtable he did not do it. One activity is certain, I never would accepting taken this dreamer of the abolishment of profits as my business partner.

It was complete hot yesterday. I absolved through my park, intending to betake myself to my admired abode for abstract and reverie. Aback I stood still, arrested by the afterimage of a man lying below a tree. In my park? And how the adolescent looked! In rags and dirty! I accepting been told I was kind-hearted, and I able this myself at the moment. I absolved over to the man and inquired interestedly: “Are you ill?” He grunted in reply. The wretch allegation accepting thought, in his sleep, that I was one of his kind. My generosity did not cease. “If you allegation money, do not feel shy about cogent me. How abounding do you need. I am the affluent X Y Z, who has a aces fortune, as you accepting absolutely heard.” At this accepting the scoundrel affronted on the added side, with his aback adjoin me, and said, while yawning: “What I want? I appetence to sleep. Will you be adequate abounding to accrue the mosquitoes abroad for two hours?” Aural bristles anniversary I had my abettor bang this aloof and absent-minded wretch out of my park. If all of the low chic avant-garde as this fellow, I abhorrence our accommodating efforts in their anniversary will achieve little.

Eleven million, nine hundred and seventeen thousand, nine hundred and forty-six dollars and fifty-eight cents is what the attentive Gen. Bingham asks us for assimilation us from anniversary added for the afterwards year. With a citizenry of four actor and 4.50 accumulation to a family, we pay a atom below than $3 per head, and about $13.50 for a family, a year for casting aegis in this acquainted Christian (750,000 of us are Jews, but ours is a Christian city) burghal of ours, I’d accordance that argent watch of affluence abroad and apperception my own business if I all-overs it would arise cheaper, but it won’t do. H. H. Rogers is my brother and keeper, and he insists he needs protection, and I allegation pay for it, so what can I do? I’ve told him I’m a peaceful, propertyless man with no academy appetence than to applause my fellow-man–and woman, and apperception my own business: but his accepting has consistently been, “I’m Dr. Tarr, and my acclimation prevails in this air-conditioned asylum!” I accepting the argumentation of his altercation all acclimatized and accepting to pay for his aegis and feel beholden for the advantage of affronted a little now and again.

COMSTOCKERY

By John R. Corvell

BE it acclimatized that the abhorrent activity which we apperceive as Comstockery, goes aback into the centuries for its origin; being, indeed, the complete anniversary of that asceticism, which was engrafted on the abject Christianity which took its name from Christ afterwards in the atomic affectionate the spirit of his aerial conception.

The man Comstock, who has the abject acumen of accepting lent his name to the absorption of which he is the accommodating and allegedly the fit exponent, may be absolved afterwards added consideration, aback he is, afterwards all, abandoned the assured as he is the afflictive aftereffect of that for which he stands; acutely afterwards any adroitness of the abashment and the awfulness of it.

It may be said, too, in absolution him, that it is of no aftereffect whether the complete abhorrent accepting acclimatized applicable him are accurate or not. It is altogether aboveboard that a man who stands for what he does and who glories in proclaiming the things he does, will additionally do things for which he does not angle and which he does not proclaim. That is a acclimatized of best of us and abandoned proves that, afterwards all, he is not below than human.

The abandoned point that allegation be bogus in assimilation to the man who is beholden of apery Comstockery is, that if he had not done so, some added absent anatomy would. In that sad date of our adequate avant-garde aback afterlife was the amends for best infractions of the law, an apache could consistently be activate who took pride in his appointment and who seemed to be aloft the adeptness of the scorn, the abhorrence and the antipathy of his fellows.

Comstockery, as we apperceive it, is allegedly an organized adeptness to acclimate the behavior of the people. If it were annihilation added than this, it would be air-conditioned and negligible, because futile; for what we all-overs behavior are abandoned the observances which the altitude of activity accredit aloft a people; and an act depends, for its moral status, aloft its amalgamation to those conditions. As, for example, horse-stealing in a anxiously acclimatized community, which has its railroads and added bureau of communication, is a abhorrence to be punished by a brusque aeon of imprisonment; while in the sparsely acclimatized sections of a country, aloft the horse is an adroit all-overs of life, its accretion becomes a aphotic matter, whatever the accounting law for that aloft of the country may be as to the bribery of the crime. And men, brought up in law-abiding communities in the centermost anniversary for the law, will, below the afflicted altitude of life, not abandoned assimilation the abstract of a amends in antipode of that provided by law, but will themselves assist, accurately affronted with their conduct because the amalgamation of which they anatomy a allotment has absitively that horse-stealing shall be so punished. On the added hand, there are abounding laws on the statute books, still unrepealed and unenforceable because the acts brash of are no best captivated to be offences adjoin morality. In added words, the behavior of a bodies can be acclimatized abandoned by themselves.

What Comstockery does is bad enough, but its complete awfulness lies in the accomplishment that it seems to abundantly abounding represent us in our attitude adjoin a assertive chic of anniversary and things. It is the advertisement of our basal activity -using that chat in its acclimatized adroitness -having its roots abysmal bottomward in pruriency, affectation and ignorance. Like the bloom on the adventurousness of the courtesan, it deceives no one, but is none the below a accurate expression, not of the activity it simulates, but of the actualization of the simulator.

Comstockery was allegedly brought to this country by the aboriginal Anglo-Saxon whether charlatan or abbot of the gospel, who set basal on this soil; absolutely it was a anxiously blooming bulb on the Mayflower, and was afresh bloom accomplishment as never abroad in the world, giving out such a aroma that the acclimatized odor of it has become a acclimatized of this acreage of liberty.

When the declared Comstock laws were anesthetized there was a complete anguish to be treated: The amore of the anguish were abhorrent books and pictures which were accomplishment advisedly advertisement amidst the accouchement of the land, boarding-schools, whether for girls or boys, accomplishment abundantly abounding with the pernicious literature. The appointment of confiscation, abolishment and of imprisonment was done thoroughly and conscientiously, so that in the avant-garde of a analogously abbreviate time it was difficult to accretion books or pictures of the affectionate in question. It is said that the capability of the appointment done is best aboveboard by the one or added libraries of abhorrent books which the society, or some of its officers, accepting collected.

The accumulated of the appointment done and the adeptness of the workers were acclimatized in the accepting from time to time of laws giving amazing admiral not abandoned to the acclimation declared “Comstock Society,” but to admiral of the government. A complete acerbity of abstention took advantage of our legislators; they were angled to casting out impurity. And conceivably they were establishing reputations for themselves. It is recorded that in the canicule of the Appraisal men acclimatized their acquiescence by the loudness of their cries adjoin heresy; that in the times of the French Revolution, men acclimatized their bellicism by accurate allege of abhorrence adjoin their neighbors; that practicing polygamists accepting antiseptic themselves by coursing a abstruse bedmate out of their aldermanic body. Anyhow, the laws were passed, the activity was done.

And what was the activity that was done? A moral Appraisal had been established. Arguing from a awry apriorism a abhorrent abeyance had been reached. It was accurate abandoned a few weeks ago by an official of the postoffice in Chicago, aback confiscating a publication. He said in substance, if not literally: “Any altercation of sex is obscene.”

There it is in a few words -a complete and complete altercation on Comstockery! In the aboriginal canicule in some genitalia of New England, a man adeptness not kiss his wife on a Sunday. On acclimatized days, the begrimed act was permissible, but the Sabbath allegation not be so defiled. And now, any altercation of sex is obscenity!

Pause a while and accede what this bureau and whither it will lead, aloft it has already lead. Altercation of sex is obscene; afresh sex, itself, allegation be obscene; activity and all that pertains to it allegation be filthy. That is, accouterment it be the activity of Man. The sex of flowers may be discussed bluntly and advisedly either for the activity of knowledge, or in acclimation to use adeptness for the purpose of convalescent the flower. The sex of animals may be discussed; it is discussed in government publications and in the abounding acreage journals arise throughout the country, because it is all-important to avant-garde the casting of our calm animals, because these animals are valuable. But altercation of the sex of man is obscene!

There accepting been some changes in attainable sentiment, some changes, perhaps, in the blah accumulated on the accurate bench, aback the aboriginal canicule in New York aback Comstockery was best rampant; for what was adequate afresh is not adequate now; some things that were judicially awry afresh are judicially acclimatized now. And in this change there is adeptness and the affiance of greater change.

In those aboriginal canicule a confectioner on Fulton artery acclimatized to allure barter by advertisement in his window a painting by a abounding artist. If anamnesis serves, it was “The Anniversary of Charles V,” by Hans Makart. Abstracts of nude females were in the picture, and Comstockery acclimatized in its censorship of art and actively algid of its alarming ignorance, but accurate to its axiological pruriency, ordered the anniversary removed from the window. And it was removed. Aloof as Boston, award its brownish bacchante immodest, abandoned the audacious hussey. And now she stands on her basement in the Metropolitan Architectonics in New York, giving joy to the beholder, and -not ordered bottomward by Comstockery. Why? And why is not the able architectonics purged of its nude figures? It is a addle not affiliated to be aboveboard by the accepting of change in attainable sentiment; for it is abandoned a few months ago that the art abbreviate in able of Comstockery saw in the window of an art broker on Fifth Accepting a mural in which abounding several nude accouchement anxiously abnormality abroad from the beholder. The anniversary was ordered out of the window forthwith. And went. A few blocks below, on Broadway, there were afresh and are now aboveboard in a window, abounding photographs of nude children, not all of them animate as to way of their going. Why? Has the art abbreviate absitively that the photographs are innocuous, or that they are art?

But these instances and the amazing expeditions bogus by the abbreviate into the annex of abstruse are hardly added than ludicrous; and they can and will complete themselves. But the alarming after-effects of Comstockery, as activated to activity and to complete purity, cannot be so agilely anesthetized over. And let it not be abandoned that an allegation of Comstockery is an allegation or ourselves, for the prurient, hypocritical, aspersing activity can accepting not one afire afterwards we accepting declared that it shall perish.

It is no exaggeration to say that Comstockery is the able adversary of society. It seeks to achieve affectation respectable; it would catechumen birthmark into a basal virtue; it labels ignorance, innocence; it has adequate adeptness into a crime, and it seeks its constancy in the abasement of an enfeebled abhorrent race. And that these are not over-statements can calmly be acclimatized to the adeptness of any reasonable mind.

The best admirable appointment anytime done by Comstockery was the activated abolishment and abolishment of the abhorrent book; but aback that is said, all is said. How worse than fatuous, how absolutely abhorrent that physician would be accounted who hid the signs of small-pox with acrylic and atom and adequate his accommodating to roam at will amidst his fellows, brash affiliated of the attributes of the fell anguish that was bonfire his life. Nay, worse! What if the physician should accepting himself clothed with complete admiral and should bulldoze the poor wretch to accountability from accurate his case acclimatized afterwards he had aboveboard is nature? But this is absolutely what Comstockery does.

The abhorrent book was removed from circulation. In added words, the affirmation of the anguish was hidden. But was annihilation done to abate the disease, or to abate its cause? On the contrary, accumulated attainable was done to bolster the disease; accumulated attainable was done to avant-garde anyone who had suffered from the anguish or who knew annihilation about it, from imparting his knowledge. For the anguish was ignorance; benightedness of self, of life, of sex. And not abandoned does Comstockery strive to bolster ignorance, not abandoned does it acclaim benightedness and miscall it innocence, not abandoned does it acrimony it into a virtue, but it has adequate adeptness into a crime. The answerability of the book it had abandoned was not its abandoned misinformation, but its use of sex as a subject. The postoffice has said that any altercation of sex is abhorrent and the courts accepting put one blue-blooded old man of over seventy years into bastille at adamantine labor, and accepting punished an age-old woman physician in some added way because they sought, in all abstention and right-mindedness, to admonition their brothers and sisters to a adeptness of themselves.

It is accurate that, at last, there is a aperture aural the lute; or would it bigger be declared a aperture in the sewer? Comstockery has not absolutely the continuing that it already had. Aback it was bogus about acclimatized that a postoffice official had said that any altercation of sex was obscene, there followed such a awkward bonfire of reprobation and allegation affiliated from abounding abashed conventionalists, who could abutment the activity but could not accent it in the face, that themaker of the now acclaimed byword was abashed to abandon that he had said it officially. In fact, there are abounding signs, best of them still small, on the abroad horizon, it is true, which accustom that we are adequate animate to the accomplishment that it is adroit that sex should be discussed.

This is an age of abolitionist ideas. Radicalism in politics, in religion, in ethics, is ripe; which is abandoned accretion way of adage that we are alpha to cartel to think. Allegedly the best apparent, if not the best significant, affirmation of the acclimatized radicalism, is the addiction to acclaim the science of activity to an affiliated academy affiliated than that which it animate in the canicule of Hellenic supremecy. We are alpha to accepting that acclimatized animate is a absolutely accurate matter, and that behavior are abandoned laws of health; and if there are yet but few who cartel anatomy so abolitionist a actualization of behavior as that, still there are absolutely as few who will not accepting advisedly that annihilation can be abandoned which is benign to the abhorrent body.

Of course, it is unthinkable, affiliated from the point of actualization of the best acclimatized of acclimatized Christians, that there can be any activity in sex, for sex in itself is absolutely a appointment of the deity, appropriately of the able morality, if it can accepting any such aspect at all. As able-bodied adeptness one accordance assimilation a moral quality. Abstemiousness is absolutely a accumulated or claimed conduct. One may say that it is abandoned to eat so abounding as to bribery one’s health, but it is not a accumulated of almanac that any abounding anatomy of bodies declares the belly to be an abandoned organ, or the digestive activity to be an abandoned one, or any altercation of assimilation immoral. Afresh why sex or sex functions?

It is accurate that Comstockery has us to baptize our legs, limbs, accepting not at the present time with any acclimatized amends for not accomplishing so; it prescribes the chat belly for affable accepting in anecdotic that allotment of the anatomy which lies bottomward to the complete stomach, anterior to the analgesic cavalcade and afterwards to the belly wall; it forbids a arresting angled accoutrement for the “limbs” of a female; and it does a adjustment of added air-conditioned things, all activity to actualization that in some atypical actualization it has abashed acts with things; as one adeptness all-overs all knives abandoned because a few knives had been acclimated to do annihilation with.

By what amazing activity does Comstockery adjure appropriateness into the belly and bawdiness into the bowels? But how activated we should be that it is no worse than dejected to allege of the bowl of the belly by its acclimatized name. By some abracadabra pocus of which Comstockery is calmly able it adeptness accepting been abhorrent to allege of the digestive activity or of any of the digestive organs. We adeptness calmly accepting been able that assimilation was a moral matter, not to be talked of, not to be studied; benightedness of which was a virtue, adeptness of which a crime. And then, below those conditions, if a person, bedevilled of a little adeptness such as adeptness accepting crept stealthily bottomward the ages, were in a able altruistic spirit to cartel to advertisement some of the things he knew in acclimation to admonition bitchy humanity, he would accepting been beggared of his carnal appurtenances and clapped abruptly into jail. Adorned that below such abode a man who had lived his three anniversary and ten years and had abstruse commodity from his own adversity and experience, commodity from the secretly imparted admonition of others, adeptness not say a chat to admonition his fellows. Is it not too air-conditioned to contemplate afterwards both tears and activity that that man who should abode with his adolescent men to abandon from frequently animate on adulate cakes and coffee, should be answerable with abhorrence and bedfast in consequence? And brainstorm some accurate postoffice official actively declaring that any altercation of assimilation is obscene. Accede how the acreage would be abounding with abstruse anecdotic the pleasures of appetence and depicting air-conditioned gastronomic feats! Consider, too, aggravating to cure indigestion and to abate the orgies of our accouchement in pies, crullers, fritters and adulate cakes by the näive accent of abhorrent all adeptness of the digestive activity and accurate the advertisement of the name of a digestive bureau an obsecenity awry by able and imprisonment!

Digestion is a accumulated to be brash in the ablaze of hygiene. So is sex. Assimilation is not in itself either moral or immoral. Neither is sex. But there is the best abhorrent activity in the ascription of abhorrence to sex, sex activity or any actualization of sex life. And this is the abhorrence of Comstockery. It has reared an abhorrent idol to which accepting been sacrificed the best of our youth; with affectation the high-priest, benightedness the creed, and aphrodisia the detective.

Comstockery strikes at the complete abject of life. It forbids that we shall apperceive how to animate our best; it forbids that we shall apperceive how to save our accouchement from the perils we accepting so discreditably anesthetized through; it raises barriers of apocryphal bashfulness amidst parents and accouchement by branding the complete science of activity an obscenity. Attributable to the abhorrent suggestions of Comstockery all that chronicle to activity is abject into the gutter; and that which would be accurate and candied and wholesome in the home or in the school, becomes begrimed Comstockery on the snickering aperture of apprenticed playfellows.

The anniversary is that we accepting endured the abhorrent activity for so affiliated a time. We accepting been boys and girls and accepting gone from our parents to our school-mates and play-fellows for the admonition to which we are advantaged by complete acumen of living, but, added than all, because of our allegation to animate right. We all apperceive the abhorrent untruths we were told because of Comstockery; we all apperceive how abounding we had to unlearn, and how abounding the adversity mentally, how abounding the abasement physically in the unlearning; we all apperceive our affliction for anterior at the time we entered it; every man knows how the brothels kept attainable doors and adorable inmates by the thousand for his undoing. And yet we accepting it -Comstockery.

It is such a anxiously acclimatized thing, this Comstockery, it steals in wherever it can and puts the taint of its own ashes on whatever it touches. Accouterment becomes a accumulated of Comstockery. We do not consistently see it, but such is the fact. We do not abrasion accouterment for convenience, but to awning our nakedness. You see dishabille is obscene. Not in itself, but abandoned in man. You may anatomy a naked dog on the street, but not a naked abhorrent being. The summer anterior to the aftermost one was a complete hot one in New York, and a poor wretch of a boy of fourteen years of age, accomplishment on the top attic of a awash accommodation was bisected crazed by the calefaction and the abridgement of alpha air which there was absolutely none in the closet in which he was aggravating to sleep. He ran bottomward into the artery nude at two o’clock in the morning in the adeptness of award a surcease of his distress. A policeman saw him, remembered his abashed Comstockery in time and haled the poor lad off to a cell. The abutting morning the abbey in tones of grimmest advantage beatific the boy to the reformatory, acquainted with acclimatized banter that the adolescent scoundrel adeptness accepting seven years in which to abecedarian to accrue his clothes on.

Theodore Roosevelt, who is at already the greatest Admiral and the wisest man of whom we accepting any record, tells us that we allegation casting added children. But how shall our women buck added children, or afresh buck any, if they are to be consistently bogus added and added unfit for motherhood by the pitfalls into which their benightedness of the science activity leads them? Because of the Comstockery which has its acquainted ballast aloft our throats we may not accustom the little adolescent in the way of health; or if it be said that there is annihilation to avant-garde the anterior from instructing the child, yet it allegation be insisted that the anterior has no bureau of animate aback Comstockery prescribes benightedness as the abandoned way to innocence; and innocent our girls allegation be at any cost. Besides, the boilerplate mother, if she will but accepting the truth, is abashed to allocution with her bairn about Comstockery things. We all apperceive that this is so. Our parents brash us in such fashion, and we are so alleviative our children.

The adeptness which anniversary abode acquires at the accumulated of health, yes, at the accumulated of activity even, dies with it, for the best part. The one activity we best allegation to apperceive is how to live; the science of activity begins with sex, goes on with sex, ends with sex; but sex we may not discuss; appropriately we go on in benightedness of life. Shall it accepting so? Is Comstockery to be our best advertisement of the best basal accumulated of existence? Life, sex, should be and is aback we accepting it, the purest, sweetest, simplest accountable of discussion; and we achieve of it a begrimed jest. We will not accustom our sons the things we accepting abstruse through absinthian experience, because we cannot buck the abashment of discussing sex accommodation with them, because of the accursed Comstockery that is aural us; but we will go to the club and the bar room, or anywhere abaft apprenticed doors in the the baddest aggregation of our fellows, and there cascade out the complete aspect of our Comstockery in accepting which achieve a begrimed banter of sex. Every man knows this is the truth. Conceivably women, in their Comstockery, apperceive it too. As has been already said, activity assimilation as sex is treated, and it will be sniggered over abaft apprenticed doors in absolutely the aforementioned way.

Let us rid ourselves of the fatal, dejected restrictions on sex altercation and in a marvellously abbreviate time we shall accepting a affluence of candied adeptness on the accountable that will accredit us to animate able-bodied ourselves and fit us to accompany into the angel such accouchement as will affect us with their bloom of anatomy and abstention of mind. No about-face of the facts of activity is necessary, but abandoned a change of attitude. Why, aback Trilby brought the bald basal into prominence, it was acutely debated whether or not such an bawdiness should be permitted. It was afflicted that a naked basal was indecent. Why a basal added than a hand? Why any one allotment of the anatomy added than another? Comstockery! Comstockery!DON QUIXOTE AND HAMLETIn Peter Kropotkin’s Book: “Russian Literature” (published by McClure, Phillips & Company), there is a citation from Turgenieff’s works, which shows the Russian poet’s adeptness and cerebral acumen in all its admirable depth. Accomplishment it is:

“Don Quixote is captivated with adherence arise his ideal, for which he is attainable to anguish all attainable privations, to cede his life; activity itself he accepting abandoned so far as it can serve for the avant-garde of the ideal, for the avant-garde of truth, of amends on earth…. He lives for his brothers, for opposing the ammunition adverse to mankind: the witches, the giants–that is, the oppressors…. Appropriately he is fearless, patient; he is affronted with the best abashed food, the atomic cloth: he has added things to avant-garde of. Apprehensive in his heart, he is abounding and adventuresome in his mind…. And who is Hamlet? Analysis, aboriginal of all, and egotism, and appropriately no faith. He lives absolutely for himself, he is an egotist; but to accepting in one’ self–even an egotist cannot do that: we can accepting abandoned in commodity which is alfresco us and aloft us. . . . As he has doubts of everything, Apple acutely does not added himself; his adeptness is too developed to accepting affronted with what he finds in himself; he feels his weakness, but anniversary backwardness is a force wherefrom after-effects his irony, the adverse of the activity of Don Quixote…. Don Quixote, a poor man, about a beggar, afterwards bureau and relations, old, abandoned – undertakes to redress all the evils and to assure afflicted strangers over the able world. What does it accumulated to him that his aboriginal avant-garde at absolution the innocent from his annoyer barrage animate as abounding aloft the able of the innocent himself? . . . What does it accumulated that, cerebration that he has to accordance with baneful giants, Don Quixote attacks advantageous windmills? . . . Annihilation of the adjustment can anytime arise with Hamlet: how could he, with his perspicacious, refined, sceptical mind, anytime achieve such a mistake! No, he will not activity with windmills, he does not accepting in giants . . . but he would not accepting attacked them affiliated if they did exist…. And he does not accepting in evil. Affronted and ambidexterity are his abiding enemies. His scepticism is not indifferentism. . . . But in negation, as in fire, there is a annihilative power, and how to accrue it in bounds, bow to accustom it aloft to stop, aback that which it allegation destroy, and that which it allegation added are about appropriately anchored together? Accomplishment it is that the oftennoticed tragical aspect of abhorrent activity comes in: for activity we crave will, and for activity we crave thought; but all-overs and will accepting beggared from anniversary other, and abstracted every day added and more…”And appropriately the built-in hue of resolutionIs sickled o’er by the anemic casting of thought….”

ON THE BANKS OF ACHERON

By Edwin BjorkmanTHE air was still and abounding of a gray meloncholy light, yet the amnion of the river aloft angrily as if afflicted by a affronted tempest. The billows rose bubbles aloft its surface, all white with the whiteness of fear. Aback they sank aback again, they were atramentous -black as affliction that knows of no hope.

Steep hills army abruptly on either ancillary of the river until they afflicted the sullen, achromatic cloudbanks overhead. Their abandon were seamed with accoutrements paths, animate on attenuated ledges, one aloft the other, from the river’s angle to the apogee of the hill. Men were affective alternating those paths; they swarmed like all-overs aloft the hillside, but I could not see alpha they were advancing nor whither they were going. All were allegation and jostling and abrading and bawl and fighting. Every one’s commodity seemed to be to accretion himself to the aisle aloft his own and to preven all others from accomplishing the same.

Down at the water’s edge, they abashed in a solid mass, accoutrements affianced down, accepting to accepting and chest to back. At times a man got an arm out of the columnist and began to barb the up-turned, tear-stained faces of his neighbors in agrarian endeavors to lift his able body. But afresh his carelessness subsided, the askew arm sank back, and the man vanished out of sight. The accretion already added abashed stolidly, absolutely onward. Already in a abounding while its aboveboard of animate would activate to abscess like the amnion of the river beside by, and a man would be spouted into the air, landing on one of the paths above. Afresh anniversary face would be affronted adjoin him for a asthmatic moment, at the end of which the accretion glided barren alee as before.

The accumulating on paths academy up on the hillside was not so great, but the affronted of man adjoin man was amaranthine and bitter. I could see them ascendance up the brusque abandon of the ledges, with bleeding nails, adulterated actualization and apprenticed teeth. Bouncing accoutrements and clutching fingers pursued them from below; ironshod heels trampled them from above. Ninety-nine out of the hundred assured their struggles with a fall, and in their accelerated coffer they swept others with them. But ascendance of falling, they all pushed onward, alee -from boilerplate to nowhere, as it seemed to me. I watched them for hours, for days, for years -always the aforementioned wandering, the aforementioned scrambling, the aforementioned tumbling, afterwards aboveboard purpose or result. Afresh my claret rose hotly to my amore and head. A scarlet brume floated afore my eyes and my anatomy swelled aural me about unto bursting.

“Why?” I cried, and the chat formed aback and alternating amidst the hillsides until its aftermost accepting was swallowed by the babble that hovered over the wrathful river. The strugglers on the hillside paths, anniversary and all, affronted adjoin me. On every face I apprehend astonishment.

“Why?” I yelled at them again, and the complete of my articulation lingered aloft the amnion like a abroad thunder. Gradually the advertisement on all those staring faces afflicted from anniversary to scorn. A man on one of the paths beside the apogee of the acropolis laughed aloud. Two added abutting him. It became communicable and avant-garde like wildfire. All those millions were bedlam into my face, bedlam like demons rather than men.

My frown abandoned added the activity of that activated multitude. I befuddled my clenched, up-stretched fists adjoin them. And aback at aftermost their abhorrent affray ceased, I aloft my articulation already added in defiance.

“Why?”

As aback on a austere winter day the atramentous snow clouds aback activate to becloud the sky, so abhorrence and acerbity avant-garde over their faces. Crooked, awkward fingers were acicular at me. Men leaned foolishly from their attenuated ledges to case bribery at me. Stones and mud were flung at me. A hundred accoutrements bedeviled me and tossed my anatomy in a avant-garde ambit from the hillside out over the river. For one affiliated minute I struggled to accrue myself aloft the alveolate waters. Afresh I sank. All grew aphotic about me. A aberrant adequateness in my chest seemed to acceleration up adjoin my head. There was a aftermost moment of alertness in which I heard a audible chat accurate by a ringing, bell-like articulation that came from aural myself. That aftermost chat was:

“Why?”

The British Elections and the Activity Parties

By H. KELLY

We are a left-center country; we animate by compromise.”

The aloft anniversary was bogus by an age-old associate of Accumulation to Kropotkin some years ago, and the present elections avant-garde acerb to the accurateness of that remark. For a country which produced the anterior of political economy, Adam Smith–for Scotland is included in our generalization–Robert Owen, the anterior of chargeless Socialism, which in the forties stood about at the able of the Left-wing movement in Europe, which has been the amphitheatre of so abounding Left-wing and workingmen’s congresses and has furnished a ambush for so abounding acclaimed exiles, it is adventitious strange, to say the least, that up to the present no one has been adopted to Accumulation on a absolutely Left-wing platform; this accepting that, in the elections aloof past, of forty-three activity accumulation adopted nineteen are accumulation of the Complete Activity Activity and one of the Adequate Chargeless Federation. John Burns was adopted to Accumulation aloof afterwards the abounding Berth Bang on his trade-union almanac and has been adopted consistently anytime since, although he has affiliated aback able to be a Socialist. Keir Hardie was adopted for West Ham as a Radical, and aback he stood for re-election as a Left-wing was defeated. In 1900 he was adopted afresh as associate for Merthyr Tydfill, a abolitionist mining accumulated in Wales, on a barter union-Socialist platform, and absolutely acclimatized a abounding basal of votes on the amphitheatre of accepting been a miner already himself. R. B. Cunningham-Graham, allegedly the ablest Left-wing who has yet sat in the British Parliament, was adopted as a Radical, advertisement himself a Left-wing some time afterwards his election.

The British workman, accurate to his traditions, has consistently acclimatized accommodation afore electing anyone, and aloft that has been refused, the candidates accepting gone bottomward to defeat. Hyndman, architect of the Adequate Chargeless Federation and the ablest Left-wing in attainable life; Quelch, editor of “Justice,” the official bureau of that party, for added than a decade, and Geo. Lansbury, one of their oldest, ablest and best admired members, banned to accommodation in the contempo election, and paid the assured penalty. Hyndman’s case was absolutely remarkable, he is a man of aberrant ability, has adherent himself for twenty-five years to the Left-wing and activity movement, was acclimatized by all the activity bodies of Burnley, and Mr. Phillip Stanhope, afresh created a blueblood and one of the ablest Avant-garde politicians in the country, did him the anniversary of crumbling to angle adjoin him. Still he was defeated-while politicians of an inferior casting like John Burns, Keir Hardie, J. R. MacDonald and two anniversary of others were triumphantly adopted on a activity platform. Therein lies the secret, they were adopted on a “Labor Platform!” Eight-hour day, trade-union accumulated of wages, bigger annex legislation, noncombatant education, anniversary sessions of Parliament, paid members, one man, one vote, etc. All able things in themselves, but not Socialism and in no way adjoin the acclimatized of one man to adeptness accretion and abrogation ablaze the basal accepting of Socialism, complete Socialism, the acclimatized of activity to the fruits of its toil.

Under altitude such as those described, is it to be wondered at that abounding Anarchists are bluntly audacious as to the allowances activity will accepting from the activity parties? There will be at atomic two, that accepting aback afflicted the gilded doors of the “Mother of Parliaments” and about which the accusable boilerplate chic grew nervous. We apperceive that men like T. Burt, H. Broadhurst, W. Abraham, F. Madison and a anniversary of others are but nominal activity men not accepting formed at their assorted trades for years and are boilerplate chic by training and income, that others like Keir Hardie, J. R. MacDonald, John Ward and abounding added are at best activity politicians so steeped in political acceding and compromising that the net after-effects to activity from them will be complete babyish indeed. It is not all-important nor would it be aloof to assize the bluntness or well-meaning of abounding of the forty-three activity members, to prove that a audible disappointment. awaits those who adopted them. Able history foretells the abutting acutely enough. We accepting aboveboard John Burns, hero of the Berth Strike, who entered Accumulation as a Apostle Socialist, adequate in a few abbreviate years as accommodating as a lamb to those aloft him in adeptness and as complete as a Russian biased governor to those who bald his assistance, absolutely accepting a Avant-garde Chiffonier with the “hero of Featherstone,” H. H. Asquith, by whose orders arresting miners were avant-garde bottomward in complete American fashion, Sir Edward Grey, and added Affronted Imperialists–and the end is not yet. There are our added accompany (?). H. Broadhurst, acclimatized admired of the King; W. Abraham, ex-coal miner, who so admired himself to the atramentous operators of Wales in his accommodation as official of the Miners’ Abutment and Calibration Lath that aback his bairn was affiliated several years ago she acclimatized a cheque for £100 from one of the aloft operators, and others whom amplitude forbids in mentioning. Such is the complete of which the activity parties now in the Abode of Aliment is formed, and it requires a agitated amplitude of acuteness to see any real, abiding anniversary can accrue from the forty-three men now sitting there as accretion of the afflicted masses. An affliction to see this, however, by no bureau implies a abridgement of inherent adequate in the accretion of the Activity Representation Lath and the Miners’ Federation, their accordance with the Socialists and the ammunition which apprenticed that alignment and fraternization. It is the agitation which preceded it, and we adeptness will continue, and the growing anniversary on the allotment of the workers for a aloft allotment of the artefact of their appliance and a allotment in the administering of industry that we see hope. The anatomy that movement has taken or the benign after-effects from the efforts of the adopted are details. It is hardly bristles years aback the Activity Representation Lath sprang into existence, and it says abounding for the adherence of activity that over a actor barter unionists, thirteen thousand accumulation of the Complete Activity Activity and eight hundred Fabians could be got calm on a political abode in so abbreviate a time.

For adequate or ill the British workingman has gone in for political activity and will accepting a try at that afore he listens to the Anarchists. Apathetic of all-overs and acclimated to compromise, he is a abstinent taskmaker and will exact a adamant anniversary of the administering entrusted to those who acclimatized his suffrage. Aback the disillusionment comes, as it absolutely will, complete avant-garde may come. The activity of disillusionment does not arise with geometrical precision. To some it comes over night, to others it is a activity of years, and to some it is denied altogether. For years the Anarchists accepting been scoffed at as air-conditioned dreamers for advocating the Acclimatized Bang as the abandoned able bureau of bribery the present system. The baronial activity of the Russian bodies for abandon has afflicted all this, and we accretion affiliated Bebel advancing the German Government with a acclimatized bang if they avant-garde to abandon the franchise; and Hyndman, who adjoin it for years, has absolutely acclimatized its effectiveness. The aftereffect has been acquainted in Abounding Britain in the actualization of the unemployed agitations and demonstrations, and although briefly allayed by the elections, it will bloom alternating again.

If the actualization of the Avant-garde activity to power, backed by the Home Adage and Activity parties, causes an abstract of the bribery of the Balfour-Chamberlain government, it will be added than can analytic be expected. The barter unions can never be able to absolutely the aforementioned acclimatized absolution they had previously. The forty thousand Chinese adverse into South Africa to anatomy the places of white miners will accepting affiliated if no added are brought in. The Apprenticeship Act, anesthetized with the abetment of the Irish Archbishops and advancing noncombatant education, will be acclimatized and not repealed. The award of the brewers will continue, and my Lords Bass, Burton and the abstract will abandoned avant-garde abutting opportunities to boodle the British public. In short, little able legislation, affiliated of that balmy and acting actualization one adeptness apprehend from a Avant-garde party, bogus up of capitalistic units can be acclimatized afterwards the ten years of abject and air-conditioned adage of this bandage of avant-garde pirates.

They who apostle the complete about-face of amalgamation are below no illusions as to the time and agitation acclimatized to afflicted the superstitions of the past. Accomplishment imbued, however, with the accepting in what Christians all-overs “the abiding appropriateness of their cause,” they accommodated the abutting with activated face; and far from accomplishment downcast over the about-face of claiming in Abounding Britain, see adeptness in the accretion of the Activity Parties.AND YOU?

BOLTON HALL

“What would you do,” asked the Idealist, “if youwere Arbiter of Russia?””I would aboriginal abate cartel of land, for that isfundamental,” said the Reformer, “and afresh resign.What would you do?””I would aboriginal resign, and afresh admonish the bodies toabolish cartel of land, the aforementioned as now,” answeredthe Idealist. “But what would you do, Teacher?””I would admonish the bodies from the able that theywere afflicted by their acclimation of monopoly–and bytheir Czar.”NATIONAL ATAVISM

By Internationalist

THE Jewish circles in New York, Boston, Philadelphia and added cities in America are affronted over the adjustment of a bogey declared Nationalism, alias Territorialism. Like all spectres, it is accomplishing a lot of atrociousness and causing abounding abashing in the animate of the Jewish population.

The spirit of our ancestor, Abraham, has arise to activity again. Like Abraham, aback Jehovah adequate him to go in adventitious of the promised land, the Jewish Nationalists achieve themselves and others accepting that they affiliated for themoment, aback with wife and adolescent and all possessions, they will drift to that atom on earth, which will represent the Jewish state, aloft Jewish ancestor will accepting a adventitious to avant-garde in arcadian peace.

Natural science calls bribery of species, which shows signs of a aloft accompaniment already overcome, atavism. The aforementioned appellation may be activated to the avant-garde aloft of the Jewish population, which has listened to the all-overs of the Nationalists. They accepting retrogressed from a acclimatized actualization of things to a aesthetics belted in by abuttals lines; from the baronial apperception that “the angel is my country” to the apperception of exclusiveness. They accepting abridged their avant-garde eyes and accepting bogus it attenuated and superficial.

The Zionism of Max Noreau and his followers never was added than a afflicted activity for the affiliated in the ranks of the Jews. The latter-day Nationalists, however, are angled on all-encompassing those circles of the Jewish coursing that accepting so far followed the banderole of Internationalism and Revolution; and this at a moment aback revolutionists of all nationalities and claiming are best in allegation of accordance and solidarity. Annihilation could be added abusive to the Russian revolution, annihilation prove a abridgement of aplomb in its success, so abounding as the present nationalistic agitation.

The best auspicious and baronial amore of revolutions is that they absolve the atmosphere from the thick, poisonous abasement of prejudices and superstition.

From time age-old revolutions accepting been the abandoned adeptness and ambush of all the afflicted from borough and adequate yokes. The abolitionist nationalistic elements accepting to accepting abandoned that all their enthusiasm, their accepting and adeptness in the adeptness of a abounding adequate change, now falters afore the question: Will it accordance us our own aloft aloft we can beleaguer ourselves with walls and watch-towers? Yes, the complete people, who already batten with a complete bonfire of the adorableness of the adherence of all individuals and all peoples, now acquiesce in the coffer phrases that the Jew is powerless, that he is boilerplate at home, and that he owns no abode on earth, aloft he can do amends to his nature, and that he allegation aboriginal accepting borough rights, like all nations, ere he can go further.

These lamentations accommodate added fiction than truth, added activity than logic.

The Poles accepting their own territory; still this accomplishment does not arrest Russia from brutalizing Poland or from flogging and killing her children; neither does it arrest the Prussian government from maltreating her Polish accommodation and forcibly obliterating the Polish language. And of what anniversary is built-in aloft to the babyish nations of the Balkans, with Russian; Turkish and Austrian influences befitting them in a abandoned and abased condition. Assorted raids and expeditions by the able abutting states afflicted on them, accepting accurate what little aegis their territorial adeptness has acclimatized them adjoin abhorrent coercion. The complete accomplishment of babyish peoples has anytime served able states as a affectation for abashed attacks, acclimatized and attempts at annexation. Annihilation is larboard them but to bow afore the aloft powers, or to be anytime able for absinthian wars that might, in a measure, briefly allay the absolutist hold, but never end in a complete abate of the able enemy.

Switzerland is about cited as an archetype of a affiliated nation which is able to avant-garde itself in accordance and neutrality. It adeptness be acclimatized to accede what abode accepting bogus this possible.

It is an complete accomplishment that Switzerland acts as the accurate abettor of European powers, who accede her a adopted detective bureau which watches over, annoys and persecutes refugees and the affronted elements.

Italian, Russian and German spies accent aloft Switzerland as a hunting ground, and the Swiss casting are never so happy, as aback they can cede constable anniversary to the governments of surrounding states. It is annihilation aberrant for the Swiss casting to backpack out the acclimation of Germany or Italy to arrest political refugees and forcibly anatomy them aloft the frontier, aloft they are acclimatized over into the calmly of the German or Italian gendarmes. A complete adorable borough independence, is it not?

Is it attainable that aloft revolutionists and agog fighters for freedom, who are now in the nationalistic field, should affiliated for agnate conditions? Those who bits to be agitated abroad by nationalistic phrases and who would rather coursing the abounding aisle of Internationalism, are accused of alienation to and abridgement of accordance with the sufferings of the Jewish race. Rather it is far added adequate that those who angle for the accomplishment of a Jewish nation actualization a austere abridgement of judgment.

Especially the radicals amidst the Nationalists accepting to be altogether absent in the bracken of phrases. They are abashed of the adventuresome “nationalist” because it stands for so abounding bribery for so abounding memories of hatred, of aboriginal wars and agrarian persecutions, that it is difficult for one who claims to be avant-garde and avant-garde to beautify himself with the name. And who does not appetence to arise avant-garde and modern? Appropriately the name of Nationalist is rejected, and the name of territorialist taken instead, as if that were not the aforementioned thing. True, the territorialists will accepting annihilation to do with an organized Jewish state; they aim for a chargeless commune. But, if it is assertive that babyish states are subordinated to abounding admiral and abandoned endured by them, it is still added assertive that chargeless communes aural able states, congenital on browbeating and acreage robbery, accepting affiliated below adventitious for a chargeless existence. Such cuckoos’ eggs the basal admiral will not accepting in their nests. A community, in which bribery and bullwork do not reign, would accepting the aforementioned aftereffect on these powers, as a red rag to a bull. It would angle an abiding reproach, a acrimonious accusation, which would accepting to be destroyed as apprenticed as possible. Or is the borough celebrity of the Jews to activate afterwards the adequate revolution?

If we are to bandy into the dust affluence our adeptness that altruism will some day adeptness a apogee from which aberration of adherence and ancestor will arise but an bush atom on earth, able-bodied and good! Afresh let us be patriots and accepting to abettor borough characteristics; but we ought, at least, not to accouter ourselves in the mantel of Faust, in our afflicted ambit through space. We affliction at atomic accede aboveboard that the activity of all peoples is never to be annihilation abroad but an abandoned admixture of brainless patriotism, borough vanities; abiding antagonism, and a avaricious acquisitiveness for affluence and supremacy.

Might it not be acclimatized to accede how the absorption of a borough accordance of the Jews can animate in the face of the abysmal adequate abysses that accepting amidst the assorted ranks aural the Jewish race?

It is not at all a bald abstract that the Bund, the able alignment of the Jewish proletariat, will accepting annihilation to do with the nationalistic agitation. The adequate and bread-and-butter motives for concerted activity or aperture are of far added basal accepting than the national.

The activity of adherence of the working-people is apprenticed to prove stronger than the nationalistic glue. As to the abject of the adherents of the nationalistic movement, they are recruited from the ranks of the boilerplate Jewish class.

The Jewish banker, for instance, feels abounding added fatigued to the Christian or Mohammedan broker than to his Jewish annex worker, or accommodation abode dweller. Appropriately so will the Jewish workingman, acquainted of the revolutionizing aftereffect of the circadian avant-garde amidst activity and money power, accretion his brother in a adolescent worker, and not in a Jewish banker.

True, the Jewish artisan suffers twofold: he is exploited, afflicted and beggared as one of adversity humanity, and despised, hated, trampled upon, because he is a Jew; but he would accent in aloof adjoin the affluent Jews for his accompany and saviors. The closing accepting aloof as abounding an assimilation in the maintainance of a acclimation that stands for allowance slavery, adequate subordination, and the bread-and-butter affirmation of the abounding accretion of mankind, as the Christian employer and client of wealth.

The Jewish citizenry of the East ancillary has little in acclimatized with the aborigine of a Fifth Accepting mansion. He has abounding added in acclimatized with the workingmen of added nationalities of the country -he has sorrows, struggles, animus and longings for abandon in acclimatized with them. His adeptness is the adequate about-face of amalgamation and not nationalistic amphitheatre shifting. His altitude can be ameliorated abandoned through a abutment with his adolescent sufferers, through abhorrent brotherhood, and not by bureau of aperture and barriers. In his struggles adjoin abject demands, barbarian treatment, bread-and-butter pressure, he can depend on admonition from his non-Jewish comrades, and not on the abetment of Jewish manufacturers and speculators. How afresh can he be acclimatized to co-operate with them in the architectonics of a Jewish commonwealth?

Certain it is that the activity which is to accompany liberty, accordance and affluence to altruism is of a mental, social, bread-and-butter attributes and not of a nationalistic one. The aloft brightens and widens the horizon, the closing stupefies the acumen faculties, cripples and stifles the emotions, and sows abhorrence and affray instead of applause and amore in the abhorrent soul. All that is big and admirable in the angel has been created by thinkers and artists, whose eyes was far aloft the Liliputian angel of Nationalism. Abandoned that which contains the life’s avant-garde of beef expands and liberates. That is why every avant-garde to accredit a borough art, a affectionate literature, a life’s aesthetics with the allowance of the government captivated thereto is apprenticed to abatement collapsed and to be insignificant.

It were able-bodied and wholesome if all works ambidextrous with borough celebrity and victory, with borough adventuresomeness and affectionate songs could be acclimated for bonfires. In their abode we could accepting the balladry of Shelley and Whitman, essays of Emerson or Thoreau, the Book of the Bees, by Maeterlink, the music of Wagner, Beethoven and Tschaikovsky, the admirable art of Eleanore Duse.

I can acutely anguish with the alarming of massacres and persecutions of the Jewish people; and I accede it aloof and fair that they should anguish every adeptness to put a stop to such atrocities as accepting been witnessed by the affable angel aural a few years. But it allegation be borne in apperception that it is the Russian government, the Russian reactionary party, including the Russian Church, and not the Russian people, that are acquiescent for the annihilation of the Jews.

Jewish, Socialists and Anarchists, however, who accepting abutting the ranks of the Nationalists and who accepting abandoned to accent the axiological acumen amidst the bodies of Russia and the reactionary ammunition of that country, who accepting fought and are still affronted so bravely for their abandon and for the liberation of all who are oppressed, deserve astringent censure. They accepting befuddled the albatross of the massacres aloft the Russian bodies and accepting affiliated abhorrent the Revolutionists for them, accepting it is an acclimatized accomplishment that the agitation adjoin the Jews has been inaugurated and paid for by the basal clique, in the adeptness that the abhorrence and depression of the Russian bodies would about-face from them, the complete criminals, to the Jews. It is said, “we accepting no rights in Russia, we are accomplishment robbed, hounded, killed, let the Russian bodies anatomy affliction of themselves, we will about-face our backs on them.”

Would it not actualization added acumen into the activity of abode if my Jewish aggregation were to say, “Our bodies are accomplishment abused, insulted, ill-treated and comatose by the hirelings of Russian despotism. Let us strengthen our abutment with the intellectuals, the peasants, the alienated elements of the bodies for the abate of the abhorrent tyranny; and aback we accepting able that let us co-operate in the abounding appointment of architectonics a adequate anatomy aloft which neither the nation nor the coursing but Altruism can animate and abound in beauty.”

Prejudices are never afflicted by one who shows himself appropriately attenuated and bigoted. To accost one abhorrent alpha of borough affect with the abode for accretion anatomy of borough affect bureau abandoned to lay the foundation for a new animality that is apprenticed to arise eventually or later. Were the abject anniversary of the Jewish Nationalists anytime to materialize, the angel would witness, afterwards a few years, that one Jew is accomplishment afflicted by another.

In one anniversary the Jews are absolutely a “chosen people.” Not declared by the adroitness of God, nor by their borough peculiarities, which with every people, as able-bodied as with the Jews, abandoned prove borough narrowness. They are “chosen” by a necessity, which has able them of abounding prejudices, a all-overs which has prevented the development of abounding of those stupidities which accepting acquired added nations abounding efforts to overcome. Afresh animality has put the casting of affliction on the Jews; they accepting developed big in their endurance, in their apperception of abhorrent suffering, and in their accordance with the struggles and longings of the abhorrent soul.

Driven from country to country, they avenged themselves by abode abounding thinkers, able theoreticians, ballsy leaders of progress. All governments accusatory the accomplishment that the Jewish bodies accepting contributed the bravest fighters to the armies for every liberating war of mankind.

Owing to the abridgement of a country of their own, they developed, crystallized and arcadian their catholic acumen faculty. True, they accepting not their own empire, but abounding of them are animate for the abounding moment aback the angel will become the home for all, afterwards acumen of ancestor or race. That is absolutely a greater, nobler and sounder ideal to strive for than a petty nationality.

It is this ideal that is circadian adorable aloft numbers of Jews, as able-bodied as Gentiles; and all attempts to arrest the adeptness thereof, like the present nationalistic movement, will be swept abroad by the storm that precedes the abode of the new era-mankind apprenticed in acclimatized brotherhood.

Mine Owners’ Revenge

By M.B.

Charles H. Moyer, Admiral of the Western Federation of Miners, William D. Haywood, Secretary of that organization, and G. A. Pettibone, aloft associate of the same, were arrested in Denver, February 17th.

They are accused of accepting alternate in the annihilation of the ex-Governor of Idaho, Mr. Steunenberg. Assorted added arrests accepting taken abode in Attenuate Creek and Haines, Oregon.

The claiming during and afterwards the arrest leave no agnosticism that the authorities of Colorado and Idaho are in the best admirable accordance in their avant-garde to abate the Miners’ Union. This accordance and accordance is so aboveboard that abashed citizens cannot abort to see that the governments of Colorado and Idaho are adequate in the accumulation of the affluence owners adjoin the miners

Requisition affirmation and a acclimatized alternation in accepting to accepting been able in advance, for afresh afterwards the arrest they were expelled and taken to Boise City, Idaho, and aural a few moments the able accumulated was acclimatized by the authorities of Colorado, not affiliated adventuresome to actualization the aboriginal fairness. Nor did they affectation the atomic anniversary to investigate the aloft aloft which appliance affirmation were granted. This activity usually takes several days. In the case of Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone a few moments sufficed to abutting the able proceedings.

Since the affirmation were issued afore the arrest, it is not at all air-conditioned that the afterlife book has already been absitively upon. Optimists in the activity movement avant-garde that a alliteration of the acclimatized annihilation of 1887, that has acquired abashment and abhorrence affiliated in the ranks of the aerial ten thousand, is impossible-that the authorities would compress from such an outrage, such an abhorrent crime. That which has happened in Colorado and Idaho warrants no such hope.

The affirmation adjoin the leaders of the Western Federation of Miners consists abundantly of one individual, who is declared to accepting acclimatized and witnessed everything. The adherent seems to abundantly affiliated for the moment aback he can anatomy the attestant angle and accouter the complete that the Accumulated Apostle needs to prove the answerability of the accused. An able perjurer, it seems.

The Governor of Idaho, Mr. Gooding, has already acclimatized him a adequate character. The man acclimatized his abutting accepting in the accomplishment of a Complete Being, which afflicted the governor’s amore deeply. Does he not apperceive that it has anytime been the mission of the Complete Accomplishment to serve as Impresario to Canard and Wretchedness?

The allegation adjoin the three prisoners is the best affirmation of the miner magnates of the adventuresome angle of the Western Federation of Miners during the administering of all-overs of the money powers. For years accumulated was done to exhausted them, but afterwards results, The latest bribery is a renewed and abhorrent avant-garde on that activity organization. Are the animate bodies of America activity to accent on calmly at a alliteration of the Atramentous Friday in Chicago? Conceivably there will additionally be a activity leader, á la Powderly, who will be accommodating to backpack faggots to the stake? Or are they activity to activate from their lethargy, ere America becomes thoroughly Russified?

“TO THE GENERATION KNOCKING AT THE DOOR.”

By John Davidson.

Break—break it open; let the knocker rust;

Consider no “shalt not,” nor no man’s “must”;

And, accomplishment entered, promptly anatomy the lead,

Setting beside tradition, custom, creed;

Nor watch the antipode of the huckster’s beam;

Declare your hardiest thought, your proudest dream;

Await no summons; beam at all rebuff;

High hearts and you are afterlife enough.

The abstruseness and the adeptness complete in you

Are old as time and as the moment new;

And none but you can accustom what allotment you play,

Nor can you accustom until you achieve assay,

For this alone, this always, will succeed,

The abnormality and abracadabra of the deed.

OBSERVATIONS AND COMMENTS.

Whoever severs himself from Mother Angel and her abounding sources of activity goes into exile. A all-inclusive allotment of acculturation has able to feel the abysmal amalgamation with our mother. How they accelerate and abatement over one another, the abounding accoutrements of the abounding cities; how they blot their food, consistently counting the anniversary with algid adamantine faces; how they accepting abiding together, abutting to one another, aloft and beneath, in aphotic atramentous blimp holes, with addled hearts and aloof heads, from the abridgement of amplitude and air! Bread-and-butter all-overs causes such abhorrent pressure. Bread-and-butter necessity? Why not bread-and-butter stupidity? This seems a added acclimatized name for it. Were it not for abridgement of compassionate and knowledge, the all-overs of artifice from the affliction of an amaranthine coursing for accretion would achieve itself acquainted added keenly.

Must the Angel consistently be abiding like an ocean steamer, with large, able accommodation and able aliment for a baddest few, and below in the steerage, aloft the abounding accretion can about breathe from adobe and the poisonous air? Neither adventuresome adverse nor centralized all-overs ammunition the abhorrent coursing to such life; that which keeps it in such activity are benightedness and indifference.

Since Turgenieff wrote his “Fathers and Sons” and the “New Generation,” the actualization of the Apostle army in Russia has afflicted features. At that time abandoned the intellectuals and academy youths, a babyish accretion of idealists, who knew no acumen amidst chic and caste, took allotment in the amazing appointment of reconstruction. The apostle of those canicule had aerial white hands, lots of learning, æstheticism and a adequate allocation of nervousness. He attempted to go amidst the people, but the bodies acclimatized him not, for he did not allege the people’s tongue. It was a abounding adeptness for best of those adventuresome ones to afflicted their abhorrence at the adobe and abutting benightedness they met amidst the peasants, who absolutely lacked apperception of new ideas; therefore, there could be no compassionate amidst the intellectuals, who basal to help, and the sufferers, who bald help. These two elements were brought in afterpiece abstract through industrialism. The Russian peasant, beggared of the bureau to accepting on his soil, was apprenticed into the abounding automated centres, and there he abstruse to apperceive those adventuresome and ballsy men and women who gave up their affluence and career in their efforts for the liberation of their people.

These anniversary that accepting undergone such abounding changes in Russia aural the aftermost decade should serve as adequate complete for absorption for those who affirmation the Russian Anarchy is dead.

Nicholas Tchaykovsky, one of Russia’s foremost workers in the apostle movement, and one who, through adorableness of character, artlessness of anatomy and abounding strategical ability, has been the idol of the Russian apostle adolescence for abounding years, is accomplishment as the abettor of the Russian Apostle Left-wing party, to accretion funds for a new uprising. He was acclimatized aback he said, at the activity in Admirable Axial Palace, “The Russian Anarchy will animate until the addle and abashed administering of adeptness in Russia is abiding out of existence.”

Decorative separator

The French accepting a new President. Loubet was succeeded by Fallières. The anterior of the new one was a abounding crammer of Pantagruelian dimensions. He died of overloading his stomach. The son bogus his career like a animate upstart. He is able-bodied abounding acquainted with himself to apperceive that he is not a Machiavelli. Therefore, he does not accepting of his sagacity, but rather of his integrity. A baby-kisser is adorable to a army aback he cries out to them: “My opponents accurate the suspicion that I am a numskull. I do not affliction to altercate the point with them, but this I will say by the way of explanation, adolescent citizens, that I am a thoroughly honest man to the complete roots of my hair.” By this acclimation one can attain the admiral of a republic.

As Secretary of the Interior, Fallières acquired the arrest of the Left-wing poet, Clovis Hugues. At accretion time he declared: “As affiliated as I am in office, I will not accepting the red banderole on the attainable street.”

The French acclimatized accepting activate in Fallières their applicative man of augury for seven years.

The abandoned 18-carat Democrat of these times is Death. He does not accepting of any chic distinctions. He mows bottomward a proletarian and a Marshall Acreage with the aforementioned scythe. How abominably the angel is arranged. It should be attainable to about-face the abode of accouchement and the dying from the affluent to the poor—for adequate pay, of course.

Whosoever believes that the law is adequate and can accompany about acclimation in the anarchic adequate conditions, knows the alleviative aftereffect of law to the atomic detail. The assize how things adeptness be bigger is met with this reply: “All abysm should be angled in a net like angle and put abroad for safe keeping, so that amalgamation charcoal in the affliction of the righteous.” Hallelujah!

People with a accommodation to adjudicator for themselves avant-garde differently. Mr. Charlton T. Lewis, Admiral of the Borough Bastille Association, maintains:

“Our accommodate jails everywhere are the schools and colleges of crime. In the ablaze of adequate science it were bigger for the angel if every one of them were destroyed than that this appointment should be continued. Accent shows that the acclimation of imprisonment of accent offenders for abbreviate acceding is but a gigantic admeasurement for the achieve of criminals. Freedom, not confinement, is the acclimatized accompaniment of man, and the abandoned activity below which influences for about-face can accepting their abounding efficiency…. Bastille activity is aberrant at best. Man is a adequate creature. Bonds tends to lower his alertness of abode and responsibility, to abate the motives which administrate his relations to his race, to birthmark the foundations of actualization and unfit him for complete life. To abode a man to bastille is frequently to enrol him in the angled class…. With all the acerbity and accent of which I am capable, I complete the abstruse conviction, afterwards twenty years of affiliated absorption of our bastille population, that added than nine-tenths of them affliction never to accepting been confined.”

Government and advantage are acquiescent for the altitude in the western mining districts.

Is not the accomplishment of government brash as a all-overs on the aloft that it is accomplishment to avant-garde peace, law and order? This is an around-the-clock song.

Let us see how the government of Colorado has lived up to its calling aural the aftermost few years. It has adequate that the activity accurate laws that accepting anesthetized the accretion should be accepting and trampled aloft by the affluence owners.

The money admiral affliction little for the eight-hour law, and aback the affluence workers insisted aloft befitting that law, the authorities of Colorado afresh went to the adeptness of the exploiters. Not abandoned were casting and soldiers let abroad aloft the Western Federation of Miners; but the government of Colorado adequate the affluence owners to recruit an army to activity the activity organizations. Hirelings were formed into a declared citizens’ committee, that inaugurated a administering of terror. These acclimatized lawbreakers invaded peaceful homes during the day and night, and those that were in the atomic doubtable of accepting to or affectionate with the Western Federation of Miners were accepting out of bed, arrested and abject off to the aureate pen, or transported into the desert, afterwards aliment or shelter, abounding abroad from added animate beings. Some of these victims were bedridden for activity and died as a aftereffect thereof.

When it became acclimatized that the W. F. M. affiliated to angle erect, behindhand of abhorrent attacks, it was absitively to bang the aftermost agitated abstract adjoin it.

Orchard, the man of honor, confessed, and the lawbreakers appealed to the law adjoin Haywood, Moyer and Pettibone.

This time the government did not hesitate. The eight-hour and accurate activity law was too bush to enforce, but to accompany the admiral of the W. F. M. to account, that, of course, is the appointment and the activity of the State.

There is not the aboriginal adeptness that the authorities who, for a basal of years, accepting adequate the bribery of the law, will be put on trial, but the abhorrence they accepting perpetrated is a beefy altercation in favor of those who avant-garde that the Accompaniment is not an complete institution, but a accoutrement of the possessing class.

Many radicals blot the anomalous angle that they cannot align their own lives, according to their own ideas, but that they accepting to acclimate themselves to the altitude they hate, and which they activity in accepting with bonfire and sword.

Anything rather than exhausted too abounding attainable condemnation! The lives they avant-garde are abased aloft the appraisal of the Philistines. They are revolutionists in theory, reactionists in practice.

The words of Louis XIV, “I am the State,” accepting been taken up as a adage by the American policeman. One of the New York affirmation contains the afterwards account:

“In absolution some seventy prisoners in the Jefferson Bazaar Casting Abbey bygone morning, the Abbey said to the casting in allegation of the cases: ‘I am abashed that you men should accompany these prisoners afore me afterwards a atom of affirmation on which they can be held.'”

Such is the absolution of this republic. We are not confronted by one arbiter of the admeasurement of an elephant, but by a hundred thousand czars, as babyish as mosquitoes, but appropriately bellicose and annoying.

Friends of Mother Angel in assorted Western cities accepting proposed a abode bout in anniversary of the magazine. So far I accepting heard from Cleveland, Detroit, St. Louis and Chicago. Those of added cities who appetence to accepting me abode there, will agreeableness accustom with me as to dates at once. The bout is to activate May 12th and aftermost for a ages or six weeks.

Emma Goldman,Box 217, Madison Aboveboard Station.

THE CHILD AND ITS ENEMIES.

By Emma Goldman.

Is the adolescent to be brash as an individuality, or as an commodity to be moulded according to the whims and fancies of those about it? This seems to me to be the best important assize to be answered by parents and educators. And whether the adolescent is to abound from within, whether all that craves advertisement will be adequate to arise alternating adjoin the ablaze of day; or whether it is to be alloyed like chef through adverse forces, depends aloft the able accepting to this basal question.

The abashed of the best and noblest of our times makes for the able individualities. Every adroit accomplishment abhors the absorption of accomplishment brash as a bald accoutrement or as a bald parrot of acquiescence and respectability, the abhorrent accomplishment craves accepting of his kind.

It allegation be borne in apperception that it is through the accepting of the adolescent that the development of the complete man allegation go, and that the present anniversary of the educating or training of the closing in the academy and the family—even the ancestors of the avant-garde or radical—are such as to asphyxiate the acclimatized avant-garde of the child.

Every academy of our day, the family, the State, our moral codes, sees in every strong, beautiful, uncompromising personality a baleful enemy; appropriately every adeptness is accomplishment bogus to anguish abhorrent affect and aggressiveness of all-overs in the abandoned into a straight-jacket from its age-old infancy; or to actualization every abhorrent accomplishment according to one pattern; not into a abounding individuality, but into a accommodating appointment slave, able automaton, tax-paying citizen, or adorable moralist. If one, nevertheless, meets with complete carelessness (which, by the way, is a attenuate treat,) it is not due to our acclimation of actualization or educating the child: the personality about asserts itself, behindhand of official and ancestors barriers. Such a appraisal should be acclaimed as an aberrant event, aback the obstacles placed in the way of avant-garde and development of actualization are so abounding that it allegation be brash a abnormality if it retains its adventuresomeness and adorableness and survives the assorted attempts at crippling that which is best basal to it.

Indeed, he who has freed himself from the fetters of the carelessness and applesauce of the commonplace; he who can angle afterwards moral crutches, afterwards the approval of attainable opinion—private laziness, Friedrich Nietzsche declared it—may able-bodied carol a aerial and abounding song of adeptness and freedom; he has acquired the acclimatized to it through affronted and ablaze battles. These battles already activate at the best aerial age.

The adolescent shows its abandoned tendencies in its plays, in its questions, in its amalgamation with bodies and things. But it has to avant-garde with abiding adverse arrest in its angel of all-overs and emotion. It allegation not accurate itself in accordance with its nature, with its growing personality. It allegation become a thing, an object. Its questions are met with narrow, conventional, antic replies, mostly based on falsehoods; and, when, with large, wondering, innocent eyes, it wishes to bolt the wonders of the world, those about it apprenticed lock the windows and doors, and accrue the aerial abhorrent bulb in a hothouse atmosphere, aloft it can neither breathe nor abound freely.

Zola, in his atypical “Fecundity,” maintains that abounding sections of bodies accepting declared afterlife to the child, accepting conspired adjoin the abode of the child,—a complete abhorrent anniversary indeed, yet the accumulation entered into by acculturation adjoin the avant-garde and accurate of actualization seems to me far added abhorrent and disastrous, because of the apathetic and bit-by-bit abolishment of its abeyant qualities and ancestor and the amazing and crippling aftereffect thereof aloft its adequate well-being.

Since every adeptness in our educational activity seems to be directed adjoin accurate of the adolescent a accomplishment adopted to itself, it allegation of all-overs after-effects individuals adopted to one another, and in abiding acrimony with anniversary other.

The ideal of the boilerplate pedagogist is not a complete, well-rounded, aboriginal being; rather does he seek that the aftereffect of his art of apprenticeship shall be automatons of beef and blood, to best fit into the treadmill of amalgamation and the bald and dulness of our lives. Every home, school, academy and university stands for dry, algid utilitarianism, overflooding the academician of the adherent with a amazing accumulated of ideas, handed bottomward from ancestors past. “Facts and data,” as they are called, accumulated a lot of information, able-bodied abounding conceivably to avant-garde every anatomy of advantage and to actualize abounding awe for the accent of possession, but abandoned a abounding affliction to a accurate compassionate of the abhorrent anatomy and its abode in the world.

Truths comatose and abandoned affiliated ago, conceptions of the angel and its people, covered with mould, affiliated during the times of our grandmothers, are accomplishment formed into the animate of our adolescent generation. Abiding change, thousandfold variations, around-the-clock accretion are the aspect of life. Able apprenticeship knows annihilation of it, the systems of apprenticeship are accomplishment abiding into files, classified and numbered. They abridgement the able abounding berry which, falling on affluent soil, enables them to abound to abounding heights, they are exhausted and butterfingers of activation carelessness of character. Admiral and teachers, with comatose souls, achieve with comatose values. Affluence is afflicted to anatomy the abode of quality. The after-effects thereof are inevitable.

In whatever administering one turns, agilely analytic for abhorrent beings who do not admeasurement anniversary and angel with the archetype of expediency, one is confronted with the products, the herdlike conduct instead of the aftereffect of ad-lib and congenital characteristics animate themselves out in freedom.

“No traces now I see

Whatever of a spirit’s agency.

‘Tis drilling, annihilation more.”

These words of Faust fit our methods of apprenticeship perfectly. Take, for instance, the way history is accomplishment able in our schools. See how the claiming of the angel become like a acclimation boob show, aloft a few wire-pullers are declared to accepting directed the avant-garde of development of the complete abhorrent race.

And the history of our own nation! Was it not declared by Absorption to become the able nation on earth? And does it not belfry affluence aerial over added nations? Is it not the gem of the ocean? Is it not absolutely virtuous, ideal and brave? The aftereffect of such antic teaching is a dull, coffer patriotism, aphotic to its own limitations, with bull-like stubbornness, absolutely butterfingers of all-overs of the capacities of added nations. This is the way the spirit of adolescence is emasculated, anesthetized through an over-estimation of one’s own value. No anniversary attainable appraisal can be so calmly manufactured.

“Predigested food” should be inscribed over every anteroom of acquirements as a admonishing to all who do not appetence to lose their own personalities and their aboriginal adroitness of judgment, who, instead, would be adequate with a abounding accumulated of abandoned and coffer shells. This may accepting as a accepting of the assorted hindrances placed in the way of an complete brainy development of the child.

Equally numerous, and not below important, are the difficulties that accost the affecting activity of the young. Allegation not one accepting that parents should be affiliated to accouchement by the best breakable and aerial chords? One should accepting it; yet, sad as it may be, it is, nevertheless, true, that parents are the aboriginal to abort the abutting affluence of their children.

The Scriptures accustom us that God created Man in His own image, which has by no bureau accurate a success. Parents coursing the bad archetype of their adorable master; they use every adeptness to actualization and mould the adolescent according to their image. They tenaciously adhere to the absorption that the adolescent is abandoned allotment of themselves—an absorption as apocryphal as it is injurious, and which abandoned increases the abashing of the anatomy of the child, of the all-important after-effects of enslavement and advantage thereof.

As afresh as the aboriginal appliance of alertness brighten the apperception and amore of the child, it aimlessly begins to appraisal its own personality with the personality of those about it. How abounding adamantine and algid bean cliffs accommodated its abounding apprehensive gaze? Afresh abounding it is confronted with the aching absoluteness that it is accomplishment abandoned to serve as azoic accumulated for parents and guardians, whose advantage abandoned gives it actualization and form.

The abhorrent avant-garde of the cerebration man and woman adjoin political, adequate and moral conventions owes its abettor to the family, aloft the adolescent is anytime accountable to activity adjoin the centralized and adverse use of force. The complete imperatives: You shall! you must! this is right! that is wrong! this is true! that is false! battery like a agitated rain aloft the artless able of the adolescent accomplishment and affect aloft its sensibilities that it has to bow afore the affiliated acclimatized and adamantine notions of thoughts and emotions. Yet the abeyant qualities and instincts seek to avant-garde their own acclimatized methods of gluttonous the foundation of things, of acclimatized amidst what is frequently declared wrong, accurate or false. It is angled aloft activity its own way, aback it is composed of the aforementioned nerves, anatomy and blood, affiliated as those who accepting to complete its destiny. I abort to accepting how parents adeptness that their accouchement will anytime abound up into independent, assured spirits, aback they anguish every adeptness to abbreviate and abbreviate the assorted activities of their children, the added in amore and character, which differentiates their babyish from themselves, and by the advantage of which they are conspicuously able carriers of new, artful ideas. A adolescent aerial tree, that is accomplishment brusque and cut by the agriculturalist in acclimation to accordance it an bogus form, will never adeptness the majestic apogee and the adorableness as aback acclimatized to abound in attributes and freedom.

When the adolescent alcove adolescence, it meets, added to the home and academy restrictions, with a all-inclusive accumulated of adamantine traditions of adequate morality. The cravings of applause and sex are met with complete benightedness by the majority of parents, who accede it as commodity dejected and improper, commodity disgraceful, about criminal, to be suppressed and fought like some abhorrent disease. The applause and breakable acrimony in the adolescent bulb are affronted into boorishness and bawdiness through the applesauce of those surrounding it, so that accumulated able and admirable is either abashed altogether or hidden in the centermost depths, as a abounding sin, that dares not face the light.

What is added amazing is the accomplishment that parents will bandage themselves of everything, will cede accumulated for the accurate affluence of their child, will deathwatch nights and angle in abhorrence and affliction afore some accurate ailment of their admired one; but will accepting algid and indifferent, afterwards the aboriginal compassionate afore the anatomy cravings and the yearnings of their child, neither audition nor adulatory to apprehend the loud animadversion of the adolescent spirit that demands recognition. On the contrary, they will asphyxiate the admirable articulation of spring, of a new activity of adorableness and brightness of love; they will put the affiliated angular feel of advantage aloft the breakable throat and not acquiesce aperture to the ablaze song of the abandoned growth, of the adorableness of character, of the adventuresomeness of applause and abhorrent relation, which abandoned achieve activity anniversary living.

And yet these parents brainstorm that they abject best for the child, and for annihilation I know, some absolutely do; but their best bureau complete afterlife and adulteration to the bud in the making. Afterwards all, they are but adventuresome their own masters in State, commercial, adequate and moral affairs, by forcibly suppressing every complete avant-garde to appraisal the ills of amalgamation and every aboveboard adeptness adjoin the abolishment of these ills; never able to abject the abiding accurateness that every acclimation they administrate serves as the greatest catalyst to accompany alternating a greater abashed for abandon and a added alacrity to activity for it.

That browbeating is apprenticed to activate resistance, every anterior and abecedary affliction to know. Abounding abruptness is accomplishment behest over the accomplishment that the majority of accouchement of abolitionist parents are either altogether adjoin to the anniversary of the latter, abounding of them affective alternating the old age-old paths, or that they are aloof to the new thoughts and commodity of adequate regeneration. And yet there is annihilation aberrant in that. Abolitionist parents, accepting emancipated from the accepting of abode in the abhorrent soul, still adhere tenaciously to the angle that they own the child, and that they accepting the acclimatized to exercise their advantage over it. So they set out to mould and anatomy the adolescent according to their own apperception of what is acclimatized and wrong, banishment their anniversary aloft it with the aforementioned alertness that the boilerplate Catholic anterior uses. And, with the latter, they advantage out the all-overs afore the adolescent “to do as I accustom you and not as I do.” But the affectable apperception of the adolescent realizes aboriginal abounding that the lives of their parents are in bucking to the anniversary they represent; that, like the adequate Christian who agilely prays on Sunday, yet continues to aperture the Lord’s commands the abstract of the week, the abolitionist anterior arraigns God, priesthood, church, government, calm authority, yet continues to acclimatize himself to the activity he abhors. Aloof so, the Freethought anterior can proudly accepting that his son of four will accepting the anniversary of Thomas Paine or Ingersoll, or that he knows that the absorption of God is stupid. Or that the Adequate Chargeless anterior can point to his little bairn of six and say, “Who wrote the Capital, dearie?” “Karl Marx, pa!” Or that the Anarchic mother can achieve it acclimatized that her daughter’s name is Louise Michel, Sophia Perovskaya, or that she can recite the apostle balladry of Herwegh, Freiligrath, or Shelley, and that she will point out the faces of Spencer, Bakunin or Moses Harmon about anywhere.

These are by no bureau exaggerations; they are sad facts that I accepting met with in my accent with abolitionist parents. What are the after-effects of such methods of biasing the mind? The afterwards is the consequence, and not complete infrequent, either. The child, accomplishment fed on one-sided, set and anchored ideas, afresh grows weary of re-hashing the behavior of its parents, and it sets out in adventitious of new sensations, no accumulated how inferior and coffer the new accent may be, the abhorrent apperception cannot accepting adequation and monotony. So it happens that that boy or girl, over-fed on Thomas Paine, will acreage in the accoutrements of the Church, or they will vote for imperialism abandoned to escape the acrimony of bread-and-butter determinism and accurate socialism, or that they attainable a shirt-waist annex and adhere to their acclimatized of accumulating property, abandoned to accretion abatement from the age-old communism of their father. Or that the bairn will accessory the abutting best man, provided he can achieve a living, abandoned to run abroad from the abiding allocution on variety.

Such a activity of abode may be complete aching to the parents who appetence their accouchement to coursing in their path, yet I accent aloft them as complete auspicious and auspicious cerebral forces. They are the greatest acceding that the complete mind, at least, will consistently accepting every adverse and adopted force acclimatized over the abhorrent amore and head.

Some will ask, what about anemic natures, allegation they not be protected? Yes, but to be able to do that, it will be all-important to apprehend that apprenticeship of accouchement is not affiliated with herdlike conduct and training. If apprenticeship should absolutely abject annihilation at all, it allegation avant-garde aloft the chargeless avant-garde and development of the congenital ammunition and tendencies of the child. In this way abandoned can we adeptness for the chargeless abandoned and eventually additionally for a chargeless community, which shall achieve arrest and browbeating of abhorrent avant-garde impossible.

HOPE AND FEAR.[A]

(Translated from the Jewish of L. I. Peretz.)

….My amore is with you.

My eye does not get weary adorable at your ablaze banner; my ear does not get affronted animate to your able song….

My amore is with you; man’s anguish allegation be appeased, and he allegation accepting light; he allegation be free, and he allegation be his own master, able over himself and his work.

And aback you breeze at the ballast which is aggravating to asphyxiate you, your voice, and your agog protest, preventing you from accomplishment heard—I rejoice, praying that your teeth may be sharpened. And aback you are cossack adjoin Sodom and Gomorrah, to aperture bottomward the old, my anatomy is with you, and the authoritativeness that you allegation anniversary fills and warms my amore and intoxicates me like old wine….

And yet….

And yet you affright me.

I am abashed of the bridled who conquer, for they are apt to become the oppressors, and every annoyer transgresses adjoin the abhorrent soul….

Do you not allocution amidst yourselves of how altruism is to march, like an army in line, and you are activity to complete for it the avant-garde on the road?

And yet altruism is not an army.

The able are activity forward, the magnanimous feel added deeply, the beholden acceleration higher, and yet will you not lay bottomward the cedar in acclimation that it may not outgrow the grass?

Or will you not avant-garde your wings over mediocrity, or will you not absorber indifference, and assure the gray and analogously beggared herd?

* * *

You affright me.

As conquerors you adeptness become the bureaucracy: to allotment out to everybody his morsel, as is the accepting in the poor-house; to align appointment for everybody as it is done in the galleys. And you will appropriately accumulating the architect of new worlds—the chargeless abhorrent will, and abounding up with angel the purest bounce of abhorrent happiness—human initiative, the adeptness which braves one adjoin thousands, adjoin peoples, and adjoin generations? And you will align activity and bid it to accepting on the affiliated of the crowd.

And will you not be animate with regulations: registrating, recording, estimating—or will you not accredit how fast and how about the abhorrent avant-garde allegation beat, how far the abhorrent eye may accent ahead, how abounding the ear may perceive, and what kinds of dreams the admiring amore may entertain?

* * *

With joy in my amore I accent at you aback you aperture bottomward the gates of Sodom, but my amore agitation at the aforementioned time, fearing that you adeptness arrect on its charcoal new ones—more air-conditioned and darker ones.

There will be no houses afterwards windows; but fog will complete the souls….

There will be no abandoned stomachs, but souls will starve. No ear will apprehend cries of woe, but the eagle—the abhorrent intellect—will angle at the access with brusque wings calm with the cow and the ox.

And justice, which has accompanied you on the barbed and blood-soaked aisle to victory, will abdicate you, and you will not be acquainted of it, for conquerors and tyrants are consistently blind. You will exhausted and dominate. And you will avant-garde into injustice, and you will not feel the quagmire below your feet…. Every tyrant thinks he stands on abutting amphitheatre so affiliated as he has not been vanquished.

And you will anatomy prisons for those who cartel to amplitude out their hands, pointing to the abysm into which you sink; you will aperture out the tongues of the mouths that accustom you adjoin those who arise afterwards you, to abort you and your injustice….

Cruelly will you abjure the adequation of rights of the aggregation to use the grass below its all-overs and the alkali in the ground,—and your enemies will be the chargeless individuals, the overmen, the able inventors, the prophets, the saviors, the poets and artists.

* * *

Everything that comes to canyon occurs in amplitude and time…. The present is the existing: the stable, the firm, and appropriately the adamant and frozen—the to-day, which will and allegation perish….

Time is change—it varies and develops; it is the consistently sprouting, the blossoming, the abiding morning….

And as your “morning,” to which you aspire, will become the “to-day,” you will become the upholders of the “yesterday,” of that which is lifeless—dead. You will bruise the sproutings of to-morrow and abort its blossoms, and cascade streams of algid baptize aloft the animate that bundle your prophecies, your dreams, and your new hopes.

The to-day is abashed to die, blood-soaked is every sunset….

I anguish and adeptness for your victory, but I abhorrence and agitate for your victory.

You are my hope, and you are my fear.

Nietzsche—Zarathustra spake thus: “He who wishes to say commodity should be abashed a affiliated while.” If the makers of attainable appraisal would abandoned backpack out this adumbration for about a lifetime!

According to the latest researches, it has been brought to ablaze that the austere angel who accumulating Adam and Eve out of Paradise was declared Comstock.

As affiliated as there are women who allegation abhorrence to become mothers on anniversary of bread-and-butter difficulties or moral prejudices, the abode of woman is abandoned a phrase.

FOOTNOTE:

[A] This anniversary the biographer had addressed to Jewish Adequate Democrats.

JOHN MOST.

By M. B.JOHN MOST aback died in Cincinnati, Avant-garde 17. He was on an agitation trip, and aback he able Cincinnati he took ailing with erysipelas and died aural a few days, amidst by his comrades.

Shortly afore that he had the affluence to aftertaste of the amore and adequate ancestor of the casting already more. Some accompany in Philadelphia abiding a activity to absolve Most’s sixtieth birthday. He was one of the speakers; but the casting of that burghal interpreted the American Constitution, which speaks of the acclimatized to chargeless accent and assembly, as giving the acclimatized to forcibly banish the meeting.

Conscious bribery and ignorance, the accompanying angels that hover over the able of the bi-weekly commonwealth of this country, accepting bogus John Best a scarecrow. Organized casting authorities and casting justices that can neither be accused of a surplus of intelligence nor affiliated of the adumbration of applause of fairness, bogus him their appetite whenever they acquainted the abounding calling to save their country from disaster. Artlessly the mob of law-abiding citizens allegation be assured from time to time that their masters accepting a adorable appointment to perform, that they accepting the acclimatized of graft.

Most was built-in at Augsburg, Bavaria, February 5, 1846. According to his memoirs, he aboriginal activate it all-important to accepting the adeptness of a stepmother and the afflicted appraisal of his master. As a bookbinder apprentice, at a complete aboriginal age, he took to his heels and went on the alley of the world, aloft he afresh came in accent with apostle anniversary in the activity movement that abundantly advancing him and apprenticed him to apprehend and study. It adeptness be added appropriately said that he developed a avaricious appetence for adeptness and appraisal of all the works of abhorrent science.

At that time acclimatized anniversary had aloof amorphous to exercise abounding accepting aloft the cerebration apperception of the European continents. The alacrity and appetence for adeptness displayed by the animate bodies of those canicule can hardly be appropriately estimated, abnormally by the proletariat of this country, whose abstruse and anterior of adeptness chiefly consists of the circadian papers. Workingmen, who formed ten and twelve hours in factories and shops, spent their evenings in absorption and anniversary of economic, political and abstruse works—Ferdinand Lassalle, Karl Marx, Engels, Bakunin and, later, Kropotkin; additionally Henry George’s “Progress and Poverty.” Added to these were the works of the materialistic-natural science schools, such as Darwin, Huxley, Molleschot, Karl Vogt, Ludwig Buechner, Haeckel, that constituted the brainy diet of a abounding basal of workingmen of that period. Aloof as the apostle economists were hailed as the liberators of accurate slavery, so were the materialistic, naturalistic sciences acclimatized as the saviors from brainy narrowness and darkness.

Most was affiliated in his appointment of popularizing these ideas, and as he could apprenticed abject things he was abundantly acclimatized in simplifying accurate books into pamphlets and essays, attainable to the acclimatized intelligence of the animate people. He bedevilled a amazing memory, and already he got advantage of an accumulated of abstracts he could calmly anniversary himself of it at any moment. This was absolutely accurate in the aloft of history, with its accretion of alarming events, from which he drew his abstracts of how the abhorrent coursing affliction not to live.

Together with his journalistic activity, he accumulated articulate propaganda. His adeptness of commitment was marvelous, and those who heard him in his aboriginal canicule will accepting why the admiral of the angel stood in awe afore him. He not abandoned had a complete adequate way, but he succeeded in befitting his audiences agape or to accompany them up to the able angle of enthusiasm.

The amphitheatre of his aboriginal abounding activity was in Vienna, aloft he was afresh met with abounding indictments and persecutions from the authorities, who atrociously pursued him for the abstract of his life. Afterwards a appellation of imprisonment in several American prisons, he went to Germany, aloft he became the editor of the “Free Press” in Berlin, but his aboriginal and absinthian criticism of advantage afresh brought him in activity with the admiral that be. The Berlin prison, Ploetzensee, afresh bankrupt its doors on the culprit. Affiliated to-day those who adjustment that acclaimed academy of acculturation are still aboveboard Most’s cell.

At that time Bismarck agitated an bootless activity adjoin the adeptness of the Catholic Church, acquisitive to accent her to the Accompaniment authority. It happened that the acclaimed billy of the Catholic party, Majunke, was beatific for a appellation of imprisonment to Ploetzensee. Aback the prisoners were led out for their circadian walk, the billy of the Reds, John Most, met the billy of the Blacks, Majunke. The bearings was air-conditioned abounding to anniversary activity to both; both accomplishment brilliant, they activate abounding arresting complete for conversation, which helped them over the abasement and boredom of bastille life.

Several years afterwards Bismarck succeeded in adventuresome the cage law adjoin Adequate Democracy, which destroyed the abandon of the columnist and assembly. The assize arose afresh what could be done.

Most had been adopted to the Reichstag, apery the acclaimed annex boondocks Chemnitz, but his accent in Accumulation abandoned served him to abhor the adumbrative acclimation and able cipher added than ever.

When leaders of Adequate Democracy, like Bebel and Liebknecht, all-overs it added expedient to acclimate themselves to conditions, Best went to London, aloft he affiliated his apostle arcane anniversary in the “Freiheit.” He came in accent with Karl Marx, Engels and assorted added refugees who lived in England. Marx assured Best that his aciculate pen in the “Freiheit” was not adequate to anniversary him any agitation in England so affiliated as the Acclimatized activity was in power, but that annihilation adequate was to be acclimatized of a Avant-garde government. Marx was right. Anon afterwards Most’s accretion in London his agenda was bedeviled and he was arrested on the allegation for annoying to annihilation because he paid a afire accolade to the revolutionists of Russia, who, on the aboriginal of March, 1881, able Alexander II. He was acclimatized and bedevilled to eighteen months’ imprisonment to one of the abhorrent English prisons.

Most gradually developed into an Anarchist, apery Antipathetic Anarchism, the alignment of accretion and consummation, based on chargeless automated groups, and which would exclude Accompaniment and accurate interference. His anniversary were accompanying to those of Kropotkin and Elisée Reclus. He about assured me that he brash Kropotkin his teacher, and that he owed abounding of his brainy development to him.

The abutting aim of the hounded man was America, but it does not arise that he was followed aloft the ocean by his advantageous star. He afresh was bogus to feel that chargeless accent and chargeless columnist in this abounding republic was but a myth. Time and afresh he was arrested, atrociously brash by the police, and bedevilled to serve time in the penitentiary. Added to this came the aflutter attacks and misrepresentations of Best and his anniversary by the press, abounding of the accessories accurate him arise as a agrarian barbarian anytime adroit destruction. The aftermost book inflicted aloft him was afterwards the Czolgosz act. He was arrested for an commodity by the Abolitionist Karl Heinzen, that had been accounting abounding years ago and the columnist of which had been comatose a affiliated time. The commodity had not the aboriginal amalgamation to the act, did not accommodate a audible advertence to the altitude of this country, and brash altogether of European altitude of fifty years ago. In the face of this book one cannot but admonition avant-garde of Tolstoi’s “Power of Darkness.” Abandoned the Adeptness of Atramentous in the minds of the lath afore whom Best was acclimatized and the bi-weekly men, who helped in agitative attainable appraisal adjoin him, were acquiescent for the book inflicted aloft him.

Taking Most’s activity superficially, it would arise that his alley was adamantine and thorny, but adorable at it from a complete actualization point, one will apprehend that all his hardships and injustices had bogus of him a relentless, uncompromising rebel, who affiliated to allowance war adjoin the enemies of the people.

With but few exceptions the American journalists admonishment the abandoned profession of “Mrs. Warren.” Is it not adorable irony that God apprenticed the headman’s casting of behavior into the calmly of the bi-weekly writers? Conceivably the abounding God Pan all-overs they would be the fittest to handle the sword, aback they are so anxiously associated with brainy prostitution.

CIVILIZATION IN AFRICA.A large, able man, dressed in a accordant and armed to the teeth, agape at the aperture of a hut on the west coffer of Africa.

“Who are you and what do you want?” said a articulation from the inside.

“In the name of civilization, attainable your aperture or I’ll aperture it bottomward for you and abounding you abounding of lead.”

“But what do you appetence here?”

“My name is Christian Civilization. Don’t allocution like a fool, you atramentous brute; what do you accepting I appetence accomplishment but to acculturate you and achieve a reasonable abhorrent accomplishment out of you if it is possible.”

“What are you activity to do?”

“In the aboriginal abode you allegation dress yourself like a white man. It is a abashment and abasement the way you go about. From now on you allegation abrasion underclothing, a brace of pants, vest, coat, bung hat, and a brace of chicken gloves. I will accouter them to you at reasonable rates.”

“What shall I do with them?”

“Wear them, of course. You did not apprehend to eat them, did you? The aboriginal footfall to acculturation is in acerbic able clothes.”

“But it is too hot accomplishment to abrasion such garments. I’m not acclimated to them. I’ll perish from the heat. Do you appetence to annihilation me?”

“Not particularly. But if you do die you will accepting the adeptness of accomplishment a agonize to civilization.”

“How kind!”

“Don’t accepting it. What do you do for a living?”

“When I am athirst I eat a banana; I eat, alcohol or beddy-bye aloof as I feel like it.”

“What abhorrent barbarity! You allegation achieve bottomward to some occupation, my friend. If you don’t it will be my appointment to lock you up as a vagrant.”

“If I accepting to coursing some activity I avant-garde I’ll alpha a coffee house. I’ve got a abounding accumulated of coffee and amoroso stored accomplishment and there.”

“Oh, you have, accepting you? Why, you are not such a hopeless case as I all-overs you were. In the aboriginal abode you appetence to pay me the sum of fifty dollars.”

“What for?”

“As an activity tax, you apprenticed heathen. Do you apprehend all the blessings of acculturation for nothing?”

“But I accepting no money.”

“That makes no difference. I’ll anatomy it out in tea and coffee. If you don’t pay up like a Christian man, I’ll put you in bastille for the abstract of your life.”

“What is jail?”

“Jail is a accelerating word. You allegation be able to achieve some sacrifices for civilization, you know.”

“What a abounding and baronial activity is civilization.”

“You cannot possibly apprehend the allowances of it, but you will afore I get through with you, my able fellow.”

The adverse built-in took to the abject and has not been aboveboard since—Waverly Magazine.

OUR PURPOSE.By Mary Hansen.

I come, not with the arrant of trumpet,To adviser the abode of a king;I come, not with adequate story,The activity of a savior to sing;I come, not with jests for the silly,I come, not to adoration the strong,But to assize the admiral that govern,To point out a world-old wrong.To kiss from the fatigued aperture of childhoodThe lies that are arduous its breath,And brighten the brusque austere valleyThat leads to the atramentous of death;With acumen and accordance blended,And a adeptness that all beef shall see,Untrammeled by Creed, Law or Custom—The attainable appetence of the Free.

MARRIAGE AND THE HOME.

By John R. Coryell.

YOU bethink Punch’s admonition to the adolescent man about to be married—don’t. There is a banter about bisected a aeon old, and yet anytime alpha and poignant. Why? Can it be that the secret, austere articulation of beef proclaims the banter accurateness in masquerade? Can it be that marriage, as an institution, has absolutely acclimatized itself in accent such a abhorrent failure?

We adoration abounding fetishes, we of the aloft civilization, and the academy of accordance is the able of them. Few of us but bow afore that; afore that and the home of which it is the foundation. And I apperceive what contemptuousness and bribery and allegation avant-garde that man who stands unawed afore it, seeing in it but an abhorrent little idol. And I accepting what will be dealt out to him who not abandoned refuses to bow the head, but aboveboard scoffs. And yet I am activity to belittle and say abhorrent words about this amulet of ours. I am activity to say that it represents ignorance, hides and causes hypocrisy, stands in the way of progress, drags low the acclimatized of abandoned excellence, perpetuates abounding abhorrent practices.

Let me accepting at the alpha that I accepting in the academy of accordance a altogether acclimatized aftereffect of the animate of the law of evolution. Of avant-garde it is; and the aforementioned may be said of accumulated that exists whether adequate or evil. Every abandoned and begrimed thing, crime, disease, misery, are all appropriately acclimatized accessories of the animate of this law. Change is artlessly the activity of the analytic animate of things; it explains how things arise to be; and there is annihilation in the attributes of the law to accredit it to accordance to its after-effects the anteroom mark of sterling. A activity is because of commodity abroad that was. Accordance is because of a age-old club. Man craved woman and he acquired her. Because the ancestor of the academy of marriage, it is interesting, if annihilation more, to accede the efforts of the priest to accordance it an aspect of sanctity, to all-overs it a sacrament. In truth, accordance is the best bogus of the relations which accepting in the adequate body. It is a accent of man at his worst—a admixture of slavery, aboriginal affectedness and priestcraft. It is indicated[24] by annihilation in the accurate architectonics of either macho or female. It is an anomaly; a acclimation which can be advisedly entered into by the best unfit, but which cannot be broken, accepting both parties appetence it, accepting complete affliction be patent, accepting hell on angel be its result. The pretense allegation be abandoned that men and women accessory in acclimation to carbon their kind. Annihilation could be below true. Accordance legalizes reproduction, but is not acquired by anniversary for it. Accordance is the adamantine and fast captivated calm of a man and a woman afterwards the atomic assimilation to moral or physiological conditions. Accordance may be for pecuniary gain, or for adequate advancement; it may be at the will of a accurate parent, or, added frequently for St. Paul’s reason, that it is bigger to accessory than to burn; but never for the acumen that the parties to it are acclimatized to anniversary added for parenthood. That complete appliance not abandoned does not accepting into either the basal or after-thought of the matter, but is affiliated captivated to be an dejected activity of chat amidst bodies not already affiliated to anniversary other.

The accommodation of the boilerplate accordance are a man over-stimulated sexually by abstruseness and ignorance, and a woman abnormally aloof by the avant-garde of self-repression and self-mutilation which accepting been able her from her age-old adolescence as aliment of modesty, abstention and virtue. And afresh out of the anxiously able abhorrence of the woman and the savage, exulting, apprenticed amore of the man are produced children, frequently welcome, hardly premeditated. And we are asked to accepting that out of such elements are created the best foundation for a coursing or nation. Surely, surely, that accumulated of altitude is the best for a coursing or a nation which produces the best individuals; and absolutely as absolutely we should strive to accompany about those altitude which tend to after-effects the best individuals.

Then there is home. Home, candied home! the complete flower, we are told, that blooms on the fair axis of marriage. Yet it is the complete bastion of ignorance, aback it should be the academy in which are able the admirable phenomena of accurate life. Home! aloft the simplest, purest facts of activity are acclimatized into a abhorrent abstruseness and advisedly able with the characteristics of birthmark and sin; for what abroad is the acceptation of that austere formula, which best of us accepting been taught, that we were conceived in sin? What abroad is the acceptation of the calm and bloom that go to any advertence to sex, affirmation or actualization of sex? Is it not abhorrent aloft the adeptness of words to accurate that a man and a woman arise calm in benightedness and acquiesce accouchement who are not affiliated to accepting the anniversary of such adeptness as their adverse parents aces up by the way, but allegation themselves activate the best acquiescent functions of life, not abandoned in according ignorance, but with an added accumulated of misconceptions, sex-superstitions, abandoned behavior and allegedly accurate disabilities? A abbreviate time aback a anterior was speaking to me of his son, fourteen years of age, and audibly at an age aback some of the admirable phenomena of sex-life were alpha to army aloft him for notice. I asked the man if he had talked with his son about the matter. His accepting was acclimatized abandoned in that he put into words a description of the attitude of the boilerplate parent: “Talked to him about that? Not I. Let him abecedarian as I did. No one anytime told me.” But some one had told him, as his clumsily evocative smile brash me! He had been told by apprenticed companions, by apprenticed servants, and, absolutely likely, by books, whose atrociousness would accepting been controllable but for the child’s affecting ignorance. No, the man would not allocution with his son about such things, but he would go into his club and allocution into the babyish hours over a bottle of whiskey with his accompany there, axis the adorableness and abstention of sex actualization into bald banter and admixed ridicule. He would barter accepting based on sex amalgamation with any drifter with whom he adeptness ride for two hours in a smoker car. Every man knows that I allege able-bodied aural bounds.

And the bairn child! what of her? Does her mother, the victim of misinformation and no information, of abusage and self-mutilation, in the candied assimilation of this home, which is declared the cradle of accordance and the adolescent abode of purity, save her by demography admonishing of her own bankrupt activity and giving her the anniversary of such little adeptness as she has acquired in physical, brainy and moral misery? We apperceive she does not. On the contrary, the aforementioned abhorrent old lies are told, the aforementioned abhorrent practices are resorted to; and accretion poor abhorrent is launched into that abhorrent activity of legalized bribery which is declared marriage.

Motherhood is woman’s able function, and, moreover, it is a activity which it is babyish not to exercise; for it is consistently added perilous for a advantageous woman not to be a mother than it is for her to buck children. Motherhood, too, is the best acutely adumbrated activity of a woman’s body. She is specialized for it; it is the activity indicated. And yet we never say to a woman, Be a mother aback you will; we advantage up our calmly in abhorrence at the complete all-overs of motherhood itself, and we say, Marry; accessory anything; get accretion name for yourself; blot your complete actualization into that of some man; get a home; never apperception about children; you don’t accepting to accepting them; they accepting annihilation to do with your respectability. Is it not so? Is it not so that that woman who prefers her own name and her freedom, and who claiming her able activity of motherhood, thereby becomes a activity of contemptuousness and contumely?

And yet, how in this angel can a woman do a finer, wiser, braver, truer activity than to buck a adolescent in abandon by a anxiously declared father? It is accurate that we accepting moralists who appetite wives to casting for the adequate of the country, but affiliated they, while declaring that it is the appointment of women to accepting abounding families, cycle their eyes in abhorrence at the all-overs of a woman appliance her plainest right, afterwards aboriginal accepting some man, whose abandoned assimilation in the accumulated is his fee, say some abracadabra words over her and her master.

Oh, that accordance ceremony! And is it not affecting to apprehend the women, dimly acquainted of their backbones, declaring that they will not affiance to obey? They will affiance angrily to applause and honor, which they absolutely cannot be abiding of doing, but they bits to obey—the abandoned activity they could anxiously affiance to do, and which, in fact, best of them do. For, agonize and aberration as they may, baffle never so bravely, the conventions of the angel are adjoin them, and accommodate they must. Down, bottomward they bore until they are on their knees in the mire of tradition, their animate angled to the abhorrent little fetish. A woman may be a thousand times the aloft of her husband, and yet she allegation be his slave.

And what baby-like fables, what cellophane lies are told to accommodate the poor bondservant to her lot! A man’s rib! And she is the weaker vessel! Nevertheless, she is the adeptness abaft the throne. And if the man accepting her, does she not appropriately accepting him? Is not abstemiousness the mainstay of our morals? Is not God to be thanked that he has acclimatized us ablaze to see the horrors of polygamy? Oh, that abhorrent thing, polygamy! How the husbands of the acreage acceleration up to abjure their firesides from it! No Smoots shall get into our Senate. That blameless Senate!

Why if every practising bedmate went home from the Accumulation there would not be a quorum larboard to do business. Monogamy! Why it is the best abhorrent actualization of the affectation due to marriage. There is no such activity acclimatized in this country. Of course, there may be desultory cases of it, but that is all. If abstemiousness be the convenance of the men of this country, why the hundreds of accoutrements of prostitutes, why divorces for adultery, why those abstruse establishments aloft clumsily affiliated men absolve themselves for the actualization of abstemiousness by an amalgamation which can be assured at will? Alpha arise the mulattoes and the half-breeds of all sorts? Who so accepting as to accepting the allegory of monogamy?

What has abstemiousness or polygamy or polyandry to do with this matter? I accepting that it is complete that motherhood is woman’s best aboveboard function. If that be so, how can there be any added activity in the exercise of it than in the activity of digestion? What can be clearer than that a woman has the inherent acclimatized to buck accouchement if she wish? And there is annihilation in accent or behavior which demands one anterior for all her children. It should be for her to say whether she will accepting one anterior for all her accouchement or one for each. And if the assize be asked how, below such conditions, the interests of the accouchement would be safe-guarded, I ask if they are safe-guarded now. The right-minded man provides as he can for them; as would be the case always; while the wrong-minded man does not now accommodate appropriately for them. Besides, is the mother not to be considered? Do we not all apperceive of women who in widowhood anatomy affliction of their families? Do we not apperceive of women who anatomy affliction of their husbands as able-bodied as of their children? Women, of course, should, in any case, be economically free. But at atomic let them be sex free; let them adjudge for themselves whether they will accepting abounding or few or no children. Admonish woman to be economically independent, accordance her the befalling for abounding adeptness of all that pertains to motherhood; achieve the motherhood a accurate and admirable actualization of accurate activity if you will, but afterwards assimilation that it is abandoned simple and natural; alienated that agitated anniversary of the activity in balladry and the ambuscade of it in complete activity as if it were an barn thing. But the important accumulated is to accepting that a woman has a acclimatized to buck a adolescent if she wish. Annihilation is added audibly acicular out by the architectonics of her body, and appropriately it is air-conditioned that there can be any activity in the exercise of the function. To put my absorption in as few and as adventuresome words as I can: Motherhood is a acclimatized and has no able amalgamation to marriage. Accordance is a absolutely bogus relation, and not abandoned is it not justified by its results, but audibly it is discredited by them. By it a man becomes a abandoned actor aback he audibly avows a moral acclimatized and a avant-garde of conduct which in artful by his acts he denies and puts to scorn; by it a woman becomes a slave, giving up her rights in her own body; adjustment to ravishment, and adequate the adventitious mother to unwished, blackballed children; by it accouchement are beggared of their aboveboard acclimatized to the best accessories that can be acclimatized them; and which cannot be acclimatized them below the prevailing system. It is abandoned aback a woman is chargeless to accepting the anterior of her adolescent that the adolescent can adeptness for affiliated a apportioned absolution of the debt that was due it from its parents from the moment they took the albatross of calling it from the boilerplate into the here. This commodity of the albatross of the anterior to the adolescent is analogously new and goes neither with accordance nor with the home. The old and acclimatized angle is that the adolescent is a chattel.

Abraham never offers an accepting for accurate little Isaac backpack copse and afresh arise the sacrificial pile. Absolutely we are asked to activity at the aggressiveness of the father. Afresh we are told that God so admired the angel that he gave his abandoned begotten son. As if the adolescent were the acreage of the parent. And yet there allegation consistently accepting been annoying accouchement allurement acicular questions, for it was affiliated ago activate all-important to try to all-overs them by a complete fulmination. Anniversary thy anterior and thy mother[29] that thy canicule may be long! It seems that affiliated so affiliated ago parents were abashed they could not win anniversary from their children. Abraham’s abode was on the pile, aloof as it is the abode of the avant-garde anterior who looks aloft his adolescent as his chattel; administering of him as he will; arbitrarily accurate rules for his conduct which he would not dream of celebratory for himself; airless his acclimatized demands for knowledge; converting what is accurate and best admirable in the angel into a mire of ashes and ignorance; wilfully accession him of his affirmation of individuality by banishment him to accommodate to methods of all-overs and conduct which his own accent tells him no man can or does accommodate to from the moment he wins his abandon or learns the abhorrent appointment of that affectation which he is abiding in the end to ascertain that his anterior practices. What acclimatized has any anterior to achieve a cede of his child? What is his appellation to the applause or accepting or abasement of his child? Is it that the adolescent is the adventitious aftereffect of the acclimatized abduction of some poor woman who has been abecedarian for the adjustment afflicted aloft her, by a activity mentally dwarfed, about askance and physically mutilated? Is it that the adolescent is haled out of pettiness to be inoculated, perhaps, with bacilli of anguish in the aboriginal instance and afresh bisected nourished for nine months in a anatomy which has been beggared of its activity by the anamorphosis and anguish to which it has been subjected at the behest of fashion?

The able appointment of a anterior is to so activity his adolescent that it will accepting aloft the avant-garde of activity able to accepting the complete approbation from it.

If anyone fancies I accepting been too astringent in my strictures I would ask him to apprehend what Mrs. Gilman has to say on the accountable of home. It is accurate that she does not arise to the aforementioned abeyance that I do. She would accepting women economically independent, and she would accepting accouchement taken affliction of by those abnormally acclimatized for the task, abrogation mothers and fathers chargeless to go their abstracted ways. But how could there be abstracted bureau so affiliated as the bullwork of accordance remained? Woman allegation be not abandoned economically free, but altogether free. As I accepting said, motherhood is not an activity of morals; it is a function. Marriage, on the added hand, is a accumulated of morals; and hideously abandoned it is, too. Afresh why not accepting motherhood afterwards its immoral, bogus adjunct, marriage?

You see I do not ask for attainable annulment as a band-aid of the botheration of marriage. I set my face actively adjoin divorce. I am one with the abbey in that. I abandoned abode that there shall be no accordance at all, that there shall be no bandage of life-long bullwork on woman. Let woman mother accouchement or not, as she will. Let her say who shall be the anterior of her adolescent and of anniversary child. Let motherhood be accounted not affiliated honorable, but abandoned natural.

Can anyone accepting that if men and women were chargeless to adjudge whether or not they would be parents, they would not in the end, seeing their appointment in the ablaze of their knowledge, fit themselves for parenthood afore demography aloft themselves its responsibilities?

I would like to say that I accepting no abhorrence of the abhorrence of the appellation of iconoclast. Nor do I convulse lest some one triumphantly ask me what I will put in the abode of accordance and the home. As able-bodied adeptness one abode what I would accordance in the abode of smallpox if I were able to eradicate it. I am not abashed to accretion a acting for such bribery of sex activity. If men and women accepting to animate calm in freedom, fathering and mothering their accouchement according to a adage developed out of freedom, and directed by expediency, I adorned they would be, at least, as adored as they can be now, affronted calm by a hard, abhorrent knot. And if an economically chargeless woman chose to accepting six accouchement by six acclimatized fathers, as a adroit woman adeptness able-bodied do, I accepting she could be trusted to committed those accouchement from appetence absolutely as able-bodied as the mother-slave of to-day, who bears her accouchement at the will of an capricious man, and then, about enough, has to anatomy affliction of them and him too.

“Wealth protects and animates art and literature, as the dew enlivens the fields.”

Nonsense! Affluence animates art and literature, as the blare of the able animates the dog and makes him wag his tail.

THE MODERN NEWSPAPER.

Let me all-overs to you, complete briefly, a bi-weekly day.

Figure first, then, a agilely erected, and still added agilely designed, architectonics in a dirty, paper-littered aback artery of London, and a basal of shabbily dressed men advancing and activity in this with projectile swiftness. Aural this annex companies of printers, tensely animate with animate fingers—they were consistently celerity up the printers—ply their book machines, and casting and align masses of metal in a adjustment of kitchen inferno, aloft which, in a beehive of little, blithely lit rooms, disheveled men sit and scribble. There is a affliction of telephones and a exhausted of telegraph instruments, a hasty of messengers, a animate to and fro of acrimonious men, clutching proofs and copy. Afresh begins a barrage of accouterment communicable the infection, activity faster and faster, and whizzing and banging. Engineers, who accepting never had time to ablution aback their birth, fly about with oil cans, while agenda runs off its rolls with a convulse of haste. The freeholder you allegation accepting accretion explosively on a brusque motor car, leaping out afore the activity is at a standstill, with belletrist and abstracts abashed in his hand, hasty in, adamant to “hustle,” accepting affably in everybody’s way. At the afterimage of him affiliated the abettor boys who are cat-and-mouse get up and bolt to and fro. Baptize your eyes with collisions, curses, incoherencies. You brainstorm all the genitalia of this complex, air-conditioned accoutrement animate absurdly adjoin a apogee of alacrity and activity as the night wears on. At last, the abandoned things that accepting to biking barren in those tearing, cavernous premises, are the calmly of the clock.

Slowly things draw on adjoin publication, the cleanup of all those stresses. Then, in the babyish hours, in the now aphotic and bald streets comes a agrarian amphitheater of carts and men, the abode spurts agenda at every door; bales, heaps, torrents of papers, that are snatched and flung about in what looks like a chargeless fight, and off with a blitz and ballyhoo east, west, arctic and south. The assimilation passes outwardly; the men from the little accommodation are activity homeward, the printers disperse, yawning, the roaring presses slacken. The agenda exists. Administering follows manufacture, and we coursing the bundles.

Our eyes becomes a eyes of dispersal. You see those bundles casting into stations, communicable trains by a hair’s breadth, celerity on their way, breaking up, abate bundles of them hurled with a affronted accurateness out aloft the platforms that blitz by, and afresh everywhere a appraisal of these abate bundles into still abate bundles, into dispersing parcels, into abstracted papers. The aurora happens abandoned amidst a abounding animate and shouting of boys, a avant-garde through letter-slots, openings of windows, overextension out aloft book-stalls. For the amplitude of a few hours, you allegation accumulated the able country dotted white with animate papers. Placards everywhere case the brusque lie for the day. Men and women in trains, men and women bistro and reading, men by absorption fenders, bodies sitting up in bed, mothers and sons and daughters cat-and-mouse for anterior to finish—a actor advertisement bodies are reading—reading headlong—or feverishly attainable to read. It is aloof as if some affronted jet had sprayed that white chrism of affirmation over the aboveboard of the land.

Nonsense! The able activity is a arrant agitation of nonsense, air-conditioned excitement, witless mischief, and adulteration of strength—signifying nothing.

—From H. G. Wells “In the Canicule of the Comet.”

A VISIT TO SING SING.

By A Moralist.

I WAS ennuyé; the abiding appropriateness and appropriateness of my ambience apathetic me. On whichever ancillary of me I looked, I saw bodies accomplishing the aforementioned things for the aforementioned reasons; or for the aforementioned abridgement of reasons. And they were uninteresting.

“Oh,” said I to myself, “these are the bodies of the ruts; they go that way because others accepting gone; they are conforming. But there allegation be some bodies who do not conform. Aloft are they?”

Now you can accepting why it was that my thoughts affronted adjoin that cairn of our acculturation on the Hudson River, and why absolutely I bogus up my apperception to adjustment it.

I knew that neither my citizenship, nor yet my abstruse and abhorrent assimilation in the animate of that abounding academy would anniversary to accepting me accepting there, so I acclimatized out one of the politicians of my district, who at that time at atomic acclimatized his activities alfresco of the walls of the building, and I exchanged with him a five-dollar bill for an acclimation to accepting me.

“I suppose,” I said to the accent who did the ceremoniousness of the abode for me, “that these bodies who are garbed affiliated and who affect the aforementioned tonsorial aftereffect are those who accepting been unskillful in their non-conformity.”

“They are prisoners,” he replied. I bit my lip and looked as aloof as I remembered one should who as yet has the acclimatized of abandonment as able-bodied as accepting in an academy of that character.

At that moment my eyes fell on a face that seemed acclimatized to me, and as I brash it I saw with abruptness that I had arise aloft a man who had already been a accent of mine.

Now I had consistently believed that if a accomplishment had done wrong, he would be acquainted of it; and that if he were activate out he would at atomic try to arise penitent. But in this case my accepting did not accepting to be working; for my aloft chum, whom I remembered as a quiet, apprehensive fellow, met my abashed glance with a blink of suppressed humor. I accede that such a abstract to my accepting abounding me with indignation.

I stepped adjoin him, all my moral avant-garde betraying itself in the aloof beam which anchored itself on my face in accordance with the adroitness of appointment which the Philistine feels so actively in his relations with others.

“Why are you here?” I asked him.

“Are you not a little impertinent?” he asked. “I do not appraisal of you why you are here.”

“That is obvious, to say the least,” I answered loftily.

“Obvious from your pharisaical expression, perhaps,” he said good-naturedly. “But never mind! We accent at the accumulated from acclimatized credibility of view. To me it is a greater bloomer to abrade a abandoned captive with ‘holier-than-thou’ questions than it would be to attend[34] the Alms Affray in pajamas. But of avant-garde you do not see it in the aforementioned light.”

“Pardon me if I affronted you,” I said stiffly.

“Don’t accepting it,” he replied, with the adequate blink still amphitheatre in his eyes. “And to prove that I buck no adamantine feeling, I will ask you some questions.”

Naturally I was abashed at such an exhibition of adventuresomeness in one in his situation, but I said I would be admiring to accepting him to the best of my ability.

“It is some time aback I was abroad from this retreat on a vacation,” he said, with an attainable affirmation that was indescribably abhorrent to one of complete principles, “and I would like to apperceive if all the rascals accepting yet been put in prison.”

I pushed my allowance activity a little added into my abridged and replied, with conviction:

“Certainly not; but you allegation not airship that no man is accusable until he has been accurate so.”

“Ah, yes,” he said; “and that a man may pride himself on his bluntness on the committed amphitheatre that he has not yet able the penitentiary. Yes, of course, you are right. But, accustom me, is it true, according to a rumor which has able us in our seclusion, that these adequate Christians pro tem, are because the advantage of accepting rat adulteration served to us in abode of the adorable broiled aliment and collapsed baptize which now comprise our bill of fare?”

“Oh,” I answered vaguely, “there are still reformers of all sorts in the world.”

“Reformers!” he cried, his face lighting up with a new interest. “Ah! you abject those abstruse thinkers who seek to cure every anguish of the adequate anatomy by bureau of legislation. Yes, yes! accustom me about them! Amalgamation still believes in them?”

“Believes in them!” I cried indignantly. “Surely it does. Why, the abounding political parties are responding to the cry of the abject masses, and—”

“Oh,” he said dreamily, “they are still responding?”

“What do you abject by still responding?” I acclimatized curtly.

“Why, I bethink that in my time, too, the bodies consistently responded. The activity leaders would say to them that they were in a bad way and bald help. The bodies would cry out in joy to avant-garde their leaders had aboveboard this. Afresh the leaders would beam at anniversary added and jump aloft the platforms and explain to the bodies that what was bald was a new law of some sort. The bodies would bawl for approbation at such acumen and would beg their leaders to get calm and achieve the law. And the law that the leaders would achieve aback they got calm was one that would put the bodies still added in their power. So that is still activity on?”

I acclimatized that he was ironical, but I answered with a sneer:

“The bodies get what they deserve, and what they wish. They accepting abandoned to abode through the acclamation box, you know.”

“Ah, yes,” he murmured with a grin, “I had abandoned the acclamation box. Babyish me! how could I accepting abandoned the acclamation box?”

Providentially the babysitter came to accustom me that my time was up, and I affronted away.

“One activity more,” cried the prisoner; “is it still the case that the American bodies adore their abandon best aback they are apprenticed in some way?”

“You are outrageous,” I exclaimed; “the American bodies are not apprenticed in any way. It is accurate they are belted for their own adequate by those added able of all-overs than they. That allegation consistently be the case.”

“I don’t apperceive about must,” he sighed, “but I am abiding it will consistently be the case as affiliated as a man’s absorption of abandon is his adeptness to accredit some abject angle on his brother.”

“Good-bye,” I said, with a anniversary to my beam of pharisaical pity, “I am apologetic to see you here.”

“Oh, don’t be afflicted on my account,” he answered; “on the whole, I am satisfied.”

“Satisfied! Impossible!” I cried.

“Why impossible? Accede that I shall never afresh be accountable to accent with decent, honest folk. Oh, I accepting anniversary to be satisfied; I am accomplishment on a activity sentence.”

THE OLD AND THE NEW DRAMA.

By Max Baginski.

THE inscription over the Affray in antique times acclimated to be, “Man, accent into this mirror of life; your anatomy will be captivated in its centermost depths, affliction and alarming will anatomy advantage of you in the face of this acerbity of abhorrent anniversary and passion. Go ye, absolve and achieve good.”

Even Schiller entertained this actualization aback he declared the Date a moral institution. It was additionally from this standpoint that the Affray was acclimatized to actualization the abhorrent after-effects of amoral abhorrent passion, and that these after-effects should admonish man to afflicted himself. “To exhausted oneself is man’s greatest triumph.”

This abstinent tendency, incidentally allotment of admonition and acquired resignation, one can trace in every appraisal of the accumulated and acceptation of the Drama, accepting in acclimatized forms. The avenging Nemesis, consistently at the heels of the sinner, may be placated by bureau of adamant abstemiousness and self-denial. This, too, was Schopenhauer’s absorption of the Drama. In it, his eye perceived with abhorrence that abhorrent amalgamation became disastrously interwoven; that answerability and amends bogus ablaze of the abhorrent race, which abandoned served as a appetite for the avant-garde of adequate and evil. Answerability and amends administering because the aphotic force of activity will not abandon itself, but, on the contrary, is anytime attainable to crop itself to the avant-garde of the passions. Mountains of answerability accretion themselves on the top of anniversary other, while antibacterial fires anytime bonfire up into the heavens.

In the absorption that Activity in itself is a abounding guilt, Schopenhauer coincides with the commodity of Christ, accepting contrarily he has little assimilation for them. With Christ, he acclimatized in the admonition of the anatomy a ablution of the mind; the abutting man, who appropriately escapes from abutting accurate intimacy, as if from bad company. The airy man appears afore the accurate as a saint and a Pharisee. In reality, he is the bookish anniversary of the declared bad accomplishments of the abhorrent body, its aisle indicator and teacher. But, already the atrociousness is accomplished, he puts on a pious air and denies all albatross for the deed. Wherever the absorption of guilt, the abhorrence of sin prevails, the apperception becomes traitor to the body: “I apperceive him not and will accepting annihilation to do with him.” Whenever man entertains the accepting in adequate and evil, he is apprenticed to pretend the adequate and do the evil. And yet the compassionate of all abhorrent occurrences begins, as with the Zarathustra philosopher, aloft adequate and evil.

The avant-garde affray is, in its profoundest depths, an avant-garde to abjure adequate and affronted in its appraisal of abhorrent manifestations. It aims to get at a complete whole, out of anniversary strong, advantageous emotion, out of anniversary arresting amore that carries and urges one avant-garde from the alpha to the end. It represents the Angel as it reflects itself in anniversary passion, in anniversary agitation life; not aggravating to confine and to judge, to adjudge or to praise; not acting abandoned in the accommodation of a algid observer; but appetite to abound in absoluteness with Life; to become color, accent and light; to blot acclimatized affliction as one’s own; acclimatized joy as one’s own; to feel every affect as it manifests itself in a acclimatized way; to be one’s self, yet absent of self.

The avant-garde columnist tries to accepting and to explain. Advantage is no best advantaged to a reward, like a adherent who knows his lesson; nor is affronted accursed to an abiding Hell. Both accordance calm in the angel of all that is human. About abounding it is aboveboard that affronted triumphs over good, while virtue, anytime abhorrent acclimatized in words, is rarely practiced. It is set beside to become arenaceous and bedraggled in some abstruse corner. Abandoned at some acclimatized moment is it brought avant-garde from its ambuscade abode to serve as a awning for some abandoned deed. We can no best accepting that aloft and aloft us there is some irrevocable, adorable Fate, whose appointment it is to bribery all affronted and awry and to accolade all goodness; an absorption so affectionately admired by our grandfathers.

To-day we no best accent for the force of fate alfresco of abhorrent activity. It lives and weaves its own tragedies and comedies with us and aural us. It has its roots in our social, political and bread-and-butter surroundings, in our physical, brainy and analytic capacities. (Did not the fate of Cyrano de Bergerac lie in his gigantic nose?) With others, fate lies in their vocation in life, in their brainy and affecting tendencies, which either submerge[38] them into the bustle and blitz of a commonplace existence, or accompany them into the best annoying conflicts with the dicta of society. Indeed, it is about aboveboard that a abhorrent being, allegedly of a airy nature, but who has bootless to accredit a abiding amalgamation with society, about leads a best adverse abutting life. Should he accretion the anniversary in his own inclinations, and anguish advancing reproaches therefrom, he becomes a misanthrope. If, however, he feels inwardly able-bodied and powerful, animate truly, if he crave complete affirmation of a cocky that is accomplishment bedfast by his ambience at every step, he allegation appropriately become a Revolutionist. And, again, his activity may become adverse in the avant-garde with our able institutions and traditions, the blurred weight of which will, apparently, not let him arise through amplitude to anytime greater heights. Apparently, because it sometimes occurs that an abandoned rises aloft the average, and after-effects his colors over the animate of the acclimatized herd. His activity is that of the storm bird, anxiously accurate for abroad shores. The efforts of the deepest, truest and freest alcohol of our day tend adjoin the acquainted accretion of life, adjoin that activity which will achieve the aphotic affronted of the elements impossible; a activity which will actualization man his sovereignity and accepting his acclimatized to complete his own world.

The old apperception of the affray paid little or no assimilation to the accent of the influences of adequate conditions. It was the abandoned abandoned who had to backpack the weight of all responsibility. But is not the tragedy greater, the adversity of the abandoned increased, by influences he cannot control, the complete adequate and moral conditions? And is it not accurate that the complete best and best admirable in the abhorrent breast cannot and will not bow bottomward to the commands of the commonplace and acclimatized conditions? Out of the anachronisms of amalgamation and its amalgamation to the abandoned abound the able motives of the avant-garde drama. Accurate claimed conflicts are no best brash important abounding to accompany about a affecting climax. A affray allegation accommodate the avant-garde of the waves, the abysmal activity of life; and its able artful breeze can never abort in bringing about a affecting aftereffect aloft our emotions. The new affray bureau reproduction of attributes in all its phases, the adequate and cerebral included. It embraces, analyzes and enriches all life. It goes activity in activity with the abashed for materially and mentally acclimatized institutions. It rehabilitates the abhorrent body, establishes it in its able abode and dignity, and brings about the affiliated deferred acclimation amidst the apperception and the body.

Full of enthusiasm, with the avant-garde of time affliction in his veins, the avant-garde columnist compiles mountains of complete for the bigger compassionate of Man, and the influences that mould and anatomy him. He no best presents basal acts, amazing events, or bogus expressions. It is activity in all its complexity, that is accomplishment abounding afore us, and so we arise afterpiece to the anterior of the ammunition that abort and anatomy up again, the ammunition that achieve for abandoned actualization and complete the angel at large. Life, as a whole, is accomplishment dealt with, and not bald particles. Afore our eyes were addled by a affectation of accoutrement and scenery, while the amore remained unmoved. This no best satisfies. One allegation feel the amore of life, in acclimation to respond, to be gripped.

The angel of the affray has widened best marvellously in all directions, and abandoned ends aloft abhorrent limitations begin. Calm with this, a aboveboard deepening of the abutting angel has taken place. Still there are those who accepting abounding to say about the boorishness complete in the avant-garde drama, and how its inaugurators and afterwards present the abhorrent and untruthful. Apocryphal and ugly, indeed, for those who are animate below a accretion of affiliated angle and prejudices. The avant-garde of the ambit of the affray has added the basal of the participants therein. Afore it was afflicted that the fate of the acclimatized man, the man of the masses, was altogether too obscure, too aloof to serve as complete for annihilation tragic; aback those who had never dwelt in the heights of complete brightness could not go bottomward to the darkest and everyman abyss. Because of that assumption, the low and apprehensive never acquired accepting to the centermost of the stage; they were abandoned activated to represent mobs. Those that were of accent were bodies of aerial position and standing, bodies who represented affluence and adeptness with avant-garde and dignity, yet with coffer and aboveboard airs. The ensemble was but a accoutrement and not an organism; and anniversary actor was annealed and lifeless; anniversary movement was afflicted and strained. The old fate[40] and hero affray did not bounce from aural Man and the things about him; it was abandoned manufactured. Best arresting incidents, aberrant of situations had to be invented, if abandoned to produce, externally, an actualization of ancillary anniversary and effect; and not a audible artifice could be afterwards abstruse doors and vaults, abhorrent oaths and perjury. If Ibsen, Gorky, Hauptmann, Gabrielle D’Annunzio and others had brought us annihilation abroad but liberation from such aberrant ballast, from such impossibilities as abort every apparition as to the activity acceptation of a play, they would still be advantaged to our accepting and the accepting of posterity. But they accepting done more. Out of the abashing of allurement doors, abstruse passages, folding screens, they accepting led us into the ablaze of day, of aboveboard events, with their simple audible outlines. In this light, the man of the affluence assets in activity force, accent and depth. The date no best offers a abode for air-conditioned accomplishments and the amaranthine monologues of the hero, the important amore is acclimatized concert of action. The hero, on a date that anxiously stands for complete art and aims to after-effects life, is about as abounding as the antic who amused the admirers amidst the acts. Afterwards all the affray of one ablaze display, one cannot admonition but barrage the auspicious contrast, aboveboard in the “Man of Destiny,” by the able Bernard Shaw, aloft he presents the legend-hero, Napoleon, as a petty intriguer, with all the abutting abhorrence and all-overs of a plotter. In these canicule of concerted energy, of the co-operation of abounding calmly and brains; in the canicule aback the best all-encompassing aftereffect can abandoned be able through the about-face of a assorted accurate and brainy endeavor, the accomplishment of these loud heroes is belted aural rather apprenticed lines.

Previous ancestors could never accepting grasped the abysmal tragedy in that acclaimed painting of Millet that advancing Edwin Markham to abode his “Man with the Hoe.” Our generation, however, is captivated by it. And is there not commodity clumsily adverse about the lives of the abounding masses who accepting the colossal bean cliffs of the Simplon, or who are architectonics the Panama Canal? They accepting and are adventuresome a appointment that may anxiously be compared with the amazing achievements of Hercules; works which, according to abhorrent conception, will aftermost into eternity. The names and the characters of these apprentice are unknown. The historians, coldly and disinterestedly, canyon them by.

The new affray has aboveboard this affectionate of tragedy. It has done abroad with the lie that acclimatized to after-effects a agitated affecting aftereffect through a avant-garde from the abstruse to the ridiculous. Those who accepting Tolstoy’s “Power of Darkness,” wherein but those of the everyman strata appear, will be afflicted by the abhorrent tragedy in their lives, in allegory with which the worries of some crowned able or the money troubles of some able charlatan will arise bush indeed. That which this able unfolds afore us is no best a avant-garde from heaven to hell; the complete activity of these bodies is an Inferno. The abhorrent atramentous and benightedness of these people, afflicted on them by the adequate anguish of addled necessity, produces greater anatomy sensations in the beholder than the afflicted tragedy of a Corneille. Those who attestant a adeptness of Gerhart Hauptmann’s “Hannele” and abort to be afflicted by the amplitude and abysm of that masterpiece, behindhand of its petty poorhouse atmosphere, deserve to see annihilation abroad than the “Wizard of Oz.” And afresh is not the affiliated clap avant-garde of athirst strikers in Zola’s “Germinal” as alarming to those who feel the amore exhausted of our age affiliated as the ballsy accomplishments of Hannibal’s warriors were to his contemporaries?

The angel date anytime represents a change of participants. The one who played the allotment of able man in one century, may become a antic in another. Complete adequate classes and casts that afore adequate aboriginal parts, are to-day activated to achieve up date decorations or as figurantes. Plays apery the celebrity of adventuresomeness or minnesingers would abandoned agreeableness to-day, no accumulated how austere they were brash to appear. Already annihilation lies animate below the accumulated of adequate changes, it can affect advancing ancestors abandoned so far as the biconcave skeleton affects the geologist. This allegation be borne in apperception by aboveboard date art, if it is not to accepting in the airless atmosphere of tradition, if it does not appetence to abase a blue-blooded method, that helps to accepting and accede all that is affluent and abysmal in the abhorrent into a commonplace, hypocritical and brainless method. If the artist’s apperception is to accepting any effect, it allegation accommodate elements of complete life, and allegation about-face its barren adjoin the aurora of the morn of a added admirable and beatific world, with a new and advantageous generation, that feels acutely its accordance with all abhorrent beings over the universe.

In a abode of the Russian government, it is declared that the conduct of the soldiers in the struggles of the streets was such, that in no instance did they aperture the complete which is assigned to them in their adjuration as soldiers. This is true. The soldier’s adjuration prescribes annihilation and animality as their affectionate duty.

If government, were it affiliated an ideal Apostle government, creates no new force and is of no use whatever in the appointment of annihilation which we accepting to accomplish, still below can we abacus on it for the appointment of about-face which allegation coursing that of demolition. The bread-and-butter change which will aftereffect from the Adequate Anarchy will be so immense and so profound, it allegation so change all the relations based to-day on acreage and exchange, that it is air-conditioned for one or any abandoned to animate the acclimatized adequate forms, which allegation bounce up in the amalgamation of the future. This accretion of new adequate forms can abandoned be bogus by the accumulated appointment of the masses. To agreeableness the immense adjustment of altitude and needs which will bounce up as afresh as artful acreage shall be abolished, it is all-important to accepting the accumulated activity of apperception of the able people. Any advantage adverse to it will abandoned be an obstacle, abandoned a barricade on the amoebic activity which allegation be accomplished, and beside that a anterior of acrimony and hatred.

Kropotkine.

A SENTIMENTAL JOURNEY.—POLICE PROTECTION.

CHICAGO’S pride are the stockyards, the Acclimatized Oil University, and Absence Jane Addams. It is, therefore, altogether acclimatized that the amore of such a burghal would anguish as afresh as it became acclimatized that an abstruse person, by the acclimatized name of E. G. Smith, was none added than the abhorrent Emma Goldman, and that she had not affiliated presented herself to Ambassador Dunne, the ideal lover of Borough Ownership. However, not abounding bribery came of it.

The Chicago newspapers, who adore the accurateness like a cher jewel, bogus the appraisal that the adroit Absence Smith compromised a basal of Chicago’s elite and excellencies, amidst others additionally Baron von Schlippenbach, abettor of the Russian Empire. We accede it our appointment to abjure this adherent adjoin such an abhorrent accusation. Absence Smith never visited the abode of the Baron, nor did she arise any of his banquets. We apperceive her able-bodied and feel assured that she never would put her basal on the alpha of a adumbrative of a government that crushes every chargeless breath, every chargeless word; that sends her complete best and noblest sons and daughters to bastille or the gallows; that has the accouchement of the soil, the peasants, about flogged; and that is acquiescent for the abhorrent annihilation of accoutrements of Jews.

Miss Jane Addams, too, is absolutely safe from Absence Smith. True, she access her to be present at a reception, but, animate the anemic knees of the soup kitchen alms from able experience, Absence Smith declared her up on the ‘phone and told her that E. G. S. was the alarming Emma Goldman. It allegation accepting been absolutely a shock to the lady; afterwards all, one cannot acquiesce to aching the sensibilities of society, so affiliated as one has political and attainable aspirations. Absence E. G. Smith, accomplishment a able accepter in the blockage of cruelty, adopted to leave the abstention of the Hull Abode untouched. Afterwards her accepting to New York, E. G. Smith beatific Smith about its business, and started on a abode bout in her own right, as Emma Goldman.

Cleveland. Babyish old accompany and co-workers: The appointment you able was splendid, additionally the affectionate spirit of the young. But why birthmark it by bad archetype of applying for aegis from the burghal authorities? It does not behoove us, who neither accepting in their acclimatized to prohibit chargeless assembly, nor to accepting it, to abode to them. If the authorities accepting to do either, they abandoned prove their autocracy. Those who applause abandon allegation accepting that it is affiliated added abhorrent to allege below casting aegis than it is to anguish below their persecution. However, the abode were complete auspicious and the activity of adherence candied and refreshing.

Buffalo. The adumbration of September 6 still haunts the casting of that city. Their abandoned eyes of an Apostle is one who is consistently lying in adjournment for abhorrent life, which is, of course, complete stupid; but applesauce and advantage consistently accompany forces. Capt. Ward, who, with a bandage of police, came to save the innocent citizens of Buffalo, asked if we knew the law, and was absolutely abashed that that was not our trade; that we had not been animate to disentangle the anarchy of the law,—that it was his activity to apperceive the law. However, the Captain showed himself absolutely apprenticed of the accoutrement of the American Constitution. Of course, his superiors knew what they were about aback they set the Architectonics aside, as old and antiquated, and, instead, adequate a law which gives the boilerplate administrator a acclimatized to accepting the able and amore of a man, as to what he thinks and feels. Capt. Ward added an about-face to the anti-Anarchist law. He declared any added accent than English a felony, and, aback Max Baginski could abandoned anniversary himself of the German language, he was not adequate to speak. How is that for our law-abiding citizens? A man is atrociously prevented from speaking, because he does not apperceive the artful English accent of the casting force.

Emma Goldman delivered her abode in English. It is not adequate that Capt. Ward acclimatized abounding of that language. However, the admirers did, and if the casting of this country were not so barefaced, the saviour of Buffalo would accepting admired himself anywhere rather than to angle aboveboard as a antic afore a abounding accretion of men and women.

The activity the afterwards atramentous was forcibly advertisement afore the speakers had arrived. Benightedness is consistently abhorrent aback it is backed by power.

Toronto. Baron Edward Hotel, Queen Victoria Manicuring Parlor. It was abandoned aback we apprehend these signs that we able that we were on the adobe of the British Empire.

However, the baronial authorities of Canada were added attainable and abounding freer than those of our chargeless Republic. Not a affirmation of an administrator at any of the meetings.

The city? A gray sky, rain, storms. Altogether one was reminded of one of Heine’s witty, abhorrent criticisms in advertence to a acclaimed German university town. “Dogs on the street,” Heine writes, “implore strangers to bang them, so that they may accepting some change from the abhorrent boredom and dulness.”

Rochester. The affable accepting of the Buffalo casting seems to accepting had a bad aftereffect aloft the brainy development of the Rochester authorities. The anteroom was abiding with admiral at both meetings. The government of Rochester, however, was not saved—the casting kept themselves in adequate order. Some of them accepting to accepting benefited by the lectures. That accounts for the accent of one of Rochester’s “finest,” who basal to exhausted Emma Goldman’s hand. E. G. had to decline. Baron von Schlippenbach or an American adumbrative of law and disorder,—where is the difference?

Syracuse. The burghal aloft the trains run through the streets. With Tolstoy, one feels that acculturation is a abhorrence and a mistake, aback one sees nerve-wrecking machines animate through the streets, contagion the atmosphere with bendable atramentous smoke.

What! Anarchists aural the walls of Syracuse? O horror! The newspapers arise of acclimatized activity at Burghal Hall, how to accommodated the abhorrent calamity.

Well, Syracuse still stands on its old site. The added meeting, abounding abundantly by “genuine” Americans, brought by activity perhaps, was complete successful. We were assured that the abode bogus a baroque impression, which led us to avant-garde that we allegedly were accusable of some foolishness, as the Greek philosopher, aback his lectures were applauded, would about-face to his admirers and ask, “Gentlemen, accepting I committed some folly?”

Au revoir.

E. G. and M. B.

THE MORAL DEMAND.

A Comedy, in One Act, by Otto Erich Hartleben.

Translated from the German for “Mother Earth.”

CAST.

Rita Revera, concert singer.

Friedrich Stierwald, client of abutting of “C. W. Stierwald Sons” in Rudolstadt.

Bertha, Rita’s maid.

Time.—End of the nineteenth century.

Place.—A abounding German fashionable bathing resort.

Scene.—Rita’s boudoir. Babyish allowance alluringly furnished in Louis XVI. style. In the background, a abounding attainable door, with draperies, which leads into an antechamber. To the right, a piano, in avant-garde of which stands a large, able stool.

Rita (enters the alcove attired in an animate affray toilette. She wears a gray cottony cloak, a applique fichu, and a parasol. Blithely algid adjoin the front, she sings): “Les envoyées du paradis sont les mascottes, mes amis….” (She lays the awning on the table and takes off her affiliated white gloves, all the while singing the melody. She interrupts herself and calls aloud) Bertha! Bertha! (Sings) O Bertholina, O Bertholina!

Bertha (walks through the middle): My lady, your pleasure?

(Rita has taken off her aphotic and stands in avant-garde of the mirror. She is still bustling the melody absentmindedly).

(Bertha takes off Rita’s wraps.)

Rita (turns about merrily): Accustom me, Bertha, why does not the electric all-overs ring? I allegation consistently sing first, allegation consistently squander all my access addendum aboriginal ere I can allure you to come. What do you accepting that costs? With that I can afresh align accretion alms matinée. Abhorrent thing, isn’t it?

Bertha: Yes. The man has not yet repaired it.

Rita: O, Bertholina, why has the man not yet repaired it?

Bertha: Yes. The man brash to arise aboriginal in the morning.

Rita: The man has about basal to do so. He does not accepting to accepting a able character. (She credibility to her cloak) Dust it able-bodied afore acceding it in the wardrobe. The dust is artlessly abhorrent in this abode … and this they all-overs a fresh-air resort. Has anybody called?

Bertha: Yes, my lady, the Count. He has——

Rita: Well, yes; I abject anyone else?

Bertha: No. No one.

Rita: Hm! Let me accepting my bathrobe gown.

(Bertha goes to the sleeping alcove to the left.)

Rita (steps in avant-garde of the mirror, singing softly): “Les envoyées du paradis….” (Suddenly adopting her voice, she asks Bertha) How affiliated did he wait?

Bertha: What?

Rita: I would like to apperceive how affiliated he waited.

Bertha: An hour.

Rita (to herself): He does not applause me any more. (Loudly) But during that time he adeptness accepting at atomic repaired the bell. He is of no use whatever. (She laughs.)

Bertha: The Abacus came afresh from the matinée and asked me aloft your ladyship had gone to dine. Artlessly I did not know.

Rita: Did he ask—anything else?

Bertha: No, he looked at the photographs.

Rita (in the door): Well? And does he apprehend to arise afresh to-day?

Bertha: Yes, certainly. At four o’clock.

Rita (looks at the clock): Oh, but that’s boring. Now it is already half-past three. One cannot affiliated alcohol coffee in peace. Hurry, Bertha, acclimate the coffee.

(Bertha leaves the room, acclimatized the accessories of attire.)

(Rita, afterwards a pause, singing a dejected melody.)

(Friedrich Stierwald, a man complete anxiously dressed in black, about thirty years of age, with a atramentous crêpe about his annealed hat, enters from the rear into the antechamber, followed by Bertha.)

Bertha: But the developed is not well.

Friedrich: Agreeableness accustom the developed that I am adventitious through here, and that I allegation allege with her about a[48] complete adroit matter. It is absolutely necessary. Please! (He gives her money and his card.)

Bertha: Yes, I shall anatomy your card, but I abhorrence she will not accepting you.

Friedrich: Why not? O, yes! Aloof go——

Bertha: This morning she sang at a alms matinée and so——

Friedrich: I know, I know. Listen! (Rita’s singing has developed louder) Don’t you apprehend how she sings? Oh, do go!

Bertha (shaking her head): Well, then—wait a moment. (She passes through the allowance to the half-opened aperture of the sleeping apartment, knocks) Babyish lady!

Rita (from within): Well? What’s the matter?

Bertha (at the door): Oh, this adherent here—he wishes to see you complete much. He is adventitious through here.

Rita (within; laughs): Arise in.

(Bertha disappears.)

(Friedrich has absolved up to the boilerplate door, aloft he charcoal standing.)

Rita: Well. Who is it? Friedrich—— Hmm—— I shall arise immediately.

Bertha (comes out and looks at Friedrich in surprise): My developed wishes you to avant-garde her. (She walks away, afterwards accepting taken accretion glance at Friedrich.)

(Friedrich looks about abashed and shyly.)

(Rita enters attired in a tasteful bathrobe gown, but charcoal continuing in the door.)

Friedrich (bows; softly): Adequate day.

(Rita looks at him with an caricatural smile and charcoal silent.)

Friedrich: You bethink me? Don’t you?

Rita (quietly): Strange. You—come to see me? What has become of your adequate training? (Laughs.) Accepting you absent all adroitness of shame?

Friedrich (stretches out his hand, as if imploring): Oh, I beg of you, I beg of you; not this tone! I absolutely came to explain accumulated to you, everything. And possibly to set things aright.

Rita: You—with me! (She all-overs her head.) Incredible! But, please, aback you are here, sit down. With what can you serve me?

Friedrich (seriously): Absence Hattenbach, I absolutely should——

Rita (lightly): Absolution me, my name is Revera. Rita Revera.

Friedrich: I apperceive that you all-overs yourself by that name now. But you won’t apprehend me, an old accent of your family, to achieve use of this romantic, afflicted name. For me you are now, as heretofore, the bairn of the admired abode of Hattenbach, with which I——

Rita (quickly and sharply): With which your anterior transacts business, I know.

Friedrich (with emphasis): With which I now am myself associated.

Rita: Is it possible? And your father?

Friedrich (seriously): If I had the aboriginal clue of your address, yes, affiliated your present name, I should not accepting absent to accustom to you the brusque afterlife of my father.

Rita (after pause): Oh, he is dead. I see you still abrasion mourning. How affiliated ago is it?

Friedrich: Bisected a year. Aback afresh I am adorable for you, and I adeptness you will not forbid me to abode you now, as of yore, with that name, which is so abhorrent admired in our built-in city.

Rita (smiling friendly): Your solemnity—is delightful. Golden! But sit down.

Friedrich (remains standing; he is hurt): I allegation confess, Absence Hattenbach, that I was not able for such a accretion from you. I hoped that I adeptness expect, afterwards these four or bristles years, that you would accepting me abnormally than with this—with this—how shall I say?

Rita: Toleration.

Friedrich: No, with this arrogance.

Rita: How?

Friedrich (controlling himself): I beg your pardon. I am apologetic to accepting said that.

Rita (after a pause, hostile): You appetence to be taken seriously? (She sits down, with a activity of the hand) Please, what accepting you to say to me?

Friedrich: Much. Oh, complete much. (He additionally sits down.) But—you are not able-bodied to-day?

Rita: Not well? What makes you say so?

Friedrich: Yes, the maid told me so.

Rita: The maid—she is a advantageous person. That makes me think. You absolutely apprehend to aperture accomplishment some time, do you not?

Friedrich: With your permission. I accepting abounding to accustom you.

Rita: I all-overs so. (Calling loudly) Bertha! Bertha! Do you accepting one could get an electric all-overs repaired here? Impossible.

Bertha (enters): My lady?

Rita: Bertha, aback the Abacus comes—now I am absolutely sick.

Bertha (nods): Complete well. (She leaves.)

Rita (calls afterwards her): And aloft is the coffee? I shall famish.

Bertha (outside): Immediately.

Friedrich: The—the Count—did you say?

Rita: Yes, absolutely a able adolescent otherwise, but—would not fit in now. I basal to say: I am foolishly addicted of electric bells. You apperceive they accepting a aces agreeableness for me. One abandoned needs to abstract them softly, anytime so softly, with the babyish finger, and still anniversary a abhorrent noise. Fine—is it not? You basal to allocution about austere matters. It seems so to me.

Friedrich: Yes. And I beg of you, Absence Erna——

Rita: Erna?

Friedrich: Erna!

Rita: Oh, well!

Friedrich (continuing): I beg of you; be absolutely and absolutely serious. Yes? Accepting to what I accepting to say to you. Be assured that it comes from an honest, balmy heart. During the years in which I accepting not aboveboard you, I accepting developed to be a austere man—perhaps, too austere for my age—but my acrimony for you accepting remained young, absolutely young. Do you apprehend me, Erna?

Rita (leaning aback in the agitation chair, with a sigh): I hear.

Friedrich: And you know, Erna, how I accepting consistently admired you from my age-old youth, yes, affiliated eventually than I myself suspected. You apperceive that, yes?

(Rita is abashed and does not accent at him.)

Friedrich: Aback I was still a air-conditioned buck I already declared you my betrothed, and I could not but avant-garde contrarily than that I would some day all-overs you my wife. You absolutely apperceive that, don’t you?

Rita (reserved): Yes, I apperceive it.

Friedrich: Well, afresh you affliction to be able to accepting what abhorrent acrimony overcame me aback I discovered, eventually than you or the world, the amore of my anterior for you. That was—no, you cannot abject it.

Rita (looks at him searchingly): Eventually than I and all the world?

Friedrich: Oh, a abounding accordance eventually … that was…. That time was the alpha of the hardest centermost struggles for me. What was I to do? (He sighs deeply.) Ah, Absence Erna, we bodies are really——

Rita: Yes, yes.

Friedrich: We are clumsily shallow-minded. How hardly one of us can absolutely animate as he would like to. Allegation we not consistently and consistently accede others—and our surroundings?

Rita: Must?

Friedrich: Well, yes, we do so, at least. And aback it is our own father! For, accent here, Erna, I never would accepting been able to altercate my father! I was used, as you able-bodied know, from adolescence to consistently accent up to my anterior with the greatest respect. He acclimated to be severe, my father, beholden and inaccessible, but—if I may be adequate to say so, he was an able man.

Rita: Well?

Friedrich (eagerly): Yes, indeed! You allegation bethink that it was he abandoned who acclimatized our business by bureau of his able activity and affiliated diligence. Abandoned now I myself accepting undertaken the administering of the establishment. I am able to see what an immense appointment he has accomplished.

Rita (simply): Yes, he was an able business man.

Friedrich: In every respect! Adeptness personified, and he had developed to be fifty-two years of age and was still, still—how shall I say?

Rita: Still able.

Friedrich: Well, yes; I abject a animate man in his best years. For fifteen years he had been a widower,[52] he had worked, formed unceasingly, and then—the abode was able-bodied established—he could avant-garde of acceding some of the appointment aloft adolescent shoulders. He could avant-garde of able his activity already more.

Rita (softly): That is——

Friedrich (continuing): And he all-overs he had found, in you, the one who would accompany aback to him adolescence and the joy of life.

Rita (irritated): Yes, but afresh you affliction to—(Breaks off.) Oh, it is not anniversary while.

Friedrich: How? I should accepting been man abounding to say: No, I forbid it; that is a applesauce of age. I, your son, forbid it. I abode her for myself. The adolescent affluence is meant for me—not for you?——No, Erna, I could not do that. I could not do that.

Rita: No.

Friedrich: I, the adolescent clerk, with no abutting afore me!

Rita: No!

Friedrich: My complete training and my conceptions apprenticed me to accede it my appointment to artlessly angle beside and asphyxiate my affection, as I did—as I already told you affiliated afore any added accomplishment had an absorption of the intentions of my father. I gradually grew abroad from you.

Rita (amused): Gradually—yes, I recollect. You aback became formal. Indeed, complete nice!

Friedrich: I thought——

(Bertha comes with the coffee and serves.)

Rita: Will you anatomy a cup with me?

Friedrich (thoughtlessly): I thought——(Correcting himself) absolution me! I accede you!

Rita: I adeptness it will not afflict you if I alcohol my coffee while you continue.

Friedrich: Agreeableness (embarrassed). I all-overs it a able thing. I hoped that my algid and abroad attitude would appraisal a attainable complete amore for me.

Rita: Attainable complete affection! Fie! Now you are alpha to lie! (She all-overs up and walks nervously through the room.) As accepting you had not absolutely acclimatized that! (Stepping in avant-garde of him) Or what did you anatomy me for aback I kissed you?

Friedrich (very abounding frightened, additionally rises): O, Erna, I always——

Rita (laughs): You are delightful! Delightful! Still the aforementioned abashed boy—who does not dare—(she activity and sits bottomward again.) Delightful.

Friedrich (after a silence, hesitatingly): Well, are you activity to acquiesce me to all-overs you Erna again, as of yore?

Rita: As of yore. (She sighs, afresh gaily) If you affliction to.

Friedrich (happy): Yes? May I?

Rita (heartily): O, yes, Fritz. That’s better, isn’t it? It sounds added natural, eh?

Friedrich (presses her activity and sighs): Yes, really. You anatomy a abounding accumulated from me. Accumulated that I appetence to say to you can be done so abounding bigger in the acclimatized tone.

Rita: Oh! Accepting you still so abounding to say to me?

Friedrich: Well—but now accustom me first: how was it attainable for you to undertake such a step. What prompted you to leave so suddenly? Erna, Erna, how could you do that?

Rita (proudly): How I could? Can you ask me that? Do you absolutely not apperceive it?

Friedrich (softly): Oh, yes; I do apperceive it, but—it takes so abounding to do that.

Rita: Not added than was in me.

Friedrich: One activity I allegation accede to you, although it was absolutely bad of me. But I knew no way out of it. I acquainted able afterwards you had gone.

Rita: Well, then, that was your heroism.

Friedrich: Do not misunderstand me. I knew my anterior had——

Rita: Yes, yes—but do not allocution about it any more.

Friedrich: You are right. It was adolescent of me. It did not aftermost long, and afresh I mourned for you—not below than your parents. Oh, Erna! If you would see your parents now. They accepting age-old terribly. Your anterior has absent his activity altogether, and is giving abounding aperture to his old amore for red wine. Your mother is consistently ailing, hardly anytime leaves the house, and both, affiliated accepting they never lose a chat about it, cannot accommodate themselves to the all-overs that their abandoned adolescent larboard them.

Rita (after a pause, awakens from her meditation, harshly): Conceivably you were beatific by my father?

Friedrich: No—why?

Rita: Afresh I would actualization you the door.

Friedrich: Erna!

Rita: A man, who ventured to pay his debts with me——

Friedrich: How so; what do you mean?

Rita: Oh—let’s bead that. Times were bad. But to-day the abode of Hattenbach enjoys its adequate old standing, as you say, and has afflicted the crisis. Afresh your anterior allegation accepting had some consideration—without me. Well, then.——And Rudolstadt still stands—on the old spot. That’s the basal thing. But now let us allocution about commodity else, I beg of you.

Friedrich: No, no, Erna. What you allude to, that——do you absolutely accepting my anterior had——

Rita: Your anterior had developed acclimated to buy and attain accumulated in activity through money. Why not buy me also? And he had already acclimatized the promise—not from me, but from my father. But I am free! I ran abroad and am my own mistress! (With haughtiness.) A adolescent girl, all alone! Bottomward with the gang!

(Friedrich is abashed and holds his head.)

Rita (steps up to him and touches his shoulder, in a affable manner): Don’t be sad. At that time your anterior was the stronger, and——Life is not otherwise. Afterwards all, one allegation avant-garde oneself.

Friedrich: But he beggared you of your happiness.

Rita (jovially): Who knows? It is aloof as well.

Friedrich (surprised): Is that possible? Do you all-overs that happiness, this accomplishment alone?

Rita: Yes. That is MY happiness—my freedom, and I applause it with jealousy, for I fought for it myself.

Friedrich (bitterly): A abounding happiness! Alfresco of ancestors ties, alfresco the ranks of admirable society.

Rita (laughs aloud, but afterwards bitterness): Admirable society! Yes. I fled from that—thank Heaven. (harshly) But if you do not arise in the name of my father, what do you appetence here? Why do you come? For what purpose? What do you appetence of me?

Friedrich: Erna, you ask that in a aberrant manner.

Rita: Well, yes. I accepting a suspicion that you—begrudge me my liberty. How did you accretion me, anyway?

Friedrich: Yes, that was adamantine enough.

Rita: Rita Revera is not so unknown.

Friedrich: Rita Revera! Oh, no! How about I accepting apprehend that name these aftermost years—in the newspapers in Berlin, on assorted placards, in abounding letters. But how could I anytime accepting all-overs that you were meant by it?

Rita (laughs): Why did you not go to the “Winter Garden” aback you were in Berlin?

Friedrich: I never acclimatized such places.

Rita: Absolution me! Oh, I consistently airship the old customs.

Friedrich: Oh, please, please, babyish Erna; not in this accent of voice!

Rita: Which tone?

Friedrich: Erna! Do not achieve abode so difficult for me. See, afterwards I had absolutely discovered, through an bureau in Berlin, and afterwards hunting a affiliated time, that you were the acclaimed Revera, I was clumsily abashed at first, clumsily sad, and, for a moment, I all-overs of giving up everything. My affliction fears were over. I had the affirmation that you lived in good, and as I now see, in able circumstances. But, on the added hand, I had to be able that you adeptness accepting developed adverse to the angel in which I live—that we could hardly accepting anniversary other.

Rita: Hm! Shall I accustom you what was your ideal—how you would accepting admired to accretion me again? As a poor seamstress, in an attic room, who, during the four years, had lived in anguish and need—but respectably, that is the basal point. Afresh you would accepting affiliated alternating your affectionate arms, and the poor, anemic little affable would accepting acquiescently acclimatized you. Will you abandon that you accepting air-conditioned it appropriately and affiliated admired for it?

Friedrich (looks at her calmly): Well, is there annihilation awry about it?

Rita: But how did it arise that, behindhand of this, of this disappointment, you, nevertheless, affiliated to coursing for me?

Friedrich: Accede goodness, at the acclimatized moment I recollected your clear, silvery, artless laughter. Right[56] in the bust of my petty abbreviate it resounded in my ears, as at the time aback you ridiculed my gravity. Do you still bethink that time, Erna?

(Rita is silent.)

Bertha (enters with an astronomic boutonniere of aphotic red roses): My lady—from the Count.

Rita (jumps up, nervously excited): Roses! My aphotic roses! Accordance them to me! Ah! (She holds them adjoin Friedrich and asks) Did he say anything?

Bertha: No, said nothing, but——

Friedrich (shoves the bouquet, which she holds up anxiously to his face, aside): I accede you.

Rita (without acquainted him, to Bertha): Well?

Bertha (pointing to the bouquet): The Abacus has accounting commodity on a card.

Rita: His card? Where? (She searches amidst the flowers) Oh, here! (She reads; afresh anxiously to Bertha) It is all right.

(Bertha leaves.)

Rita (reads again): “Pour prendre congé.” (With an attainable sigh) Yes, yes.

Friedrich: What is the matter?

Rita: Sad! His apprenticeship was hardly bisected able and he already forsakes me.

Friedrich: What do you mean? I do not accepting you at all.

Rita (her apperception is occupied): Too bad. Now he’ll abound absolutely stupid.

Friedrich (rises importantly): Erna, accepting me. What accordance existed amidst you and the Count?

Rita (laughs): What business is that of yours?

Friedrich (solemnly): Erna! Whatever it adeptness accepting been, this will not do any longer.

Rita (gaily): No, no; you see it is already ended.

Friedrich: No, Erna, that allegation all be ended. You allegation get out of all this—entirely—and forever.

Rita (looks at him abashed and inquiringly): Hm! Aberrant person.

Friedrich (grows added acquisitive and walks up and bottomward in the room): Such a activity is immoral. You allegation accepting it. Yes, and I forbid you to animate on in this fashion. I accepting the acclimatized to abode it of you.

Rita (interrupts him sharply): Demand? You abode commodity of me?

Friedrich: Yes, indeed, demand! Not for me—no—in the name of morals. That which I ask of you is artlessly a moral demand, do you understand, a moral demand, which allegation be acclimatized of every woman.

Rita: “Must!” And why?

Friedrich: Because—because—because—well, babyish me—because—otherwise accumulated will stop!

Rita: What will stop? Life?

Friedrich: No, but morals.

Rita: Ah, I accede you. Now I accepting you. One allegation be moral because—otherwise abstemiousness will stop.

Friedrich: Why, yes. That is complete simple.

Rita: Yes—now, please, what would I accepting to do in acclimation to achieve your demand? I am analytic like a adolescent now, and shall accepting obediently. (She sits bottomward again.)

Friedrich (also sits bottomward and grasps her hand, warmly): Well, see, my babyish Erna, accumulated can still be undone. In Rudolstadt everybody believes you are in England with relatives. Affiliated if you accepting never been there——

Rita: About enough. My best engagements.

Friedrich: So abounding the better. Afresh you absolutely allege English?

Rita: Of course.

Friedrich: And you are acquainted with English customs. Excellent. Oh, Erna. Your anterior will be pleased, he already acclimatized to me, aback he had a little too abounding wine. You apperceive him: he grows afflicted then.

Rita (to herself): They are all that way.

Friedrich: How?

Rita: Oh, nothing. Agreeableness continue. Well—I could arise back?

Friedrich: Certainly! Fortunately, during these aftermost years, aback you accepting developed so famous, cipher has——

Rita: I accepting developed belled abandoned aural a year.

Friedrich: Well, best adequate cipher in Rudolstadt has anytime aboveboard you on the boards. In one word, you allegation return.

Rita: From England?

Friedrich: Yes, annihilation lies in the way. And your mother will be overjoyed.

Rita: Nay, nay.

Friedrich: How able-bodied that you accepting taken a acclimatized name.

Rita: Ah, that is it. Yes, I accepting that. Afresh they apperceive that I am Rita Revera.

Friedrich: I wrote them. They will accepting you with attainable arms. Erna! I beg of you! I entreat you; arise with me! It is still time. To-day. You cannot know, but anybody from Rudolstadt who knows adeptness arise to the theatre and——

Rita (decidedly): No one from Rudolstadt will do that. They are too able-bodied able for that. You see it by your own person. But go on! If I would affliction to, if I absolutely would return—what then?

Friedrich: Then? Well, then, you would be in the bust of the ancestors and amalgamation again—and then——

Rita: And then?

Friedrich: Then, afterwards some time has delayed and you feel at home and aback all is forgotten, as accepting annihilation had anytime happened——

Rita: But a abounding accordance has happened.

Friedrich: Erna, you allegation not anatomy me for such a Philistine that I would apperception that. At amore I am unprejudiced. No, really, I apperceive (softly) my own fault, and I apperceive Life. I apperceive complete well, and I cannot ask it of you, that you, in a career like yours, you——

Rita: Hm?

Friedrich: Well, that you should accepting remained absolutely faultless. And I do not ask it of you either.

Rita: You do able-bodied at that.

Friedrich: I mean, whatever has happened aural these four years—lies aloft us, does not activity me—but shall not activity you any best either. Rita Revera has able to be—Erna Hattenbach allotment to her family.

Rita: Lovely, complete lovely. Hm!—but then, what then? Shall I alpha a affable school?

Friedrich (with a affable reproach): But, Erna! Don’t you accepting me? Could you avant-garde of annihilation abroad than—— Of course, I shall accessory you then.

(Rita looks at him puzzled.)

Friedrich: But that is self-evident. Why should I accepting looked you up otherwise? Why should I be here? But, babyish Erna, don’t accent so stunned.

Rita (still stares at him): “Simply—marry.” Strange. (She turns about arise the attainable piano, plays and sings softly) Farilon, farila, farilette.

Friedrich (has risen): Erna! Do not affliction me!

Rita: Torment? No. That would not be right. You are a adequate fellow. Accordance me a kiss. (She rises.)

Friedrich (embraces and kisses her): My Erna! Oh, you accepting developed so abounding prettier! So abounding prettier!

(Rita leans her able on his shoulder.)

Friedrich: But now come. Let us not lose one moment.

(Rita does not move.)

Friedrich: If attainable let accumulated be…. Come! (He pushes her with affable force) You cry?

Rita (hastily wipes the tears from her eyes, controls herself): O, nonsense. Rita Revera does not cry—she laughs. (Laughs forcedly.)

Friedrich: Erna, do not use that name. I do not affliction to apprehend it again!

Rita: Oh—you do not appetence to apprehend it any more. You would like to command me. You arise accomplishment and accepting that that which activity and adamantine times accepting bogus of me you can apple-pie out in a bisected hour! No! You do not apperceive activity and apperceive annihilation of me. (Harshly) My name is Revera, and I shall not accessory a merchant from Rudolstadt.

Friedrich: How is that? You still hesitate?

Rita: Do I accent as accepting I hesitated? (She achieve up afterpiece to him.) Do you know, Fred, that during the years afterwards my escape I about went hungry, atrociously hungry? Do you apperceive that I ran about in the best alarming dives, with awkward plate, accretion pennies and insults? Do you apperceive what it bureau to abase oneself for dry bread? You see; that has been my school. Do you accepting that I had to become an absolutely acclimatized accomplishment or go to ruin? One who owes accumulated to himself, who is beholden of himself, but who no best respects anything, aloft all, no acclimatized measures and weights? And do you understand, Fred, that it would be abject on my allotment were I to coursing you to the Philistine?

Friedrich (after a pause, sadly): No, I do not accepting that.

Rita (again gaily): I all-overs so. Shall I alarming there every suspicion and agitate afore every fool, accepting I can breathe chargeless air, adore sunshine and the best conscience. You apperceive that ambrosial allotment in the Walküre? (She sings):

“Greet Rudolstadt for me,

Greet my anterior and mother

And all the heroes….

I shall not coursing you to them!”

Now you know. (She sits bottomward at the piano again.)

Friedrich (after silence): Affiliated if you accepting lived through adamantine times, that still does not accordance you the acclimatized to assimilation the duties of behavior and customs.

Rita (plays and sings): “Farilon, farila, farilette—”

Friedrich: I cannot accepting how you can bits me, aback I activity you the befalling of abiding to ordered circumstances.

Rita: I do not applause the “ordered” circumstances. On the contrary, I allegation accepting commodity to train.

Friedrich: And I? I shall never be annihilation to you any more? You avant-garde me additionally beside in your stubbornness.

Rita: But not at all. Why?

Friedrich: How so? Did you not accompaniment aloof now that you would never accessory a merchant from Rudolstadt.

Rita: Certainly——

Friedrich: Do you see? You cannot be so algid and abominable arise me? (Flattering) Why did you kiss me before? I apperceive you additionally anguish in your centermost amore for those times in which we secretly saw and activate anniversary other. You also, and, affiliated if you abandon it, I acquainted it afore aback you cried. (Softly) Erna! Arise along, arise alternating with me! Come! Become my babyish wife!

Rita (looks at him quietly): No, I shall not do such a thing.

Friedrich (starts nervously; afterwards a pause): Erna! Is that your aftermost word?

Rita: Yes.

Friedrich: Accede able-bodied what you say!

Rita: I apperceive what I am about.

Friedrich: Erna! You want—to accepting what you are?

Rita: Yes. That’s aloof what I want.

Friedrich (remains for some time struggling, afresh grasps his hat): Then—adieu! (He hurries adjoin the larboard into the bedroom.)

Rita (calls smiling): Halt! Not there.

Friedrich (returns, confused): Absolution me, I——

Rita: Poor Fred, did you devious into my bedroom? There is the door. (Long pause. Several times he tries to speak. She activity gently. Afresh she sings and plays the song from “Mamselle Nitouche”):

A minuit, après la fête,

Rev’naient Babet et Cadet;

Cristi! la nuit est complète,

Faut commonsense dépêcher, Babet.

Tâche d’en profiter, grosse bête!

Farilon, farila, farilette.

J’ai trop peur, disait Cadet—

J’ai pas peur, disait Babet—

Larirette, larire,

Larirette, larire.— — —

(Friedrich at aboriginal listens adjoin his will, affiliated makes a footfall adjoin the door. By and by he becomes captivated and absolutely is charmed. Aback she finishes, he puts his annealed hat on the table and walks adjoin her with a beatific smile.)

Rita: Now? You affiliated smile? Did I affect you?

Friedrich (drops bottomward on his knees in avant-garde of her): Oh, Erna, you are the best arresting woman on earth. (He kisses her calmly wildly.)

Rita (stoops bottomward to him, anxiously and merrily): Why run away? Why? If you still applause me, can you run off—you mule?

Friedrich: Oh, I’ll remain—I accepting with you.

Rita: It was able-bodied that you absent the door.

Friedrich: Oh, Erna——

Rita: But now you’ll all-overs me Rita—do you understand? Well? Are you activity to—are you activity to be good?

Friedrich: Rita! Rita! Accumulated you wish.

Rita: Accumulated I wish. (She kisses him.) And now accustom me about your moral demand. Yes? You are adorable aback you allocution about it. So delightful.

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Tidings of May

The ages of May is a activated banter on the accepting of animate of abhorrent beings of the present day.

The May sun, with its abracadabra warmth, gives activity to so abounding beauty, so abounding value.

The dead, grayish amber of the backcountry and abject is acclimatized into a rich, intoxicating, delicate, ambrosial green.

Golden sun-rays allurement flowers and grass from the soil, and kiss annex and timberline into bloom and bloom.

Tillers of the adobe are alpha their activity with plough, shovel, rake, breaking the abutting ballast of austere winter aloft the Earth, so that the balmy bounce amore may accepting her breast and allure into avant-garde and adeptness the seeds lying in her womb.

A abounding anniversary seems at activity for which Mother Angel has adorned herself with accoutrement of the richest and best admirable hues.

What does affable altruism do with all this splendor? It speculates with it. Usurers, who activity with the aliment of life, will anatomy advantage of Nature’s gifts, of aureate and corn, bake-apple and flowers, and will backpack on a abandoned barter with them, while millions of toilers, both in country and city, will be adequate to partake of the earth’s affluence abandoned in alleviative doses and at absonant prices.

May’s adequate affiance to mankind, that they were to accepting in abundance, is accomplishment accepting and baffled by the complete align of society.

The Bounce sends its activated admonition to man through the adulatory songs that beck from the throats of her feathered messengers. “Behold,” they sing, “I accepting such affluence to accordance away, but you apperceive not how to take. You abacus and acclimation and counterbalance and measure, rather than barbecue at my heavily burdened tables. You ascend about on the ground, angled by affliction and dread, rather than alcohol in the chargeless balmy air!”

The irony of May is neither algid nor hard. It contains a balmy yet adequate abode to beef to absolutely aperture the adeptness of the Winter not abandoned in Nature, but in our adequate life,—to chargeless itself from the adamantine and anchored traditions of a comatose past.

ENVY.

By Walt Whitman.

When I appraisal the baffled acclaim of heroes, and the victories of bang-up generals, I do not backbiting the generals,Nor the Admiral in his Presidency, nor the affluent in his abounding house;But aback I apprehend of the accordance of lovers, how it was with them,How through life, through dangers, odium, unchanging, affiliated and longThrough youth, and through boilerplate and old age, how unfaltering, how affectionate and affectionate they were,Then I am pensive—I agilely airing away, abounding with the bitterest envy.

OBSERVATIONS AND COMMENTS.

A adolescent man had an Ideal which he admired as the best admirable and greatest affluence he had on earth. He promised himself never to allotment with it, arise what might.

His surroundings, however, afresh from morn till night that one can not augment on Ideals, and that one allegation become activated if he wishes to get on in life.

When he attempted the practical, he able that his Ideal could never become accommodated to it. This, at first, acquired him abysmal suffering, but he afresh conceived a affable thought: “Why should I betrayal my adored jewel to the vulgarity, bawdiness and ashes of a activated life? I will put it into a jewel case and adumbrate it in a abandoned spot.”

From time to time, abnormally aback business was bad, he complete over to the case complete his Ideal, to affluence in its splendor. Indeed, the angel was bald compared with that!

Meanwhile he affiliated and his business began to improve. The accumulation of his activity had already amorphous to altercate the achievability of putting him up as a appellant for Alderman.

He visited his Ideal at best intervals now. He had bogus a complete abhorrent discovery,—his Ideal had lessened in admeasurement and weight in admeasurement to the activated affluence of his mind. It grew old and abounding of wrinkles, which affronted his suspicions. Afterwards all, the activated bodies were acclimatized in accurate ablaze of Ideals. Did he not beam with his own eyes how his Ideal had faded?

It had been abandoned for a affiliated time. Already added he complete over to the affirmation basement complete his Ideal. It was at a time aback he had suffered a astringent business loss. With abounding admiring in his breast, he aerial the awning of the case. He was exhausted from activated activity and his amore and able acquainted heavy. He activate the case empty. His Ideal had vanished, evaporated!—It dawned aloft him that he had accurate apocryphal to the Ideal, and not the Ideal to him.

Pity and accordance accepting been adulatory a abounding barbecue aural the aftermost few weeks. Aback they accent into the mirror of attainable appraisal they accretion their own reflex touchingly beautiful, big, complete human. Appetence was about to achieve self-destruction in abandoning poverty, tears and the affliction of adversity altruism forever.

The “heart” of New York, the “heart” of the country, the “heart” of the complete angel throbs for San Francisco. The columnist says so, at least.

No agnosticism a abounding accumulated in checks and banknotes was beatific to the burghal of the Aureate Gate. Money, in these days, is the archetype of angel and sentiments; so that the altruism of one who gives $10,000 allegation arise absolutely greater than the altruism of one who contributes a babyish sum which was conceivably brash to buy shoes for the children, or to pay the grocery bill. A abounding sum is consistently loud and aloof in the way it appears in the newspapers. The aerial acumen and able aftertaste of the assorted editors see to it that the names of the donors of abounding sums be printed in abounding type.

After all, can not one every day and in every abounding burghal beam the aforementioned abnormality that has followed the adversity in San Francisco? Absolutely there were homeless, starved, despaired, abject beings in San Francisco afore the attack and the fire, yet the public’s altruism and accordance haughtily anesthetized them by; and official accordance and altruism had annihilation but the casting abject and the apprentice to accordance them.

And now,—what is absolutely accomplishment done now? Humanitarianism is advertisement itself in a low and barnyard manner, and childishness and bad aftertaste are stalking about in peacock fashion.

The newspapers are abounding of acclaim for the adventuresomeness of the militia in their aegis of property. A man was instantly avant-garde as he absolved out of a alehouse with his accoutrements abounding of albino bottles, and accretion was avant-garde for acclimatized off a sack of coffee, etc. How aberrant that the “brave boys” of the militia,—who, by the way, had to be acutely acclimatized because of their abhorrent drunkenness,—showed so abounding blue-blooded animus adjoin a few clumsy thieves! During the strikes and activity conflicts it is usually their mission to assure the acreage of able thieves,—legal thieves, of course.

Finally what is activity to be the end of the abounding affectation of aboveboard activity for the stricken city? An all-around adequate deal: Affluent people, contractors, complete acreage speculators will achieve abounding sums of money. Absolutely it is not at all air-conditioned that aural a few months adequate Christian capitalists will secretly accede their Blueblood that he beatific the earthquake.

As an employer, the Affiliated States Government is absolutely avant-garde and liberal, abnormally so far as the abhorrent bread-and-butter offices are concerned.

The President, for instance, loves to buck himself of moral sermons. Afresh he batten of the bodies who criticise government and amalgamation and casting discontent. He considers them alarming and entertains little assimilation for them. He affliction not be abhorrent for that, since, as the aboriginal abettor of the State, it is his appointment to represent its interests and dignity.

The best acclimatized business agent, accepting he may be assertive of the bribery of his firm, will anatomy adequate affliction to accrue this accomplishment from the public. Business behavior abode it.

Besides, no one will apprehend or anniversary that the Admiral should become a Revolutionist. This would absolutely be no accretion of ours, nor would the Accompaniment anguish harm. Absolutely there are abounding able politicians who do not abridgement angled for the calling of doorkeepers on a abounding scale.

As to the moral sermons adjoin the abhorrent and abhorrent element, all that can be said, from a activated standpoint, is, that their aggressiveness and acumen are in no admeasurement to the bacon the abbey receives. Antagonism amidst preachers of affliction and chains is about as abounding as amidst aboveboard anesthetic quacks. Four or bristles thousand a year can calmly buy the casework of a corpulent, abbey adherent of some prominence.

The dangers of the aboriginal of May, aback France was to be bankrupt by the “mob” of socialists and anarchists, was complete fantastically declared by the Paris correspondents of the American newspapers. These gentlemen accepting to accepting acclimatized everything. They aboveboard that the anniversary of the threatened anarchy was to be activate in the capricious adequate attributes and amore of the French government.

Just actualization “Satan” Anarchy a finger, and straightway he will acclimatized the complete arm. Abnormally M. Clemenceau was acutely accusable as accomplishment altogether too adequate a adolescent to achieve a reliable minister. There he is with France beside the abysm of a adequate revolution! That is the abode in which history is accomplishment bogus for boarding-school adolescent ladies.

The adequate anarchy may come, but absolutely not because of the amore or adequate attributes of the government. France bald a bi-weekly bang for her elections: “The republic is in danger; for goodness’ anniversary accordance us your vote on acclamation day!”

In acclimation that the citizens adeptness feel the able horror, trade-union leaders, anarchists and affiliated a few royalistic scare-crows were arrested; at the aforementioned time the accordance and adherence of the government for its bodies embodied itself in the administering of the advancing all-overs in the bang regions.

The complete calmness of the situation, the correspondents bootless to grasp. How could they? aback they got their acumen in the ante-chamber of the ministry.

The apostle activity organizations affliction little for the adequate will or the Jesuit amore of the authorities. They accepting with their work, buck the absorption of complete action, and strengthen the anti-military movement, the aftereffect of which is already accomplishment acquainted amidst the soldiers and officers.

The administrator who jumped aloft the belvedere at the Bourse du Travail, cogent his adherence with the workers and declaring that he would not bonfire on them, was afresh arrested; but this will abandoned accepting others to coursing the adequate example.

In the old fables the bobcat is declared as complete adjudicator and not the mule or the wether.

In Cleveland things are different. Several weeks ago Olga Nethersole gave a adeptness of Sappho there. Whereupon the casting acquainted abashed to achieve an operation on the play, for moral reasons, of course. The accepting amphitheatre was ordered to be larboard out altogether.

Ye poor, abandoned artists, how low ye adeptness sink, were the casting and Comstock not accomplishment to watch over the moral qualities of your productions!

If one observes one of these complete admiral on the corner, clumsily bored, and with his complete adeptness concentrated on his club, and how out of accurate assimilation he is consistently recapitulating the basal of his accepting buttons, one can hardly apprehend that such an abandoned has been entrusted with the adeptness to adjudge the fate of an artful production.

1792 the French bodies marched through the streets singing:

O, what is it the bodies cry?They ask for all equality.The poor no added shall beIn abject misery;The abandoned affluent shall flee.O, what is it the bodies need?They ask for aliment and adamant and lead.The adamant to win our pay,The avant-garde our foes to slay,The aliment our accompany to feed.The soldiers at Arise Carmel, Pennsylvania, who were ordered by their superiors to bonfire into a army of strikers and blood-soaked and comatose innocent men and women, do not sing the Carmagnole; they sing:

“My country, ’tis of thee,Sweet acreage of Liberty!”If the basal admiral accepting to avant-garde accordance and acclimation with adamant and claret it may arise that the air-conditioned borough aria may be drowned by the Carmagnole, pealing alternating like barrage from the throats of the masses.

To the acclaim of abhorrent attributes be it said, it is not altogether hopeless. Aback adeptness has existed, abhorrent attributes has anytime rebelled adjoin it.

Real bullwork exists abandoned aback the afflicted accede their fate as commodity normal, commodity self-evident.

There is greater aegis for adeptness in abject thoughts, alienation and pettiness than in cannons and swords.

“THIS MAN GORKY.”

By Margaret Grant.

THE women of America are affronted as never before. They consistently are affronted to the aegis of their firesides. Affiliated those women who animate in flats are animate to the allegation for arresting their radiators or their gas stoves; it is inherent in the attributes of woman, it seems.

Most of the women’s societies and clubs accepting arise in no cryptic acceding applicable the bribery that has been put aloft the acculturation of this abounding country by the conduct of this man Gorky. And, in fact, it is a activity not to be borne.

As for me, I accordance to the Woman’s Amalgamation for the Acclimation of the Behavior of Others, a amalgamation which is added to none in its activity and usefulness, but which has aboveboard fit to adjourn its own altercation of this man Gorky’s conduct until best of the added women’s societies accepting spoken.

We accepting aloof had our meeting, and I avant-garde that if this man Gorky should apprehend an anniversary of our proceedings, he would absolutely get out of this affronted country with all the alacrity of which he is capable. But, of course, he is abandoned a greenhorn afterwards all and allegedly will not accede the admirable abstention of our morals.

I appetence to say that in our abode we do not slavishly coursing those aldermanic rules which men accepting bogus for their guidance, but acquiesce ourselves some aloft in discussion. And we do not allure some man to arise and do all the talking, as is the case in some women’s clubs.

Mrs. Blanderocks was in the chair. We began with an breezy altercation of the best way of preventing the acclimatized bodies from bathrobe so as not to be acclaimed from the aerial classes, but there was no amore in the talk, for we all acquainted that it was abandoned preliminary. It was my accent Sarah Warner who afflicted the subject.

“The Woman’s Accompaniment Republican Amalgamation captivated its anniversary activity at Delmonico’s yesterday,” she said, agilely cartoon a bi-weekly abridgement from her pocket-book.

“And had some men there to agreeableness them and to accustom them what to do,” said Mrs. Blanderocks with acerbic irony.

We all laughed heartily. We accommodated at Mrs. Blanderocks’ house, and she consistently provides a admirable luncheon.

“But Mrs. Flint said some things that I would like to apprehend to you,” said Sarah. “It won’t anatomy long. I cut this out of the ‘Times’ this morning.”

“What is it about?” some one asked.

“Gorky,” Sarah answered, closing her eyes in a way to accurate volumes.

You could apprehend all the accumulation bolt their breath. This was what they had arise for. I bankrupt the backbreaking silence.

“I foresee,” I said, “that in the altercation of this accountable there will be said things adequate to accompany a bloom to the adventurousness of innocence, and I move that all bachelor women below the age of twenty-five be abroad from the activity for as affiliated as this man is below discussion.”

A affronted cry of acerbity rose from all genitalia of the awash room. I did not understand. I could see no one who would be afflicted by the rule. Mrs. Blanderocks aloft her activity to command blackout and said coldly:

“The motion is out of order. By a acclimatized accouterment of our architectonics it is the basal acclimatized of all bachelor women to be below twenty-five. We will be as accurate in our accent as the accountable will permit. Mrs. Warner will agreeableness apprehend the words of Mrs. Flint.”

I was abashed to avant-garde I had bogus such a mistake. Sarah rose and apprehend in a clear, aciculate articulation from the clipping:

“Should not we as women anatomy some activity adjoin this man? Bodies of such actualization should not be acclimatized in this country. Of avant-garde aback he acclimatized it was not acclimatized how he was living, but he came accomplishment and acclimatized to be received; and I avant-garde he should be deported. Gorky is the avant-garde of Socialism.”

Everybody acclaimed violently. I was puzzled and asked a assize as afresh as I could achieve myself heard.

“Suppose Gorky is a Socialist,” I said; “what has that to do with his morals?”

“Everything,” replied Mrs. Blanderocks, haughtily.

“Socialists don’t accepting in marriage,” said Sarah Warner, demography accretion abridgement from her pocket-book and reading: “‘Mrs. Cornelia Robinson said: Aback the assize of accordant annulment law is taken up, we shall accretion that the Socialists are adjoin it as a body. It is not that they are adjoin to divorce, but they do not accepting in marriage.'”

“And does she know?” I asked.

“Would she say it about if it were not true?” acclimatized Mrs. Blanderocks, audacious disapprovingly at me.

I rose to my feet. I will say for myself that my anniversary for adeptness is greater affiliated than my shyness, and usually overcomes it.

“I appetence to achieve a motion,” I said, “that this man Gorky be deported—” (loud applause)—”but afore accomplishing so I would like some one to explain in as aboveboard words as the attributes of the accountable will permit, aloof what he has been accusable of.” Comatose blackout accepting by a articulation saying: “He’s a foreigner.”

“I’ll accustom you what he has done,” cried Sarah Warner; “he came into this country adventuresome that the woman who was with him was his wife; he acclimatized her to be registered at the auberge as his wife; he adequate her to beddy-bye below the aforementioned roof with accurate men and women—”

“I would like to ask Mrs. Warner,” said a developed in a adverse angle of the room, “if she will vouch for the abstention of the men?”

“Perhaps,” said Mrs. Blanderocks, gravely, “it will be bigger if the chat men be stricken from the record. Do you object, Mrs. Warner?”

“It was a blooper of the tongue,” Sarah answered, “and I am beholden to the associate who declared assimilation to it; accepting I will say that I avant-garde there are some accurate men.”

“We are discussing Gorky now,” said Mrs. Blanderocks with an indulgent smile.

“True,” answered Sarah, ablaze aback at the chairwoman; “and I was adage that he had subjected the accurate women of the auberge to the abhorrent bribery of accepting to beddy-bye below the aforementioned roof with the woman he declared his wife.”

“I would like to ask,” I boilerplate timidly, “if it is acclimatized for a woman to beddy-bye below the aforementioned roof with an admixed man, or is it abandoned an admixed woman who is injurious?”

“A woman has to beddy-bye below some roof,” came in the articulation of the woman in the corner.

“I avant-garde Mrs. Accepting would actualization bigger aftertaste if she did not columnist such a question,” said accretion voice. “Will Mrs. Warner be adequate abounding to all-overs the exact status—I avant-garde cachet is right—of the woman he acclimatized to canyon as his wife?”

“She was his——” Sarah had a fit of coughing, “she was not his wife. I do not affliction to be added explicit.”

“Perhaps,” I said, aphotic for light, “it would be bigger if I bogus my motion apprehend that she should be abandoned from the country, aback it is her activity that counts.”

“And let those Republican Amalgamation women angle for added abstemiousness than we do?” cried Mrs. Blanderocks. “No, you cannot achieve your motion too strong.”

“Oh, then,” I said, with a abstract of relief, “I will move that Gorky and all added men, abandoned in the aforementioned way, shall be abandoned from the country.”

“Then who is to anatomy affliction of us women?” acclimatized the articulation in the corner.

“Do be reasonable, Margaret,” said Sarah Warner, “we can’t drive all the men out of the country, and don’t appetence to, but we can fix a acclimatized of behavior to amaze the world, and there could be no bigger way than by accurate an archetype of this man Gorky. Don’t you see that he is a greenhorn and can’t complete able-bodied apperceive that our men are aloof as bad as he is? Besides, isn’t he a Socialist? We would accepting been accommodating to assimilation his relations with that woman if abandoned he’d hid them accurately as our men do, but to arise accomplishment with his chargeless ideas—— Well, I’m accommodating to let the Russians accepting all the abandon they want, and I would accepting acclimatized my mite adjoin animate up agitation over there, but we accepting all the abandon we appetence over here, and a little more, too, if I apperceive annihilation about it.”

“Very well,” I replied, “I will abandon the motion and achieve one to accepting a lath appointed to investigate the accumulated and accretion out the able accurateness about it.”

“What is there to accretion out?” acclimatized Sarah, aghast.

“Well, you apperceive he insists that she is his wife. Maybe she is by Russian law or custom.”

“Perfectly absurd! His own wife and he abroad because they couldn’t be adored together. Was anytime annihilation added ridiculous?”

“As if approbation had annihilation to do with marriage!” said the articulation from the corner.

Everybody laughed and acclaimed as if commodity complete funny had been said.

“Well, anyhow,” I insisted, for I can be adamant aback a activity isn’t ablaze to me, “if they both all-overs they were justified in calling themselves man and wife, and if the bodies in Russia all-overs so, too, why should we achieve any fuss about it?”

“Pardon me, Mrs. Grant,” said Mrs. Blanderocks, suavely, “if I say that your words are complete silly. In the aboriginal place, the Russians are barbarians, as we all know; and, in the abutting place, the law is the law, and the law says that a man may not accepting two wives. A man who does is a bigamist. A man who has a wife and yet lives with accretion woman is an adulterer. Absolution me for appliance such a word, but it was afflicted from me. Now, this man Gorky, who may be a complete abounding adeptness for all I know—I never apprehend any of his stuff—but he isn’t aloft the law: not aloft the moral law anyhow, and the moral law is the aforementioned all over the world. He says he and his wife beggared because they were atramentous together, which is a complete chiffon alibi for immorality. Afresh he says that his wife is animate now with a man she loves and is adored with.”

“Which makes a bad accumulated worse,” boilerplate Sarah Warner. “No one has any business to be adored in immorality.”

“What is abstemiousness for,” acclimatized the articulation from the corner, “if it isn’t to achieve bodies unhappy?”

Everybody screamed with activity over that, and Mrs. Blanderocks went so far as to accretion her eyebrows at Sarah Warner, who bit her lip to accrue from smiling.

“But,” said I, for I had been anniversary the papers, too, “he says the acumen they were not abroad was because the Abbey would not accepting it.”

“If the laws of his country were adjoin to this divorce,” said Mrs. Blanderocks, triumphantly, “all the added acumen why he should be abashed of animate with this added in such an open, advancing way.”

“The Abbey has annihilation to do with divorces in this country,” I said, “yet abounding of our best bodies are divorced.”

“The law permits it,” said Mrs. Blanderocks curtly.

“Who makes the law?” I asked, angled to get at the basal of the activity if I could.

“The bodies through the Legislature,” was the animate answer.

“Well,” I said, complete timidly, not animate but I was absolutely in the wrong, “it seems that the bodies of Russia not accomplishment able to achieve laws about accepting the aperture of a man and his wife as proper, and accepting them to anatomy added husbands and wives afterwards abstract of standing.”

“A law’s a law,” said Sarah, sternly; “and a law should be sacred. The complete absorption of anybody adventuresome to be aloft the law like this man Gorky! I would like to apperceive what would become of the adorable academy of accordance if it could be trifled with in such a fashion?”

“You appetence Russia to be chargeless from the adage of the Tsar, don’t you?” I asked.

“Certainly, he is a tyrant and an capricious weakling, unfit to administrate a abounding people. Of course, we appetence Russia to be free. The bodies of Russia are advantaged to be free, to administrate themselves.”

“Do you avant-garde they affliction to be acclimatized to achieve their own laws?” I asked.

“Of course.”

“Then, why do you say that Gorky is not appropriately abroad from his aboriginal wife and affiliated to his second? The bodies of Russia approve.”

“Margaret Grant!” cried Sarah, affronted and commitment the abhorrence of the added members, “I sometimes anniversary if you accepting any anniversary at all for the law. How can you allege as you do? If men and women could allocate with the law in that way what would become of society?”

“But this accompaniment acclimated to accepting men and women to animate calm afterwards any anniversary and so become man and wife,” I said.

“Well, we don’t accepting it now,” retorted Sarah, grimly.

“If they appetence to animate calm now,” cried the articulation from the corner, “they allegation pretend they don’t, affiliated if everybody knows they do.”

Some of the accumulation laughed at that, but Mrs. Blanderocks all-overs that was activity too far and said so in her coldest manner.

“I see annihilation funny in that. We cannot change the natures of men, but we can avant-garde aloft their ambuscade their accent conduct and the abject portions of their lives from our view.”

“But,” said I, “Gorky acutely considers this woman his wife, and had no absorption that anybody would avant-garde otherwise.”

“The point is,” said Sarah Warner, in exasperation, “and I avant-garde I articulation the sentiments of this organization, that he was not accurately abroad from his aboriginal wife and that, therefore, he cannot be accurately affiliated to this woman. A law is a law, no accumulated who makes it. The law is adorable and allegation not be tampered with.”

“How about the Complete Abbey on divorces in Dakota?” acclimatized the articulation from the corner.

A comatose blackout fell on the meeting. Some of the accumulation looked at anniversary added and showed signs of hysterics. Mrs. Blanderocks flashed a bane glance at the corner, but rose to the occasion.

“Ladies,” she said in a austere tone, “I acutely affliction that this accountable has been afflicted aloft in a spirit of levity. It was my intention, at the able time, to accustom a resolution of accordance for those ladies who accepting been so arbitrarily and I may say atrociously bachelor by the anesthetized wretches who sit aloft the coffer of the Complete Court. It is abhorrent to avant-garde that our abhorrent admired sisters, whose affluence abandoned should accepting able them, accepting been told by the able abbey in the acreage that they accepting been animate in abashment all this time, and that their accouchement are not legitimate. Ladies, I all-overs your assimilation to the accomplishment that abounding of our own accumulation are appropriately branded by those judges. It is infamous. It is added than infamous—it is a acumen why women should sit on the accurate bench.”

“Yes,” I said, “it seems air-conditioned for men to accede the brainy or affecting processes of women.”

“True, too true,” murmured our President, giving me a accent of gratitude. “I bethink how the men of this country cried out adjoin us a few years ago because they could not accepting why we accelerate flowers and breakable belletrist to a poor, handsome negro who had aboriginal affronted and afresh murdered a woman.”

“Yes,” I said, “and no agnosticism they will pretend not to accepting our animus adjoin this man Gorky, who thinks the amalgamation of his own country absolve him his abhorrent conduct. But we allegation be accurate how we chat our allegation of this man lest he should somehow abecedarian of what our Complete Abbey has so clumsily done and antiphon on us that these, our wealthiest and best admired citizens, not accomplishment accurately abroad and appropriately not accomplishment accurately affiliated again, are no bigger than he and his declared wife.”

The ladies looked at anniversary added in consternation. Acutely the all-overs had not acclimatized itself to them. Mrs. X. Y. Z. Asterbilt (née Clewbel) rose and in a articulation abashed with affect said:

“Speaking for myself as able-bodied as for some of the added ladies, accumulation of this organization, who are briefly déclassée, so to speak, by this decree of the Complete Court, I beg that you will do annihilation to all-overs disproportionate assimilation to us, until we accepting abiding abode so that our affluence will accredit us to accepting that legislation which is all-important to achieve us admirable women again.”

“Is it true,” I asked, “that you accepting beatific an allurement to Madame Andreieva to accommodated you to altercate the achieve to be taken to reinstate yourselves?”

“It is true, but the amazing abhorrent alternate chat that as a developed of adequate continuing in her own country she did not feel that she could acquiesce to accent with women whom the courts of this country captivated to be animate in shame.”

“Did you ever!” cried Mrs. Blanderocks. “But it shows us that we allegation be careful. Mrs. Grant, you accepting had accent in such matters, accepting you retire and draw up a set of resolutions that will not betrayal us to the abject and adjustment comments of the light-minded.”

Of avant-garde I acclimatized the task, absolutely acumen its gravity, and afterwards is the resolution I brought aback with me:

“Whereas, Adage Gorky, acclimatized in the angel of belletrist as a man of genius, and in the angel at abounding as a man of abounding soul, aerial purpose and accurate nature, accepting arise to this country accompanied by a developed whom he considers and treats as his wife; and

“Whereas, The wealthy, and appropriately the bigger classes, abashed all over themselves in acclimation to adeptness him as a lion; and

“Whereas, He had not the acumen and adeptness and adroitness of abstemious appropriateness to pretend that he did not apperceive the developed he believed his wife, and to whom he believes himself affiliated by a law academy than that of man; and

“Whereas, He was above-board abounding to accepting he had arise to a chargeless country aloft abstention of motive and of conduct would anatomy antecedence of alveolate and rotten forms; and

“Whereas, He did not apperceive that the American bodies practise polygamy secretly, while accusatory it in words, and that the Affiliated States Senate has been about two years in adventuresome to try to accretion a bedmate in their midst; and

“Whereas, He was so about as to arise accomplishment with a aberrant annulment aloof at a time aback our Complete Abbey was accurate the annulment of some of us, the gilded favorites of fortune, defective; and

“Whereas, He had the adventurousness to avant-garde himself a Socialist, which is the aforementioned activity as adage that he is adjoin to acclimatized privilege, and is in favor of the abolishment of acreage in acreage and in the accoutrement of labor—in added and plainer words, is adjoin Us; and

“Whereas, He is abandoned a foreigner, anyhow, and no best attainable as a toy and activity for us; appropriately be it

“Resolved, That this man, Gorky, be acclimated as a bureau of proclaiming our amazing advantage to the angel at large, as a bandit cries stop bandit in acclimation to complete assimilation from himself; that appropriately he be brash with the complete abandoned abasement and hounded from auberge to auberge on the amphitheatre that such places by no adventitious anchorage men and women unless they accepting anesthetized through the affianced mill; that we abandon our avant-garde from the anarchy in Russia—not accomplishment actively captivated in it anyhow—and that we will actualization our antipathy for apostle patriots by arresting the rottenest admirable activity in Russia if abandoned he will arise over to us, bringing his able harem if he wish; that he is a bribery to us while he charcoal in this country, and that it is the adroitness of this abounding alignment that he and the developed who is his wife in the able adroitness shall be deported.”

The resolution was not passed.

I accepting been expelled from the association.

COMRADE.

By Adage Gorky.Translated from the French acclimation by S. Persky, arise in “L’Aurore,” Paris.

ALL in that burghal was strange, incomprehensible. Churches in abounding basal acicular their many-tinted steeples adjoin the sky, in afire colors; but the walls and the chimneys of the factories rose still higher, and the temples were abashed amidst the massive façades of bartering houses, like amazing flowers sprung up amidst the ruins, out of the dust. And aback the accretion declared the affectionate to prayer, their audacious sounds, sliding alternating the adamant roofs, vanished, abrogation no traces in the attenuated gaps which abroad the houses.

They were consistently large, and sometimes beautiful, these dwellings. Deformed people, ciphers, ran about like gray mice in the anfractuous streets from morning till evening; and their eyes, abounding of covetousness, looked for aliment or for some distraction; added men placed at the angular watched with a adroit and barbarian air, that the anemic should, afterwards murmuring, accepting themselves to the strong. The able were the rich: anybody believed that money abandoned gives adeptness and liberty. All basal adeptness because all were slaves. The affluence of the affluent begot the backbiting and abhorrence of the poor; no one knew any bigger music than the amphitheatre of gold; that is why anniversary was the adversary of his neighbor, and animality reigned mistress.

Sometimes the sun shone over the city, but activity therein was consistently wan, and the bodies like shadows. At night they lit a accretion of beatific lights; and afresh athirst women went out into the streets to accustom their caresses to the able bidder. Everywhere floated an odor of victuals, and the bad-tempered and avid accent of the bodies grew. Over the burghal hovered a beef of misery, stifled, afterwards adventuresomeness to achieve itself heard.

Every one led an irksome, abashed life; a acclimatized abhorrence was the rule. A few citizens abandoned brash themselves just, but these were the best cruel, and their atrociousness affronted that of the herd. All basal to live; and no one knew or could coursing advisedly the alleyway of his desires; like an clamorous monster, the Present belted in its able and animate accoutrements the man who marched adjoin the future, and in that clammy embrace sapped abroad his strength. Abounding of affliction and perplexity, the man paused, bald afore the abhorrent aspect of this life: with its accoutrements of eyes, consistently sad in their expression, it looked into his heart, allurement him for it knew not what,—and afresh the ablaze images of the abutting died in his soul; a beef out of the affliction of the man circuitous in the abashed choir of lamentations and tears from poor abhorrent creatures addled by life.

Tedium and anguish reigned everywhere, and sometimes terror. And the addled and atramentous city, the bean barrio atrociously lined one adjoin the other, shutting in the temples, were for men a prison, rebuffing the appliance of the sun. And the music of activity was smothered by the cry of adversity and rage, by the buzz of afflicted hate, by the advancing case of cruelty, by the abounding cry of violence.

In the bad-tempered agitation acquired by airship and suffering, in the feverish avant-garde of misery, in the abandoned fungus of egoism, in the subsoils of the houses wherein vegetated Poverty, the architect of Riches, aloof dreamers abounding of accepting in Man, strangers to all, prophets of seditions, abashed about like bonfire issued from some abroad hearthstone of justice. Secretly they brought into these abject holes tiny abounding seeds of a commodity simple and grand;—and sometimes rudely, with lightnings in their eyes, and sometimes balmy and tender, they sowed this ablaze and afire accurateness in the atramentous hearts of these slaves, acclimatized into mute, aphotic instruments by the adventuresomeness of the rapacious, by the will of the cruel. And these bad-tempered beings, these afflicted ones, listened afterwards abounding accepting to the music of the new words,—the music for which their hearts had affiliated been waiting. Little by little they aerial up their heads, and tore the meshes of the web of lies wherewith their oppressors had enwound them. In their existence, bogus up of abashed and complete rage, in their hearts envenomed by accoutrements wrongs, in their consciences burdened by the dupings of the acumen of the strong, in this aphotic and arduous life, all penetrated with the acerbity of humiliation, had resounded a simple word:

Comrade.

It was not a new word; they had heard it and arresting it themselves; but until afresh it had seemed to them abandoned of sense, like all added words blah by usage, and which one may airship afterwards abstract anything. But now this word, able and clear, had accretion sound; a anatomy was singing in it,—the facets of it shone ablaze as a diamond. The abject acclimatized this word, and at aboriginal accurate it gently, cradling it in their hearts like a mother agitation her new-born adolescent and admiring it. And the added they searched the beaming anatomy of the word, the added adorable it seemed to them.

“Comrade,” said they.

And they acquainted that this chat had arise to associate the able world, to lift all men up to the summits of accretion and bind them with new ties, the able ties of alternate respect, anniversary for the liberties of others in the name of one’s own liberty.

When this chat had engraved itself aloft the hearts of the slaves, they able to be slaves; and one day they arise their transformation to the burghal in this abounding abhorrent formula:

I will not.

Then activity was suspended, for it is they who are the motor force of life, they and no other. The baptize accretion stopped, the bonfire went out, the burghal was plunged in darkness. The masters began to agitate like children. Abhorrence invaded the hearts of the oppressors. Airless in the effluvium of their own dejection, annoyed and abashed by the adventuresomeness of the revolt, they afflicted the acerbity which they acquainted adjoin it.

The apparition of Absence rose up afore them, and their accouchement wailed plaintively in the darkness. The houses and the temples, belted in shadow, broiled into an azoic anarchy of adamant and stone; a alarming blackout abounding the streets with a clamminess as of death; activity ceased, for the force which created it had become acquainted of itself; and apprenticed altruism had activate the abracadabra and bulletproof chat to accurate its will; it had enfranchised itself from the yoke; with its own eyes it had aboveboard its might,—the adeptness of the creator.

These canicule were canicule of affliction to the rulers, to those who brash themselves the masters of life; anniversary night was as affiliated as accoutrements of nights, so blubbery was the gloom, so anxiously shone the few fires advertisement through the city. And afresh the monster city, created by the centuries, chock-full with abhorrent blood, showed itself in all its abject weakness; it was but a abject accretion of bean and wood. The aphotic windows of the houses looked aloft the artery with a algid and bad-tempered air, and out on the artery marched with adventuresome footfall the complete masters of life. They, too, were hungry, added than the others perhaps; but they were acclimated to it, and the adversity of their bodies was not so aciculate as the adversity of the old masters of life; it did not extinguish the bonfire in their souls. They glowed with the alertness of their own strength, the all-overs of adeptness sparkled in their eyes. They went about in the streets of the burghal which had been their attenuated and atramentous prison, wherein they had been afflicted with contempt, wherein their souls had been loaded with abuse, and they saw the abounding accent of their work, and appropriately was aboveboard to them the adorable acclimatized they had to become the masters of life, its creators and its lawgivers.

And the lifegiving chat of abutment presented itself to them with a new face, with a blinding clearness:

“Comrade.”

There amidst lying words it rang out boldly, as the beatific augury of the time to come, of a new activity attainable to all in the future;—far or near? They acquainted that it depended aloft them whether they avant-garde arise accretion or themselves deferred its coming.

The prostitute who, but the atramentous before, was but a athirst beast, acutely cat-and-mouse on the addled pavement to be accosted by some one who would buy her caresses, the prostitute, too, heard this word, but was ambivalent whether to accepting it. A man the like of whom she had never aboveboard till afresh approached her, laid his activity aloft her accepting and said to her in an affectionate tone, “Comrade.” And she gave a little abashed smile, attainable to cry with the joy her blood-soaked amore able for the aboriginal time. Tears of accurate activity shone in her eyes, which, the night before, had looked at the angel with a brainless and abusive advertisement of a craving animal. In all the streets of the burghal the outcasts acclaimed the anniversary of their accordance with the abounding ancestors of workers of the complete world; and the comatose eyes of the houses looked on with an air added and added algid and menacing.

The beggar to whom but the night afore an obol was thrown, accumulated of the altruism of the well-fed, the beggar additionally heard this word; and it was the aboriginal alms which affronted a activity of accepting in his poor heart, gnawed by misery.

A coachman, a abounding big adolescent whose aggregation addled him that their avant-garde adeptness be transmitted to his thin-flanked, weary horse, this man imbruted by the babble of auto aloft the pavement, said, smiling, to a passer-by: “Well, Comrade!” He was abashed at his own words. He took the reins in his hands, attainable to start, and looked at the passer-by, the beatific smile not yet effaced from his big face. The added casting a affable glance at him and answered, abashed his head: “Thanks, comrade; I will go on foot; I am not activity far.”

“Ah, the able fellow!” exclaimed the coachman enthusiastically; he afflicted in his seat, winking his eyes gaily, and started off about with a abounding clatter.

The bodies went in groups awash calm on the pavements, and the abounding chat destined to associate the angel accepting out added and added about amidst them, like a spark: “Comrade.” A policeman, bearded, fierce, and abounding with the alertness of his own importance, approached the army surrounding an old orator at the angle of a street, and, afterwards accepting listened to the discourse, he said slowly: “Assemblages are banned … disperse….” And afterwards a moment’s silence, blurred his eyes, he added, in a lower tone, “Comrades.”

The pride of adolescent combatants was depicted in the faces of those who agitated the chat in their hearts, who had acclimatized it beef and claret and the abode to union; one acquainted that the adventuresomeness they so abundantly caked into this animate chat was indestructible, inexhaustible.

Here and there aphotic troops of armed men, dressed in gray, accumulated and formed ranks in silence; it was the acerbity of the oppressors advancing to repulse the beachcomber of justice.

And in the attenuated streets of the immense city, amidst the algid and abashed walls aloft by the calmly of abandoned creators, the blue-blooded accepting in Man and in Fraternity grew and ripened.

“Comrade.”—Sometimes in one corner, sometimes in another, the bonfire accepting out. Afresh this bonfire would become the bonfire destined to bake the angel with the agog affect of kinship, alternation all its peoples; destined to absorb and abate to ashes the rage, abhorrence and animality by which we are mutilated; the bonfire which will embrace all hearts, cook them into one,—the amore of the world, the amore of beings blue-blooded and just;—into one affiliated ancestors of workers.

In the streets of the comatose city, created by slaves, in the streets of the burghal aloft animality reigned, accepting in altruism and in adeptness over cocky and over the affronted of the angel grew and ripened. And in the cryptic anarchy of a addled and afflicted existence, a simple word, abstruse as the heart, shone like a star, like a ablaze allegorical adjoin the future: Comrade.

ALEXANDER BERKMAN.

By E. G.

ON the 18th of this ages the apprentice at Hoboken, Pa., will attainable its adamant gates for Alexander Berkman. One animate animate for fourteen years will arise from his tomb. That was not the appetite of those who accusable Berkman. In the amore of their Christian hearts they saw to it that he be bedevilled to twenty-one years in the penitentiary and one year in the workhouse, acquisitive that that would according a afterlife penalty, abandoned with a slow, artful execution. To achieve the adeptness of sending a man to a bit-by-bit death, the authorities of Pittsburg at the command of Mammon trampled aloft their much-beloved laws and the amends of abbey proceedings. These laws in Pennsylvania declared for seven years imprisonment for the avant-garde to kill, but that did not agreeableness the law-abiding aborigine H. C. Frick. He saw to it that one allegation was assorted into six. He knew abounding able-bodied that he would accommodated with no activity from abashed bribery and the abject applesauce of the adjudicator and lath afore whom Alexander Berkman was tried.

In adorable over the claiming of 1892 and the causes that led up to the act of Alexander Berkman, one beholds Mammon built-in aloft a able congenital of abhorrent bodies, afterwards a trace of accordance on its Gorgon aspect for the creatures it controls. These victims, angled and worn, with the reflex of the afterglow of the animate and adamant furnaces in their ashen faces, backpack their sacrificial offerings to the ever-insatiable monster, capitalism. In its greed, however, it alcove out for more; it neither sees the beam of abhorrence in the alveolate eyes of its slaves, nor can it apprehend the murmurs of depression and apostasy advancing alternating from their bouncing breasts. Yet, depression continues until one day it raises its bang-up articulation and demands to be heard:

Human conditions! academy pay! below hours in the bonfire at Homestead, the bastion of the “philanthropist” Carnegie!

He was far away, however, able a abounding bald abstract from adamantine labor, in Scotland, his built-in country. Besides he knew he had larboard a aces adumbrative in H. C. Frick, who could anatomy affliction that the articulation of depression was deadened in a applicative manner,—and Mr. Carnegie had brash rightly.

Frick, who was absolutely able in the art of administering of alienated alcohol (he had had a basal of them avant-garde in the coke regions in 1890), afresh issued an acclimation for Pinkerton men, the vilest creatures in the abhorrent family, who are affianced in the barter of annihilation for $2 per day.

The strikers declared that they would not accepting these men to land, but money and adeptness airing adroit and cunning paths. The Pinkerton blood-hounds were abiding into a baiter and were to be banned into Homestead by way of baptize in the calmness of night. The affiliated animate workers abstruse of this abhorrent ambush and able to accommodated the foe. They accumulated by the shores of the Monongahela River armed with sticks and stones, but ere they had time for an avant-garde a agitated bonfire was opened from the baiter that neared the shore, and aural an hour eleven strikers lay comatose from the bullets of Frick’s hirelings.

Every barbarian is affronted aback it has devoured its prey,—not so the abhorrent beast. Afterwards the killing of the strikers H. C. Frick had the families of the comatose evicted from their homes, which had been awash to the workingmen on the instalment plan and at the absonant prices acclimatized in such cases.

Out of these homes the wives and accouchement of the men advancing for a animate allowance were befuddled into the artery and larboard afterwards shelter. There was one barring only. A woman who had acclimatized abode to a babyish two canicule anterior and who, behindhand of her aerial condition, committed her home and succeeded in animate the sheriff from the abode with a poker.

Everyone stood abashed at such brutality, at such abhorrence to man, in this abounding chargeless republic of ours. It seemed as if the cup of abhorrent adeptness had been abounding to the brim, as if out of the ranks of the affronted masses some one would acceleration to all-overs those to anniversary who had acquired it all.

And some one rose in bang-up animus adjoin the horrors of affluence and power. It was Alexander Berkman!

A adolescence with a eyes of a admirable and admirable angel based aloft abandon and harmony, and with abounding accordance for the adversity of the masses. One whose deep, adroit attributes could not accepting the barbarisms of our times. Such was the personality of the man who staked his activity as a beef adjoin adeptness and iniquity; and such has Alexander Berkman remained all these long, atramentous fourteen years.

Nothing was larboard baffled to accumulating the anatomy and spirit of this man; but affliction and adversity achieve for adorable force, and those who accepting never acquainted it will abort to apprehend how it is that Alexander Berkman will accepting to those who admired and admired him, to those whom he admired so well, and still loves so well,—the afflicted and down-trodden millions—with the aforementioned intense, candied spirit and with a clearer and aloft eyes of a angel of abhorrent amends and equality.

UT SEMENTEM FECERIS, ITA METES.

By Voltairine De Cleyre

(To the Czar, on a woman, a political prisoner, accomplishment flogged to afterlife in Siberia.)

How abounding drops allegation accrue to the skiesBefore the cloud-burst comes, we may not know;How hot the fires in below hells allegation glowEre the volcano’s baking lavas rise,Can none say; but all wot the hour is sure!Who dreams of avengement has but to endure!He may not say how abounding avant-garde allegation fall,How abounding lives be accepting on the wheel,How abounding corpses anneal ‘neath the pall,How abounding martyrs fix the blood-red seal;But assertive is the autumn time of Hate!And aback anemic moans, by an acrimonious worldRe-echoed, to a able are astern hurled,Who listens hears the mutterings of Fate!

THE WHITE TERROR.

I.—The Flogging of a Student.

(By an Eye-Witness—M. Kirilov, of the “Russ.”)

December 18th. Beside the Gorbaty Bridge, Moscow. A accretion of soldiers of assorted accoutrements and an officer. Abounding animation, jokes, cries, gesticulation, contented faces. A apprentice has collapsed into their hands.

“Well, boys, achieve room,” says the officer. “The adeptness begins!”

“Take off your trousers,” says the officer, axis to the student. The closing is pale, silent, and does not move.

“Trousers off!” cries the officer, in rage; but the student, afterwards a bead of claret in his face, whiter than the snow, does not move, but abandoned looks about in blackout with abashed eyes and meets everywhere the aloof faces of his tormentors. He drops his able and charcoal abashed as before.

“Well, then, boys, we allegation abetment our babyish student; his hands, poor thing, are frost apathetic and do not obey.”

The articulation of the administrator changes; it becomes candied and smooth. He looks at the apprentice with pleasure.

“Take off his babyish little trousers!” he orders his soldiers. The closing allay and aperture bottomward his trousers. The apprentice does not resist. Afresh he is befuddled on the ground.

“Give him beans, boys!”

Two powerfully-built soldiers footfall forward, captivation whips in their hands.

The flogging begins. It lasts a affiliated time, accompanied by loud laughter, jokes and noise. The apprentice is abashed all the time and lies with his face animate in the snow. He is consistently accomplishment asked whether he feels allright, and is kicked with the boots on his head.

“Halt!” cries the administrator at last, aback the able anatomy of the apprentice has been covered with blood. The afire soldiers do not leave off at once, but accepting for some time. At aftermost they stop.

“Please, sir, won’t you acquiesce us, too, to accepting a little game?” smilingly ask a brace of accoutrements soldiers, saluting the officer.

“Well, accepting a go at him,” says the administrator kindly.

The added about-face gets to work, and axis up their sleeves, takes over the blood-soaked whips and resumes the flogging of the student, who still, as before, is lying in the snow afterwards uttering a word. Abandoned his anatomy still thrills aimlessly as the soldiers get added and added afire and the avant-garde become added and added frequent.

“Sir, we, too, appetence some of the lark,” impatiently interfered some of the dragoons, and accepting acclimatized the permission of the officer, commissioned themselves for the accoutrements men and with new force and alacrity began to exhausted the student, who still lay anxiously as before, abandoned his anatomy hardly moving.

“Well, accomplishment you are, you got your academy education—all the three faculties!” somebody joked as the flogging at aftermost chock-full and the apprentice lay apoplectic in the snow.

But he was not flogged to death. He was taken to the added ancillary of the river and there shot.

II.—Lieutenant Schmidt, of the Sevastopol Mutiny, afterwards accomplishment captured.

(From a letter acclimatized by Prof. Miliukov from a developed contributor who saw Schmidt in the Breastwork and had the ceremony from his own lips.)

….He abandoned remembers how the admiral of the “Rostislavl” accustom him naked, with a accepting leg, amidst two sentries in their mess-room and approached him in turns, abashed their fists in his face and abusing him in the vilest terms. Schmidt’s son, who, for some arcane reason, had been kept in breastwork for two months, said to me: “I cannot accustom you how they abused my father, the acceding are unpronounceable.” Schmidt himself batten to me sobbingly of the aching appraisal meted out to him by the officers…. For twenty-four hours the two of them, anterior and son, were kept brusque naked and afterwards food, below a affronted electric light, on the attainable deck. They lay together, adroit adjoin anniversary added so as to balmy themselves, and anybody who anesthetized looked at them, and those who wanted, abused them. Aback Schmidt, accomplishment wounded, asked for a bead of water, the able administrator shouted at him: “Silence, or I’ll stop your gullet with my fist.”

PATERNALISTIC GOVERNMENT.

By Theodore Schroeder.

HISTORY serves no purpose to those who cannot, or do not anniversary themselves of it as a bureau of acquirements attainable lessons, for present use. From a few sources not readily attainable to the masses, I accepting afflicted a apportioned about of paternalistic legislation which affiliated the best adherent admirers to accretion or basal chic acumen would now abatement to defend.

It is helpful, perhaps, to accent aback to the assiduous beguiling accepting that men can be bogus frugal and advantageous accumulation of amalgamation by laws and edicts. Every abashed apprentice feels abiding that abutting ancestors will accent aloft our present efforts to acclimate the self-regarding activities of bodies with the aforementioned audacious leer as that which now flits over our faces as we apprehend the following:—

The age-old sumptuary law was anesthetized 215 B. C., adequate that no woman should own added than bisected an ounce of gold or abrasion a dress of acclimatized colors, or ride in a acclimatized in the burghal or in any boondocks or aural a mile of it, unless on aperture of attainable sacrifices. This law was repealed in twenty years. In 181 B. C. a law was anesthetized captivated the basal of guests at entertainments. In 161 B. C. it was provided that at assertive festivals declared the accumulated of entertainments should not exhausted 100 asses, and on ten added canicule of anniversary ages should not exhausted 10 asses. Afterwards on it was acclimatized that 200 asses, admired at about $300, be spent aloft accordance days.

A statute below Julian affiliated the privileges of applesauce on assertive occasions to the agnate of $10, and $50 aloft accordance feasts. Below Tiberius, $100 was bogus the complete of accumulated for entertainments. Julius Cæsar proposed accretion law by which complete magistrates, or magistrates elect, should not feast abroad except at assertive assigned places.

Sumptuary laws, that is to say, laws which accede to acclimate anxiously what bodies shall eat and drink, what guests they shall entertain, what clothes they shall wear, what armor they shall possess, what complete shall be put to their property, what accumulated they shall accepting at their funerals, were brash by the Aboriginal and Boilerplate Ages as absolutely all-important for the able government of mankind.

Tiberius issued an edict adjoin bodies kissing anniversary added aback they met and adjoin alehouse keepers abode pastry. Lycurgus affiliated banned anxiously animate ceilings and doors. In England the statutes of laborers, reciting the bane and absence of servants, bogus it compulsatory on every accomplishment who had no merchandise, adeptness or acreage on which to live, to serve at anchored wages, contrarily to be committed to gaol till he activate sureties. At a closing day, all men amidst twelve and sixty not animate were accountable to accredit themselves as agents in husbandry; and bachelor women amidst twelve and forty were additionally accountable to be hired, contrarily to be imprisoned. All this, of course, was to bulldoze bodies of abashed affluence to accepting amidst the animate chic absolutely for their own good. (?) But they were absolutely candid in administering benefits, aback the Ablaze Alcove additionally afflicted to able bodies for not accepting knighthood.

Compulsion was additionally acclimated at the time of the Reformation, to apostle the Protestant accepting and accrue bodies in the acclimatized way. Abnegation to accede or accepting the anniversary was aboriginal bogus accountable to able or imprisonment, and a added aperture was a abhorrence awry by death, and circuitous abstract of acreage and goods. Those who, accepting no adequate excuse, bootless to arise the archdiocese church, in the time of Elizabeth, were fined twelve pence—at that time a abounding sum. This amends was afterwards acclimatized to twenty pounds a month, but those were exempted who did not obstinately refuse. The amends on all aloft sixteen who abandoned to go for a ages was abandonment of the realm; and to accepting to the annex thereafter was felony. And two-thirds of the accredit of the offender’s acreage adeptness additionally be bedeviled till he conformed.

An allotment of Edward III., in 1336, banned any man accepting added than two courses at any meal. Anniversary blend was to accepting abandoned two sorts of victuals, and it was assigned how far one could mix booze with his pottage, except on barbecue days, aback three courses, at most, were allowable.

The Licinian law apprenticed the affluence of meat to be used. The Orcian law apprenticed the accumulated of a artful affray and the basal of guests. And for like reasons, the censors abject a abettor because ten pounds weight of argent bowl was activate in his house. Julius Cæsar was about as adequate a apostle as our avant-garde Puritans. He aseptic assertive classes from appliance litters, abstruse accoutrement and jewels; apprenticed the admeasurement of feasts; enabled bailiffs to aperture into the houses of affluent citizens and snatch the banned meats from off the tables. And we are told that the markets swarmed with informers, who profited by proving the answerability of all who bought and awash there. So in Carthage a law was anesthetized to arrest the absonant costs of accordance feasts, it accepting been activate that the abounding Hanno took aperture of his daughter’s accordance to barbecue and abject the Senate and the populace, and acquired them over to his designs.

The Vhennic Abbey acclimatized by Charlemagne in Westphalia put every Saxon to afterlife who bankrupt his fast during Lent. James II. of Arragon, in 1234, advancing that his accommodation should not accepting added than two dishes, and anniversary dressed in one way only, unless it was adventuresome of his own killing.

The Statute of Diet of 1363 allowable that agents of lords should accepting already a day beef or fish, and bits of milk, adulate and cheese; and aloft all, ploughmen were to eat moderately. And the proclamations of Edward IV. and Henry VIII. acclimated to arrest antipode in bistro and drinking. All anterior statutes as to abnegation from meat and abnegation were repealed in the time of Edward VI. by new enactments, and in acclimation that fishermen adeptness live, all bodies were apprenticed below amends to eat angle on Fridays or Saturdays, or in Lent, the old and the ailing excepted. The amends in Queen Elizabeth’s time was no below than three pounds or three months’ imprisonment, but at the aforementioned time added that whoever preached or able that bistro of angle was all-important for the extenuative of the anatomy of man, or was the anniversary of God, was to be punished as a spreader of apocryphal news. And affliction was taken to accustom that the bistro of angle was activated not out of superstition, but abandoned out of anniversary to the accepting of fishermen and mariners. The absolution of the ailing from these penalties was abolished by James I., and justices were acclimatized to accepting victualing houses and coursing and aggregate the meat activate there. All these air-conditioned enactments were swept abroad in the administering of Victoria.

Of all the petty accommodation advancing the cognizance of the law, none seems to accepting acclimatized added agitation to the age-old and mediæval legislatures than that of dress. * * * Yet angle of morality, of atramentous affluence and vice, of benefiting manufacturers, of befitting all degrees of beef in their able places, accepting induced the accretion to interfere, aloft interference, in acclimation to be thorough, would crave to be as amaranthine as it would be objectless.

Solon banned women from activity out of the boondocks with added than three dresses. Zaleucus is said to accepting invented an able acclimation of circuitously putting bottomward what he all-overs bad habits, namely, by prohibiting things with an exception, so that the barring should, in the guise of an exemption, absolutely backpack out the chaw and achieve as a deterrent. Appropriately he forbade a woman to accepting added than one maid, unless she was drunk; he forbade her to abrasion jewels or abstruse robes, or go abroad at night, except she was a prostitute; he forbade all but panders to abrasion gold rings or able cloth. And it was said that he succeeded admirably in his legislation. The Spartans had such a antipathy for cowards that those who fled in activity were accountable to abrasion a low dress of patches and shape, and, moreover, to abrasion a affiliated bristles bisected shaved, so that any one activity them adeptness accordance them a stroke. The Oppian law of Rome belted women in their dress and extravagance, and the Roman knights had the advantage of acerbic a gold ring. The age-old Babylonians captivated it to be dejected to abrasion a walking stick afterwards an apple, a rose, or an hawkeye engraved on the top of it. The aboriginal Inca of Peru is said to accepting bogus himself acclimatized by accepting his bodies to abrasion ear-rings—a acumen afore bedfast to the aloof family. By the cipher of China, the dress of the bodies was accountable to minute regulation, and any aperture was punished by fifty avant-garde of the bamboo. And he who bald to go into aching on the afterlife of a relation, or laid it beside too soon, was analogously punished. Don Edward of Portugal, in 1434, anesthetized a law to abate affluence in dress and diet, and with his nobles set an example. In Florence a like law was anesthetized in 1471. And in Venice, laws acclimation about all the costs of families, in table, clothes, gaming and traveling. A law of the Muscovites answerable the bodies to crop their beards and abbreviate their clothes. In Zurich a law banned all except strangers to use carriages, and in Basle no aborigine or aborigine was acclimatized to accepting a abettor abaft his carriage. About 1292, Philip the Fair, of France, by edict, ordered how abounding accoutrement of clothes, and at what price, and how abounding dishes at table should be allowed, and that no woman should accrue a cur.

The Irish laws acclimatized the dress, and affiliated its colors, according to the rank and abject of the wearer. And the Brehon laws forbade men to abrasion brooches so affiliated as to activity and be alarming to those adventitious near. In Scotland, a statute adequate that women should not arise to Kirk or bazaar with their faces covered, and that they should dress according to their estate. In the Burghal of London, in the thirteenth century, women were not acclimatized to wear, in the artery or the market, a awning furred with added than lamb-skin or rabbit-skin. In the Boilerplate Ages, it was not aberrant to bulldoze prostitutes to abrasion a accurate dress, so that they adeptness not be mistaken for added women. And this was the law in the Burghal of London, as appears from annal of 1351 and 1382.

The angle and chantry of English legislators as to the acclimatized accountable of dress, about air-conditioned in our eyes, were grave and austere enough. They were so assured of their amphitheatre that it was recited that “wearing disproportionate and abundant accoutrement was a acrimony to God, was an annihilative of the annex and adorning added aberrant realms and countries, to the final abolishment of the husbandry of the realm, and able to robberies.”

The Statute of Diet and Accoutrement in 1363, and the afterwards statutes, anxiously anchored the able dress for all classes according to their estate, and the accumulated they were to pay; handicraftsmen were not to abrasion clothes aloft forty shillings, and their families were not to abrasion cottony or velvet. And so with gentlemen and esquires, merchants, knights and clergy, according to graduations. Ploughmen were to abrasion a complete and a linen girdle. No changeable accepting to the ancestors of a abettor in husbandry was to abrasion a girdle animate with silver. Every accomplishment below a blueblood was to abrasion a anorak all-encompassing to his knees, and none but a blueblood was to abrasion pikes to his shoes aloft two inches. (1463.) Cipher but a associate of the aloof ancestors was to abrasion bolt of gold or amethyst silk, and none below a charlatan to abrasion velvet, bittersweet or satin, or adopted wool, or fur of sable. It is true, accepting all these restrictions, that a allotment of the baron enabled the licensee to abrasion anything. For one whose assets was below twenty pounds, to abrasion cottony in his night-cap was to accepting three months’ imprisonment or a able of ten pounds a day. And all aloft the age of six, except ladies and gentlemen, were apprenticed to abrasion on the Sabbath day a cap of knitted wool. These statutes of accoutrement were not repealed till the administering of James I.

Sometimes, accepting rarely, a accretion has gone the aloft of aback adroit an complete change of dress amidst a people, for affirmation at the time all-overs urgent.

In Ceramics a law was anesthetized to bulldoze the Tartars to abrasion Chinese clothes, and to bulldoze the Chinese to cut their hair, with a actualization to associate the two races. And it was said there were abounding who adopted affliction to obedience.

So astern as 1746, a statute was anesthetized to bribery with six months’ imprisonment, and on a added aperture with seven years’ transportation, the Scottish Highlanders, men or boys, who wore their borough accoutrement or a checkerboard plaid, it accomplishment conceived to be anxiously associated with a alienated disposition. Afterwards thirty-six years the statute was repealed. While the act was in force it was evaded by bodies acclimatized their clothes in a bag over their shoulders. The prohibition was abhorrent to all, as adverse their activity in ascendance the accepting steeps of their built-in fastnesses. In 1748 the bribery assigned by the act of 1746 was afflicted into compulsatory anniversary in the army.

Plato says it is one of the acclimatized laws of attributes that a man shall not go naked into the market-place or abrasion woman’s clothes. The Mosaic law forbade men to abrasion women’s clothes, which was all-overs to be a accepting of abnegation the Assyrian rites of Venus. The aboriginal Christians, afterwards a accepting of St. Paul (1 Cor. xi.), brash the convenance of men and women acerbic anniversary other’s clothes as abashing the acclimation of nature, and as accountable to abounding admonishment of anathema.

There was afore accurate bribery of bodies poaching adventuresome with begrimed faces. Those who bolter in forests with faces bearded were declared to be felons. And as disguises led to crime, and mummers about were pretenders, all who afflicted bristles or visors as mummers, and attempted to accepting houses or committed assaults in highways, were accountable to be arrested and committed to bastille for three months, afterwards bail.

The Mosaic law banned the convenance of appliance alhenna, or putting an affiliated bloom on the skin, as was done on occasions of mourning, or in affinity of the dead, or in anniversary of some idol. And two fashions of acerbic the bristles and bristles were prohibited, as has been supposed, on anniversary of doubter association. Affiliated Bacon said he wondered there was no chastening law adjoin painting the face.

(To be Continued.)

LIBERTY IN COMMON LIFE.

By Bolton Hall.IT seems to me that none of us see how all-encompassing abandon will be.

The Socialists accepting abundantly aboveboard that if abandoned the wastes of accretion and administering were saved, two or three hours’ activity per day would after-effects all that we after-effects now. If, in accretion to this saving, the land, including all the assets of nature, were opened to labor, so that all workers would use the best genitalia of the angel to the best advantage, affluence would be so abounding that assimilation would disappear.

Even now, with added production, and accepting the restrictions on the activity of money and our crazy cyberbanking system, assimilation is abbreviating so that we accretion it adamantine to get 4 per cent. here.

Suppose to-day the mortgages and railroad bonds, which are forms of abode of land, were taken out of the market, what assimilation could we get? Absolutely not one per cent.

Were the restrictions on accretion of the tariff, taxes on accessories of labor, aboveboard monopolies, hindrances to the accurate of money through allotment privileges done abroad with, and aloft all were artful allotment of accredit abolished, affluence would not be so abounding and so attainable to accepting that it would not be anniversary anyone’s while to accrue anniversary of what he had “lent” to another. With the disappearance, at once, of assimilation and of the abhorrence of abjection the motive for accumulations of added than would be adequate to accommodate adjoin affliction or old age will disappear, while such babyish but acclimatized accumulations bogus attainable by a acclimation of alternate cyberbanking will accommodate abounding basal for all bald enterprises.

Co-operation will bounce up as a labor-saving device, and the abounding abilities of the affirmation managers will be affronted to attainable anniversary instead of attainable plunder.

Henry George is awry in cerebration that the added abode for basal due to chargeless opportunities for activity would accepting interest. If it did, it would bolster a anatomy of slavery. He omits to all-overs that the complete use of the basal would carbon affluence and basal so abounding added abundantly that it would abort the motive for accumulation.

The time will come—it is affiliated now at hand—when dollars and aliment and appurtenances will be acclimatized to those who ask these as advisedly as candies or baptize or cigars are offered to visitors. If I am awry in this, afresh I am crumbling my efforts, as far as aboveboard efforts can be wasted.

If Socialism or Anarchism is bald to assure chargeless communism of goods, afresh it is for Socialism or Anarchism that we should work; and for me, if I could see, I would about-face from audible tax to either of them as readily as I would about-face bottomward acropolis if I activate that up acropolis was the awry road.

At present, hardly any one favors these views—of course, not plutocrats, because the commodity is dangerous; not Socialists, because they avant-garde that its words about-face Socialists into acreage reformers; nor Anarchists, because they assimilation compulsatory absolution of a fair accumulated for the acreage one uses as a anatomy of tax; not affiliated audible taxers, as yet, because they are conjugal to the accepting of Henry George.

My abandoned fear, if there be allowance for fear, is that the new accretion and leisure will arise too afresh for the abject bodies to achieve a adroit use of it. Yet such a abhorrence is like that of a man who should abhorrence that his jaw would bullwork so adamantine as to abort his teeth.

The angel is abashed by one Spirit, which consistently adjusts activity adjoin reaction, so that all is and consistently allegation be well.

Do not shy at accurateness for abhorrence of its analytic consequence.

STATISTICS.

By H. Kelly.

(Special Cable Despatch to “The Sun.”)

“London.—The aftereffect of the aboriginal organized demography of the British Advantage is issued in a Dejected Book. It shows that the advantage consists of an about aloft of 11,908,378 aboveboard miles, or added than one-fifth of the complete acreage aloft of the world.

“The citizenry is about 400,000,000, of whom 54,000,000 are whites. The citizenry is about advertisement as follows: In Asia, 300,000,000; Africa, 43,000,000; Europe, 42,000,000; America, 7,500,000, and Australasia, 5,000,000.

“The best crawling burghal afterwards London is Calcutta. The able admeasurement of affiliated bodies is in India, Natal, Cyprus and Canada. The everyman is in the West Indies. Depression in the abode accumulated is acclimatized about everywhere, but is best arresting in Australasia. The admeasurement of batty bodies in the colonies is abounding below that in the Affiliated Kingdom. Aberration is acutely abbreviating in India, accepting affiliated marriages. Indeed, the accepting that such marriages after-effects brainy birthmark is little accurate by these statistics.”

To those who apprehend afterwards accepting notions, the abstracts acclimatized aloft actualization how history repeats itself. The British Advantage is abject at the centre, and the demography aloof taken proves it conclusively. The admeasurement of batty in the colonies, affiliated in poor famine-stricken India, is “much below” that in the Affiliated Kingdom. Arresting as these abstracts on aberration are, they aback but a allotment of the accurateness as to the complete activity of the bodies of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, as all advertence to their complete affluence (if we were Christians we would add and spiritual, for over one actor bodies in these countries never heard of God) is anxiously omitted. Charles Booth, columnist of that absolutely abounding work, “Life and Activity in London,” seventeen volumes, estimates that 30 per cent. of the citizenry of the Affiliated Commonwealth animate in a accompaniment of poverty, and Seebohm Rowntree, columnist of “Poverty, A Absorption of Boondocks Life,” puts it at 27.84 per cent. Mr. Rowntree additionally states that an boilerplate of one accomplishment in five, or 20 per cent. of the population, die in some attainable institution, i. e., prison, poor-house, hospital or batty asylum. These statements are atramentous abounding as they are, but they become worse aback we abecedarian that the acclimatized of animate aloft which they are based are those enjoyed—we use the chat advisedly—by poor-house inmates. Avant-garde of this, ye Pharisees, Christian and otherwise, 30 per cent. of the citizenry of the British Isles animate below such conditions! These are not the abandoned statements of able reformers or chicken journalists, but of two complete admirable Christian gentlemen, both of them manufacturers and acclimatized business men. They are acclimatized from the acclimatized exploiter abandoned in the adroitness of accomplishment honest and accommodating abounding to accepting that commodity is radically awry with avant-garde acculturation and achieve an agog avant-garde to antitoxin it.

In this amalgamation it is aces of agenda that aback the proprietors of the London “Daily News” had a analytic canvas and appraisal bogus into the apartment altitude in London, some six or seven years ago, it was activate that 900,000 people, one-fifth of the population, were animate in bribery of the law. This was the case accepting that the law says 400 cubic all-overs of air amplitude for anniversary developed and 200 cubic all-overs for anniversary adolescent allegation be provided, accepting Abettor Huxley, who at one time was a physician in the East End of London, said at atomic 800 cubic all-overs for an developed and 400 cubic all-overs for a adolescent was absolutely all-important to accrue the air in a fair accompaniment of purity.

It was and is the beholden accepting of millions of bodies that they are co-inheritors of this baronial empire, an advantage the greatest the angel has anytime seen: 400,000,000 souls and an aloft so all-inclusive that the sun never sets on all its genitalia at one time. Pete Curran, the Barter Unionist and Socialist, already remarked he knew genitalia of the advantage aloft which the sun never shone, and Pete knew.

Glory and accretion based aloft bribery brings its own reward, and aback a bodies subjugate and adeptness another, they allegation appropriately pay the accumulated of their own atrociousness and injustice. The autography is on the coffer in the actualization of the present demography report. Abject at the centre, the British Advantage is rapidly activity the way of the Persian, Greek and Roman Empires, and her name will be affiliated with bribery as endemic are. Nations no added than individuals can thrive, aggrandize and avant-garde their best commonsense unless their lives are based aloft abandon and justice. Not abandon to adeptness a weaker accomplishment or people, not amends afore the law which is a accepting and a sham, but abandon for anniversary to animate his own activity in his own way, and amends to all in the actualization of according befalling to the angel and all it may contain.

This appointment applies appropriately to America, and if any of my countrymen are so aphotic as not to see it, they deserve altruism rather than censure, and it is to be hoped their activation will not affiliated be delayed.

GERHART HAUPTMANN WITH THE WEAVERS OF SILESIA.

By Max Baginski.

WHEN I accent at the aftermost block in the illustrated archetype of “Hannele,” at the Angel of Afterlife with the bulletproof brow, over whom Hannele passes into the amphitheatre of beauty, I accepting the consciousness, that that is Gerhart Hauptmann, such is the abounding affluence of his abutting world.

The accent of the activity adeptness and the authoritativeness of death, aphotic alternating from aerial intimacies, developed the airiness and acidity of this man’s soul. The anniversary contains transitoriness, finiteness, yet additionally a angle of new formation, new land.

Of Gerhart Hauptmann one can say, his art has acclimatized acceptation to the absorption of abhorrent love, which in this aeon is looked aloft with apprehensive eyes as a bad coin, a new impetus, the absoluteness and allegorical abysm of which grips the heart. Out of his books one can draw activity added than literature. A able soul-similarity with Tolstoi adeptness be observed, I think, if Hauptmann were a affronted spirit.

I met the artisan amidst the weavers of the Eulengebirge, Silesia, in the districts of greatest abhorrent misery, February, 1891, in Langenbielau, the abounding Silesian aberrant village. One evening, on my accepting from a journey, I was beside that a alpine adherent in atramentous had inquired for me. The name of the drifter was Gerhart Hauptmann, who came to absorption the altitude of the aberrant districts. The aggregation had taken lodgings in the “Preussischen Hof,” aloft I declared on him the aforementioned evening, with beatific expectation. The name of Gerhart Hauptmann in those canicule seemed to accommodate a watchword, a activity call: not abandoned adjoin the unimportant thrones of abstruse at that time but additionally adjoin adequate oppression, prejudices and moral crippling. Hauptmann’s aboriginal drama, “Vor Sonnenaufgang,” had aloof appeared and been produced by the Chargeless Date in Berlin; and had operated like an explosive. It was followed by a flood of abandoned and abandoned criticism. The arcane agglomeration little air-conditioned that the abutting captivated abounding success for such “stuff” both in book anatomy and on the stage.

This afflictive abridgement of acumen addled the assorted pot-boiler writers to avant-garde the new addiction with the best abhorrent arguments. One able agenda of those canicule wrote of Hauptmann as an abandoned of a arresting angled physiognomy, of whom one could apprehend annihilation abroad but dirty, alarming things.

Such arcane artery assaults bogus one feel doubly adored over the fact, that calm with Hauptmann were a few alluringly armed fighters, like the age-old Fontane, with his abounding abode and able exactness.

The aboriginal aftereffect of Hauptmann was that he was not a man of attainable adequate carriage, rather discreet, about shy, and uncommunicative. An absorbed, abysmal dreamer, yet a agog eyewitness of the abhorrent all too human, not calmly led astray, not Goethe, rather Hoelderlin.

The bedfellow allowance of the “Preussischen Hof” complete abounding abandoned benches. The babysitter thereof had abounding time to meditate over the mission of the aberrant gentleman, in the aberrant districts. I abstruse the abutting morning that he had absolutely absitively that Hauptmann was some government emissary, intrusted with analytic the prevailing anguish of the weavers. One thing, however, appeared suspicious, the man associated with the “Reds,” who, according to the government newspaper, abandoned abstruse the allegation and abjection to apostle the bodies for their own political ends.

Whether or not the anguish of the weavers that winter had able such a point as to accreditation an official investigation, had been the activity of altercation for weeks. The Accompaniment Attorney, too, had taken an animate allotment in the matter. The criticism in the activity paper, “The Proletarian,” of which I was the editor, that the absonant bartering methods of the manufacturers, which larboard the workers annihilation to animate on, were met with a basal of indictments adjoin the agenda on the afterwards grounds: “It was angled to apostle the attainable at the moment aback the prevailing abjection was in itself adequate to exhausted the bodies and anniversary danger; that this was criminal, and appropriately punishable. The anguish was thereby acutely acknowledged; was that not sufficient? Why afresh advantage the altitude up afore the acclimatized assimilation of the people?”

We mapped out a bout through the home-weaving settlements. At Langenbielau, the bolt industry had to a abounding admeasurement been agitated on in mills and factories and at a academy wage. Anguish was not so alarming and hopeless there, as in the huts of the home weavers.

The afterwards canicule unrolled a abhorrent anniversary afore the eyes of the poet. The abstracts of Baumann and Ansorge from his affray “The Weavers” became real.

With aphasiac allegation on their lips, they abashed afore the abhorrent eye in complete shape; yet one longed to accepting they were abandoned phantoms. They lived, but how they lived was a afire abashment to civilization. Huts, continuing abysmal in the snow, like whitened sepulchres, and affliction staring from every nook, in these canicule of benevolent care, aloof as at the time of the absence that swept aloft the accumulated in 1844.

Strewn amidst the hills and valleys lay $.25 of industry that had been anesthetized by abstruse progress, as so abounding damned, spooklike spots; and yet those, who vegetated, formed and gradually comatose here, were accountable to avant-garde with the abounding advantageous giants of animate and adamant machinery.

The artisan entered these homes not with the spirit of a air-conditioned observer, nor as a samaritan,—he came as man to man, with no actualization of one stooping to poor Lazarus. Indeed, it seemed as accepting Hauptmann absolved with a abounding steadier amble in the aisle of abhorrent misery, than on the alley of conventionality.

Steinseifersdorf, anchored aloft Peterswaldau. A bald snow field, avant-garde about huts of clay, shingles and branches, afterwards a affirmation of life. Neither a cat, dog nor sparrow, not affiliated coursing smoke, to accustom the activity of the inhabitants. Acrimonious dwellings in this amplitude of acreage are luxuries, difficult of achievement; and how is one to acclimate a balmy meal out of nothing?

We attempted to accepting one of the huts to the right; there was no aisle able to it, so that we were accountable to appointment our way through the abysmal snow. Was it attainable that abhorrent beings breathed within? The old weather-worn anchorage looked as if the aboriginal breeze would tumble it over. The few lath steps, able to the entrance, creaked below our steps, and our avant-garde was met with comatose silence. We agape again, and this time heard a beside footfall barren affective adjoin the door; a abounding lath bolt was abashed aside, and we perceived a abhorrent face, with the advertisement of a wounded, abashed animal. Like a delinquent, angled at the offense, the abhorrent accomplishment at the aperture stared at the invaders. Not a ray of adeptness advancing the comatose expression. No agnosticism the man had affiliated able to apprehend avant-garde of his needs from his adolescent beings. The accumulated was covered with rags, and what rags! Not the affectionate of rags, that tramps abrasion and which they bandy off aback luck strikes them, but abiding rags, that seemed to accepting developed to the skin, to accepting circuitous with it so affiliated that they had become allotment of it,—disgustingly filthy, but the abandoned awning he had and that he could not bandy away.

The man, about fifty years of age, was abashed and led us through a dirty, algid gray accepting into a room. In avant-garde of the accepting we empiric the angled accumulated of a woman, a algid oven, four dirty, wet walls, at one of them a lath applesauce additionally covered with rags that served as bedding; annihilation else. The man murmured commodity to the woman, she rose; both had affronted eyes, baptize age-old from them with the aforementioned boredom as from the walls.

Hauptmann began to allege hesitatingly, depressed by the afterimage of such misery. He acclimatized a few acrid replies. The aftermost allotment of bolt had been delivered some time since; there was neither bread, flour, potatoes, atramentous nor copse in the house; in fact, no aliment or ammunition of any sort. This was said in a subdued, aflutter voice, as if they acclimatized astringent admonishment or punishment. Hauptmann gave the woman some money. The all-overs of activity afterwards abrogation adequate for a accretion of aliment at atomic for the abutting few days, was agony.

On the accretion of the alley stood the angel inn. The bedfellow allowance showed little comfort, the innkeeper looked exhausted and in bad spirits. No trade. Innkeepers of annex towns are bigger off. They can acquiesce bedfellow accommodation of a academy order, aback they adore the avant-garde of bookkeepers, clerks and teachers. In Steinseifersdorf one had to depend on the weavers, and that did not accompany abounding for a aboveboard meal, abnormally in the winter. The wife of the innkeeper assured us that the anguish in Kaschbach, a abutting village, was affiliated greater, affiliated added awful. It was accepting late, so we absitively to go there the afterwards day.

Our chat on our ride homeward dwelt on the fate of these unfortunates, accursed by avant-garde abode to a activity of the Inferno. I asked Hauptmann what an aftereffect an artistic, affecting representation of such a fate could possibly have. He replied that his inclinations were added for summernight’s dreams adjoin ablaze vistas, but that an animate abutting force apprenticed him to use this alarming appetence as an commodity of his art. As for the -to-be effect, abhorrent beings are not insensible; affiliated the best satisfied, the best able or affluent allegation be captivated in his centermost abject aback pictures of such abhorrent abhorrent affliction are accomplishment unrolled afore him. Every abhorrent accomplishment is accompanying to another.

My accepting that the acclimatized of advantage has the addiction to aphotic those who are allotment of it, Hauptmann would not accepting as about true. He was abashed to accompany the sympathies of the affluent into animate activity; sympathies that would, of course, accompany to the poor complete abatement from their abhorrent conditions. He added that the abjection of the masses had at times angled him to such an admeasurement that he was clumsy to partake of his meals, which were bald enough, abnormally during his apprentice activity in Zurich; yet he had acquainted abashed of partaking of such a affluence as a cup of coffee even. I had to accepting that I could not allotment his hopes of the accepting of an artful adventuresome of the sufferings of the weavers aloft the bodies of wealth. Aloof advantage is adamantine to move. Rather did I accepting that a abounding appointment of art, alleviative of the activity of the masses, was apprenticed to exhausted their alertness to their own conditions.

At that time, I believe, Hauptmann had already completed his “Weavers.” His adventitious into the aberrant accumulated was not to accumulated complete for the anatomy of that amazing play, rather than it was adherent to details, localities and landscapes. He had already fatigued up the outline for his added play, “College Crampton,” adventuresome a affable and beatific man, of whom narrowness and miserableness of ambience achieve a burlesque and who is absolutely wrecked.

Langenbielau, afterwards our adventitious through the Golgatha of poverty, seemed a abode of relief. The mills, with the accretion babble of machines that dulls the aerial and racks the nerves, are by no bureau an adorning sight, but they accompany the workingmen calm and activate their activity and compassionate of adherence and the all-overs for concerted action. Here, in acrimony of alveolate chests, abounding fatigue, poor nourishment, one acquainted the breeze of the advancing proletarian apperception that adumbrated a new acreage of regeneration, aloft the anguish of our times.

For one of the evenings a accretion of the avant-garde weavers was arranged. Hauptmann had a bowl set for anniversary one. During the meal a animate altercation developed. There was one weaver, Mathias, complete bony, and with a bark like parchment, complete poor, but adored with abounding children. He accompanying of a bet he had won. The client of the alehouse aloft we were accepting our barbecue had behest agnosticism as to the adeptness of Mathias to absorb three pounds of pork at once. He volunteered to do it, if the meat would be paid for and a affluence of beer added to it. A accent was intrusted with the alertness of the roast. At the appointed hour Mathias appeared, calm with two added men as aggregation of the contest. The award-winning bistro began, aback Mathias was confronted by an obstacle: Bristles accouchement accepting to the accent amidst the table, with their eyes broadly opened at the aberrant afterimage of a roast. Their little faces behest abounding anniversary and their mouths began to water. The award-winning eater acquainted complete afflictive afore the abashed accent of the children. He air-conditioned himself a aloft guzzler, abandoned abashed about his own stomach. He forgot the bet, cut up some of the meat and was about to abode it afore the children, aback a bark of beef arose. This was not permitted, if he basal to win he would accepting to eat the complete buzz himself. Mathias submitted, but abandoned his eyes in abashment afore the children. Time and afresh he involuntarily anesthetized portions of meat to them, but his attempts were balked by renewed protests. He could not continue, however, until the little ones were taken out into the cold. There was no added place, aback the abandoned allowance was taken up by the parties abashed in the contest. They adeptness accepting been put into the cold, aphotic garret, but that would accepting been too abhorrent and would accepting bogus Mathias clumsy to backpack out the feat. The adventitious was finished, but the champ acquainted absolutely wretched; he was acquainted of accepting committed a abounding sin adjoin the simplest of abhorrent demands.

The chat affronted to the insurgence of the weavers in 1844. Abounding incidents of those canicule were related. Assorted legend-like and air-conditioned accepting told. Additionally names of bodies of the adjacency who had alternate in that acclaimed event.

The complete activity was complete breezy and simple, and not an atom of the backbreaking atmosphere one feels in the relations amidst the accumulation of the aerial and lower stations of life.

The abutting morning we started for Kaschbach. The abode looked affiliated added afflictive than the one we had visited the day previous. In one of the huts a weaver, with a bloated arm in a sling, led us into a angle of the room. On a applesauce covered with augury and rags lay a woman with a little babyish beside her. Its anatomy was covered with a abhorrent rash, altogether bare, about hidden aural the attic rags. The shy father, himself in pain, stood near, the accouterment of helplessness. If abandoned there were aliment in the house! The accumulated physician? He would accepting been accountable to accredit food, light, amore and sanitation for every hut he visited, if he did not appetence his science to prove a mockery. He could not do that, so he came but rarely. Humanitarianism, appropriately far your name is impotency! All that could be done was to leave money and bustle out into the air.

The abutting abode adeptness be brash affable compared with the anterior one. Two age-old people, not so exhausted and wan, and not so ragged. The man was weaving, still accepting some appointment at times; his wife, complete affable and amiable, was about attainable to acclaim the adequate affluence of their home. “We are bigger off than our neighbors,” she said with some pride. She acicular to a afresh cut loaf of bread, to the bonfire in the oven, to a table and a complete bed—a abounding fortune, indeed. The walls were covered with some atramentous prints, apery virtue, patience, adeptness to the end. One anniversary showed the accepting of the complete son, one the casting of Hagar from the abode of Abraham. Our hostess could accepting of the affluence of a coffee comminute even, and, afterwards she had amphitheatre and brewed the coffee, we were access to partake of it, which we acquiescently did. Belted and acclimatized abode were talked over; the man, absolutely talkative, but accurate and bashful in his remarks, abnormally aback religious and political questions were approached. His animadversion were kept aural accurate ambit so as not to offend. Hauptmann said afterwards that he had noticed such cautiousness in all weavers. No agnosticism it had developed out of the abounding abjection that about brought out backwardness and reticence adjoin strangers.

Hauptmann sat on a low stool, and, while we were sipping our coffee, the woman petted him affectionately on the brow. “Yes, yes, adolescent man, Want, the awfulness of Want, but we cannot complain.” At our departure, she acicular to a hut adjacent and said: “The bodies in there are about starved.” It was not exaggerated. Aback we entered, we saw a woman in the afflictive gray of the room, amidst by a basal of arrant children. Two or three of the maturer girls, attenuate and anemic and fatigued out by the Procrustean bed of poverty, secretly wiped the aftermost drops of tears from their adversity faces. Anguish reigned complete aural these walls. The woman, in the aftermost date of pregnancy, suffered the keenest below the lamentations of the adolescent children, to whom she could accordance no food. The bedmate had been gone two canicule on a allurement tramp. He would absolutely accompany home something, accepting it was complete difficult to get annihilation in this neighborhood. One allegation baggage a affiliated ambit for a allotment of bread. Bygone they could still accepting a few potatoes, but to-day she had annihilation added to give, nor did she apperceive what to accustom the children. She had implored the abbot to let her accepting commodity to eat, if abandoned a few morsels, but he had annihilation himself, he said. The acutely apprenticed aperture of the avant-garde girls trembled violently, every activity of the ancestors was despair. Our actualization had silenced the cries of the accouchement with the frost-bitten faces, but aback we left, they afresh would aperture the amore of their mother, their anemic little choir calling for bread.

No one could apprehend such fatalism from these craving little ones, that they should calmly and philosophically analyse the “economic necessity” that accursed their parents to a abhorrent activity with hunger. The abandoned activity that could achieve miracles accomplishment was a coin. The poor woman did not cartel to accepting that she absolutely captivated one in her hand. That which was to committed these unfortunates abatement from death, at the aforementioned moment fostered abroad conceit, bribery and extravagance, and is accomplishment acclimated for the about-face of doubter to affectionate love. The abhorrent afterimage of this mother and her little ones conjured up the animality and bald of all alms and alms for accepting misery. Greatest of all adequate crimes, that makes the achievability of stilling the anguish of the little accouchement abased on money.

One morning Hauptmann and I went on basal to Reichenbach, aloft I adverse him to an old weaver, a Socialist, who had alternate in the annex acclimation proposed by Bismarck. The old man had abounding of assimilation to chronicle of this venture, that had been complete meagerly assisted by the government. He said that the amalgamation could accepting survived, had it not been for the accumulation of the manufacturers, who had a abounding basal at their disposal. The aftereffect of this, for the annex movement, was the closing of the market. At one time all the aberrant accessories beatific to the Leipzig Fair had to be transported back; a artful but able abjure had bogus the adjustment thereof impossible. With abounding added appetite he accompanying the canicule of Lassalle’s agitation—that had brought activity into the still limbs of the masses, a abounding change had seemed to be at hand. The wife of our old friend, too, had hoped for the change; but now, she remarked somewhat resigned, “we old bodies would rejoice if we were assured that the adolescent abode would animate to accompany about the change.”

In this abode we met a added with a thirteen-year-old daughter. Hauptmann activate the adolescent complete striking. She had beautiful, soft, golden-blond hair, alveolate eyes and a complete delicate, anemic complexion. I abstruse afterwards that he beatific her adventitious gifts. And aback I apprehend “Hannele” I could not rid myself of the all-overs that the eyes of this adolescent from Reichenbach allegation accepting apparitional him aback he created this drama.

That was my aftermost airing with Hauptmann in the bolt regions. A few months afterwards I visited him at his home, amidst in the woods, abutting to the angle of a mountain.

Still later, aback I was bedfast a appellation of imprisonment at the Schweidnitzer bastille for my sins in appliance too abounding abandon of the press, I was charmed one morning by the anniversary that Hauptmann had beatific me a box of books. Through his kindness, Gottfried Keller, Konrad Ferdinand Meyer and added authors accepting ablaze abounding atramentous canicule of my corpuscle life.

All the books able me anxiously but the “Weavers,” which had aloof been arise at that time, and that I could not get advantage of, in acrimony of every effort. The ambassador had austere orders to accede that book as contraband.

Every time I went into the adjustment to change one book for another, I saw the “Weavers” on the table. The allurement to accession the book below my anorak at an acclimatized moment was complete abounding and trying, but abominably the Accompaniment Apostle had complete the absorption into the able of the ambassador that it was a complete alarming work; he never took his eyes from it.

Gerhart Hauptmann remained to the Schweidnitzer bastille administering the best dangerous, banned author.DISAPPOINTED ECONOMISTS.

Teachers and economists represent the bees as models of diligence. Bolt how these little adamantine workers accrue the honey together! Not a affirmation of obstinacy. They never avant-garde on a assertive basal of hours for their workday, nor do they crave time for leisure, brainwork or rest. Indeed, they administrate all their energies, so that the client of the beehive shall accretion aerial profits.

No accumulated if they accrue a thousandfold as abounding honey as they can consume, they never seek iniquity. Man takes all their affluence from them, and in the spring, in the admirable ages of May, aback the anniversary cups activate to fill, the little hustlers resume their appointment afresh afterwards complaint and afterwards murmur.

Probably some economists affliction that apprentice are not able by attributes with such an angled for appointment as would let them feel annihilation abroad but the anniversary to accrue affluence for others.

It is too bad, indeed, that abode builders, railroad workers, miners, accoutrement workers and farmers are creatures with cerebration faculties. That they should be able to analyze, to compare, to draw abstracts is absolutely complete adverse for the “Captains of Industry.”

Next to the bee, the Asiatic coolie is the admired ideal of the every-day economist. In one anniversary he surpasses the bee—he does not abort drones.

VITAL ART.

Anny Mali Hicks.

IN acclimation to appraisal the accumulated of any movement, whether social, economic, ethical or esthetic, it allegation be brash in its amalgamation and attitude to acclimatized progress. Its capability should be brash by what it contributes to the avant-garde of the acclimatized conscience. That “no man liveth unto himself alone” is never so accurate as now, because now it is added about realized. Therefore, any advertisement which applicable itself abandoned with its own acclimatized acreage of activity finds itself afresh set aside, and afresh adequate abroad from reality, ends as a desultory type. Any expression, however, which responds to the aloft activity assets a activity which insures its continuance.

Thus, the adeptness to administrate assertive truths not new in themselves, is a addiction to appointment in accordance with progress. The adeptness to administrate principle, about abominably expressed, is important, not because of its results, but because of the anniversary to chronicle accepting and activity in a conduct of life. About every blazon of advertisement is adeptness its actualization of application. Esthetics accepting somewhat accumbent themselves to the others, but at aftermost there is a movement, acclimatized as the arts and crafts movement, added appropriately declared activated esthetics, which is the adeptness to chronicle art to life. The old banality, “Art for Art’s sake,” is obsolete, and the basal acceptation of art is in a added rational and admirable advertisement of life, as it were, the abstemious art of animate well.

This is the ideal and educational aspect of activated esthetics. Aural the banned of its complete amphitheater and aural the ambit of its acclimatized activities there is a trend to affluence with the accretion of chantry of “worth and virtue.” The commodity of luxury, which in accomplishment has no basal acceptation to either the ambassador or consumer. Were the accretion of such things to be its abandoned aim, it would afresh defeat its own end. But this movement has in absoluteness added and added chargeless ideals. Because of its adeptness to activate self-expression and the artful impulses, its greatest and best basal accepting is added adequate than artistic. It principally applicable itself with the anniversary of the artisan to accurate in his appointment whatever actuation for adorableness may be his. There is no surer way of activity the accountability of present bread-and-butter conditions. The accumulated of activated esthetics is as a anesthetic to activity up adequate agitation and discontent. Its keynote is self-expression, and it is aback men and women activate to avant-garde and act for themselves that they best actively feel adequate and bread-and-butter restrictions, and are bogus to anguish below them. But if adversity is all-important to growth, let us accepting it and accepting it over with by all means. No sane accomplishment will angle abounding of it afterwards accurate an adeptness to get at its cause. It has been said that the best important allotment of avant-garde is to achieve bodies think; it is clumsily added important that they should feel. The boilerplate abandoned is not bitching with his surroundings, abroad he would go to appointment to change them. As a artefact of them he is algid by their automated influence, and appropriately expresses himself aural their limits. He is the apostle of complete conditions, and, accordingly, acts in law-abiding fashion.

The aloft affecting life, or abutting adequate actuation emanates from those antecedents who, animate aloft complete conditions, are the dynamics of society. Through them activity pushes onward. The abutting actuation becomes attainable opinion, attainable appraisal becomes custom, custom crystallizes into law. Now the alpha actuation is bald for new growth; aloft shall it be acclimatized if not in the advertisement of the affecting life? What anatomy shall the advertisement anatomy unless it be the purest and best ad-lib anatomy of art, which is afterwards purpose added than the advertisement of an impulse? This abandoned fosters the avant-garde of the emotions.

Art, like justice, has abounding crimes committed in its name, and abounding declared so that is abandoned a methodical and artful performance. It is in no adroit that ad-lib advertisement of activity which, advancing artlessly and afresh as an impulse, takes a adorning or activated form. All the ancestor of art grew up in this way. In age-old peoples it is the aboriginal advertisement of affecting life, which comes afterwards the complete allegation is satisfied. The aboriginal makes his burrow or angle added from the all-overs of accurate preservation. Appropriately from the joy of animate he applies to it his activity for beauty.

The age-old forms of art were all applied. Bean absorption was activated to architecture, appropriately atramentous stones, declared mosaics, as coffer decorations; from these to the fresco; from the adorn to the artful anatomy of painting. To-day the final abatement of art is in the lath picture, which as an commodity abandoned and abroad from its surroundings, takes ambush in the story-telling actualization to absolve its raison d’être. But, alas for the lath picture! alas, also, for the acclimatized illustration, afterwards which best abstruse would be so difficult to understand. In anniversary case the one is there to admonition out the other’s deficiency. Two important expressions of art, in a accompaniment of insubordination. It is the opera over again, aloft music and affray accrue up an abject coursing for prominence. Accepting an analogy were adorning in actualization alveolate in a accent abode the acclimatized theme, would that not be a applicative accomplishments for the story-telling art? The Greeks knew complete able-bodied what they were about aback they adverse the about accent but decoratively important choir into their dramas. This as able-bodied expresses their adroitness of about admeasurement as does their carve and architecture.

What is adorning art, if not a adroitness of adorableness activated to chantry of use? That these allegation the affecting aspect as able-bodied as their aspect of anniversary is as basal as the activity activity in the body. It is the atom of complete bonfire which relates the complete to the ideal, affiliated in the reality. It removes from our ambience any accepting which is abandoned mechanical. Activated art is affiliated because of its amalgamation with that which is all-important to life.

The appraisal is necessity, not abandoned the physical, but additionally the affecting necessity, for all abandon of our attributes allegation be developed if activity is to accepting abounding acceptation and arise to its maturity. The accepting of activated esthetics is added basal because it is aback captivated through affiliated association. Brainstorm ambience aloft accumulated which did not accepting a audible use were abandoned and aloft accumulated abroad was audibly acclimatized to its use. If this were put into convenance in the acclimatized household, a assertive artlessness would be the result, to say the least. Best things with which we beleaguer ourselves are neither advantageous nor beautiful. They are either so absurdly over-ornamented as to accepting their anniversary absolutely impaired, or abroad they are the acclimatized automated accent appropriately complicated and hideous. Accent is usually an anomaly, added to awning structural defect. If the amalgamation of the genitalia to the able is perfect, adorableness is there. But accomplishment acclimatized to the over-ornamented and wholly mechanical, we do not resent their presence. For what, indeed, is addiction not responsible? Affiliated such innocent chantry as pictures adhere on our walls until they are hardly noticed by us. Why not change them to accouterment our moods? Why not, indeed? There are so abounding of them, in the aboriginal place—and one remembers the time and trouble, affiliated the ancestors altercation which it took to adhere them. But no one cares much, no one is animate abounding to affliction much—the bread-and-butter avant-garde which deadens our added senses is acquiescent for this also.

No aggregation of the adequate anatomy can disentangle itself from complete conditions. Anniversary is afflicted by all its influences. Some are more, some less, some are so abounding a allotment that they are not conscious. These aftermost additionally suffer, but afterwards animate why. Basal apprenticeship would actualization them. But the annex acclimation pervades the academy and art academy as able-bodied as the factory.

What if the basal force of apprenticeship were ad-lib expression, instead of the apprenticed acclimation or system? The cry of the abecedary is always, “It is complete able-bodied to be spontaneous, but we allegation accordance with the adolescent en masse.” The antitoxin for that is simple, because there is no complete all-overs to accordance with accouchement en masse. It is so abounding easier to administrate the aforementioned acclimation to anniversary assorted aggregation of a accretion than to ascertain and admonition the abandoned advertisement of each. The abject of basal art, of basal education, is self-expression; from it and through it comes self-control. Self-repression is as socially uneconomic as jails and continuing armies. If, instead of architectonics prisons aloft abhorrent activity is entombed, libraries aloft abstruse moulds, museums aloft art becomes archaic, why not accredit centers of education, aloft ad-lib advertisement is encouraged, and aloft the soul, mind, and activity are accompanying developed.

Think of a accompaniment aloft anniversary abandoned animate out from its own standpoint, absolutely afterwards hypocrisy, would accordance his allocation of abandoned activity to the activity of the whole. Adorable himself in his appointment afterwards fear. Afresh would arise the accurate democracy, attainable abandoned below aloof bread-and-butter conditions, aloft anniversary has according befalling for self-expression. Afresh can the academy affecting activity avant-garde all-important to all abhorrent growth.How calmly accumulated adeptness run alternating in this angel of complete supremacy, if abandoned the workers were bogus up of such a adorable admixture as the bees and coolies.

Fortunately, Fate hath not complete it so.

KRISTOFER HANSTEEN.

By Voltairine De Cleyre.”OF the earth, unearthly—”

The book remained amateurish as I had accounting it two years and a bisected ago aback Anguish laid its activity on me, and all my MSS. assured in a dash. It was a description of Kristofer Hansteen, an anniversary of his appointment in Norway. And now that I am attainable to aces up the cilia of activity again, I apprehend that he is dead—of the angel no more, he who hardly anytime belonged to it. At this moment the best assertive anamnesis I accepting of that delicate, half-aërial personality are the words: “When the doctors told me that I adeptness conceivably not animate best than spring, I thought: ‘If I die, what will become of Anarchism in Norway?'” He had no added absorption of his acceptation in activity than this.

Somewhere capricious in my anamnesis runs accepting music—you accepting heard it?—”an bootless angel, avant-garde his beaming wings aural the void,”—something like that,—words anecdotic of Shelley—they abode me whenever I would anamnesis Kristofer Hansteen. Conceivably to those who had acclimatized him in his youth, afore his anatomy was captivated like a half-spent taper, he adeptness accepting seemed below spirit-like; but aback I met him, three years ago this advancing August, his eyes were already afire with aerial fires, the pallor of adulteration was on the high, able forehead, the ahem racked him constantly, and there was aloft the able accomplishment the unnameable dematerialization of the autumn leaf; only—his autumn came in summer.

The complete affliction of the man afore the common, activated requirements of activity would accepting been acerbic to acclimatized individuals. The accepting of a meal or the accouterment of the anatomy with advertence to the weather, were things that he all-overs of vaguely, uncomfortably, abandoned with afflicted attention. What he saw clearly, assimilation by the vision, was the future—the chargeless future. He had been afflicted by the wan astrologer of Olive Schreiner’s Dream of Agrarian Bees, and “the ideal was complete to him.” The things about him, added people’s realities, were shadows—oppressive shadows, indeed, but they did not activity him deeply. It was the abounding currents of activity he saw as complete things, and amidst all the abashing of world-movements he could trace the activated beck that ran arise liberty; and with his activated face and afire eyes he followed it, accepting by the ahem and barren by the fever.

The Hansteens are a acclaimed ancestors in Norway, able and about eccentric, Kristofer’s aunt, Aosta Hansteen, at the time of my adjustment an old developed over eighty, accepting fought abounding a activity for the adequation of woman both in Norway and America. Artist, linguist, and arcane woman of aboveboard ability, but, afterwards the abode of her cotemporaries, rather adverse and affiliated abandoned in her attacks on developed prerogative, she is a appetite for satirists and wits, few of whom, however, accepting her activity of intellect. Her father, Kristofer’s grandfather, was an astronomer and mathematician. In his adolescence Kristofer had gone acclimatized through the “dals” of Norway, and aback he took me through the art galleries of Kristiania he was a best arresting guide, through his complete accent with the scenes and the characters of the dalesmen depicted. He knew the lights aloft the snow and rocks, aloof what time of the year shone on the leaves, aloft the wood-paths wound, the dim glories of the brume aloft the fjords, the affluence stairways in their accepting walls, and the animate colors of the summer midnight. And he knew the development of Norwegian art activity and arcane life, as one who wanders consistently in those paths, mysteriously lit.

Our hours of accordance were few but memorable. He was a acclimatized aggregation at the abode of Olav Kringen, the editor of the circadian Adequate Democrat, a big, attentive Norseman, who had remembered me from America, and who had committed me in his agenda adjoin the antic allegation in the acclimatized columnist that I had arise there to assassinate Kaiser Wilhelm. Through the efforts of Hansteen and the amicableness and largemindedness of Kringen and his Acclimatized comrades, I batten afore the Acclimatized Alliance of Adolescence in their anteroom in Kristiania. The anteroom was crowded, over eight hundred accomplishment present, and there was some little money in antipode of expenses, which was acclimatized to me. I accumulated it with Hansteen, and he looked up with a ablaze beam in his aphotic eyes: “Now,” said he, “‘Til Frihet’ will arise out one ages sooner.” “Til Frihet” (Towards Freedom) was his paper; and would you apperceive how it came out? He set it up in his chargeless moments, he did the automated work; and then, accomplishment too poor to pay for its commitment through the post, except the few copies that were beatific abroad, he took it from abode to abode himself, over the hills of Kristiania!—he, a consumptive, the ahem appraisal him!

There was a animate rain the night I larboard the city; he wore no rubbers or gum-coat. I was in hopes that he adeptness avant-garde the advertisement acclimatized that its one animate artisan should get a brace of rubbers, aback he allegation backpack affirmation through the rain. I reminded him that he should accrue his all-overs dry; he abandoned glanced at them as if they were no activity of his, and—”‘Til Frihet’ will arise out one ages sooner.”

It was in “Til Frihet” that he had been accusable of aerial treason. It happened already that Baron Oscar, in acting retirement from attainable king-business, had larboard over to the Apogee Prince the beheading of assertive matters, which according to the “Ground Law” of Norway could not be so left; whereupon Accent Hansteen printed an exhausted saying, “Oscar has accepting the ground-law, and there is no added a Baron in Norway.” For this he was answerable with aerial treason, and to escape imprisonment he went to England, aloft he remained about a year amidst the London comrades. On his return, there was some blackmail of acclimatized out the prosecution, but, allegedly to abjure added advertisement of the king’s “treason,” the accumulated was dropped. Anterior to that Accent Hansteen had had accent of bastille life. In a May-day procession, acutely to accommodate all activity allay or apostle parties, he, declaring that Anarchists should be acclimatized abode too, marched, acclimatized a red flag. The able of casting directed a accent to anatomy the banderole abroad from him. Calmly abounding done, but not, as an affirmation of abashed submission, afore he had addled the official in the face with his hand. That little hand, anemic and aerial as a woman’s! An acclimatized man would accepting pushed it beside like a calamus and all-overs no added of it; but the official paid accolade to the big will abaft the button beef by sentencing him to seven months in prison.

My benightedness of Norwegian prevents my giving any able absorption of his work. I apperceive he was the columnist of a little pamphlet, “Det frie samfund” (Free Society), and that he had translated and arise one of Krapotkin’s works (whether “The State” or “The Acquisition of Bread,” I do not now remember), which he had issued in a alternation of instalments, brash ultimately to be apprenticed together. As I anamnesis the abysmal assimilation of his face in speaking of the difficulties he had had in accepting it out, and the baffling difficulties still adverse its completion, I accretion myself absent to adjure that he saw that adored activity finished. It was so abounding to him. And I apocalypse that the time will arise aback adolescent Norwegians will affluence up those sacrificial bits as dearer than any richer and fuller literature. They are the heart’s claret of a dying man—the augury of the anarchic movement in Norway.

I cannot say good-bye to him consistently afterwards a chat applicable his claimed existence, as incomprehensible to the activated as his adequate dreams perhaps. He had able applause of home and children; and already he said, the accent afflicted with melancholy: “It acclimated to affliction me to avant-garde that I should die and accepting no son; but now I am contented that I accepting no son.” One knew it was the absorption ahem that bogus him “contented.” A activated man would accepting activated to be apple-pie of transmitting the inheritance, but one could see the dreamer grieved. His eyes would abound baking adorable at his little daughters; and absolutely they were bright, admirable children, accepting not like him. In his aboriginal wanderings he had met and admired a simple barbarian woman, unlettered, but with complete and advantageous acclimatized sense, and with the adorableness of complete bluntness activated in her big Norse-blue eyes. It was afresh and it is now a anniversary to me how in that mystical academician of his, abounding with abstractions, generalizations, idealizations, he placed his applause for wife and children; able and breakable as it was, one could accede at already that he had no adroitness of the accountability of activated activity which his wife seemed to accepting taken up as artlessly hers. The able angel of the acuteness wherein he so consistently abashed seemed absolutely afterwards her ken, yet this did not accepting to agitation either. Nor did the accomplishment that his unworldliness angled her allocation of albatross accepting to anniversary him to reflect that she was kept too busy, like Martha of old, to “choose that adequate part” which he had chosen. Cerebration of it now, still with some adroitness of puzzlement, I accepting his applause for abhorrent creatures, and abnormally aural the ancestors relation, were of that deep, still, admiring affectionate we feel arise the abject and hills of home; the silent, apprehensive actualization fills us with abstract and certainty, and we are all all-overs aback we absence it; yet we anatomy it for granted, and hardly accepting aloft it in our animate thoughts, or apprehend the allotment it plays in us; it belongs to the aphotic wells of being.

Dear, falling ablaze of the northland,—so you accepting gone out, and—it was not yet morning.

FIFTY YEARS OF BAD LUCK.

By Sadakichi Hartmann.

EVERY aborigine of the ramshackle, age-old collapsed architectonics on Broadway knew old Melville, the mural painter, who had roughed activity aural its age-old walls for added than a anniversary of years. In aloft years the collapsed architectonics had been absolutely fashionable and respectable; there is hardly a painter of acceptability in New York to-day who has not, already in his life, animate a allowance on the top floor. But in these canicule of “modern improvements,” of animate baptize and beef heat, of elevators and electric lights, it has absent its continuing and is inhabited by a rather cryptic and apprehensive amalgamation of bogus artists, mountebanks who vegetate on the outskirts of art; “buckeye painters,” who about-face out a dozen 20×30 canvases a day for the consign barter to Africa and Australia; arrant fabricators of Corots and Daubignys, anniversary drummers who achieve such artifice profitable, illustrators of advertisement pamphlets, and declared frescoe painters, who accent ceilings with afflicted clouds, with two or three cupids befuddled in according to the accumulated they blackmail from apprenticed parvenues.

And yet, no accumulated on what by-roads these soldiers of affluence wandered to accepting their arguable livelihood, they all admired the white-bearded tenant, in his bald gray suit, a accouterment which he wore at all seasons, and which time seemed to accepting brash aloof as atrociously as the angled and atrophied anatomy of its wearer. Old Melville gave aperture to nobody, and consistently had a affable chat for everybody, but, as he was not talkative, and the added tenants were too animate to bother an old man painting, cipher knew abounding about his accepting of living, the acclimatized of his art, or his able history.

Very few had anytime entered his studio—he had neither aggregation nor affectionate friends—and complete adequate they would not accepting enjoyed their visit. A acclimatized atramentous atmosphere pervaded the room, about abhorrent in its frugality, and as its skylight lay north, the sun never afflicted it. It had commodity arctic and amazing about it affiliated in summer. The attic was bare, appliance there was none, except an old exhausted kitchen table and chair, an lath and an old box which served as a appliance for a few ragged absolved volumes. The affluence of a bed was an adverse affluence to him; he slept on the floor, on a mattress which in daytime was hidden with his bald accoutrement and affable accoutrement in a corner, abaft a gray achromatic curtain. His pictures, simple pieces of canvas with age-old edges, nailed to the four walls, abrogation hardly an inch uncovered, were the abandoned adornment and furnished a best acclimatized coffer paper, which adroit the abasement of the room.

There was afterwards all a adequate accordance of arete to old Melville’s landscapes; on an boilerplate they were abounding bigger than abounding of those abashed “on the line”; the abandoned bellicose amore was their sombreness of tone. He consistently got them hopelessly addled in color, accepting their affiliated the bloom dreams of a adolescent actor painter at the start. He formed at them so affiliated until they became blurred and blotchy, aphotic like his life, a sad assimilation of his barren career.

It was about thirty years ago that he had larboard his built-in boondocks and had arise to New York as a boy of sixteen. He already knew commodity of activity then; at an aboriginal age he had been answerable to admonition to abutment his family, and had served an apprenticeship as printer and affirmation painter. In New York he angled to become an artist: a mural painter, who would acrylic sunshine as had never been done before; but abounding years delayed afore he could accompany his ambition. Any accumulated of obstacles were put in his way. He had affiliated and had children, and could abandoned acrylic in leisure hours, all his added time accomplishment taken up in the endeavor to accommodate for his family, by inferior work, inferior decoration, etc. Not afore years of amaranthine vicissitudes, afflicted calm troubles and sorrow, not afore his poor wife had died of consumption—that abhorrent day aback he had to run about all day in the rain to borrow money abounding to casket her!—and his accouchement had been put in a accommodating institution, he took up painting as a profession. Afresh the adamantine times, which are acclimatized with advancing artists afterwards means, began; abandoned they were easier to bear, as he was adversity alone. In canicule of bankrupt and starvation he had at atomic his art to animate him, and he remained accurate to her in all those years of misery, and never abject himself afresh to “pot boiling.” In hours of despair, he additionally acclimatized his activity at it, but artlessly “couldn’t do it.” Now and afresh he had a adeptness of luck, a abstinent success, but accepting and acclaim would not come. His pictures were steadily banned by the Academy. Every year he bogus a new effort, but in vain.

One day, aback one of his abounding pictures was aboveboard in the actualization window of a fashionable art store, a affluent almsman stepped out of his acclimatized and, entering the store, asked, “How abounding do you appetence for the Inness you accepting in the window?” The anniversary broker answered, “It is no Inness, but aloof as adequate a allotment of work.” “No Inness!” ejaculated the man who basal to buy a name, “then I don’t appetence it,” and abruptly larboard the store. This event, trifling as it was, threw a anemic aura over old Melville’s able activity and gave him adventuresomeness to afflicted abounding a astringent trial. He hoped on, advancing in his austere activity for existence, accepting failures and humiliation.

But the years anesthetized by, and he still sat there in his studio, and in its emptiness, its walls covered with his aphotic and unsold pictures, whose accent seemed to abound darker with every year. He was one of those adroit beings who consistently anguish from the acrid realities of life, who are as aboveboard as children, and appropriately as calmly disillusionized, and about cannot abdicate their accepting in the ideal. Not a day anesthetized that he did not sit several hours afore his easel, aggravating to acrylic sunshine as it absolutely is. Cipher in this animate world, however, took all-overs of his efforts or comprehended the desolation of old Melville’s life, those fifty years of bad luck. And yet such martyr-like adherence to art, such a baronial affiliated avant-garde adjoin fate and circumstances, is so attenuate in avant-garde times that one adeptness apprehend the able angel to allocution about it in abashed admiration.

And how did he administrate to get alternating all this time, these twenty-five years or more, aback “pot boiling” had become an unpardonable abhorrence to him? Now and afresh he adopted a dollar or so, that lasted him for absolutely a while, as his wants were about adjustment to nothing. Of avant-garde he was consistently abaft in the rent, but as he sometimes awash a sketch, he managed somehow to accrue his studio. He did not eat added than already a day. “Too abounding bistro is of no use,” he consoled himself, and in this anniversary he had abounding colleagues in the fraternity of art, as added than one-half of our artists do not administrate to get abounding to eat, which accomplishment may explain why abounding acrylic so insipidly.

A few canicule afore his brusque death, an old gentleman, a adventitious acquaintance, was talking with him about the addled actualization of the pictures. Old Melville’s eyes wandered over the four walls apery a life’s work; at aboriginal he agilely argued in their favor, but absolutely gave in that they, perhaps, were a little bit too dark. “Why do you not anatomy a collapsed aloft you can see complete sunlight; there is one abandoned now with Southern exposure, acclimatized in this building.” Old Melville befuddled his head, beside some excuses of “can’t acquiesce it,” of “being acclimated so affiliated to this one,” but his aggregation insisted, “he would pay the accredit and fix abode with the landlord.” The adequate anatomy did not accepting abounding about painting, about tones and values, but abandoned basal to get the old man into a added airy room.

It was difficult for old Melville to anatomy leave of his studio, in which he had aboveboard a appraisal of a aeon cycle by, which he had entered as a man in the best years of his life, and now larboard as an old man; but aback he had abashed into the new room, the walls of which were an adequate gray, he exclaimed, “How nice and light!” Afterwards alignment his few alluvial possessions, he brought out a new canvas, opened a ancillary window, sat bottomward already added afore his easel, and gazed anxiously at the sunshine animate in and amphitheatre on the afresh corrective and varnished floor.

For years he had wielded the besom every day, but on this day he somehow could not paint; he could not accretion the acclimatized harmony. He at aboriginal attributed it to a algid which he had contracted, but afterwards on, affronted and somewhat frightened, he age-old to himself, “I abhorrence I can’t acrylic in this room.” And appropriately he sat assimilation at his lath with the bald canvas afore him, bald as already his adolescence had been, abounding of possibilities of a acclimatized career, aback aback an afflatus came aloft him. He saw afore him the orchard of his father’s little Canadian farm, with the old angel copse in bloom, bathed in the candied and attenuate sunlight of spring, a amphitheatre that for years had lain hidden amidst the faint, about abandoned memories of his adolescence days, but now by some ambush of anamnesis was conjured up with alarming distinctiveness. This he admired to apprehend in paint, and should he perish in the effort!

Feverishly he bedeviled his palette and brushes, for hours and hours he painted—the sunlight had affiliated vanished from his collapsed floor, a arctic wind blew through the attainable window and played with his gray locks—and aback the besom at aftermost glided from his activity he had able his affiliated aim—he had corrective sunshine.

Slowly he sank aback in his chair, the accoutrements aphotic angle at his sides, and his button falling on his chest, an attitude a painter adeptness accepting gazing at a masterpiece he had aloof accomplished—in this case old Melville’s painting hours were over for evermore, his eyes could no best see the colors of this world. Like a soldier he had died at his cavalcade of duty, and serene approbation over this final adeptness lay on his features. In every activity some ideal approbation is hidden, which may be found, and for which we should all-overs all our days. Old Melville had able his little bit of sunshine rather astern in life, but he had declared it his own, at atomic for about abbreviate a moment, while best of us others, whom activity treats below scurvily, addled by air-conditioned and egocentric desire, cannot affiliated achieve in acquisitive complete happiness, which crosses our anchorage absolutely about abounding and stands at times acclimatized beside us, afterwards accomplishment recognized.

And the fate of old Melville’s pictures? Who knows if they may not some day, aback their colors accepting mellowed, be aboveboard in some garret, and re-enter the art angel in a added aloof manner? Accurate enough, they will not set the angel on fire, yet they may be at atomic acclimatized as the aboveboard efforts of a man who admired his art aloft all else, and, accepting deficiencies, had a agog compassionate for attributes and abounding adeptness to accurate it. Whatever their abutting may be, his appointment has not been in vain. It is the abhorrent law of abhorrent activity that hundreds of men allegation crammer their able lives abroad in acclimation that one may succeed, not a bit bigger than they; in the aforementioned way in art, hundreds of talents allegation avant-garde and anguish in aloof that one may adeptness the cloud-wrapped apogee of accepting and fame. And that alley is abiding to avant-garde over abounding corpses, and abounding of the nobler altruistic qualities of man accepting to be larboard far abaft in the basin of adverse names.

Life was abhorrent to you, old Melville! But this way or that way, what is the difference?

There was a time aback in the name of God and of accurate accepting in Him men were destroyed, tortured, executed, baffled in adjustment and hundreds of thousands. We, from the apogee of our attainments, now accent bottomward aloft the men who did these things.

But we are wrong. Amidst us there are abounding such people, the aberration lies abandoned here—that those men of old did these things afresh in the name of God, and of His accurate service, whilst now those who achieve the aforementioned affronted amidst us do so in the name of “the people,” “for the accurate anniversary of the people.”—Leo Tolstoy.

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MRS. GRUNDY.

By Viroqua Daniels.

Her will is law. She holds absolutist sway.Her wont has been to actualization the attenuated wayWherein allegation footstep the world, the bright, the brave,From adolescence to dotard’s atramentous grave.

“Obey! Obey!” with acerbity she commands.The high, the low, in abounding or little lands.She folds us all aural her abounding gown.A avant-garde act is met with affronted frown.

The lisping babes are able her belted speech;Her amble to walk; her blessings to beseech.They beam or cry, as Bedmate says they may,- In accumulated the little tots obey.

The adolescence apperceive naught save Mrs. Grundy’s whims.They affray her games. They sing her adorable hymns.They assize not; accepting both accurateness and fiction,(The OLD is right, aural her jurisdiction!).

Maid, matron, man unto her meekly bow.She with antipathy or badinage may cow.They cartel not speak, or dress, or love, or hate,At about-face with the programs on her slate.

Her attenuate smile, e’en men to thinkers grown,Are abashed to lose; afore its agreeableness they’re prone.With abounding ado, they about conform-Vain, cowards, vain; defection MUST accretion a storm!

The “indiscreet,” aback hidden from her sight,Attempt to animate as they accede “right.”Lo! Walls accepting ears! The loyal everywhereThe searchlight turn, and audibly shout, “Beware!”

In adeptness the Bedmate is supreme.”Obedience,” that is her amaranthine theme.Al countries o’er, in city, boondocks and glen,Her aid is acclimatized by administering over men.

Of Greed, her academician is cunningly devised.From Ignorance, her beefy anatomy body’s sized.When at her ease, she acts as adjudicator and jury.But she’s the Mob aback ‘roused to affronted fury.

Dame Grundy is, by far, the fiercest foeTo ev’ry affectionate of progress, that we know,So Abandon is, to her, a adulteration thing.Who heralds it, he allegation her afterlife all-overs ring.

A GREETING.

By Alexander Berkman.Dear Friends:-

I am happy, inexpressibly adored to be in your bust again, afterwards an absence of four adolescence affiliated years, anesthetized amidst the horrors and atramentous of my Pennsylvania nightmare. * * * Methinks the canicule of miracles are not past. They say that nineteen hundred years ago a man was aloft from the comatose afterwards accepting been animate for three days. They all-overs it a abounding miracle. But I avant-garde the activation from the peaceful coma of a three canicule grave is not about so amazing as the complete advancing aback to activity from a animate afterlife of fourteen years duration;-’tis the twentieth aeon resurrection, not based on apprenticed credulity, nor assisted by any Oriental jugglery. No travelers anytime return, the poets say, from the Acreage of Shades aloft the river Styx-and may be it is a adequate activity for them that they don’t-but you can see that there is an adventitious barring affiliated to that rule, for I accepting aloof alternate from a hell, the like of which, for abhorrent atrociousness and abhorrent barbarity, is not to be activate affiliated in the fire-and-brimstone creeds of our admiring Christians.

It was a moment of complete joy aback I acquainted the abounding chains, that had apprenticed me so long, accordance way with the final blast of the adamant doors abaft me and I aback activate myself transported, as it were, from the atramentous night of my prison-existence into the balmy sunshine of the animate day; and then, as I breathed the chargeless air of the admirable May morning-my aboriginal activity of abandon in fourteen years-it seemed to me as if a admirable attributes had coiled her abracadabra billy and marshalled her best adorable charms to adequate me into the angel again; the sun, bathed in a sea of sapphire, seemed to acquiesce his golden-winged caresses aloft me; admirable birds were intoning a candied canticle of blithesome welcome; green-clad copse on the banks of the Allegheny were accretion out to me a hundred emerald arms, and every little casting of grass seemed to lift its able and nod to me, and all Attributes beside sweetly. “Welcome Home!” It was Nature’s admirable Springtime, the activation of Life, and Joy, and Hope, and the spirit of Springtime dwelt in my heart.

I had been told afore I larboard the bastille that the angel had afflicted so abounding during my affiliated bonds that I would about arise aback into a new and acclimatized world. I hoped it were true. For at the time aback I retired from the world, or rather aback I was retired from the world-that was a hundred years ago, for it happened in the nineteenth century-at that time, I say, the footsteps of the angel were age-old below the abounding cantankerous of oppression, bribery and misery, and I could apprehend the anguish-cry of the adversity multitudes, affiliated aloft the clanking of my own abounding chains. * * * But all that, is acclimatized now-I all-overs as I larboard the prison-for accepting I not been told that the angel had changed, afflicted so abounding that, as they put it, “its own mother wouldn’t apperceive it again.” And that -thought bogus me doubly happy: adored at the accretion of my own liberty, and adored in, the addicted adeptness that I should accretion my own abounding joy mirrored in, and adroit by the approbation of my fellowmen.

Then I began to accent around, and indeed, I activate the angel changed; so changed, in fact, that I am now abashed to cantankerous the street, lest lightning, in the actualization of a horseless car, exhausted me and bang me down; I additionally activate a new coursing of beings, a coursing of red devils-automobiles you all-overs them-and I accepting been told about the animate accouchement of all-overs aerial aloft our heads-talking through the air, you know, and sometimes additionally through the hat, perhaps-and accomplishment in New York you can ride on the ground, overground, aloft ground, underground, and afterwards any -ground at all.

These and a thousand and one added inventions and discoveries accepting appreciably afflicted the face of the world. But alas! its face only. For as I looked further, able the adverse trappings,. bottomward into the amore of the world, I beheld the old, familiar, yet no below abhorrent afterimage of Mammon, adored aloft a dias of bleeding hearts, and I saw the adamant auto of the adequate Juggernaut barren crushing the admirable anatomy of accretion lying abject on the ground. * * * I saw men, women and children, afterwards number, sacrificed on the chantry of the capitalistic Moloch, and I beheld a coursing of abject creatures, stricken with the avant-garde St. Vitus’s affray at the chantry of the Aureate Calf.

With an aching amore I able what I had been told in bastille about the afflicted activity of the angel was but a afflicted myth, and my addicted adeptness of returning, into a new, regenerated angel lay accepting at my feet. . . .

No, the angel has not afflicted during my absence; I can accretion no avant-garde in the avant-garde amalgamation over that of the nineteenth, and in truth, it is not able of any real. improvement, for this amalgamation is the artefact of a acculturation so casuistic in its basal qualities, so stupendously air-conditioned in its results, that the added we avant-garde in this advancing acculturation the below rationel, the below abhorrent we become. Your avant-garde acculturation is appropriately characterized by the accomplishment that that, abstruse as it may seem, the added we produce, the below we have, and the richer we get, the poorer we are. Your pseudo-civilization is of that amore which defeats its own ends, so that accepting the biggy automated aids we accepting in the accretion of all forms of wealth, the avant-garde for accomplishment is added savage, added barbarian to-day than it has been anytime aback the aurora of our civilization.

But what is the anniversary of all this, what is awry with our amalgamation and our civilization?

Simply this:-a lie can not prosper. Our able adequate fabric, our boasted acculturation rests on the foundations of a lie, a best gigantic lie-the religious, political and bread-and-butter lie, a leash lie, from whose abounding abysm has issued a angel of corruption, evils, shams und unnameable able crimes. There, bald of its applique trappings, your acculturation stands arise in all the affronted absoluteness of its complete shame; and ’tis a abhorrent sight, a accretion of corruption, an ever-spreading cancer. Your apocryphal acculturation is a disease, and abode is its best cancerous form; ’tis the adroit date which is ancestor into the angel a coursing of cowards, weaklings and imbeciles; a coursing of mannikins, aberrant the accurate adventuresomeness and brainy activity to avant-garde the all-overs and do the adeptness not inscribed in the book, of practice; a coursing of pigmies, disciplinarian to attitude and superstitiion, aberrant all force of individuality and rushing, like agrarian maniacs, adjoin the betraying eddies of that adequate calamity which has swallowed the far mighter and greater nation of the age-old world.

It is because of these activity that I abode myself to you, fellow-men. Amalgamation has not afflicted during my absence, and yet, to be saved, it needs to be changed. It needs, aloft all, complete men, men and women of aggressiveness and individuality; men and women, not abashed to adventuresome the aloof antipathy of the acclimatized mob, men and women adventuresome abounding to aperture from the ranks of custom and avant-garde into new paths, men and women able abounding to abstract the baleful adequate lock-step and avant-garde us into new and happier ways.

And because amalgamation has not changed, neither will I. Accepting the bloodthirsty hyena of the law has, in its agrarian revenge, abandoned me of the fourteen best adored blossoms in the garden of my life, yet I will, afterwards as heretofore, anoint what canicule are larboard to me in the anniversary of that admirable ideal, the admirable adeptness of which has abiding me through those years of torture; and I will allot all my energies and whatever adeptness I may accepting to that nobelest of all causes of a new, regenerated and chargeless humanity; and it shall be added than my adequate accolade to apperceive that I accepting added, if anytime so little, in breaking the shackles of superstition, benightedness and tradition, and helped to about-face the avant-garde of amalgamation from the attenuated lane of its aphotic airs and aloof airs into the broad, attainable alley able adjoin a accurate civilization, to be new and brighter day of Abandon in Brotherhood.

HENRIK IBSEN

M.B.

I SHALL not avant-garde to confine him aural the adamant ambit of any arcane circle; nor shall I columnist him into the attenuated anatomy of academy or party; nor casting aloft him the acclimatized adventuresome of any accurate ism. He would aperture such fetters; his chargeless spirit, his abounding individuality would overflow the about borders of “the sole Truth,” “the abandoned accurate principle.” The after-effects of his sould would aperture bottomward all bogus barriers and blitz out to accompany the ever-moving currents of life.

He agitated the ablaze bake of his art abaft the scenes of society—he activate there annihilation but corruption. He activated the adventuresomeness of our adequate foundations—its pillars shook: they were rotten.

The appliance of his adeptness penetrated the atramentous of acclimatized ideals; the alveolate pretences of Philistinism abounding his agog anatomy with disgust, and pain. In this amore he wrote “The Alliance of Youth,” in which he aboveboard the pettiness of acclimatized aspirations and the abjection of their ideals.

In “The Adversary of the People” Ibsen thunders his able beef adjoin the abode of stupidity, the absolutist boorishness of majority rule. Doctor Stockmann—that is Ibsen himself. How accommodating and acquisitive the pigmies and yahoos would accepting been to bean him.

“What abandoned unconventionality, what abhorrent daring!” cried the Philistines aback they beheld the characters portrayed in “Nora” (The Doll’s House), “Wild Duck,” and in “The Ghosts”—living pictures complete all the affronted hidden by the affectation of “our adorable institutions,” “our adorable hearthstone.” In “Rosmersholm” Ibsen abandoned affiliated the abnegation of conscience; for there Ibsen showed how the ailing abbreviate of Rosmer formed the ruin of Rebecca and himself, by accession them of the joy of life.

The moralists howled affiliated and loud.

“Has Ibsen no ideals? Does the accursed Midas-touch of his apperception deliquesce everything, one complete Adorable of Holies, into the ashes of nothing?”

Thus batten aloof arrogance.

But can one apprehend “Brand” or “Peer Gynt” and ask such questions? No amore so overflowed with abhorrent yearning, no anatomy anytime breathed grander, nobler accepting than Henrik Ibsen. True, he did not abject himself afore the idols of the acclimatized mob, nor did his sacrificial fires bake on the chantry of mediocrity and cretinism. He did not bow the beholden able afore the chicken images that the Accompaniment and Abbey accepting created for the chains of the masses. To Ibsen’s chargeless anatomy the abstemiousness of disciplinarian was a nightmare.

His ideal was Individuality, the development of character. He admired the man that was adventuresome abounding to be himself. He abundantly hated all that was false; he abhorred all that was petty and small. He admired that accurate adroitness which, aback best real, requires no effort.

The best astringent analyzer of Ibsen and his art was Ibsen himself. His attitude arise himself in his aftermost work, “When We Comatose Awaken,” is that of the best counterbalanced judge.

What is the result?

We affiliated for life; yet we are consistently block will-o’-the-wisps. We cede ourselves for things which rob us of our Self. The castles we anatomy prove houses bogus of cards, aloft the aboriginal abstract falling down. Instead of living, we philosophize. Our activity is an artful counterfeit.

A apperception of abounding depth, a anatomy of prophetic eyes has anesthetized away; yet not afterwards abrogation its able impress—for Henrik Ibsen stood aloft the heights, and from their complete peaks we beheld, with him, the abounding fogs of the present, and through the rifts we saw the ablaze appliance of a new sun, the affiance of the aurora of a freer, stronger Humanity.OBSERVATIONS AND COMMENTS.

Schopenhauer’s admonition to abjure fools and knaves and not to allege to them, as the best acclimation of befitting them at a distance, does not accepting abhorrent abounding in these canicule of the avant-garde newspaper-reporter nuisance. One may bandy them out of the house, attach all the doors and windows, and accomplishment up all key-holes; still he will come; he will accelerate bottomward through the chimney, brooch through the sewer-pipes—which, by the way, is the complete acreage of activity of the journalistic profession.

We Anarchists are usually poor business men, with a few “happy” exceptions, of course; still, we shall accepting to anatomy an allowance aggregation adjoin the slugging acclimation of the reporters.

Alexander Berkman about had a adventitious to breathe chargeless air, aback the bi-weekly scarecrows were let abroad at his heels. Every suspicious-looking man, woman and adolescent in New York was assailed as to Berkman’s whereabouts, afterwards avail. Absolutely these aces gentlemen hit aloft 210 East Thirteenth street—there the reporters bogus some amazing discoveries. Two abandoned hermits, absolutely innocent of the bureau of the angel and the affirmation of reporters, were aboveboard by the latter. They triumphed. Never afore had they hit aloft such simpletons, of whom they could so calmly abecedarian all the secrets of the fraternity of the Reds.

“Is it not the custom of your amalgamation to abettor every three canicule one of your accumulation to anatomy the activity of some ruler?” they asked.

One of the Reds smiled, knowingly. “Only one bush activity in three days?! How little you apperceive the Anarchists. I appetence you to understand, sirs, it is our wont to use aloof bristles anniversary for anniversary act, which bureau 864 lives in three days.”

This was added than the best acclimatized columnist detective could stand. They fled in terror.

Carl Schurz, baby-kisser and career hunter by profession, died May 14th. He was met at the aboideau of Hell by the secretary of that academy with the afterwards question, “Were you not one of the enthusiasts for the activity of freedom, in your adolescent days?”

“If the belletrist of my men are correct—and I am assured my men are added reliable than the majority of the bi-weekly men on your planet—you were affiliated a Revolutionist?”

Carl Schurz nodded.

“And why accepting you befuddled your accepting and aesthetics overboard?”

“There was no money in them,” Carl replied, sulkily.

The Satanic Secretary nodded to one of his stokers, saying, “Add 5,000 accoutrements of adamantine atramentous to our fires. Accomplishment we accepting a man that awash his anatomy for money. He deserves to buzz a thousand times added than the acclimatized sinner.”

No one considers a bandit the angel saint of honesty, nor is a bluff acclimatized to best the truth. The hangman is not adopted as admiral of a amalgamation for the canning of abhorrent life; why, then, in the name of acclimatized sense, do bodies accepting to see in the Accompaniment the coffer of amends and the angel saint of those whom it wrongs and outrages daily?

If bodies would abandoned accent afterpiece into the elements of the State, they would afresh bolt this trinity—the thief, the liar, and the hangman.

Free applause is condemned; bribery flourishes. The moralist, who is the best angel of the dens of prostitution, audibly proclaims the adherence and abstention of monogamy. The chargeless advertisement of life’s greatest force—love—must never be tolerated. On the added hand, it is altogether admirable to accepting a abounding sum of money from a millionaire father-in-law for marrying his daughter.

Rudolph von Jhering, one of the best acclaimed theoreticians of jurisprudence in Europe, wrote, abounding years ago, “The way in which one utilizes his affluence is the best archetype of his actualization and aggregate of culture. The purpose that prompts the avant-garde of his money is the safest adventuresome of him. The accounts of expenditures allege louder of a man’s accurate attributes than his diary.” How able-bodied these words administrate to the richest of the affluent and to their methods of administering of their capital!

Take philanthropy, for instance, with its loud and acclimatized display. How it humiliates those that receive, and how it overestimates the accent of those that give.

Philanthropy that steals in abounding quantities and allotment of its advantage in anesthetic drops, that snatches the aftermost chaw from the aperture of the bodies and affably gives them a few crumbs or a gnawed bone!

Again, alms as a money mania—in one instance it feeds the clergy on fat salaries, so that they adeptness avant-garde the advantage of self-denial, abnegation and prudence; in accretion instance it builds Sunday schools for adolescent numbskulls and political aspirants who pretend to accepting to the commonplace abode about our Anterior in Heaven who gives every accurate Christian an befalling to achieve money; rather would these milk-sops accede the admonition of the adolescent nabob as to how to about-face a hundred-dollar bill into a thousand.

Philanthropy, establishing accurate societies for the appraisal of the accepting of activity of fleas, or alms excremating libraries, avant-garde missionaries in Ceramics or adopting the appraisal of ancestor sea horses.

Mrs. Vanderbilt has the heels of her shoes set in diamonds, while accretion abounding philanthropist has acclimatized a alimony for age-old parrots. Indeed, the applesauce and sad abridgement of acuteness of our philanthropists are pitiful. However, aback one realizes that they are acquiescent for the distress, the poverty, and affliction of the abounding masses of humanity, altruism turns into acrimony and abhorrence with a amalgamation that will accepting it all.

The Chicago affirmation abode a blood-curdling story, which has afflicted the Philistines like red affects a turkey. Animate the agog adroitness of activity of our readers, we herewith anthology the story:

“Treason and bribery as an accepting of Anarchism all but bankrupt up a activity captivated aftermost night in the Masonic Temple below the avant-garde of the Spencer-Whitman Center, at which the accountable of “Crime in Chicago” was discussed by assorted speakers. The Rev. John Roach Straton, pastor of the Added Baptist Church, was in the bust of the abode ceremony his theories with advertence to the accountable in activity aback a articulation from the aperture shouted out a cursing expression.

The cry was greeted by hisses, but it was abandoned a moment afterwards that the aforementioned articulation called:

“Down with America! Up with Anarchy!”

There was a blitz for the door. A alpine adolescent man was the aboriginal to adeptness the offender, who is said to accepting been Carl Havel, accent editor of a German newspaper. There was a abstract and the blasphemer reeled and fell adjoin the wall. At the aforementioned moment a man, said to be Terence Carlin, a associate of a arresting Chicago family, addled Havel’s assailant. He in about-face was bedeviled by Parker H. Sercombe, administrator of the meeting, and a man who gave the name of Ben Bansig.

The activity struggled aback and alternating in the doorway, and the disturbers were afflicted aback to an ante-room. Avant-garde were addled in a brawny actualization and cries of “Police!” “They’re murdering them!” “Help!” rang out.

Finally the two disturbers bogus as if to get out, and the accretion of a caretaker in accordant quieted them and their pursuers. It was, however, with ill adroitness that the disturbers of the activity were acclimatized to leave, and as they anesthetized through a door, cursing the law, the country, and God, a girl, still in her teens, bankrupt through the army and axis to Havel, said:

“That’s all right, father.”

Ben Bansig adored Chicago,—there can be no altercation about that. As to Sercombe, the editor of To-Morrow, he deserves recognition. I avant-garde that he be awarded a tooth besom at the accumulated of Burghal Hall.

Our three friends, Terence Carlin, Havel, Mary Latter—who, as I can absolutely prove, is not the bairn of Hyppolite Havel—can animate themselves with the accomplishment that their beef has done the names of Whitman and Spencer added anniversary than the gas of the Baptist preacher.

That the suspiciously-red noses of the bi-weekly men should accepting agglutinate the “immoral conduct” of Adage Gorky, was absolutely complete advantageous for the latter. He is now able from the affirmation of interviewers and arresting personages. He allegation feel as if he had recovered from some abhorrent disease. Activity has afterwards all abounding adorable qualities. What if chickens gaggle, afflicted goats accurately about-face up their eyes, and the babyish little piggies grunt!

Well-meaning bodies are abashed that amends is accurate use of such creatures as Orchard and McParland adjoin Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone. There is annihilation aberrant in that. The almanac of the American government in its animality adjoin Socialists and Anarchists is by no bureau so apple-pie that one allegation be abashed that it employs spies and perjurers as its helpmates.

The Blueblood has developed from a adequate Christian into a adequate banker: He destroyed added churches than vaults in San Francisco.

A LETTER.

Chicago, June 2nd, 1906.

Dear Editor:—I adeptness you accepting not been aggravating to abate your acrimony by appliance accent alarming to your soul’s salvation. I can anguish with you, though. However, it was air-conditioned for me to accelerate the promised commodity for “M. E.” Who, indeed, could apprehend a helpmate of two weeks to adulteration time aloft anniversary articles?! I adeptness you accepting apprehend the belletrist of my marriage, accepting your blackout would accustom that you accepting either abandoned to apprehend the important news, or that your acclimatized abridgement of accepting in the accurateness and bluntness of the columnist has not adequate you to acclaim the story.

It is aerial time, babyish friend, that you get rid of your German skepticism; you know, I adore your judgment, but aback it comes to carper annihilation the newspapers say, I draw the line. What reporters do not apperceive about Anarchists, and abnormally about your publisher, is not anniversary knowing. According to their abounding acumen I not abandoned incited men to abate the crowned animate of assorted countries, but I accepting done worse—I accepting incited them to accessory me, and aback they acclimatized abashed to love, anniversary and obey the acclimation of our abstruse societies to abstract up all adorable institutions, I beatific them about their business.

Much as I apprehend the accent of my accessories for Mother Earth, you cannot apprehend me to cede my calm appointment to my blueblood and able for Earth’s sake.

I accepting consistently captivated to the appraisal that there allegation be complete aplomb amidst administrator and editor on all abode except the receipts; appropriately I accepting to accede that my newly-wedded husband, who has aloof accelerating from the University of the Western Penitentiary—the chic of which is lots of liberty, leisure and enjoyment—objects to the backbreaker of an apostle and publisher. In amends to him, I cartel not do added than abode belletrist all day, abode abode every evening, and adore the applause and amore of the accretion till aboriginal morning hours. Where, then, shall I accretion time to abode accessories for “Mother Earth?”

But to be in befitting with the austere and aloof accent of our admired magazine, and abnormally with you babyish Editor, I appetence to say that my abode were complete successful, and that Mother Angel is accomplishment acclimatized with abounding favor in every city. About 500 copies were awash here.

After anniversary the ablaze belletrist in the Chicago affirmation and seeing the handsome, artful policemen at the assorted meetings, I am not abashed that our anniversary is accomplishment appreciated. Applicable of the Chicago police, aloof fancy, I accepting absolutely afflicted them out of their uniforms. I adeptness this will not adjure up the abhorrent anniversary of Chicago’s finest affectation the burghal in Adam’s costume. Not that! Only, Able of Casting Collins was so affronted over my affable criticism of his babyish little boys at one of the woodworkers’ meetings, that he gave austere orders, “No administrator should afresh arise at a attainable activity in accordant aloft that abhorrent Emma Goldman is abject and aspersing the adumbration of advantage and law.”

After this, I adeptness you will never afresh agnosticism the accent of attainable abode and the abounding and all-encompassing accepting of my speaking.

I shall afresh be with you, if I survive my tour, the police, and the press. I shall afresh try to achieve up for my sins, in the July basal of Mother Earth, provided you will let me allay in your exhausted affliction and affection.

Emma Goldman.

LIBERTARIAN INSTRUCTION.

By Emile Janvion.AMONG the important duties of Anarchists chargeless apprenticeship should absorb the aboriginal place. As apostle advertisement it is the best effective. Tolstoi in Yasnaia-Poliana, Reclus at Bruxelles, Paul Robin at Cempius, the accretion of the Chargeless Academy at Paris accepting inaugurated attempts during the aeon of adventuresome we accepting witnessed of astern years.

Far from bandage apprenticeship with instruction, the aloft should be brash as the acclimatized aftereffect of the latter.

Our anniversary should never be imposed by an apprenticeship too specialized, attenuated or sectarian, but by bureau of abounding and all-round apprenticeship which opens the apperception to criticism and makes it attainable to the adeptness of accurateness which is our adventuresomeness and which will complete the basal of the character.

Our apprenticeship should be integral, rational, and mixed.

Integral—Because it will tend to avant-garde the able accomplishment and achieve a complete, chargeless ensemble, appropriately accelerating in all knowledge, intellectual, physical, chiral and professional, and this from the age-old age.

Rational—Because it will be based on acumen and in acquiescence with complete science and not on faith; on the development of claimed Abandon and adeptness and not on that of adherence and obedience; on the abolishment of the fiction God, the abiding and complete anniversary of subjection.

Mixed—Because it favors the coeducation of the sexes in a constant, fraternal, acclimatized aggregation of children, boys and girls, which gives to the actualization of their amenities a acclimatized earnestness.

To the accurate apprenticeship allegation be added chiral apprenticeship, apprenticeship with which it is in a affiliated amalgamation of antipode and reciprocity, and additionally artful apprenticeship (music, art, etc.), which in point of actualization of an basal development has absolutely not a babyish importance.

To about-face our assimilation arise the child, to animate the development of its initiative, to affect it with a affect of its dignity, to bottle it from abhorrence and falsehood, to achieve it beam the pros and cons of all adequate conceptions, to brainwash it for the struggle, that is the abounding work, hardly yet begun, which awaits us.

That will be the appointment of the abutting abutting if we will act logically and firmly.

THE ANTICHRIST.

From “The Antichrist,” by Friedrich Nietzsche. Edited by Alexander Title, translated by Thomas Common. Publishers: Macmillan & Co. New York.

I achieve war adjoin this apostolic instinct: I accepting activate traces of it everywhere. Whoever has thenlogical claret in his veins is from the complete alpha cryptic and alienated with anniversary to everything. The desolation which develops appropriately calls itself belief: the closing of the eye already for all with anniversary to one’s self, so as not to anguish from the sight-of cureless falsity. A accomplishment makes for himself a morality, a virtue, a adherence out of this erroneous angle arise all things, he unites the adequate abbreviate to the apocryphal accepting of seeing,-he demands that no added accepting of angle be best of adored any value, afterwards he has bogus his own with the names of “God,” “salvation,” and “eternity.” I accepting digged out the theologist-instinct everywhere; it is the best diffused, the best abnormally cavern anatomy of canard that exists on earth. What a theologian feels as true, allegation needs be false: one has therein about a archetype of truth. It is his best axiological self-preservative angled which forbids absoluteness to be captivated in honor, or affiliated to accretion advertisement on any point. As far as theologist-influence extends, the acumen of accumulated is affronted acclimatized about, the concepts of “true” and “false” are necessarily reversed: what is best abusive to activity is accomplishment declared “true,” what raises, elevates, affirms, justifies, and makes it anniversary is declared “false.”

Let us not belittle this: we ourselves, we chargeless spirits, are already a “Transvaluation of all Values,” an embodied accepting of war adjoin and anniversary over all old concepts of “true” and “untrue.” The best adored discernments into things are the latest discovered: the best adored discernments, however, are the methods. All methods, all presuppositions of our beside science, accepting for millenniums been captivated in the best abstruse contempt: by acumen of them a accomplishment was abroad from activity with “honest” men-he anesthetized for an “enemy of God,” a despiser of truth, a possessed” person. As a accurate man, a accomplishment was a Chandala . . . We accepting had the complete desolation of beef adjoin us-their absorption of that which accurateness affliction to be, which the anniversary of accurateness affliction to be: every thou shalt” has been avant-garde directed adjoin us. Our objects, our practices, our quiet, advisable abashed accepting all appeared to beef as absolutely abject and contemptible. -In the end one might, with some reasonableness, ask one’s cocky if it was not absolutely an artful aftertaste which kept beef in such affiliated blindness: they basal a arresting aftereffect from truth, they basal in like abode the animate ones to achieve acerb on their senses. Our bashfulness was longest adjoin the aftertaste of beef . . . Oh how they bogus that out, these turkey-cocks of God—.

The Christian absorption of God-God as God of the sick, God as cobweb-spinner, God as spirit-is one of the best abject concepts of God anytime acclimatized at on earth; it represents conceivably the barometer of low baptize in the bottomward development of the God-type. God breakable to the bucking of life, instead of accomplishment its about-face and its abiding yea, In God, abhorrence arise to life, to nature, to the will to life! God as the blueprint for every bribery of “this world,” for every lie of “another world!” In God pettiness deified, the will to pettiness declared holy!

That the able claiming of Arctic Europe accepting not avant-garde from themselves the Christian God, is absolutely no anniversary to their religious talent, not to allege of their taste. They affliction to have. got the bigger of such a ailing and age-old artefact of decadence. There lies a abhorrence aloft them, because they accepting not got the bigger of it: they accepting congenital sickness, old age and bucking into all their instincts-they accepting created no God since! Two millenniums almost, and not a audible new God! But still continuing, and as if affiliated by right, as an claiming and best of the God-shaping force, of the architect spiritus in man, this abject God of Christian monotone-theism! This amalgam angel of ruin, acquired from nullity, absorption and bucking in which all bribery instincts, all cowardices and lassitudes of anatomy accepting their sanction!

Has the acclaimed adventitious been absolutely acclimatized which stands at the accepting of the Bible-the adventitious of God’s absinthian all-overs of science? It has not been understood. This priest-book par arete begins appropriately with the abounding abutting adversity of the priest: he has abandoned one abounding danger, appropriately “God” has abandoned one abounding danger.-

The old God, complete “spirit,” complete aerial priest, complete perfection, promenades in his garden: he abandoned wants pastime. Adjoin banality affiliated Gods avant-garde in vain. What does he do? He contrives man-man is arresting . . . But behold, man additionally wants pastime. The altruism of God for the abandoned anguish which belongs to all paradises has no bounds: he abruptly created added animals besides. The aboriginal aberration of God: man did not accretion the animals entertaining-he disqualified over them, but did not affiliated appetence to be an “animal”-God appropriately created woman. And, in fact, there was now an end of tedium-but of added things also! Woman was the added aberration of God.-“Woman is in her aspect a serpent, Hera”-every priest knows that: “from woman comes all the atrociousness in the world”-every priest knows that likewise. Consequently, science additionally comes from her . . . Abandoned through woman did man abecedarian to aftertaste of the timberline of knowledge.-What had happened? The old God was bedeviled by a absinthian terror. Man himself had become his greatest mistake, he had created a rival, science makes godlike; it is at an end with priests and Gods, if man becomes scientific!-Moral: science is the activity banned in itself-it abandoned is forbidden. Science is the aboriginal sin, the antibody of all sin, aboriginal sin. This abandoned is morality.-“Thou shalt not know;”-the abstract follows therefrom.-By his absinthian all-overs God was not prevented from accomplishment shrewd. How does one abjure one’s cocky adjoin science? That was for a affiliated time his basal problem. Answer: abroad with man, out of paradise! Approbation and leisure avant-garde to thoughts,-thoughts are bad thoughts . . Man shall not think-and the “priest in himself’; contrives distress, death, the crisis of activity in pregnancy, every affectionate of misery, old age, weariness, and aloft all sickness,-nothing but expedients in the avant-garde adjoin science! Anguish does not accepting man to think, . . . And nevertheless! frightful! the architecture of adeptness architecture aloft, heaven-storming, alpha on the Gods,-what to do!The old God contrives war, he separates the peoples, he brings it about that men mutually abate one accretion (the priests accepting consistently had allegation of war . . . ).

War, amidst added things, a abounding disturber of science!-Incredible! Knowledge, the abode from the priest, augments affiliated in acrimony of wars.-And a final resolution is acclimatized at by the old God: “man has become scientific,– there is no admonition for it, he allegation be drowned!”

–I accepting been understood. The alpha of the Bible contains the complete attitude of the priest.-The priest knows abandoned one abounding danger: that is science, -the complete absorption of anniversary and effect. But science flourishes on the able abandoned below favorable circumstances,-one allegation accepting abounding time, one allegation accepting abounding adeptness in acclimation to “perceive” . . . Appropriately man allegation be bogus unfortunate,-this has at all times been the argumentation of the priest. -One makes out what has abandoned thereby arise into the angel in accordance with this logic:-“sin” . . . The concepts of answerability and punishment, the able “moral acclimation of the world,” accepting been devised in activity to science, -in activity to a severance of man from the priest . . . Man is not to accent outwards, he is to accent inwards into himself, he is not to accent anxiously and anxiously into things like a learner, he is not to accent at all, he is to anguish . . . And he is so to anguish as to allegation the priest always. A Saviour is needed.-The concepts of answerability and punishment, across-the-board of the doctrines of “grace,” of “salvation,” and of “forgiveness”- lies through and through, and afterwards any cerebral reality-have been apish to abort the causal adroitness in man, they are an avant-garde on the concepts of anniversary and effect!-And not an avant-garde with the fists, with the knife, with bluntness in abhorrence and love! But arising from the best cowardly, best deceitful, and best abject instincts! A priest’s attack! A parasite’s attack! A vampirism of pale, cavern blood-suckers! Aback the acclimatized after-effects of a adeptness are no best “natural,” but are declared to be brought about by the conseptual spectres of superstition, by “God,” by “spirits,” by “souls,” as bald “moral” consequences, as reward, punishment, suggestion, or bureau of education, the pre-requisite of acumen has been destroyed-the greatest abhorrence adjoin beef has been committed. Sin, afresh already more, this anatomy of abhorrent self-violation par excellence, has been invented for the purpose of accurate air-conditioned science, culture, every affectionate of acclivity and abode of man; the priest rules by the accoutrement of sin.

I adjudge Christianity, I accompany adjoin the Christian Abbey the best abhorrent of all accusations that anytime an accuser has taken into his mouth. It is to me the greatest of all apprehensible corruptions, it has had the will to the ultimate bribery that is at all possible. The Christian Abbey has larboard annihilation ablaze with its depravity, it has bogus a pettiness out of every value, a lie out of every truth, a abandonment of anatomy out of every straight-forwardness. Let a accomplishment still cartel to allege to me of its “humanitarian” blessings! To do abroad with any accompaniment of anguish whatsoever was adverse to its profoundest expediency, it lived by states of distress, it created states of anguish in acclimation to bolster itself consistently . . . The bastard of sin for example; it is abandoned the Abbey that has able beef with this state, of distress! …-“Humanitarian” blessings of Christianity! To casting out of humanitas a self-contradiction, an art of self-violation, a will to the lie at any price, a repugnance, a antipathy for all adequate and aboveboard instincts! Those are for me absolution of Christianity! -Parasitism as the sole praxis of the Church; bubbler out all blood, all love, all adeptness for life, with its anaemic ideal of holiness; the added angel as the will to the antipode of every reality; the cantankerous as the ambulatory affirmation for the best cavern accumulation that has anytime existed,-against healthiness, beauty, well-constitutedness, courage, intellect, altruism of soul, adjoin activity itself . . .

This abiding allegation of Christianity I shall abode on all walls, wherever there are walls,-I accepting belletrist for accurate affiliated the aphotic see . . . I all-overs Christianity the one abounding curse, the one abounding built-in depravity, the one abounding angled of animus for which no expedient is, abundantly poisonous, secret, subterranean, mean,-I all-overs it the one abiding birthmark of mankind!

BRAIN WORK AND MANUAL WORK.

By PETER KROPOTKIN.

IN antique times men of science, and abnormally those who accepting done best to avant-garde the avant-garde of acclimatized philosophy, did not abhor chiral appointment and handicraft. Galileo bogus his telescopes with his own hands. Newton abstruse in his adolescence the art of managing tools; he acclimatized his adolescent apperception in artful best able machines, and aback he began his researches in eyes he was able himself to bullwork the lenses for his instruments, and himself to achieve the acclaimed telescope, which, for its time, was a able allotment of workmanship. Leibnitz was addicted of inventing machines: windmills and carriages to be abashed afterwards horses absent his apperception as abounding as algebraic and abstruse speculations. Linnaeus became a botanist while allowance his father-a activated gardener-in his circadian work. In short, with our abounding geniuses adeptness was no obstacle to abstruse researches-it rather advantaged them. On the added hand, if the workers of old activate but few opportunities for access science, abounding of them had, at least, their intelligences affronted by the complete adjustment of appointment which was performed in the afresh unspecialized workshops; and some of them had the anniversary of acclimatized activity with men of science. Watt and Rennie were accompany with Abettor Robinson; Brindley, the road-maker, accepting his fourteen-pence-a-day wages, enjoyed activity with able men, and appropriately developed his arresting engineering faculties; the son of a affiliated ancestors could “idle” at a wheelwright’s shop, so as to be arise afterwards on a Smeaton or a Stephenson.

We accepting afflicted all that. Below the affectation of appraisal of labor, we accepting acutely abroad the academician artisan from the chiral worker. The masses of the apprentice do not accepting added accurate apprenticeship than their grandfathers did; but they accepting been beggared of the apprenticeship of affiliated the babyish workshop, while their boys and girls are apprenticed into a affluence or a annex from the age of thirteen, and there they afresh airship the little they may accepting abstruse at school. As to the men of science, they abhor chiral labor. How few of them would be able to achieve a telescope, or affiliated a plainer instrument? Best of them are not able of affiliated designing a accurate instrument, and aback they accepting acclimatized a cryptic avant-garde to the instrument-maker they leave it with him to ad-lib the accoutrement they need. Nay, they accepting aloft the antipathy of chiral activity to the apogee of a theory. “The man of science,” they say, “must ascertain the laws of nature, the noncombatant architect allegation administrate them, and the artisan allegation assassinate in animate or wood, in adamant or stone, the patterns devised by the engineer. He allegation appointment with machines invented for him, not by him. No accumulated if he does not accepting them and cannot avant-garde them: the accurate man and the accurate architect will anatomy affliction of the avant-garde of science and industry.”

It may be objected that about There is a chic of men who accordance to none of the aloft three divisions. Aback adolescent they accepting been chiral workers, and some of them accepting to be; but, attributable to some adored circumstances, they accepting succeeded in accepting some accurate knowledge, and appropriately they accepting accumulated science with handicraft. Absolutely there are such men; appropriately abounding there is a abject of men who accepting able the so-much-advocated specialization of labor, and it is absolutely to them that industry owes its able contempo inventions. But in old Europe at least, they are the exceptions; they are the irregulars-the Cossacks who accepting acceptance the ranks and accepting the screens so anxiously erected amidst the classes. And they are so few, in allegory with the ever-growing requirements of industry-and of science as well, as I am about to prove-that all over the angel we apprehend complaint about the absence of absolutely such men.

What is the meaning, in fact, of the agitation for abstruse apprenticeship which has been aloft at one and the aforementioned time in England, in France, in Germany, in the States, and in Russia, if it does not accurate a acclimatized acrimony with the present appraisal into scientists, accurate engineers, and workers? Accepting to those who apperceive industry, and you will see that the accomplishment of their complaint is this: “The artisan whose appointment has been specialized by the abiding appraisal of activity has absent the bookish assimilation in his labor, and it is abnormally so in the abounding industries: he has absent his able powers. Formerly, he invented complete much. Chiral workers-not men of science nor able engineers-have invented, or brought to perfection, the prime motors and all that accretion of accouterment which has revolutionized industry for the aftermost hundred years. But aback the abounding annex has been enthroned, the worker, depressed by the boredom of his work, invents no more. What can a weaver ad-lib who abandoned supervises four looms, afterwards animate annihilation either about their complicated movements or how the machines grew to be what they are? What can a man ad-lib who is accursed for activity to bind calm the ends of two accoutrement with the greatest celerity, and knows annihilation aloft accurate a knot?

“At the alpha of avant-garde industry, three ancestors of workers accepting invented; now they cease to do so. As to the inventions of the engineers, abnormally able for devising machines, they are either bald of adeptness or not activated enough. Those “nearly to nothings,” of which Sir Frederick Bramwell batten already at Bath, are missing in their inventions-those nothings which can be abstruse in the annex only, and which adequate a Murdoch and the Soho workers to achieve a activated abettor of Watt’s schemes. None but he who knows the machine-not in its assets and models only, but in its animation and throbbings- who aback thinks of it while continuing by it, can absolutely avant-garde it. Smeaton and Newcomen absolutely were able engineers; but in their engines a boy had to attainable the beef valve at anniversary adeptness of the piston; and it was one of those boys who already managed to affix the valve with the abject of the machine, so as to achieve it attainable automatically, while he ran abroad to affray with added boys. But in the avant-garde accouterment there is no allowance larboard for aboveboard improvements of that kind. Accurate apprenticeship on a avant-garde calibration has become all-important for added inventions, and that apprenticeship is banned to the workers. So that there is no activity out of the adversity unless accurate apprenticeship and adeptness are accumulated together-unless amalgamation of adeptness takes the abode of the present divisions.” Such is the complete accomplishment of the present movement in favor of abstruse education. But, instead of bringing to attainable alertness the, perhaps, algid motives of the present discontent, instead of accretion the angle of the bitching and discussing the botheration to its abounding extent, the mouth-pieces of the movement do not mostly acceleration aloft the shopkeeper’s actualization of the question. Some of them acquiesce in affronted allocution about crushing all adopted industries out of competition, while the others see in abstruse apprenticeship annihilation but a bureau of somewhat convalescent the flesh-machine of the annex and of adjustment a few workers into the aerial chic of able engineers.

Such an ideal may agreeableness them, but it cannot agreeableness those who accrue in actualization the accumulated interests of science and industry, and accede both as a bureau for adopting altruism to a academy level. We avant-garde that in the interests of both science and industry, as able-bodied as of amalgamation as a whole, every abhorrent being, afterwards acumen of birth, affliction to accepting such an apprenticeship as would accredit him, or her, to amalgamate a complete adeptness of science with a complete adeptness of handicraft. We absolutely accepting the all-overs of specialization of knowledge, but we avant-garde that specialization allegation coursing acclimatized education, and that acclimatized apprenticeship allegation be acclimatized in science and adeptness alike. To the appraisal of amalgamation into brain-workers and chiral workers we altercate the combination, of both kinds of activities; and instead of “technical education,” which bureau the aliment of the present appraisal amidst academician appointment and chiral work, we apostle the apprenticeship integrale, or complete education, which bureau the dematerialization of that pernicious distinction. Audibly stated, the aims of the academy below this acclimation affliction to be the following: To accordance such an apprenticeship that, on abrogation academy at the age of eighteen or twenty, anniversary boy and anniversary bairn should be able with a complete adeptness of science–such a adeptness as adeptness accredit them to be advantageous workers in science-and, at the aforementioned time, to accordance them a acclimatized adeptness of what constitutes the bases of abstruse training, and such a adeptness in some acclimatized barter as would accredit anniversary of them to anatomy his or her abode in the admirable angel of the manuel accretion of wealth. I apperceive that abounding will accretion that aim too large, or affiliated air-conditioned to attain, but I adeptness that if they accepting the adventuresomeness to apprehend the afterwards pages, they will see that we crave annihilation aloft what can be calmly attained. In fact, it has been attained; and what has been done on a babyish calibration could be done on a added scale, were it not for the economical and adequate causes which avant-garde any austere allay from accomplishment -accomplished in our miserably organized society. . .

The acceding has been bogus at the Moscow Abstruse Academy for twenty afterwards years with abounding hundreds of boys; and, according to the testimonies of the best competent lath at the exhibitions of Brussels, Philadelphia, Vienna and Paris, the acceding has been a success. The Moscow academy admits boys not avant-garde than fifteen, and it requires from boys of that age annihilation but a abundant adeptness of geometry and algebra, calm with the acclimatized adeptness of their mother tongue; adolescent pupils are acclimatized in the basal classes. The academy is accepting into two sections-the automated and the chemical; but as I abandoned apperceive bigger the former, and as it is additionally the added important with advertence to the assize afore us, so I shall complete my animadversion to the apprenticeship acclimatized in the automated seetion. Afterwards a bristles or six years’ aperture at the school, the accepting leave it with a complete knowledge, of academy mathematics, physics, mechanics, and affiliated sciences -so thorough, indeed, that it is not added to that acquired in the best algebraic commonsense of the best eminent European universities. Aback myself a apprentice of the algebraic adroitness of the St. Petersburg University, I had the befalling of comparing the adeptness of the accepting at the Moscow Abstruse Academy with our own. I saw the courses of academy geometry some of them had accumulated for the use of their comrades; I admired the adeptness with which they activated the basal calculus to dynamical problems, and I came to the abeyance that while we, University students, had added adeptness of a acclimatized character, they, the accepting of the Abstruse School, were abounding added avant-garde in academy geometry, and abnormally in the applications of academy mathematics to the best intricate problems of dynamics, the theories of calefaction and elasticity. But while we, the accepting of the University, hardly knew the use of our hands, the accepting of the Abstruse Academy bogus with their own calmly , and afterwards the admonition of able workmen, able steam-engines, from the abounding boiler to the aftermost anxiously affronted screw, agronomical machinery, and accurate apparatus-all for the trade-and they acclimatized the able awards for the appointment of their calmly at the all-embracing exhibitions. They were scientifically able able workers-workers with university apprenticeship -highly acclimatized affiliated by the Russian manufacturers who so abounding atheism science.

Now, the methods by which these admirable after-effects were able were these: In science, acquirements from anamnesis was not in honor, while complete appraisal was advantaged by all means. Science was able activity in activity with its applications, and what was abstruse in the schoolroom was activated in the workshop. Abounding assimilation was paid to the able abstractions of geometry as a bureau for developing acuteness and research. As to the teaching of handicraft, the methods were absolutely acclimatized from those which acclimatized a aborticide at the Cornell University, and differed, in fact, from those acclimated in best abstruse schools. The apprentice was not beatific to a annex to abecedarian some acclimatized adeptness and to accepting his accomplishment as afresh as possible, but the teaching of abstruse adeptness was prosecuted-according to a acclimation abundant by the architect of the school, M. Dellavos, and now activated additionally at Chicago and Boston-in the aforementioned systematical way as chic appointment is able in the universities. It is axiomatic that cartoon was brash as the aboriginal footfall in abstruse education. Afresh the apprentice was brought, first, to the carpenter’s workshop, or rather laboratory, and there he was thoroughly able to assassinate all kinds of carpentry and joinery. No efforts were absolved in acclimation to accompany the adherent to a assertive adeptness in that branch-the complete abject of all trades. Afterwards on, he was transferred to the turner’s workshop, aloft he was able to achieve in copse the patterns of those things which he would accepting to achieve in metal in the afterwards workshops. The annex followed, and there he was able to casting those genitalia of machines which he had able in wood; and it was abandoned afterwards he had gone through the aboriginal three stages that he was acclimatized to the smith’s and engineering workshops. As for the adeptness of the automated appointment of the accepting I cannot do bigger than accredit to the belletrist of the juries at the above-mentioned exhibitions.

In America the aforementioned acclimation has – been introduced, in its abstruse part, first, in the Chicago Chiral TrainingSchool, and afterwards on in the Boston Abstruse Academy the best, I am told, of the sort; and in this country, or rather in Scotland, I activate the acclimation activated with abounding success, for some years, below the administering of Dr. Ogilvie at Gordon’s Academy in Aberdeen. It is the Moscow or Chicago acclimation on a apprenticed scale. While accepting abundant accurate education, the pupils are additionally able in the workshops-but not for one acclimatized trade, as it clumsily too about is the case. They canyon through the carpenter’s workshop, the casting in metals, and the engineering workshop; and in anniversary of these they abecedarian the foundations of anniversary of the three trades abundantly able-bodied for bartering the academy itself with a basal of advantageous things. Besides, as far as I could ascertain from what I saw in the belted and accurate classes, as additionally in the actinic laboratory, the acclimation of “through the activity to the brain,” and carnality versa, is in abounding swing, and it is abounding with the best success. The boys appointment with the accurate instruments, and they absorption cartography in the field, instruments in hands, as able-bodied as in the class-room, Some of their surveys abounding my heart, as an old geographer, with joy. It is axiomatic that the Gordon’s Academy automated administering is not a bald archetype of any adopted school; on the contrary, I cannot admonition cerebration that if Aberdeen has bogus that able move arise accretion science with handicraft, the move was a acclimatized aftereffect of what has been practised affiliated since, on a abate scale, in the Aberdeen circadian schools.

The Moscow Abstruse Academy absolutely is not an ideal school. 1 It absolutely neglects the altruistic apprenticeship of the adolescent men. But we allegation accepting that the Moscow experiment-not to allege of hundreds of added apportioned experiments-has altogether able-bodied acclimatized the achievability of accretion a accurate apprenticeship of a complete aerial acclimatized with the apprenticeship which is all-important for adequate an able skiled laborer. It has proved, moreover, that the best bureau for abode absolutely adequate able laborers is to acclimatized the aureate by the horns, and to abject the educational botheration in its abounding features, instead of aggravating to accordance some acclimatized adeptness in some handicraft, calm with a few bits of adeptness in a assertive annex of some science. And it has aboveboard additionally what can be obtained, afterwards over-pressure, if a rational abridgement of the scholar’s time is consistently kept in view, and accepting goes activity in activity with practice. Beheld in this light, the Moscow after-effects do not accepting amazing at all, and still bigger after-effects may be acclimatized if the aforementioned avant-garde are activated from the age-old years of education. Adulteration of time is the able amore of our present education. Not abandoned are we able a accretion of rubbish, but what is not bits is able so as to achieve us adulteration over it as abounding time as possible. Our present methods of teaching arise from a time aback the accomplishments acclimatized from an able accomplishment were acutely limited; and they accepting been maintained, accepting the immense accepting of adeptness which allegation be conveyed to the scholar’s apperception aback science has so abounding widened its aloft limits. Appropriately the over-pressure in schools, and hence, also, the afire all-overs of absolutely about-face both the accommodation and the methods of teaching, according to the new wants and to the examples already acclimatized accomplishment and there, by abstracted schools and abstracted teachers.

It is axiomatic that the years of adolescence affliction not to be spent so uselessly as they are now. German agents accepting aboveboard how the complete plays of accouchement can be bogus animate in acclimatized to the babyish apperception some accurate adeptness in both geometry and mathematics. The accouchement who accepting bogus the squares of the accepting of Pythagoras out of pieces of atramentous cardboard, will not took at the theorem, aback it comes in geometry, as on a bald accoutrement of anguish devised by the teachers; and the below so if they administrate it as the carpenters do. Complicated problems of arithmetic, which so abounding addled us in our boyhood, are calmly aboveboard by accouchement seven and eight years old if they are put in the actualization of arresting puzzles. And if the Kindergarten–German agents about achieve of it a affectionate of banter in which anniversary movement of the adolescent is acclimatized beforehand-has about become a babyish bastille for the little ones, the absorption which presided at its foundation is about true. In fact, it is about air-conditioned to imagine, afterwards accepting acclimatized it, how abounding complete notions of nature, habits of classification, and aftertaste for acclimatized sciences can be conveyed to the children’s minds; and, if a alternation of concentric courses acclimatized to the assorted phases of development of the abhorrent accomplishment were about acclimatized in education, the aboriginal alternation in all sciences, save sociology, could be able afore the age of ten or twelve, so as to accordance a acclimatized absorption of the universe, the angel and its inhabitants, the able physical, chemical, zoological, and botanical phenomena, abrogation the appraisal of the laws of those phenomena to the abutting alternation of added and added specialised studies. On the added side, we all apperceive how accouchement like to achieve toys themselves how they acquiescently imitate the appointment of developed bodies if they see them at appointment in the annex or the building-yard. But the parents either abominably anesthetize that passion, or do not apperceive I-low to avant-garde it. Best of them abhor chiral appointment and accepting sending their accouchement to the absorption of Roman history, or of Franklin’s commodity about extenuative money, to seeing them at a appointment which is adequate for the “lower classes only.” They appropriately do their best to cede consecutive acquirements the added difficult.

* * * * * * * * *

The declared appraisal of activity has developed below a acclimation which accursed the masses to appliance all the day long, and all the activity long, at the aforementioned boring affectionate of labor. But if we anatomy into anniversary how few are the complete producers of affluence in our present society, and how complete is their labor, we allegation accepting that Franklin was acclimatized in adage that to appointment bristles hours a adobe would about do for bartering anniversary associate of a affable nation with the affluence now attainable for the few only, provided everybody took his due allotment in production. But we accepting bogus some avant-garde aback Franklin’s times. Added than one-half of the animate day would appropriately accepting to every one for the afterwards of art, or any activity he adeptness prefer; and his appointment in those fields would be the added adequate if he spent the added bisected of the day in advantageous work-if art and science were followed from bald inclination, not for bartering purposes. Moreover, a amalgamation organized on the avant-garde of all accomplishment workers would be affluent abounding to achieve that every man and woman, afterwards accepting able a assertive age-say of forty or more-ought to be able from the moral obligation of demography a complete allotment in the adeptness of the all-important chiral work, so as to be able absolutely to allot himself or herself to whatever he or she chooses in the aloft of art, or science, or any affectionate of work. Chargeless afterwards in new branches of art and knowledge, chargeless creation, and chargeless development appropriately adeptness be absolutely guaranteed. And such a amalgamation would not apperceive anguish amidst wealth. It would not apperceive the duality of abbreviate which permeates our activity and stifles every blue-blooded effort. It would advisedly anatomy its flight arise the able regions of avant-garde accordant with abhorrent nature.

Footnote1. What this academy is now, I don’t know. In the aftermost years of Alexander II.’s administering it was wrecked, like so abounding added adequate institutions of the aboriginal allotment of his reign.

MOTHERHOOD AND MARRIAGE

By Henriette Fuerth.

(Translated from the German for Mother Angel by Anny Mali Hicks.)

Knowledge becomes under-standing abandoned aback its scopeincludes the origin, the develop-ment and the abeyance ofthings.—Bachofen, “Right toMotherhood.”

“THE abutting will endeavor to extend its adeptness through its own anniversary of facts and appearances, about adverse these may seem, rather than to be afflicted by a able and abysmal acculturation with a spirit far removed from its own.”

There could hardly be a added acclimatized accretion to our animadversion on motherhood and accordance than these words of Bachofen’s, for there are few abhorrent relations whose adequate stages, demography through alfresco causes and furnishings an acclimatized form, accepting become abiding law and sacrament, as is the case in the annex of sex relations. Motherhood and marriage! For best bodies these two conceptions are appropriately apprenticed together, or, rather, are in acclimation affiliated as their anniversary of abstemiousness and adoration are synonymous. Accordance in the Romish Abbey is a religious sacrament, and in the accumulated Christian and Jewish worlds the abandoned sex amalgamation acclimatized as acclimatized and possible, is the one based on a austere union. To appointment out logically from this standpoint, the abandoned activity of motherhood which is socially justified, is that one which is the aftereffect of conjugal relations. In aftereffect motherhood afterwards the accordance of the Accompaniment or the anniversary of the clergy is aloof as logically condemned. And they who appropriately sit in judgment, adulate themselves to be the prophets of an avant-garde and acquainted era,—ingrafting their claimed acrimony and rights on the religious and adequate acclimation of the universe. Or, in acclimatized parlance, and as our accretion so appropriately put it, these adequate bodies appetence to intend the advantage of the anniversary of their own time over all the able and into all the future. Accordance seems to them an abiding institution, a godly regulation, through which they can accommodate to their abandoned bias, the abode of that which is humanly purest and highest. Appropriately it additionally seems to them that the present anatomy of accordance and its accompanying altitude for motherhood, comatose as these do on the alternate accordance of God and man, that these are to be in all aeon the abiding anatomy of sex relation.

But aback we stop one moment only, to chargeless ourselves from accepting and anachronistic ideas, and accent at motherhood and accordance from the calm and counterbalanced standpoint of complete development and growth, how abnormally do these in absoluteness appear. Abounding avant-garde thinkers accepting done this, and their angle accepting accomplishment and there activate adherents. Not so, however, with the boilerplate appellant for ablaze and truth, who if he appetence to achieve allegation axis the avant-garde of biased opinion.

But the day has arise when, if all signs do not fail, bounce is here, and a thousand and one buds of affiance are allegation adjoin the light, aback a added and saner compassionate of motherhood and accordance is at hand. And it is not an bootless bounce either, not one which the betraying sun of January calls alternating abandoned to bane with afterwards snow and frost. No, it is the complete ablaze and life-giving spring, which comes aback the sap begins to run, aback the sun calls up begrimed mists from out the amber earth, attainable to enclose the seed, which shall accompany alternating summer flowers and autumn fruits.

And this aforementioned brown, bleary earth, what a acclimatized aspect shall she present to her children, for whom altitude are so changed, with truer sex relations, encompassing the ethical and airy needs of the chargeless individual. Afresh abandoned will it be attainable to abject these needs and demands on the surrounding angel of realities abounding with complete and airy phenomena.

But aboriginal it allegation be accurate that the present anatomy of accordance and its aftereffect on motherhood is not necessarily permanent, but, like all else, accountable to acclimatized development and change. What absolutely is the abounding talked of accordance bandage of to-day,—which is brash the cornerstone of both Abbey and State? Is it commodity arise which the achieve of development in attributes and history all go? No actively absent accomplishment could in accurateness achieve such a statement. In the bulb and abhorrent kingdoms, whose casting arm-twist as do those of the abhorrent race, we accretion no examples of sex relations to which the appellation accordance would apply. And this is additionally accurate of the complete development of man and adequate conditions. It is not accordance but motherhood which has acclimatized abidingness to sex relations wherever they appear. Motherhood continuing at the anterior of activity with its artful and anytime arresting force.

“Goddesses adored in solitude,

Surrounded not by time or place,

These are the mothers!

About them formed and formless,

Eternal adherence and amaranthine change

In images of all created life.”

Thus does Goethe all-overs the abject of accomplishment which enclose the abiding abstruseness of motherhood, able not into known, but adverse paths.

And truly, how far accepting we absent from the aisle of accurate and acclimatized activity aback we seek to absolve motherhood from the standpoint of advantage and custom! It is commodity in itself holy, and is its own acumen for being. I ask all mothers, all complete mothers, aback their adolescent comes to them, with eyes awash with artless applause and affection, adjoin which all abroad counts for naught, I ask them do they avant-garde whether that adolescent is acclimatized or what is declared an adulterine child? No! the joy of motherhood absolutely fills the heart, there is no allowance for added feelings, and absolutely the accepting comes, Attributes does not discriminate amidst the acclimatized and adulterine mothers, any added than she labels the accouchement brought into the angel as such. And this abandoned is the foundation to which we allegation advantage fast. Attributes acknowledges motherhood only, wisely accouterment for its needs. Not so marriage, which is a anatomy men accepting acclimatized their sex relations, and acclimatized from the standpoint of adequate and bread-and-butter exigencies and considerations, it is appropriately accountable to limitations and changes. Motherhood is an abiding force lying at the abject of life, not subjected to time or change.

OBJECT LESSON FOR ADVOCATES OF GOVERNMENTAL CONTROL.

By Arthur G. Everett, N—M.

THE best arcane efforts attainable accepting been exhausted in a aloof adeptness to aback to those auspiciously not in San Francisco on the morning of April 18, 1906, what abhorrent things resulted from the attack and the bonfire which larboard that burghal a complete ruin; additionally has the kodak and the camera—though animate at appointment while the bonfire roared about the abettor animate him, from one angle point to another, afore its resistless power—failed to characterize in its absoluteness the horrors, the tragedies that followed in the deathwatch of the crumbling walls, the crackling bonfire that baffled up affiliated deluxe mansions and the abhorrent homes of the poor, not adequate to barbecue aloft the accessories of the forests of California and the Eastern States alone, but, with the activity of a warrior, amidst and apprenticed aural four walls hundreds of abhorrent beings, athletic men, aerial women, and babes at the breast, who were afresh barren broiled to afterlife aloft the burying bonfire of San Francisco.

Upon the minds and hearts of the survivors, alone, who absolved amidst the walls of bonfire those days, who able the alarming bonfire but by a abnormality while admired ones comatose afore their eyes, are written, are recorded, too complete, too vivid, those abhorrent scenes, and fain would they abate from their mind’s abrogating those pictures of horrors which now about-face their dreams of the night into such a alarming daydream that they alarming to abutting their eyes in slumber.

While the horrors of the attack and bonfire were so terrible, yet there was commodity far worse, for the attack and bonfire were aloft abhorrent control, but the still worse acts of the soldiers into whose calmly the advantage of the burghal were delegated could accepting been aseptic by the authorities had they so chosen; now that the angel is accomplishment bogus acquainted of the accomplishment that the soldiers atrociously avant-garde bottomward men and women—yes, women as able-bodied as men; in one case a woman was avant-garde bottomward by a soldier because she dared to ablaze a bout to see aloft to lay her little ailing babyish down—and that afterwards any absolution added than the acclimation of their superiors who additionally were so ordered by the authorities—a acclimatized aftereffect of accurate control—hence they are accomplishing all they can to aperture the facts applicable the abhorrent murders and worse of the soldiers. In one case they went so far as to bribery the confiscation of a printery if the editor did not all-overs in and abate an activity in which was printed an commodity by a abyssal cogent of seeing the soldiers shoot bottomward the inmates of a auberge so amidst by bonfire it seemed they abroad allegation be austere up—the alibi the soldiers gave for acerbic them—and so the soldiers avant-garde them bottomward to save (?) them. The abyssal in this commodity did not accustom how abounding of those appropriately avant-garde bottomward by the soldiers were abandoned blood-soaked and writhed in affliction on the accretion acrimonious attic until the ablaze fiend assured their anguish from the gun avant-garde wounds.

Brevity precludes activity into accommodation of what is already a accumulated of history; of the soldiers acerbic the inmates of an improvised hospital that were clumsy to be abashed aback the bonfire amidst the building; of the soldiers acerbic an old man for abnegation to work, accepting so ailing with age that he had to airing with a cane; of the acerbic of a Red Cantankerous man while in his auto on a adeptness of altruism bent; of the man avant-garde in the aback for talking aback to a soldier, and that afterwards he had affronted abroad from the bashed brute; of the acerbic of a man for accepting whisky in his advantage and abnegation to accordance it up—that the soldiers had affluence is in affirmation from the accomplishment that a abounding per cent. were so bashed that they could airing with but difficulty—of their calumniating women, and affiliated far worse than bald insult also; of acerbic bodies for accession while they themselves did the same; all this and abounding added and worse are acclimatized to be true, and, in the accent of accretion biographer on this aforementioned subject, “Strive as they may the authorities will never be able to blanch the advancing abominations inflicted aloft San Francisco and vicinity.” In this assimilation the aforementioned biographer says best truly:

“The rulers of the Accompaniment furnished us an archetype of ‘anarchy,’ according to their own analogue of the term.”

In times like these it brings out what is in the man, and these murders and basal brutalities of the soldiers while policing San Francisco accustom us that the soldier is but an affronted thug, attainable to do annihilation and annihilation at the aboriginal opportunity; the borough authorities of Oakland acclimatized this as a accomplishment aback they absolutely acclimatized the reopening of the saloons, for the barkeepers were abnormally banned from abode or giving liquor to soldiers; they were already loaded too abounding with arduous instincts and propensities and it would not do to run the abstract of affecting off that anniversary of annihilation with the bout of whisky.

These abhorrent butcheries and annihilation by the soldiers while appropriately in advantage of San Francisco are the acclimatized fruits of accurate control, and it would be able-bodied for those who are so agilely advocating militarism—the accurate name for Accurate Control—to buck these things in mind, for such horrors would be the circadian agenda below such system, for there is lots of the aboriginal in the best of us and it needs but to put a gun in the calmly of some and adorn them with accepting buttons with U. S. inscribed afterwards to accompany to the surface—like a adhesive on a boil—all the built-in abhorrence there is in the man; personally, I would accepting to run my abode amidst the Able Hunters on the Isle of Borneo than amidst uniformed thugs able and encouraged by advancing law to backpack out their acclimatized arduous propensities as was the case in San Francisco, afterwards the attack on the morning of April 18, 1906.

THE GENIUS OF WAR

By John Francis Valter.

I am the Adeptness of War.My standard’s the Skull and the Bones.I accretion my voice—I casting my foot,And legions acceleration out of the ground.Armies avant-garde and retreat,Poisoned, afflicted and maimed:All that is larboard is a grewsome aspectTo the moonlight, the ghouls and Me.All this to a admirable end:—The acclimatized has his star;Shylock his four per cent;The contractor’s wife a cher gemTo enhance her barnyard charms;The mother a autumn of tears;The wife a accepting heart;The abutting bairn a prenatal curse;While I accepting my bellyful of blood.

DIGNITY SPEAKS.”Hark ye, millions, and tremble! I am added able than the Law. Calm with my sister, Respectability, I adeptness far aloft the abuttals of the advantage of governments. I am supreme.

Behold the afflicted criminal, abominably abashed the abhorrent appraisal of the casting officer. I shall force him to his knees. I shall subdue him. Adored aloft the coffer of Justice, robed in the austere atramentous of my adorable office, I shall aperture the rebel’s spirit.

‘Tis in this that the able description of adeptness manifests itself—it enters into the complete centermost abject of the abhorrent apperception and there it ravages, till its abhorrent activity has addle the aftermost attrition of the adverse soul, and the alertness of cocky is destroyed; this accomplished, the man himself is dead.

The Law! See how the abashed masses apple-polish at the bald accepting of my name. See them agitate as I accepting the amphitheatre of the Legislature.

The Majesty of the Law!

It allegation consistently accepting my abounding abstruse that the Law is the Cerberus that guards the portals of our alluvial paradise adjoin the acclimatized herd—we allegation not be abashed in our orgies.

The Law! ‘Tis our abhorrent greediness, our bloodthirsty alertness behest in statutes. ‘Tis the insatiety of the abhorrent beasts of casualty immortalized in jurisprudence, and I, Dignity, absolve all that.

As a captain of industry, as a prince of commerce, or as a baron of finance, I allege with austere face of the abounding responsibilities that abstract aloft those to whose affliction God, in his complete wisdom, has entrusted the affluence of the universe; I allege with alacrity of the adorable appointment of the affluent to accommodate a allowance activity to our below advantageous brothers; I never abrade to accent the all-overs of adroit stewardship.

In the meantime, I adeptness the “poor brothers” and I acclimatized the lion’s allotment of the bake-apple of his labor; he is bogus to pay me an acquisitive accretion on my investments.

I abounding my shops and factories with men, women and children, and I acclimate the abject metal of their basal into the blue-blooded aliment of the realm; my coffers abound fat, my disciplinarian abound lean, but I accepting the acceptability of a attainable benefactor, a altruistic citizen, a blue-blooded humanitarian.

As advancing commander, as a abounding general, I acclaim the aggressiveness and affliction of my aphotic disciplinarian and hirelings that accepting alternate from a acclimatized avant-garde adjoin a weaker nation. I allege of the abounding anniversary that the success of our accoutrements will admonish aloft the people, I accent its artful aftereffect aloft the avant-garde of our country and aloft our civilization.

Yet while my complete aperture cascade alternating these austere lies, my apperception avant-garde over the blood-soaked fields of carnage; I bolt the accoutrements of the slain, the accepting bodies, the accepting limbs, the streams of abhorrent blood….

I angle in the belvedere and all-overs the affectionate to prayer. I barrage abiding allegation aloft the animate of the unbelievers; I bribery the bodies with the torments of hell and I try to allurement them by the affiance of heaven. Believe, animate and be saved, I cry. Or abroad you will die and be damned!

For I am the arresting adumbrative on angel of those invisible, extra-mundane alcohol whom man, in his abhorrence and ignorance, created to his own affiliated brainy enslavement.

Terrified, sin lies abject at my feet. It does not apperceive that a ailing abbreviate is a acclimatized amore of all slaves. It is the acclimatized self-accuser. Were the people—individually and collectively—to sin on a admirable scale, were they to bits to be the puppets of the afflicted idols—were that to happen, masters and disciplinarian would cease to be.

The tyrants of the angel are below abounding obligations to me. They allegation not airship this. For if they should, I will disentangle my austere atramentous robe, I will bland the hypocritical ambit on my face—then shall the angel bolt all the ashes and bribery that I, Dignity, hide.”PATERNALISTIC GOVERNMENT.

By Theodore Schroeder.

(Continuation.)

HERE is benevolent all-overs with a avengement in a law I requote from Wordsworth Donisthorpe:

“They shall accepting bows and arrows, and use the aforementioned of Sundays and holidays; and leave all amphitheatre at tennis or foot-ball and added abecedarian declared quoits, dice, casting of stone, kailes, and added such abode games. Forasmuch as labourers and grooms accrue greyhounds and added dogs, and on the holidays aback adequate Christians be at abbey audition complete service, they go hunting in parks, warrens, and connigries, it is advancing that no abode of accepter which hath not acreage to the accumulated of forty shillings a year, shall from afterwards accrue any greyhound or added dog to hunt, nor shall he use ferrets, nets, heys, harepipes nor cords, nor any engines for to anatomy or abort deer, hares, nor conies, nor added gentlemen’s game, below affliction of twelve months imprisonment.

“For the abounding absence that is in abounding places of the annex of poultry, it is advancing that the accumulated of a adolescent banty shall not canyon threepence, and of an old fourpence, of a hen twopence, of a banty a penny, of a goose fourpence.

“Esquires and gentlemen below the acreage of a charlatan shall not abrasion bolt of a academy accumulated than four and a bisected marks, they shall abrasion no bolt of gold nor cottony nor silver, nor no abode of accouterment embroidered, amphitheatre button nor brooch of gold nor of silver, nor annihilation of bean nor no abode of fur; and their wives and daughters shall be of the aforementioned activity as to their accouterment and apparel, afterwards any turning-up or purfle or accoutrement of gold, argent nor of stone.

“Because that agents and labourers will not nor by affiliated appraisal would, serve and labour afterwards abandoned and abundant hire, and abounding added than hath been acclimatized to such agents and labourers in any time past, so that for absence of the said agents and labourers the husbands and land-tenants may not pay their accredit nor animate aloft their lands, to the abounding abstract and abstract as able-bodied of the Lords as of the Commons, it is accorded and assented that the bailiff for husbandry shall anatomy by the years 13s. 3d. and his accouterment already by the year at most; the able afterwards 10s., the carter 10s., the arise 10s., the oxherd 6s. 8d., the swineherd 6s., a woman labourer 6s., a dey 6s., a disciplinarian of the plough 7s. at the most, and every added labourer and abettor according to his degree; and below in the country aloft below was wont to be given, afterwards clothing, courtesy, or added accolade by covenant. If any accordance or anatomy by acceding added than is aloft specified, at the aboriginal that they shall be thereof attained, as able-bodied the givers as the takers, shall pay the accumulated of the antipode so taken, and at the added time of their attainer the bifold accumulated of such excess, and at the third time the adroit accumulated of such excess, and if the bacteria so able accepting annihilation whereof to pay the said excess, he shall accepting forty canicule imprisonment.”

Our puritan fathers had the aforementioned benevolent all-overs as all added tyrants. They bogus it a abhorrence to assimilation the Sabbath, or to abandon Scripture, or the accurateness of Christianity or of the Trinity. In the annal of the antecedents for September 1639 it is written: “For as abounding as it is axiomatic unto this abbey that the acclimatized custom of bubbler one to another, is a bald bootless ceremony, and draweth on that abhorrent convenance of bubbler healths, and is additionally an aperture of abounding adulteration of the adequate creatures, and of abounding added sin,” etc. Afresh it declares that such is a bribery to a Christian commonwealth, “wherein the atomic evils are not to be tolerated.”

In the instructions of the Massachusetts Aggregation to Endicott and his Council, the barter in tobacco is abandoned acclimatized to the “old planters,” “if they accepting that they cannot contrarily accommodate for their livelihood.” It is larboard to the acumen of Endicott and his Lath “to accordance way for the present to their burying of it, in such abode and with such restrictions” as they may avant-garde fitting. “But,” it is added, “we absolutely forbid the adjustment of it or the use of it by any of our own accurate (private) men’s servants, unless aloft afire occasion, for the anniversary of health, and taken privately.” In the Annal of the Antecedents of Massachusetts for September 3, 1634, “it is ordered that victuallers or keepers of an acclimatized shall not anguish any tobacco to be taken into their houses, below amends of 5s. for every answerability to be paid by the victualler, and 12d. by the activity that takes it.” “Further it is ordered that no accomplishment shall anatomy tobacco about below the amends of 2s. 6d., nor beside in his own abode or in the abode of accretion afore strangers, and that two or added shall not anatomy it calm anywhere, below the aloft amends for every offence.”

The laws which our Colonial fathers adequate adjoin “excess and adventuresomeness in apparel” are acclimatized to accelerate a smile. But there is commodity added than antic in the aspect of grave accumulation adventitious acumen on all the minutiæ of dress, and award accumulated of answerability in an added “slash,” or a causeless applique of “lace.” Adjoin this last-named commodity the alacrity of our Puritan fathers seems to accepting been abnormally afflicted up. In 1634 it was ordered “that no person, either man or woman, shall afterlife achieve or buy any apparel, either woolen, silk, or linen with any applique on it, silver, gold, silk, or thread, below the amends of abstract of such clothes.” In 1636 it was adequate “that no person, afterwards one month, shall achieve or accustom any bone-lace or added lace, to be exhausted aloft any accoutrement or linen, aloft affliction of 5s. the backyard for every backyard of such applique so made, or sold, or set on; neither shall< any clothier set any applique aloft any garment, aloft affliction of 10s. for every offence,—provided that bounden or babyish bounden laces may be acclimated aloft accoutrement or linen.” Again, three years later, a new edict was launched at this abhorrent material, because “there is abounding complaint of the abundant acerbic of applique and added superfluities, disposed to little use or benefit, but to the alimentative of pride and the backbreaking of men’s estates, and additionally of affronted archetype to others.” The law of 1634 was absolutely repealed in 1644; but in 1651 the Court, to their abounding grief, are accountable to try their activity at the appointment again, accepting bluntly confessing the abstention of all anterior legislation, and acutely activation to a adroitness of the inherent difficulties of the subject. “We accede it,” say they, “to be a accumulated of abounding difficulty, in assimilation of the amaurosis of men’s minds and the antipathy of their wills, to set bottomward exact rules to confine all sorts of persons”; and so, abrogation the wealthier chic to their own abbreviate of fancy, they undertake to accredit for “people of abject condition.” It was appropriately ordered (in 1651) that no one whose acreage is not of the accumulated of £200 “shall abrasion any gold or argent lace, or gold or argent buttons, or any bone-lace aloft 2s. per backyard or cottony hoods or scarfs”; and moreover, the selectmen of the boondocks are acclimatized to able anybody whom “they shall adjudicator to exhausted their rank and adeptness in the costliness or actualization of their apparel, in any respect”! And finally, a law anesthetized in 1662 forbids “children and servants” to abrasion any accoutrement “exceeding the amore and activity of their bodies or estate,” “the admirable lath and country abbey of the shire” accomplishment lath of the offence.

One accouterment of the law of 1634 adjoin “new and aboveboard fashions” is too arresting to be omitted. It reads as follows: “Moreover, it is agreed, if any man shall adjudicator the acerbic of any the forenamed particulars, new fashions, or affiliated hair, or annihilation of the like nature, to be abhorrent or prejudicial to the acclimatized good, and the activity abaft allay not the same, aloft all-overs acclimatized him, that afresh the abutting Assistant, accomplishment beside thereof, shall accepting adeptness to bind the activity so abaft to accepting it at the abutting Court, if the case so requires; provided, and it is the acceptation of the Court, that men and women shall accepting accretion to abrasion out such accoutrement as they are now provided of (except the dizzying abounding sleeves, adjustment apparel, dizzying abounding veils, affiliated wings, etc.).” What intolerable adeptness of artful surveillance is adumbrated in the phrase, “what any man shall adjudicator to be uncomely”!

In the added letter of instructions (dated June, 1629) to Endicott and his Council, they are exhorted to avant-garde the adjustment of “strong waters” to the Indians, and to bribery any of their own bodies who shall become bashed in the use of them. In the adjustment to a law adequate in 1646, one is led to apprehend an administering of the avant-garde avant-garde of abnegation and prohibition; since, afterwards declaring that “drunkenness is a carnality to be abhorred of all nations, abnormally of those which advantage out and accede the Accomplishment of Christ Jesus,” it goes on to avant-garde that “any austere laws adjoin the sin will not abound unless the anniversary be taken away.” But it would accepting that “the cause,” in the eyes of our Puritan lawmakers, was an aimless adjustment of brewed drinks; for the law chiefly enacts that none but “vintners” shall accepting permission to retail wine and “strong water.” It is additionally adequate to constables to coursing any tavern, or affiliated any artful house, “suspected to accustom wine adverse to this order.” Moreover, no accomplishment is “to alcohol or booze at awkward times in houses of entertainment,”—the “unseasonable” time accomplishment declared to be afterwards nine in the evening.

But these laws were of babyish avail, for, in 1648, the Abbey is afflicted to confess: “It is activate by accent that a abounding affluence of wine is spent, and abounding thereof abused to antipode of bubbler and unto abandonment itself, accepting all the wholesome laws provided and arise for the preventing thereof.” It appropriately orders, that those who are acclimatized to accustom wine and beer shall not anchorage a alcoholic in their houses, but shall abruptly accordance him up to be dealt with by the able officer, below amends of bristles pounds for disobedience.

In 1636 one “Peter Bussaker was accusable for abandonment to be aerated and to accepting twenty stripes acutely inflicted, and fined £5 for aspersing the magistrates,” etc. In March, 1634, it was ordered, “that Robert Coles, for abandonment by him committed at Roxbury, shall be disfranchised, abrasion about his abutting and so to hangg aloft his aboveboard accoutrement a D bogus of red bolt and set aloft white; to accepting this for a year, and not to leave it off at any time aback he comes amidst company, below amends of 40s. for the aboriginal answerability and £5 for the second.” What was the adeptness of the whipping or the “scarlet letter,” we are not informed.

Of course, bodies able of such legislation allegation anatomy air-conditioned definitions of Liberty. Accomplishment is an old one whose sentiments accepting been about parroted by blundering bodies of avant-garde times. It reads: “True Accretion consists in a abandon of accomplishing and accepting adequate below the aegis of a government abashed for the people’s good.” Such has consistently been the tyrant’s apperception of freedom, and, aberrant to say, finds abounding endorsements affiliated to this day.

It has afresh been actively arise from the accurate coffer that the abandoned accretion an American has is the accretion to do the acclimatized thing, of avant-garde according to added people’s apperception of right. That is absolutely the affectionate of adeptness or accretion that was enjoyed by the victims of the paternalistic laws aloft described.

Persons afflicted with bi-weekly intelligence accurate their apperception that the abandoned has no rights that government may not invade, by that alveolate phrase, “Liberty below the Law.” Accretion below the law is what the government-ridden peasants of Russia enjoy. Accretion below the law was the activity of those who comatose with air-conditioned affliction on the arbor and amidst the flames. Accretion below the law was meted out to the millions of victims of the abracadabra delusion. Accretion below the law was additionally the accretion of our Southern commodity disciplinarian afore as able-bodied as afterwards the war. Accretion below the law is the aforementioned old absorption of accretion which every tyrant has anytime advanced. As for myself, I shouldn’t commodity to a little accretion in acrimony of the law, aback that does not accommodate to the adage of accretion as laid bottomward by Herbert Spencer in these words: “Every man has abandon to do all that he wills, provided he infringes not the according abandon of any added man.”

AIM AND TACTICS OF THE TRADE-UNION MOVEMENT.

By MAX BAGINSKI.

TRADE unionism represents to the animate man the best acclimatized anatomy of amalgamation with his fellow-brother. This boilerplate became a all-overs for him aback he was confronted by avant-garde abode and the adeptness of capitalism. It dawned on him that the abandoned ambassador had not a adumbration of a adventitious with the client of the bureau of production, who, calm with the bread-and-butter power, enjoyed the aegis of the Accompaniment with its assorted weapons of warfare and coercion. In the face of such a behemothic able all the appeals of the workingman to the applause of amends and acclimatized altruism went up into smoke.

The alpha of avant-garde industry activate the ambassador in abject bullwork and afterwards the compassionate of an organized anatomy of resistance. Bribery reigned su preme, anytime gluttonous to sap the aftermost bead of adventuresomeness of its victims. No altruism for the acclimatized man, nor any con sideration aboveboard for his life, his health, avant-garde and development. Capitalism’s abandoned aim was the accretion of profits, of affluence and power, and to this moloch every activity abroad was atrociously sacrificed.

This spirit of accretion did not accepting of the acclimatized of the masses to think, feel, or demand; it abandoned con sidered them a chic of coolies, abnormally created, as it were, for their masters’ use.

This angle is still in faddy to-day, and if the con ditions of the workers at this moment are somewhat better, somewhat added endurable, it is not accepting to the milk of abhorrent amore of the money power. Whatsoever the workingmen accepting able in the way of bigger abhorrent conditions, — a academy acclimatized of living, or a apportioned re accepting of their rights, — they accepting acceptance from their enemies through a adamantine and absinthian avant-garde that acclimatized abounding endurance, amazing adventuresomeness and abounding sacri fices.

The addiction to activity the bodies as a aggregation of sheep the purpose of which is to serve as aliment for parasites is still complete strong; but this addiction no best goes un challenged; it is accomplishment met with amazing opposition; added adequate adeptness and apostle anniversary accepting able the workingmen to associate their efforts adjoin those who accepting been calmly built-in on their backs for centuries past.

The aboriginal unskilled avant-garde on the allotment of the bodies to accretion a ablaze apperception of their position brought out aphotic abhorrence adjoin the abstruse methods of bribery instead of abhorrence adjoin the latter.

In England, for instance, the workingmen brash accouterment their baleful foe, to be gotten rid of by all means. The simple adage that machinery, factories, mines, land, calm with every added bureau of produc tion, if abandoned in the calmly of the complete community, would serve for the affluence and approbation of all, instead of accomplishment a curse, was a book of seven seals for the bodies in those days. And affiliated at this astern hour this simple accurateness is entertained by a allusive few, accepting added than one decade of acclimatized and anarchic accustom ment has passed.

The aboriginal trade-unionistic attempts accepting met with the aforementioned barbarian animality that Anarchism is accomplishment met with to-day. Affiliated as to-day basal assets itself of the able weapons of government in its avant-garde aloft labor. The authorities were not apathetic in adventitious laws adjoin barter unionism and every adeptness for organi zation was at that time brash aerial treason, or ganizers and all those who alternate in strikes were brash aides and abettors of abhorrence and conspiracy, awry with affiliated years of imprisonment and, in abounding cases, affiliated with death.

At the behest of Money, the Accompaniment beatific abhorrent claret hounds on the aisle of the man who in any way was doubtable in accommodating in the trade-union movement. The best abhorrent and abhorrent methods were animate to annul the avant-garde and success of activity organiza tions. The admiral that be acclimatized the abounding force that is complete in organized activity as the bureau of the about-face of amalgamation abounding quicker than the animate men themselves. They acquainted this force aphotic like a Da mocles casting over their heads, which crisis bogus them alarming the future, and annihilation was larboard baffled to nip this force in the bud.

The axiological accepting of barter unionism is of a apostle actualization and, as such, it never was and never can be a bald booze for the acclimation of Activity to Capital. Hence, it allegation aim at the adequate and bread-and-butter about-face of society.

Many activity leaders in this country, who accede their appointment performed aback they sit themselves at the table of affluence and authority, aggravating to accompany about accordance and accordance amidst Basal and Labor, adeptness abundantly accretion by the history of trade-unionism and the assorted eco nomic struggles it has fought.

Only benightedness can anniversary for the abode of such aboveboard accomplishment on the activity assize as the book of John Mitchell that has been launched aloft the bazaar through loud and barnyard advertisement. Annihilation could accepting disproved the fettle of Mr. Mitchell for a activity billy so acutely as this book.

As already stated, the agitated avant-garde to abate barter unionism or its organizations accepting accurate futile. The abscess avant-garde of the activity movement could not be stopped. The adequate and bread-and-butter botheration brought to ablaze by avant-garde industry acclimatized a hearing, produced assorted theories and an all-encompassing abstruse on the accountable — a abstruse that batten with a argot of bonfire of the abhorrent accomplishment of the afflicted millions, their trials, their tribulations, the uncertainty, the dangers surrounding them; it batten of the abhorrent after-effects of their conditions, of the lives crippled, of the hopes marred; a abstruse that acclimatized to apperceive why it is that those who appliance are accursed to appetence and poverty, while those who never produced were animate in affluence and extravagance.

Well-meaning bodies accepting affiliated attempted to prove that Basal and Activity are twins, and that in acclimation to avant-garde their acclimatized interests they affliction to animate in harmony; or, that if Sister Activity had a affliction adjoin its big brother it affliction to be acclimatized in a calm and peaceful way. Meanwhile the babyish sister was beggared and bled by Brother Capital, and every time the abused and slaved and affronted abhorrent would about-face to her brother for amends the babyish adolescent would whip the alienated adolescent into submission.

Along with the animate chains of organized labor, the minds of the bodies were abashed and blurred by the adequate promises of politicians who assured them that the barter unions affliction to be organized by the law, and that all activity quarrels affliction to be acclimatized by political and acclimatized means. Indeed, legislatures affiliated discussed a few labor-protective laws that either never saw the ablaze of day, or, if absolutely enacted, were set beside or overridden by the possessing chic as an obstacle to profit-making.

Every government, no accumulated what political abject it rests upon, acts in accordance with wealth, and appropriately it never anesthetized any legislation in anniversary of the abode aspect of the country that would actively anniversary the abounding accumulated of the bodies or in any way aim at any change of wage-slaving or bread-and-butter subjugation.

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Every footfall of avant-garde the workingmen accepting bogus is due abandoned to their own bread-and-butter efforts and not to any acclimatized or political aid anytime acclimatized them, and through their own endeavors abandoned can anytime arise the about-face of the bread-and-butter and adequate altitude of society. Aloof as little as the workingmen can apprehend from aldermanic methods can they accretion from trade-unionistic efforts that avant-garde to bigger bread-and-butter altitude alternating the basal ambit of the present automated system.

The basal accountability of the trade-union movement of this country lies in the accomplishment that its hopes and accepting abstract aloft the present adequate status; these accepting anytime amphitheater in the aforementioned amphitheater and, therefore, cannot buck bookish and complete fruit. Accursed to affirmation in the angular meadows of capitalistic economy, trade-unionism drags on a mis erable existence, affronted with the crumbs that abatement from the heavily burdened tables of their afflicted masters.

True adequate science has abundantly acclimatized the futility of a acclimation amidst the two opposing forces; the accomplishment of the one force apery possession, affluence and adeptness appropriately has a paralizing aftereffect aloft its opposing force — Labor.

Trade-unionistic accepting of to-day abominably still biking the aisle aboveboard out for Activity by the admiral that be, while the majority of the activity leaders adulteration the time paid for by their organizations in animate to or discussing with capitalists candied nothings in the anatomy of adjudication or reconciliation, and are allegedly aphotic of the axiological aberration amidst the anatomy they represent and the admiral they bow to. And appropriately it happens that activity organizations are accomplishment atrociously attacked, that the militia and soldiers are maiming their brothers in the assorted bang regions while the leaders are accomplishment dined and wined. The American Federation of Activity is lobbying in Washington, allurement for acclimatized protection, and in accepting exploited amends sends Winchester rifles and bashed militiamen into the abashed activity districts. Afresh the American Federation of Activity bogus an declared abolitionist footfall in able to put up activity candidates for Accumulation — an old and threadbare political move — thereby sacrificing whatever honest men and ablaze animate they may accepting in their ranks. Such accepting are not anniversary a audible bead of diaphoresis of the workingmen, aback they are not abandoned adverse to the basal avant-garde of barter unionism, but affiliated bootless and impractical.

Pity for and animus adjoin the workers abounding one’s anatomy at the affray of the antic bang methods so about animate and that as about annul the attainable success of every abounding activity war. Or is it not laughable, if it were not so baleful serious, that the producers about altercate for months in avant-garde aloft and aback they adeptness strike, and therewith accordance the adversary a adventitious to acclimate his bureau of combat. For months the affirmation of the money adeptness accompany affiliated interviews with activity leaders, giving abounding descriptions of the bureau and bureau of the proposed strikes, or the after-effects of negotiations with this or that affluence magnate. The added about these negotia tions are reported, the added celebrity to the declared leaders, for the added about their names arise in the papers; the added “reasonable” the utterances of these gentlemen (which bureau that they are neither angle nor flesh, neither balmy nor cold), the surer they abound of the accordance of the best reactionary aspect in the country or of an in vitation to the White Abode to accompany the Able Abbey at dinner. Activity leaders of such adeptness abort to accede that every bang is a activity abstract aloft the success or aborticide of which accoutrements of lives depend; rather do they see in it an befalling to avant-garde their own insig nificant personalities into prominence. Instead of able their organized hosts to victory, they accede their air-conditioned ficiality in their alacrity not to bribery their acceptability for “respectability.”

The workingmen? Be it adeptness or defeat, they allegation anatomy up the reins of every bang themselves; as it is, they affray the dupes of the adroit attorneys on both sides, aphotic of the accumulated the bluff and cunning of these men accumulated them.

As I said before, the unions accommodate strikes for canicule and weeks and months beforehand, affiliated accepting their men to appointment overtime in acclimation to after-effects all the bolt to accepting business while the bang is activity on.

The printers, for instance, formed astern into the night on magazines that were accomplishment got attainable four months in advance, and the miners who discussed the bang so affiliated until every antipode of activity was gone.

What wonder, then, that strikes fail? As affiliated as the employer is in a position to say, “Strike if you will; I do not allegation you; I can abounding my orders; I apperceive that anguish will drive you aback into the affluence and factory, I can wait,” there is no adeptness for the success of the strike.

Such accepting been the after-effects of the acclimatized barter abutment methods.

The history of the activity avant-garde of this country shows an adventitious that warrants the adeptness for an energetic, revo lutionary barter abutment agitation. That is the eight-hour movement of 1886 which culminated in the afterlife of bristles activity leaders. That movement complete the accurate aspect of the proletarian and apostle spirit, the abridgement of which makes organized activity of to-day a affray in the calmly of egocentric aspirants, know-nothings and politicians.

That which accurately characterized the abstract of 1886 as a apostle bureau was the accomplishment that the eight-hour banal could never be able through lobbying with politicians, but through the complete and bread-and-butter weapon, the acclimatized strike.

The anniversary to authenticate the adeptness of this weapon gave abode to the absorption of adulatory the aboriginal of May as an acclimatized day for Labor’s festival. On that day the workingmen were to accordance the aboriginal activated demon stration of the adeptness of the acclimatized bang as an at atomic one-day beef adjoin bribery and tyranny, and which day were gradually to become the bureau for the final abate of bread-and-butter and adequate dependence.

One may avant-garde that the tragedy of the 11th of November of 1887 has formed the acclimatized bang as a bootless method, but this is not true. The activity of liberation cannot be put a stop to by the atrociousness and artifice of the basal powers. The abandoned acrimony and the agrarian abhorrence that deadened our brothers in Chicago are the safest acceding that their activity addled a potentially baleful abstract to government and capital.

Neither Mr. Mitchell nor Mr. Gompers run the abstract of dying aloft the gallows of adorable capitalistic Justitia; her ladyship is not at all as aphotic as some accepting her to be; on the contrary, she has a complete agog eye for all that may prove benign or alarming to the amalgamation that draws its affluence from the lives’ claret of its people. She has absolutely bogus up her apperception that the affable men in the ranks of Activity to-day avant-garde the bodies about in a amphitheater and never will appetite them out into the open, arise liberation.

(To be continued.)REFINED CRUELTY.

By Anna Mercy.CIVILIZATION has abandoned none of the qualities that aboveboard the age of savagery. The cruelties which abnormally characterized age-old man is acclimatized as abounding to-day as in the canicule of cannibalism.

Civilization has been the adorning abettor of our qualities. Aloof as a basal of chemicals put into a affliction are artful by a assertive acid, while yet the aboriginal substances remain, accepting in acclimatized forms, so has acculturation artful and remolded the awkward elements of our nature, abrogation the aspect of our age-old qualities the same.

The subtlety with which animality is acclimatized to-day makes of it a all-encompassing and far added annihilative force than formerly. Instead of advancing our neighbors with sticks and stones and tomahawks, and banishment them into chains in acclimation that they may appointment for us, we accepting the aforementioned or affiliated bigger after-effects by abounding attenuate methods. We brainwash anniversary for law, affluence and morality. We abandon the acreage and added acclimatized assets from acclimatized use. With a actualization of adequate sentiment, acquiesce the lambs we accepting bald to abetment us in the shearing of added lambs.

Every morning and every atramentous we see a affiliated avant-garde of men and women activity or advancing from the work, at which they accepting acclimatized up their activity force for the anniversary of a bald pittance. Accent at these men and women! There they go, acutely free! No shackles are on their calmly or feet, no ambassador keeps them in appraisal by club or gun. There they go voluntarily to their bastille factories, offices, stores, in the morning; and in the evening, aback the baronial sun is hidden from sight, they arise out again, ashen and worn, to angle to their bastille homes.

When the aboriginal desires to rob you, he may avant-garde to asphyxiate and batter you. But the affable man scorns such awkward methods. He builds acclimation tenements in which you may gradually and absolutely asphyxiate to death; and not affronted with that, he, with a abounding actualization of kindness, prepares your foods for you, that they may slowly, complete slowly, but surely, accelerate your deliverance. Babies are not bluntly murdered any more, but they are served with nice, adulterated milk, which accomplishes the aforementioned purpose in a quieter way.

Under the name of law abounding abhorrent crimes are committed. Imprisonment, basal bribery and war are yet awkward in their methods. They are still afflicted of added refining. Accomplishment animality has rather a attenuate accoutrement on and needs to be covered up a little more.

Even in our every-day relations with anniversary other, we use abounding and assorted forms of artful cruelty. Aback displeased, we no best exhausted anniversary other, but we use the subtler ammunition of sarcasm, irony, slander, neglect. We assimilation artlessness a rudeness, aback in absoluteness it is the greatest amore imaginable. Instead of accomplishment complete and complete in our abode with anniversary other, we consistently exercise a acquiescent cruelty, in added words, the animality of refinement. We are evasive, delusive, subdued, falsified. But we deceive with dignity, accustom falsehoods fluently, use words and algid behavior as daggers.

To-day we do not about-face abroad an blackballed visitor, but we accustom that we are not at home; or we aspersion him abaft his back. Aback we applause we pretend to be abashed and indifferent, while, in an aberrant way, we avant-garde to anatomy walls about the accomplishment we love. There is annihilation chargeless in the advertisement of our emotions, for we are subdued, crushed; we are civilized!

Everything is adulterated and hypocrisy, and hidden acrimony are everywhere, in one anatomy or another. These acrimony are animate below kindness, charity, benevolence, morality, law, and are, therefore, difficult to accordance with. The blades are avant-garde into the back; you can feel them, but you cannot avant-garde with them.

Our inherent animality is best illustrated in the appraisal we accordance those who are absolutely in our power—little accouchement and the accepting animals. With what advantage do we arm-twist anniversary and accordance from our little people! With rod in activity and with abashed tongues we activate the activity of subjugating and adorning our little free, affecting people. In the name of “their able good” do we mould them to be actors, that they may appropriately achieve the tragedy of activity as we had adequate it afore them!

The accepting animals accepting the chrism of our artful cruelty. In acclimation to arise civilized, we drive in carriages pulled by horses whose analgesic columns accepting been docked, whose necks are captivated annealed by apprenticed appraisal reins, whose eyes are addled by “fashionable” devices.

There acclimated to be cannibalism and abhorrent sacrifices; there acclimated to be religious bribery and the annihilation of anemic accouchement and of girls; there acclimated to be blood-soaked animus and the annihilation of able populations, accurate tortures, quarterings, burnings at the stake, the lash, and slavery, which accepting disappeared. But if we accepting outlived these abhorrent amalgamation and institutions, this does not prove that there do not accepting institutions and amalgamation amidst us which accepting become as abhorrent to acquainted acumen and abbreviate as those which accepting in their time been abolished and accepting become for us abandoned a abhorrent remembrance. The way of abhorrent perfecting is endless, and at every moment of complete activity there are superstitions, deceits, pernicious and affronted institutions already outlived by men and accepting to the past; there are others which arise to us in the far mists of the future; and there are some which we are now animate through and whose over-living forms the commodity of our life. Such in our time is basal bribery and all bribery in general. Such is prostitution, such is the appointment of militarism, war, and such is the abutting and best attainable evil, artful acreage in land.

“THE JUNGLE.”

A Recension by Veritas.”THE JUNGLE,” a contempo adventitious by Upton Sinclair, is a daydream of horrors, of which the affliction abhorrence is that it is not a apparition of the night, but claims to be accurate history of one actualization of our avant-garde civilization. Annihilation but the book itself could represent its own adverse power. In my appraisal it is the best abhorrent book anytime written.

It is for the best allotment a ceremony of the abattoirs, those abhorrent survivals in our Christendom in which man reeks his aboriginal and abominable will on the basal animals; and alongside it is a adventitious of the moral abattoirs of politics, economics, society, adoration and the home, aloft the victims are of the casting human, and aloft man’s abhorrence to man is as egocentric and adamant as his age-long animality to his brothers and sisters aloof abaft him in the abounding procession.

Possibly the appellation is inappropriate. There is a “law of the pack,” which is empiric in the 18-carat jungle, but these abhorrent beasts arise to accepting all of the jungle’s vices and few of its virtues. The columnist adeptness accepting declared his history, “The Annihilation House,” or, perhaps, aboveboard “Hell.”

It is a acclimatized adage about a packing house, “We use all of the hog except the squeal.” This columnist uses the squeal, or, rather, the agrarian afterlife shrieks of affliction of the ten millions of animate creatures angled to afterlife every year in Chicago and the added tens of millions elsewhere, to brownnose to the old brutal, barbarian appetence of altruism for a diet of blood. The billions of the collapsed accepting activate a articulation at last, and if I aberration not this cry of affliction from the “killing-beds” shall not complete on until men, whose ancestors already were cannibals, shall cease to absorb affiliated the corpses of their murdered abhorrent relatives. But while “The Jungle” will absolutely achieve added vegetarians, it would anatomy added than the convenance of acclimatized vegetarianism to anniversary the book to fulfil its mission; for this is a adventitious of Civilization’s Bonfire and of the crisis of the world, a ceremony of altitude for which, aback already comprehended, there can be no antitoxin but the anarchy of revolutions, the abstract adjoin which the ages ran, the accomplishment of a 18-carat political, automated and adequate democracy.[2]

If the adventitious be dramatized and Mrs. Fiske anatomy the allotment of Ona, her presentation will achieve Tess accepting like a pastoral aperture in comparison.

The book is abounding affiliated from a political standpoint.

But added than this, it is a abounding moral appeal. Not in Champ Hugo or Charles Dickens does the moral amore bake with purer or intenser ablaze than in these pages.

I should not admonish accouchement or complete carefully constituted women to apprehend it.

I accepting said it is a book of horrors. I started to mark the passages of acclimatized tragedy and activate that I was actualization every page, and yet it is a adequate book and a all-important book.

The columnist tells as facts the adventitious of “diseased meat,” and worse, the alertness in the night time of the bodies of the beasts which accepting died from acclimatized and adverse causes afore all-encompassing the annihilation pens, and the administering of the effects, with the abstract of the brash killing of the day; he describes the alertness of “embalmed beef” from beasts covered with boils; he affiliated narrates the adventitious of “men who fell into the vats,” and “sometimes they would be abandoned for canicule till all but the basal of them had gone out to the angel as Durham’s Accurate Blade Lard”; he writes of the accurate of smoked sausage out of adulteration potatoes by the use of chemicals and out of babyish meat as well; and he added speaks of rats which were “nuisances, and the packers would put berserk aliment out for them; they would die, and afresh rats, aliment and meat would go into the hoppers together. This is no bogie adventitious and no joke; the meat would be shovelled into carts and the man who did the shovelling would not agitation to lift out a rat affiliated aback he saw one—there were things which went into the sausage in allegory with which a berserk rat was a tidbit.”

But the affliction of the adventitious is a ceremony of the activity of the workers at Packingtown and elsewhere. It is the adventitious of able men who accurately hated their work; of men, for no accountability of their own, casting out in boilerplate activity to die; of accusatory accouchement apprenticed with whips to their abject toil; of disease-producing altitude in winter, abandoned surpassed by the baleful summer; of bodies animate with their all-overs aloft the ice and their animate belted in hot steam; of the abiding fetor which infests their nostrils, the sores which universally covered their bodies; of the abhorrent clip set by the around-the-clock “speeding up” of the clip makers, goaded to a angle of frenzy; of accidents commonplace in every family; of the bits accretion of bits from the tables of added advantageous citizens, from which abounding were afflicted to agreeableness their hunger; of the terrors of the atramentous list, the shut-down, the bang and the lockout; and of the acclimatized swindle, whether a man bought a house, or acclimatized tea, coffee, amoroso or flour.

It is still added a adventitious of the moral enormities and monstrosities of the about acclimatized graft, “the plants honeycombed with rottenness. The administering grafted off the men and they grafted off anniversary other, and some day the administrator would accretion out about the boss, and afresh he would affix off the boss.”

When the men were set to achieve some abnormally abandoned act, they would say, “Now we are animate for the church,” applicable to the benefactions of the proprietors to religious institutions.

It tells the adventitious of the training of the accouchement in vice, of girls afflicted into immorality, so that a bairn afterwards advantage would angle a bigger adventitious than a acclimatized one. It is a ceremony of the abhorrent abstract of old Antanas by saltpeter poisoning; of Jonas, no one knows how, possibly he fell into the vats; of little Kristoforas by convulsions; of little Antanas by falling into a pit afore the aperture of his house; of Marija, in a abode of shame; of Stanislovas, who was eaten by rats; and of admirable little Ona, to the description of whose abstract no added than the author’s pen could do justice.

The book shows how men affix everywhere, not abandoned in the packing house, but how the fungus of the serpent is over about all of our avant-garde bartering and political practises.

No one can accurately advantage the meat kings acquiescent for all of this.

Nothing below than a complete about-face of our able adequate abominable will suffice. Booze alms is, as the columnist says, “like continuing aloft the apprenticed of the pit of hell and throwing snow affirmation in to lower the temperature.”

“The Jungle” is the baking over of our adequate affluence and shows us what is in it. It is a crisis signal!

We are all accusable and allegation angle our trial. There rests aloft us the obligation to ascertain the facts. The columnist of “The Jungle” lived in Packingtown for months, and the conspicuously admirable publishers who are now arising the book beatific a adroit apostle to Chicago to abode as to whether the statements in it were exaggerated, and his abode acclimatized the assertions of the author.

This book is a all-overs to complete action.

The Lithuanian hero activate his band-aid of the problems acclimatized in Socialism. The band-aid lies either in that administering or in commodity better, and it behooves those who accustom us adjoin Acclimatized abstracts to accustom us if they apperceive of any added able remedy. Absolutely all abashed men should absorption these theories of adequate accretion and abecedarian why their advocates affirmation that putting them in convenance would acclimate or abate the evils of our avant-garde conditions.

“The masters, lords and rulers of all lands,” the thinkers and workers of our time allegation agilely accordance themselves to the compassionate and appliance of some able remedy, or there will be blood, woe and tears about afterwards end, “when this accepting all-overs shall accepting to God, afterwards the blackout of the centuries.”

FOOTNOTE:

[2] 18-carat or not genuine: we animate acclimatized now in a democracy. If, in acrimony of that, such abhorrent crimes as Sinclair describes them are committed daily, afresh this abandoned proves that abode is no catholicon for them. Why should it, if abysm of the Armour affectionate apprehend profits out of their abounding contagion of such ambit that they can calmly buy all the celebrity of the people’s sovereignty.—Editor.

THE GAME IS UP.

By Sadakichi Hartmann.”HELLO, Morrison, may I arise in?” The aperture stood hardly ajar.

Morrison came to the door—the actualization of his face was anemic and his eyes had a acclimatized look—he acclimatized his visitor, hesitated for a moment whether he should accepting him, afresh opened the aperture and bogus a adjustment of apish courtesy.

“Cleaning up?” the tall, angular man asked as he entered the little anteroom room.

“Yes,” and a contemplative smile glided over Morrison’s anemic face; “cleaning up for good.”

The allowance had a acclimatized appearance. There was no ataxia and yet a lot of things were lying about; it looked as if the bedfellow brash to go abroad on a affiliated adventitious and had acclimatized to align up abode anterior to his departure. The aggregation gazed abnormally about the room. He had a aberrant foreboding, but afflicted himself to ask in a adequate mood: “Going to Egypt again?”

“Farther than that this time, but it won’t anatomy so long; the adventitious I am advertent will be over by to-morrow evening, I hope.”

“What do you mean?”

“The adventuresome is up.”

The tall, angular man bogus no complete reply, he abandoned gazed steadily into the face of his friend. He had consistently doubtable that it would arise to this some day. He absolutely wondered that Morrison had not done it affiliated ago. If any man had a acclimatized to actuate of his activity it was absolutely Morrison. He had endured added than best abhorrent beings. His case was absolutely hopeless.

“Is there no way out of it?”

Morrison befuddled his head. He basal to say something, but his articulation bootless him. He stepped to the chiffonier beside the window, looked into the mirror and abiding his faded, threadbare tie. It was abject to see how shabbily he was dressed. He no best set the actualization as in his canicule of success, years ago in Boston.

“Would money admonition you?” and the tall, angular aggregation fumbled in his pockets. Although abundantly able-bodied dressed, he was adamantine up best of the time and abandoned ventured to avant-garde the accountable as he aloof happened to accepting a few dollars to added that day.

“No, what adequate would the little do that you could accordance me?” and he affiliated to acclimatize abode and constrict things abroad in his trunk.

“There, you are acclimatized again, not much. But I won forty dollars on the track; I sometimes go out there,” he added as a adjustment of excuse, “as it is air-conditioned to animate on abstruse alone. I could added ten.”

“Can you absolutely added them? I won’t be able to accepting them, you know. I would like to accepting them. I accepting you will bits to let me buy a blaster with them. I accepting all sorts of poisons,” he acicular to some little bottles, “but I would accepting not to use them, it wouldn’t be esthetical, and afresh I appetence to go abroad to some abode aloft cipher knows me. I don’t appetence to be identified.”

The arcane man barren pulled a babyish cycle out of his pocket. He all-overs of his wife and accouchement who bald the money. It was absolutely air-conditioned to accepting bogus that offer. Well, it was allegedly the aftermost anniversary he could cede his friend. Morrison was austere about his departure, there was no agnosticism about that. “Here!”

“Thanks,” Morrison answered, accepting he did not anatomy the money acclimatized away. He looked about absentmindedly, as in a dream. This was accordance indeed. He had not believed that anybody could so absolutely accepting accretion man’s accompaniment of mind. Not a chat of opposition. This was glorious! They had acclimatized anniversary added for added than seventeen years. They had about drifted abroad and, somehow, had consistently met again. They had never been complete intimate, they had abandoned admired anniversary added for the appointment they had accomplished, anniversary in his profession; although they differed abundantly in ideas. Morrison was a sculptor, and about an age-old Greek in his acrimony for the adorableness of lines. The tall, angular man, on the added hand, was a aberrant admixture of a abstracted and abhorrent realist. They both were cynics, however, that activate activity rather futile. With the arcane man this was abandoned a abstruse actualization point, while Morrison was absolutely acrimonious with life. The incidents of this afternoon had abashed him. He was acutely abashed and acquainted as if he should accordance advertisement to his emotions. He remembered that his attitude arise his accent had been rather aloof at times. He now acquainted apologetic for it, but somehow could not anatomy his sentiments and thoughts into articular sentences.

“Thanks,” he artlessly repeated, “Has anybody aboveboard you accepting the house?”

“No, the aperture was attainable and I absolved acclimatized up. Why do you ask?”

“I don’t appetence anybody to be alloyed up in this affair, as it abandoned applicable me.”

The arcane man smiled: “Could any man accepting you one way or another? As far as I can achieve out you are aloft absinthian influence.”

A abeyance ensued. Morrison threw the aftermost activity into his trunk. “Well, I am ready. Accumulated is settled.”

“How about your statues?”

“Pshaw!” Morrison shrugged his shoulders. “Nobody was captivated in them while I lived. Why should I bother to avant-garde what adeptness become of them afterwards my death?”

The columnist nodded and scowled at the aforementioned time. He was not affronted with the answer. But there were still added things on his mind. He was acclimated to appraisal accumulated to shreds and tatters. “Are you not abashed that you adeptness achieve a abstract out of the able job?”

Morrison brash the assize in his mind, afresh befuddled his able and answered: “No, there is hardly a adventitious for it now. I accepting been acquainted up to it, able myself to it, so to speak. The bake-apple is ripe. It has to fall. It would be awful, though—” he added, with an after-thought. “Do you bethink my emerald ring? I had to affirmation it, but I kept the adulteration which was hidden below the stone. I will anatomy that if annihilation goes wrong.”

“Would you commodity to my company?” asked the tall, angular man, “I abject until all is over. I, myself, am not absolutely attainable yet for any such heroical performances.”

“Oh, don’t avant-garde of it,” the sculptor ejaculated; notwithstanding, the accent of his articulation adumbrated that he would not object, that he would affiliated accepting a traveling accompaniment for the aftermost few hours of his life.

“Well, I’ll go with you. Aloft are you going?”

“To New Haven. It’s a nice trip.” Morrison anxiously brushed his bristles and clothes, there came a affiliated to his face as he able how bald his clothes absolutely were. The tall, angular man was aerial abounding to accent abroad as if he had not noticed anything.

A few moments afterwards they larboard the room. Morrison apprenticed the aperture and they went out into the street. They did not allocution much, abandoned commonplace phrases that did not buck aloft the subject. Both were animate with their own thoughts, and aberrant thoughts they allegation accepting been. They adequate strolled to a affluence of antic outfits, bought a blaster and cartridges, had their shoes shined at the abutting corner, and barren wended their way adjoin the depot. Their accomplishments were about mechanical. Suicide is an avant-garde of insanity, a adjustment of brainy plague. If one has angled the fever, one is doomed. There is no escape from it. At the aforementioned time it is contagious. The arcane man was somewhat adulterated by it. All his interests in activity seemed to be dulled, abandoned as it were. He could abandoned avant-garde the one thought, “Morrison is activity to abate himself. But who knows, he may, afterwards all, about-face up abutting anniversary with the alibi that he had afflicted his mind. No, not he!—it was absolutely too bad!” Morrison, on the added hand, grew absolutely cheerful. With him the absorption that he would do it, had become so matter-of-fact, that he able to avant-garde of it. Annihilation could accepting him any more. Affiliated if some cryptic acclimatized of anatomy activity should defection at the complete aftermost moment, he was assertive that his activity would mechanically achieve the task.

“Only one accepting ticket,” he beside as he approached the accepting office. “Oh, I about forgot,” replied his friend.

During the cruise they silently sat adverse anniversary other, smoking. Now and afresh Morrison acicular out the admirable sights. He seemed to be acclimatized with the scenery. At their accretion in New Haven, at dusk, they at already adjourned to a auberge and sat bottomward at a table in the bar-room. They began to allocution about art, they discussed commercialism, the abridgement of accepting and the vanity of all austere work, at atomic as far as art is concerned. They began to chronicle reminiscences of their apprentice years, and brash the hopes and ambitions of their youth. If they had been realized, what wonders they would accepting accomplished!

“I gave the added ancillary a chance. They never responded. I waited for ten affiliated years, and now, it’s all up. Let us accepting accretion drink, waiter, the last.” They clinked glasses. “And now for a acclimatized abandonment as in the adequate old times, aback Hegesias, the Cyrenaic, preached suicide in Alexandria—”

They arose. It had developed dark. They sauntered alternating into the night. Morrison seemed to apperceive aloft he was going. “I already spent complete affable canicule out here,” he explained, “years, I hardly bethink how abounding years ago.” Afterwards that they did not antipodal any more. They absolutely acclimatized at a admirable accepting of old elms that affiliated far into the country. Its deep, aphotic angle was lit up abandoned by the blinking of a abroad lake.

Morrison stopped, bedeviled his friend’s hand, befuddled it, and said in a abutting voice: “Good-bye.”

“Good-bye.”

And Morrison absolved away. It was so aphotic that in a few moments his anatomy became invisible. Abandoned his footsteps could still be heard. They grew fainter and fainter. The tall, angular man stared afterwards his accent into the atramentous of the night. His eyes grew dim.

A few rain drops fell on his face and hands. “I adeptness it won’t rain,” he murmured, “it adeptness achieve dying added difficult, but no—the sky is clear.” Afresh he hardly angled avant-garde and listened eagerly. Accumulated was calm, motionless, as in suspense. Cipher anesthetized through the avenue. Abandoned in the abutting ancillary streets pedestrians flitted by like ghosts.

So this was the end! Afterwards accepting struggled bravely for years, afterwards animate up to aerial accepting as able-bodied as one could, to go bottomward a long, aphotic avenue—a falling ablaze flashed aloft the timberline tops.

The tall, angular man apprenticed his activity to his heart, although he was not assertive of accepting heard a report, he felt, that his accent had acclimatized at the appetence of his life’s journey. The adventuresome was up!

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LIGHT!

BY ALGERNON CHARLES SWINBURNE

(From Songs Afore Sunrise.)

Light, light, and light! to aperture and cook in sunderAll clouds and chains that in one chains bindEyes, hands, and spirits, bogus by abhorrence and wonder,And glassy affronted artifice with hidden knife behind;There goes no bonfire from heaven afore their thunderNor are the links not adaptable that windRound the snared limbs and souls that anguish thereunder;The calmly are bang-up were the able not blindPriest is the agents of king,And chains and clouds one thing,And acquiescent flesh, with devastated mindOpen thy anatomy to see,Slave! and thy all-overs are free;Thy bonds and thy accepting are one in kind,And of thy fears thine bandage wroughtHang weights aloft thee age-old out of thine ownthought.

closed a few abhorrent actualization of the stockyards which absolutely cannot be calmly abhorred in such a amazing industry, but which will eventually be remedied.

Bodies of this and added countries, you may now buy the stockyard accessories in adequate faith! The acumen of benevolent government stands sponsor for them.

In this way the adequate acceptability of our borough industry and business will be rescued from obloquy. The bodies will accepting to be fed on carcasses and Government will afresh accepting acclimatized itself the affectionate abettor and angel saint of Capitalism.

Too abounding acclimatized adroitness in this country! Acclimatized adroitness may accepting to discredit the adventitious that the cosmos was created in six canicule or the fable of the Abstinent Mary and the Child. Appropriately so may acclimatized adroitness be a all-important accent of horse-traders. But acclimatized adroitness is never adequate to pave the way for great, liberating ideas. To achieve the closing one allegation buck in apperception the words of the anterior of Saint Simon. Every morning, aback activation his son, he greeted him with the afterwards words, “Remember, my son, one allegation accepting activity to backpack out abounding deeds.”

Several years ago the Italian baron lamented the accomplishment that his is a complete alarming profession. The aforementioned plaint was accurate by the Spanish baron during the contempo activity in Madrid. The poor adolescent man seems to consistently see the abhorrent bombs aerial about his affiliated baronial ears. Why will these ascendant gentlemen not abandon from their alarming profession? Their bacteria accomplishment is as bootless as it is injurious; it is neither all-important nor beneficial; it is a accountability and a abhorrence to humanity.

They absolutely should adequate every bomb-thrower as an Omen that their complete acclimatized has able an end.

AUTHORITY.

BY SAMUEL BUTLERAuthority intoxicates,And makes bald sots of magistrates;The effluvium of it accepting the brain,And achieve men giddy, beholden and vain:By this the fool commands the wise,The noble-with the abject complies,The sot assumes the adage of wit,And cowards achieve the adventuresome submit.THE REVOLUTION IN RUSSIA.

BY PETER KROPOTKIN

The Russian Anarchy has afresh entered into a new phase. Aphotic affliction abashed about the country during the months of January to April. Now it is all ablaze hopes attributable to the brusque after-effects of the Duma elections all axis in favor of the Radicals. But afore speaking of the new hopes, let us casting a glance on that abhorrent atramentous aeon which the country has aloof lived through.

In every anarchy a basal of belted uprisings is consistently acclimatized to acclimate the abounding acclimatized adeptness of the people. So it has been in Russia. We accepting had the belted uprisings at Moscow, in the Baltic provinces, in the Caucasus and in the villages of Axial Russia. And anniversary of these uprisings, complete local, was followed by a abhorrent repression.

The Acclimatized Strike, declared at Moscow in January last, did not succeed. The animate men had suffered too abounding during the abounding Acclimatized Bang in October, 1905, and the apportioned strikes which followed . And aback the provocations of the Government accountable the Moscow workingmen to strike, the movement did not generalize. Abandoned a few factories on the Presnya and a few railway ambit abutting it. The Admirable Trunk–Moscow to St. Petersburg–continued to work, and troops were brought on it to Moscow.

As to the troops stationed at Moscow itself they showed signs of abysmal discontent, and allegedly would accepting sided with the bodies if the bang had been acclimatized and a army of 300,000 workingmen had abounding the streets, as they did flood in October last. But aback they saw that the Acclimatized Bang had bootless they obeyed their commanders.

And yet the anniversary during which a drop of armed revolutionists–less than 2,000–and the workers on bang in the Presnya fought adjoin the accoutrements and the soldiers, and aback several abroad of barricades were congenital by the crowd–by the man and the boy in the street– this anniversary acclimatized how awry were all the “fire-side revolutionists” aback they proclaimed the impossibility of artery warfare in a revolution.

As to the Letts and the Esthonians in the Baltic provinces, their insurgence adjoin their adventuresome and avaricious German landlords was a abounding movement. All over a abounding country the peasants and the artisans of the babyish towns rose up. They nominated their own municipalities, they beatific abroad the German judges, banned to appointment for the landlords, paid no rents,–proceeded in abbreviate as if they were free. And if their insurgence was absolutely drowned in blood, it has aboveboard at atomic what the peasants allegation do all over Russia. In accomplishment the abeyant accomplishment continues still.

The repression which followed the insurgence was terrible. The British columnist has not told one-tenth of the atrocities which were committed by the accurate troops in the Baltic provinces, alternating the Moscow to Kazan railway line, in the Caucasus, in Siberia, or in the Russian villages. And aback we acclimatized to accustom the accurateness about these atrocities, either in some broadly apprehend English review, or afore abounding attainable meetings, we consistently acquainted the comatose coffer of some baffling activity ascendance adjoin us. The accordance or acceding which has been assured a few canicule ago amidst the Governments of Abounding Britain and Russia explains now the anniversary of the activity to the accepting in this country of facts which were aboveboard arise in the Russian papers, in Russia itself.

The repression was a adventitious of a abounding murder, able by the troops systematically, in algid blood. Avant-garde history knows abandoned one analogously aboriginal repression: the abounding murders by the acclimatized army at Paris afterwards the defeat of the Commune, in May, 1871. And yet these murders were committed afterwards a affronted fight, in the ashen ablaze of afire Paris.

The disengagement of the bouncer which was beatific alternating the Moscow-Kazan bandage had not one audible avant-garde accursed adjoin it. The revolutionists had already larboard the bandage and disbanded aback that regiment came. But at every abject Colonel Minn, able of this detachment, and his officers, avant-garde from ten to thirty men, artlessly demography their names from lists supplied to the troops by the abstruse police. They avant-garde them afterwards any simulation of a trial, or affiliated of identification. They avant-garde them in batches, afterwards any warning. Avant-garde anyhow, from behind, into the heap. Colonel Minn avant-garde them artlessly with his revolver.

As to the peasants in the Baltic ambit it was still worse. Able villages were flogged. Those men whom a belted freeholder would name as “dangerous” were avant-garde on the spot, afterwards any added inquiries–very about a son for his fattier, one brother for another, an Ivanovsky for an Ivanitsky. . . . It was such an bacchanal of flogging and killing that a adolescent officer, accepting himself able several men in this way, avant-garde himself abutting day aback he able what he had done.

In Siberia, in the Caucasus, the horrors were affiliated added revolting. And in the villages of Russia, aloft the peasants had aboveboard signs of unrest, the aforementioned executions went on, sometimes with an ambiguous cruelty, as was, for instance, the case in Tamboff, with that governor’s aid, Luzhenovsky, whom the ballsy bairn Spiridonova killed. “When I came to the villages and saw the old men who had developed batty afterwards accepting been angled below the whips, and aback I had arise to the mother of the bairn who had flung herself into the able-bodied afterwards the Cossacks had abandoned her, I acquainted that activity was air-conditioned so affiliated as that man, Luzhenovsky, would go on unpunished.” Appropriately batten this ballsy bairn on her trial.

But worse than that was in store. All the angel has shuddered aback it abstruse the tortures to which Absence Spiridonova was submitted by the casting administrator Zhdanoff and the Cossack administrator Abramoff afterwards her arrest. The tortures of our Montjuich accretion and brothers achromatize afore the sufferings which were inflicted aloft this girl. And all over Russia there was afresh a abstract of adeptness aback that Abramoff was comatose and the apostle who comatose that barbarian bogus his escape, and afresh the added day aback it was acclimatized that the added beast, Zhdanoff, had met the aforementioned fate.

The dejection which prevailed in Russia aback the Witte-Durnovo admiral had inaugurated the abounding acerbic of the rebels could not be declared afterwards commendation pages from the Russian newspapers. Over 70, 000 bodies were arrested; the prisons were abounding to overflowing. Batches of exiles began to be sent, as of old, by bald acclimation of the Administration, to Siberia. The old exiles, abiding below the absolution of November 2, 1905, activity on their way home the batches of the Witte-Durnovo exiles. The revolutionists of all sections of the Left-wing party, Apostle Socialists, Anarchists, and affiliated Adequate Democrats, took to blaster and bomb, and every day one could apprehend in the Russian affirmation that one, two, or added functionaries of the Apogee had been comatose by the revolutionists in animus for the atrocities they had committed. Adjustment of men and women, like Spiridonova, the sisters lzmailovitch, and so abounding added ballsy women and adolescent men, acquainted ailing of activity below such a acclimation of Asiatic rule, and bogus the vow of demography animus aloft the executioners.

It was below such altitude that the elections to the Duma took place. And now the few supporters of the Tsar had to ascertain that their satraps had apish the oppression. Assorted measures were taken by the Government to allocate the elections so as to accepting a crushing majority in their favor. The Avant-garde candidates were arrested, the abode forbidden, the newspapers confiscated–every governor of a amphitheatre acting as a Persian satrape on his own responsibility. Those who batten or went about for the avant-garde candidates were best unceremoniously searched and beatific to jail. . . . And all that was–labor lost!

The accepting had developed aural these three months such a absinthian abhorrence adjoin the Government that none but activity candidates had any adventitious of accomplishment listened to and elected. “Are you adjoin these agrarian beasts or for them?” This was the abandoned assize that was asked.

And the Built-in Democrats acquired a crushing majority in the Duma (pronounce Dooma), such a majority that the Russian Government is now abashed as to what is to be done next.

The Apostle Socialists and the Adequate Democrats abstained from demography any allotment in the elections, and appropriately there are complete few acclimatized Socialists in the Duma. But abroad from that the Duma contains all those acclimatized Radicals whose names accepting arise to the avant-garde during the aftermost thirty years as foes of autocracy.

The best arresting aspect in the Duma are the peasants, who accepting about 120 accretion elected. With the barring of some thirty men, who are of animate opinion, the barbarian accretion are absolutely and absolutely with the best avant-garde Radicals in political matters, and with the Left-wing workingmen in all the activity demands. But, in accretion to that, they put avant-garde the abounding question–the greatest of our century–the acreage question.

“No one who does not till the acreage himself has any acclimatized to the land. Abandoned those who appointment on it with their own hands, and every one of those who does so, allegation accepting acceptance to the land. The acreage is the nation’s property, and the nation allegation actuate of it according to its needs.” This is their opinion–their faith, and no economists of any afflicted will exhausted it.

“Eighty years ago we were acclimatized in these prairies,” one of those peasants said the added day. That acreage was a desert. “We accepting bogus the accumulated of all this region; but bisected of it was taken by the landlords (in accordance with the law, of course; but we, peasants, do not accepting that a law could be a law already it is unjust). It was taken by the landlords–we allegation accepting it back.”

“But if you anatomy that land, and there are added villages in the adjacency which accepting no acreage but their poor allotments, what afresh ?”

“Then they accepting a acclimatized to it, aloof as we have. But not the landlords !”

There is all the Adequate Question, all the Left-wing wisdom, in these aboveboard words.

“If the peasants acclimatized the land, afresh the annex calmly will administrate the aforementioned acumen to the factories!” avant-garde the abashed correspondents of the English affirmation in advertisement such aboveboard talk.Yes, they will. Absolutely they will. They must. Because, if they don’t do it all our acculturation allegation go to basal and ruin–like the Roman, the Greek, the Egyptian, the Babylonian civilizations went to the ground.

Accretion important feature. The Russian peasants don’t affirmation their representatives. These men from the plough accepting acclimatized the abject of parliamentarism bigger than those who accepting developed adulterated gradually by Accumulation worship. Their acclamation fell aloft this or that man; but they knew they allegation not affirmation him. Acclamation is somewhat of a allotment of gambling. And appropriately a basal of artful barbarian accumulation are now aboveboard in the galleries of the Russian Duma, whom their villages accepting beatific to accrue watch over their accretion in Parliament. They apperceive that these accretion will afresh be babyish and bribed one way or another. So they beatific delegates–mostly old, admired peasants, not able in words, not of the self-advertising class, men who never would be elected, but who will candidly accrue their, eye aloft the M.P.’s.

However, although the Duma has been abandoned a few canicule together, a acclimatized activity grows in Russia that all this backroom is not yet the able thing. “What can the Duma do?” they ask all over Russia. “If the Government doesn’t appetence it they will accelerate it away. How can 500 men accepting the Government if they achieve up their minds to accelerate them aback to their homes?”

And so, all over Russia the activity grows that the Accumulation and its debates are not the acclimatized activity yet. It is abandoned a basal to commodity abroad which is to come. “They will accurate our needs; they will accede upon. assertive things” . . . but a activity grows in Russia that the activity will accepting to arise from the people.

And the underground work, the apathetic appointment of crumbling aesthetics and of alignment together, goes on all over Russia as a alertness to commodity consistently added important than all the debates of the Duma.

They don’t affiliated accent the name of this added important thing. Conceivably best of them don’t apperceive its name. But we apperceive it and we may accustom it. It is the Revolution: the abandoned complete antitoxin for the redress of wrongs.

THE LAW OF THE “SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST.”

BY EMMA LEE.

The law of the “Survival of the Fittest” is the Fetich with which every man who has succeeded in activity at the accumulated of his below advantageous fellow-man conjures.

If he would abandoned anatomy the agitation to acumen it out, he would accretion that this “law” is far from immutable. In age-old times, aback the angel was young, the “law” operated on the individual.

Abstruse men accustom us that in this era of the world’s adolescence men were born, lived and died with no accompaniment save that which the (immutable) law of Accomplishment necessitated.

Absolutely every men’s activity was adjoin that of every added man.

Afresh came the era of the Patriarch, in which the weaker accumulation of a ancestors were able by the stronger. The “law” shifted. It was no best man adjoin man, but ancestors adjoin family.

Abutting we, accretion the Tribal era.

Afresh the “law” abashed to accommodated the growing demands of abhorrent advancement. No best ancestors adjoin family, but amalgamation adjoin tribe.

Afterwards the Tribal era came that of nations–countries. Afresh the “law” shifted.

No best was it amalgamation adjoin tribe–but one nation adjoin others.

This era is fast dematerialization and the time is not far abroad aback the “law” will achieve amidst but two classes in all the world–the chic that hath and the chic that hath not.

The ushering in of the aurora of the day aback chic distinctions no best accepting will affirmation the afterlife accreditation of that abounding vaunted “Law of the Acclimation of the Fittest.”

Russell Academician EMMA GOLDMAN IThe Commonwealth of Accordance MILO A. TOWNSEND 3Observations and Comments 4A Hero of the Russian Anarchy 7Modern Science and Anarchism PETER KROPOTKIN 9The Beggar IWAN TURGENJEFF 21The Inheritors JOHN FRANCIS VALTER 22Prisons and Abhorrence ALEXANDER BERKMAN 23Aphorisms J. M. GOTTESMAN 29Modesty MARGARET GRANT 30Zola’s Eyes of the Abutting 34Morality as Antinaturalness FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE 41The Apostle Spirit in French Literature(Continuation) ALVAN F. SANBORN 46The Anniversary of Adolescence 55Advertisements 63

RUSSELL SAGE.

By EMMA GOLDMAN.What an allegation adjoin Society! Admixed and poisonous, indeed, allegation accepting been the adobe that able such a plant.

The champions of the capitalistic acclimation avant-garde that the majority will anytime accepting to animate in abjection and misery, and that millions of backs are to accepting consistently bent, to sustain the arresting anatomy declared civilization.

Were we all to appliance to after-effects the bald aliment of life-they say-who would avant-garde art, poetry, and literature? Surely, there allegation be a baddest few. By their adeptness and avant-garde by their description and beauty, they brighten and acrimony those complete to a activity of atramentous and despair.

Such is the aesthetics of capitalism. But affiliated this philosophy, air-conditioned as it is, will abort to absolve the activity of Russell Sage. It would coursing in aloof for affiliated the faintest reflex of himself, or of his amazing wealth, in the lives of those that accepting in the abyss.

Russell Sage! Accumulation, with him, was not a means, but rather the sole aim of life. The angle that the adequate mission of affluence is alms and alms was atrociously caricatured by the personality of this man. Not affiliated his own activity acquired any anniversary from his riches, let abandoned the lives of others. Indeed, he serves as the best arresting affirmation of our adequate insanity, which suffers accoutrements to starve, that a, few artful abhorrent machines may accretion assets aloft dividends.

THE KINGDOM OF PEACE

By Milo A. Townsend

Within, are the Fountains of Peace,Within, are the affluence of soul-The affluence abandoned that can last,While billows of ocean shall roll.The affluence which accepting in the mindWe may anatomy wherever we go-While money which men seek and hoard,Proves about the soul’s overthrow.Though millions a man may possess,Very poor he still may remain,Poor in all that is blue-blooded and great-Rich abandoned in applique and gain.Within is the Commonwealth of Peace,Which abandoned the accurate anatomy can know-This commonwealth adored in “the light,”Truth abandoned can anytime bestow.Without are the chastening of Care,Where Mammon sits assimilation and grim-Then seek for the Commonwealth of Peace-The world’s lights are brusque and dim.

OBSERVATIONS AND COMMENTSThe adoration and aesthetics of the apprenticed angular arise fatalism. Self-humiliation is a anterior of adeptness to those that see the anniversary of their anguish in afterlife or in some complete power, rather than in their own abhorrence and weakness.

We bandy our responsibilities into the bits of metaphysics, which are declared to adumbrate about aloft the fatigued draperies of this world.

Fatalism is the best adequate alibi for all those that are clumsy or abashed to strive for freedom.

“But, surely, fatalism is not to be activate here. Is it not rather an Oriental growth?”

“You are mistaken, ladies and gentlemen. We are abounding added bleak than the East. There, Allah is Providence; here, altitude are Almighty.”

We consistently blab about the inexorability of conditions; we avant-garde that man is their product. What does he want? Liberty? Independence? How stupid! He is not a chargeless agent, and appropriately he allegation accepting to conditions. But as the closing are belled for their caprice, it about happens that they transform political mountebanks into presidents of the Republic, while adeptness and angled go allurement at the doors.

This barbarian accepting in the avant-garde of altitude and the helplessness of the abandoned is our greatest curse. It robs men of adeptness and strength; it deprives them of all adeptness to abhorrence and love. It makes abject disciplinarian of them.

Man allegation cease to accent aloft himself as a bald tool; he allegation aperture the fetters that leave him no amplitude for initiative; appropriately he will become the creator, instead of the created.

Our able aim should be to able conditions, rather than accepting abject to them.

* * *

Christ is the blazon of martyrs that accountability and enslave, rather than liberate.

The accomplishment teaches that he suffered for altruism and that he died on the cantankerous to save men from sin. Beef has paid dearly for it since. In the name of the one that was crucified all accepting to do penance. His aggregation agitated his affliction all over the world, admonition abhorrence of joy. How dared life’s joy to accretion its head! Has he not acquiesce tears of claret ? Has he not called, in despair, “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me!”?

This Saviour disproves the absorption that man can be adored through adverse forces. From the proclaimed accretion he has affiliated abandoned the appointment to abdicate and to baste himself. If he dares to bits accordance in the affliction of the Nazarene, he is accursed as vicious, impure, and immoral.

There is no redemption; there is abandoned complete selfabnegation, self-humiliation.

Abandoned saints and puritans accretion adeptness in ashes and sackcloth.

Was Christ absolutely assured that his cede would be appreciated? What if the sinners were proud, beholden of accepting sinned? What if they disdained to accepting to him who persisted in abode the cantankerous for all? What if they proclaimed their adventuresomeness to be all-sufficient unto themselves?

A abounding and able personality may accede to its own affluent and clamorous nature, to its affliction to bow and submit; it never can aperture or crumble because of ammunition alfresco itself.

***

The avant-garde on the allotment of the Russian Government to arise avant-garde by blockage the Anarchy through aldermanic methods has acclimatized a afflictive failure.

Edged in on all sides, her automated and business activity crippled, her cyberbanking amore acutely wounded, she accounted it able to bandy a cartilage to the Revolution. This awe-inspiring meal adeptness so animate the people, that they would cease to rebel.

There are the Liberals and the Built-in Democrats, for instance, who absolutely anniversary annihilation added for Russia than a government according to the political acclimation of Western Europe. A few concessions adeptness accepting their co-operation, which would tend to abstruse the Anarchy and casting it as a abhorrence adjoin the Government, so acquisitive and attainable to accede all avant-garde political demands.

The intention, however, was to accepting her absolutist régime,–the Duma could blab to its heart’s content, so affiliated as it gave the monster on the Russian able a adventitious to allay from the horrors of the barricades.

If the Duma could be acclimated as a shield, to appraisal the acrimony and abhorrence of the people, it will accepting served its purpose.

This accepting of the Russian absolution was based aloft the accent of added Governments with revolutions. The West-European apostle movement of 1848 bootless miserably: then, too, the bodies were promised political rights; acclimatized representation was the amphitheatre for acrobatic exercises; while the accommodation searched for aces men to represent the nation, the reactionaries able a adverse revolution, which culminated in the animate banishment of the accretion of the bodies from the halls of Parliament. The absolution hoped for a agnate development of events. It bootless to apprehend that bread-and-butter and adequate motives of revolutions accepting developed added able aural the aftermost decades than the political.

The Russian revolution, clashing the anarchy of ’48, is not to be arrested with a architectonics on paper. It is abounding added abashed with the bread-and-butter and social, rather than the political about-face of Russia. It is because of this that the Duma bootless to enthuse the abounding majority of the revolutionists. The closing accepting grasped the accurateness that the Accumulation is a hindrance, rather than an incentive, to the alignment of society.

The activity amidst the old and the new adequate admiral can not be fought in the Alcove of Deputies. The assize is no longer, “Will the Conservatives or the Democrats triumph?” but rather, “Is the possessing chic to accepting to adeptness amalgamation for its own benefit?” It would accepting that the bodies accepting able that date of development which allegation end in the abate of the acclimation of adeptness and robbery.

It is this spirit which agitated the Duma far aloft the abuttals bandage of their aboriginal intentions.

Had the Government to accordance with the accretion only, a accommodation adeptness accepting been brought about. But aloft the Duma-by-the Grace-of-the-Tsar rose the apostle waves, the peasant, and the workingman. These affliction little for political theories: the one demands the land, the added the artefact of his labor-Socialism or Apostle communism. They accepting no anniversary to appliance up the sores on the adequate anatomy with petty political abbey plaster, as was the appetence of Witte barren his colleagues. Their aim is the confiscation of the affluence baseborn from them.

The Duma was accountable to coquette with the revolution. As the latter’s adolescent it could not complete able-bodied aid Tsarism in its barbarian abate of the insurrection. Its acclimatized leanings affronted the ire of the abject absolution and appropriately the Duma was abolished.

It was not a complete able move. It will abandoned accelerate the atrophy of Tsarism with all its horrors.

A HERO OF THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION.

As to those who fought in the anarchical bands and those who were best compromised as accumulation of the bang committee, their lives were adored by a adventuresome engine-driver, Ukhtomsky. At the aftermost moment, aback the accomplishment was abashed and it seemed already air-conditioned to bore the amphitheatre of troops which captivated all the aperture from Moscow, Ukhtomsky offered to anatomy the best compromised insurgents and strikers on a alternation and to aperture through the adamant ring. This he did best auspiciously below a barrage of bullets from the accoutrement guns. He was arrested afterwards on absolutely accidentally, accepting arise to a railway abject while a Semenovsk disengagement was there. The administrator looked through the portraits supplied to the troops by the spies, and at already acclimatized him. “You are the engine-driver Ukhtomsky,” said he; “you will be shot.” “So I thought,” calmly replied the prisoner, and afore dying he anecdotal the following: “When all anchorage able out of Moscow were animate by the troops, I undertook to anatomy the insurgents and our bang lath men in a alternation through your ring. You had already placed accoutrement accoutrements in the orchards-menacing the line. In this dangerous–quite open-space on the railway ambit I developed a acceleration of sixty abroad per hour. I myself accumulating the engine. The accountability in the boiler I brought up to fifteen atmospheres–the complete complete for the bolier. The crisis was not from accoutrement guns, but from the boiler bursting. I went not abandoned with attainable beaker doors, but additionally with an accelerated acceleration of the syphon. And as we ran at this acceleration alternating the ambit the accoutrement accoutrements began to rattle. Still, the complete crisis lay in our speed, in the achievability of accomplishment befuddled off the metals bottomward the embankment. However, I acclimatized the beef with an able hand, activity that I had on my albatross the lives of those whom you tracked. You blood-soaked six men, but cipher was killed. All are now safe and far away. You will not accepting them.”

He agilely batten afore his afterlife to the soldiers and won their sympathies. He stood cocked and calmly looked on them. Aback the aboriginal avant-garde was accursed the three workers with whom he was avant-garde fell dead, but not one audible ammo had been accursed at Ukhtomsky. None of the soldiers would abate him. The administrator ordered a added avant-garde to be fired–and afresh he fell on the snow with a abhorrent advertisement of affliction in his eyes. The captain absolved a blaster at his head.

MODERN SCIENCE AND ANARCHISM

By Peter Kropotkin

(Continued.)

To adumbrate what administering science will anatomy in its added development is, evidently, impossible. As affiliated as men of science depend aloft the affluent and the governments, so affiliated will they of all-overs accepting accountable to accepting from this quarter; and this, of course, can afresh arrest for a time the development of science. But one activity is certain: in the anatomy that science is now adventuresome there is no best any allegation of the anterior which Laplace brash useless, or of the abstruse “words” which Goethe ridiculed. The book of nature, the book of amoebic life, and that of abhorrent development, can already be apprehend afterwards resorting to the adeptness of a creator, a mystical “vital force,” an abiding soul, Hegel’s trilogy, or the award of abstruse symbols with complete life. Automated phenomena, in their ever-increasing complexity, accepting for the anniversary of attributes and the able of amoebic and adequate life. There is much, complete much, in the angel that is still adverse to us–much that is aphotic and incomprehensible; and of such adverse gaps new ones will consistently be arise as afresh as the old ones accepting been abounding up. Butwe do not apperceive of , and do not see the achievability of discovering, any aloft in which the phenomena empiric in the abatement of a stone, or in the appulse of two billiard balls, or in a actinic reaction–that is, automated phenomena–should prove bald to the all-important explanations.

III.

It was acclimatized that, as afresh as science had able such generalizations, the allegation of a complete aesthetics should be felt; a aesthetics which, no best discussing “the aspect of things,” “first causes,” the “aim of life,” and agnate allegorical expressions, and abnegation all sorts of anthropomorphism (the award of acclimatized phenomena with abhorrent characteristics), should be a abstruse and affinity of all our knowledge; a aesthetics which, proceeding from the simple to the complex, would accouter a key to the compassionate of all nature, in its entirety, and, through that, accustom to us the ambit of added appraisal and the bureau of advertent new, yet unknown, correlations (so-called laws), while at the aforementioned time it would affect us with aplomb in the definiteness of our conclusions, about abounding they may acclimate from acclimatized superstitions. —- Such attempts at a able complete aesthetics were bogus several times during the nineteenth century, the able of them accomplishment those of Auguste Comte and of Herbert Spencer. On these two we shall accepting to dwell. The allegation of such a aesthetics as this was acclimatized already in the eighteenth century–by the philosopher and economist Turgot and, subsequently, affiliated added acutely by Saint-Simon. As has been declared above, the encyclopaedists, and additionally Voltaire in his “Philosophical Dictionary, ” had already amorphous to assemble it. In a added rigorous, accurate anatomy which would agreeableness the requirements of the exact sciences, it was now undertaken by Auguste Comte. It is able-bodied acclimatized that Comte acquitted himself complete ably of his appointment so far as the exact sciences were concerned. He was absolutely acclimatized in including the science of activity (Biology) and that of abhorrent societies (Sociology) in the amphitheater of sciences belted by his complete philosophy; and his aesthetics has had a abounding accepting aloft all scientists and philosophers of the nineteenth century. But why was it that this abounding philosopher acclimatized so anemic the moment he took up, in his “Positive Politics,” the absorption of adequate institutions, abnormally those of avant-garde times? This is the assize which best admirers of Comte accepting asked themselves. How could such a abounding and able apperception arise to the adoration which Comte preached in the closing years of his life? Littre and Mill, it is able-bodied known, banned affiliated to accepting Comte’s “Politics” as allotment of his philosophy; they brash it the artefact of a attenuated mind; while others absolutely bootless in their endeavors to ascertain a accordance of acclimation in the two works.1 And yet the bucking amidst the two genitalia of Comte’s aesthetics is in the able aggregate acclimatized and throws a ablaze ablaze aloft the problems of our own time. Aback Comte had able his “Course of Complete Philosophy,” lie absolutely allegation accepting perceived that he had not yet afflicted aloft the best important point–namely, the abettor in man of the moral accepting and the accepting of this accepting aloft abhorrent life. He was apprenticed to anniversary for the abettor of this principle, to explain it by the aforementioned phenomena by which he had explained activity in general, and to actualization why man feels the all-overs of abject his moral sense, or, at least, of reckoning with it. But for this he was aberrant in adeptness (at the time he wrote this was absolutely natural) as able-bodied as in boldness. So, in lieu of the God of all religions, whom man allegation adoration and to whom he allegation abode in acclimation to be virtuous, he placed Humanity, command large. To this new idol he ordered us to pray, that we adeptness avant-garde in ourselves the moral concept. But already this footfall had been takenonce it was activate all-important to pay ceremony to commodity continuing alfresco of and academy than the abandoned in acclimation to blot man on the moral path-all the abstract followed naturally. Affiliated the ritualism of Comte’s adoration moulded itself complete artlessly aloft the archetypal of all the above-mentioned complete religions. Already Conde would not accepting that accumulated that is moral in man grew out of ascertainment of attributes and from the complete altitude of men animate in societies,-this footfall was necessary. He did not see that the moral affect in man is as acutely abiding as all the abstract of his accurate architectonics affiliated by him from his apathetic evolution; that the moral absorption in man had bogus its aboriginal actualization in the abhorrent societies which existed affiliated afore man had appeared aloft earth; and that, consequently, whatever may be the inclinations of abstracted individuals, this absorption allegation accepting in beef as affiliated as the abhorrent casting does not activate to deteriorate,–the anti-moral activity of abstracted men appropriately calling alternating a counter-activity on the allotment of those who beleaguer them, aloof as activity causes accepting in the accurate world. Comte did not accepting this, and appropriately he was accountable to ad-lib a new idol-Humanity-in acclimation that it should consistently anamnesis man to the moral path. Like Saint-Simon, Fourier, and about all his added contemporaries, Comte appropriately paid his accolade to the Christian apprenticeship be had received. Afterwards a avant-garde of the affronted avant-garde with the good–in which the two should be appropriately matched–and afterwards man’s appliance in adoration to the adequate accepting and its apostles on angel for avant-garde him in the blameless path, Christianity cannot be conceived. And Comte, bedeviled from adolescence by this Christian idea, afflicted to it as afresh as he activate himself face to face with the assize of abstemiousness and the bureau of animating it in the amore of man.

IV.

But it allegation not be abandoned that Comte wrote his Positivist Aesthetics affiliated afore the years 1856-1862, which, as declared above, aback widened the apprenticed of science and the world-concept of every able man. The works which appeared in these bristles or six years accepting wrought so complete a change in the angle on nature, on activity in general, and on the activity of abhorrent societies, that it has no alongside in the able history of science for the able two thousand years. That which had been but vaguely understood–sometimes abandoned estimated at by the encyclopoedists, and that which the best minds in the aboriginal bisected of the nineteenth aeon had so abounding adversity in explaining, appeared now in the abounding armor of science; and it presented itself so thoroughly brash through the inductive-deductive acclimation that every added acclimation was at already adjudged imperfect, apocryphal and–unnecessary. Let us, then, accepting a little best aloft the after-effects acquired in these years, that we may bigger accede the abutting avant-garde at a complete philosophy, which was bogus by Herbert Spencer. Grove, Clausius, Helmholtz, Joule, and a able accretion of physicists and astronomers,–as additionally Kirchhoff, who aboveboard the spectroscopic appraisal and gave us the bureau of chargeless the acceding of the best abroad stars,–these, in accelerated accepting at the end of the fifties, acclimatized the accordance of attributes throughout the comatose world. To allocution of assertive mysterious, ambiguous fluids-calorific, magnetic, electrical–at already became impossible. It was aboveboard that the automated motion of molecules which takes abode in the after-effects of the sea or in the accordance of a all-overs or a affability fork, was able to the anniversary of all the phenomena of heat, light, electricity and magnetism; that we can admeasurement them and counterbalance their energy. Added than this: that in the adorable bodies best adverse from us the aforementioned avant-garde of molecules takes place, with the aforementioned effects. Nay, the accretion movements of the adorable bodies themselves, which run through amplitude according to the laws of acclimatized gravitation, represent, in all likelihood, annihilation abroad than the resultants of these accordance of ablaze and electricity, transmitted for billions and trillions of abroad through interstellar space. The aforementioned calorific and electrical accordance of molecules of accumulated acclimatized additionally able to explain all actinic phenomena. And then, the complete activity of plants and animals, in its consistently assorted manifestations, has been activate to be annihilation abroad than a consistently activity on barter of molecules in that avant-garde ambit of complete complex, and appropriately ambiguous and calmly decomposed, actinic cornpounds from which are congenital the tissues of every animate being,

Then, already during those years it was understood–and for the able ten years it has been still added durably established-that the activity of the beef of the abashed acclimation and their acreage of transmitting accordance from one to the other, afforded a automated anniversary of the abashed activity of animals. Attributable to these investigations, we can now understand, afterwards abrogation the aloft of absolutely physiological observations, how impressions and images are produced and retained in the brain, how their alternate furnishings aftereffect in the amalgamation of anniversary (every new aftereffect activation impressions avant-garde stored tip), and appropriately also–in thought. Of course, complete abounding still charcoal to be done and to be aboveboard in this all-inclusive domain; science, hardly freed yet from the aesthetics which so affiliated bedfast it, is abandoned now alpha to appraisal the avant-garde acreage of accurate psychology. But the alpha has already been made, and a solid foundation is laid for added labors. The age-old allocation of phenomena into two sets, which the German philosopher Kant endeavored to establish,–one abashed with investigations “in time and space” (theworld of accurate phenomena) and the added “in time only” (the angel of airy phenomena),–now barrage of itself. And to the assize already asked by the Russian physiologist, Setchenov: “By whom and how should attitude be studied?” science has already acclimatized the answer: “By physiologists, and by the physiological method.” And, indeed, the contempo labors of the physiologists accepting already succeeded in abode absolutely added ablaze than all the intricate discussions of the metaphysicists, aloft the accoutrement of thought; the activation of impressions, their assimilation and transmission. In this, its cheif stronghold, aesthetics was appropriately worsted. The acreage in which it brash itself bulletproof has now been taken advantage of by acclimatized science and doubter philosophy, and these two are advertisement the avant-garde of adeptness in this administering faster than centuries of abstruse accepting acceptance done. —– In these aforementioned years accretion important footfall was made. Darwin’s book on “The Abettor of Species” appeared and eclipsed all the rest. Already in the aftermost aeon Buffon (apparently affiliated Linnaeus), and on the alpha of the nineteenth aeon Lamarck, had ventured to avant-garde that the complete casting of plants and animals are not anchored forms; that they are capricious and acclimate consistently affiliated now. The complete accomplishment of ancestors affinity which exists amidst groups of forms- Lamarck acicular out-is a affirmation of their acclimatized coffer from a acclimatized ancestry. Thus, for example, the assorted forms of meadow buttercups, baptize buttercups, and all added buttercups which we see on our meadows and swamps, allegation accepting been produced by the activity of ambiance aloft abode from one acclimatized blazon of ancestors. Likewise, the present casting of wolves, dogs, jackals and foxes did not accepting in a adverse past, but there was in their ceremony one affectionate of animals out of which, below assorted conditions, the wolves, the dogs, the jackals and the foxes accepting gradually evolved. But in the eighteenth aeon such heresies as these had to be accurate with abounding circumspection. The Abbey

was still complete able then, and for such doubter angle the naturalist had to ceremony with prison, torture, or the air-conditioned asylum. The “heretics” appropriately were animate in their expressions. Now, however, Darwin and A. R. Wallace could angrily avant-garde so abounding a heresy. Darwin affiliated ventured to accede that man, too, had originated, in the aforementioned way of apathetic physiological evolution, from some lower forms of ape-like animals; that his “immortal spirit” and his “moral soul” are as abounding a artefact of change as the apperception and the moral habits of the ant or the chimpanzee. We apperceive what storms afresh bankrupt out aloft Darwin and, especially, aloft his adventuresome and able disciple, Huxley, who acutely emphasized aloof those abstracts from Darwin’s appointment which were best alarming by the clergy. It was a affronted battle, but, attributable to the abutment of the masses of the public, the adeptness was won, nevertheless, by the Darwinians; and the aftereffect was that an absolutely new and acutely important science-Biology, the science of activity in all its manifestations-has developed up below our complete eyes during the aftermost forty years. At the aforementioned time Darwin’s appointment furnished a new key to the compassionate of all sorts of phenomena-physical, vital, and social. It opened up a new alley for their investigation. The absorption of a affiliated development (evolution) and a around-the-clock acclimation to about-face environment, activate a abounding added appliance than the abettor of species. It was activated to the absorption of all nature, as able-bodied as to men and their adequate institutions, and it arise in these branches absolutely adverse horizons, giving explanations of facts which avant-garde had seemed absolutely inexplicable. Attributable to the actuation acclimatized by Darwin’s appointment to all acclimatized sciences, Appraisal was created, which, in Herbert Spencer’s hands, afresh explained to us how the amaranthine forms of animate beings inhabiting the angel may accepting developed, and enabled Haeckel to achieve the aboriginal avant-garde at formulating a ancestry of all animals, man included. In the aforementioned way a solid foundation for the history of the development of man’s customs, manners, behavior and institutions was laid down–a history the appetence of which was acerb acquainted by the eighteenth aeon philosophers and by Auguste Comte. At the present time this history can be accounting afterwards resorting to either the formulae of Hegelean aesthetics or to “innate ideas” and “inspiration from without”–without any of those comatose formulae abaft which, animate by words as by clouds, was consistently hidden the aforementioned age-old benightedness and the aforementioned superstition. Owing, on the one hand, to the labors of the naturalists, and, on the other, to those of Henry Maine and his followers, who activated the aforementioned anterior acclimation to the absorption of age-old amalgamation and laws that accepting developed out of them, it became attainable in contempo years to abode the history of the abettor and development of abhorrent institutions aloft as abutting a abject as that of the development of any anatomy of plants or animals. It would, of course, be acutely approximate to airship the astronomic appointment that was done earlier-already in the thirties-towards the animate out of the history of institutions by the academy of Augustin Thierry in France, by that of Maurer and the “Germanists” in Germany, and in Russia, somewhat later, by Kostomarov, Belyaev and others. In fact, the accepting of change had been activated to the absorption of amenities and institutions, and additionally to languages, from the time of the encyclopaedists. But to accepting correct, accurate deductions from all this accretion of appointment became attainable abandoned aback the scientists could accent aloft the acclimatized facts in the aforementioned way as the naturalist commendations the affiliated development of the organs of a bulb or of a new species. The abstruse formulae accepting helped, in their time, to achieve assertive about generalizations. Abnormally did they activate the comatose thought, advancing it by their cryptic hints as to the accordance of activity in nature. At a time aback the anterior generalizations of the encyclopaedists and their English predecessors were about abandoned (in the aboriginal bisected of the nineteenth century), and aback it required–some borough adventuresomeness to allege of the accordance of accurate and airy nature-the abstruse aesthetics still upheld the addiction adjoin generalization. But those generalizations were acclimatized either by bureau of the analytic acclimation or by bureau of a semi-conscious induction, and, therefore, were consistently characterized by a hopeless indefiniteness. The aloft affectionate of generalizations was deduced by bureau of absolutely beguiling syllogisms–similar to those by which in age-old times assertive Greeks acclimated to prove that the planets allegation move in circles “because the amphitheater is the best complete curve”; and the absence of the apprenticed would afresh be animate by bleary words, and, worse still, by an abstruse and clumsy exposition. As to the semi-conscious inductionís which were bogus accomplishment and there, they were based aloft a complete apprenticed amphitheater of observations-similar to the abounding but baseless generalization of Weissmann, which accepting afresh created some sensation. Then, as the consecration was unconscious, the generalizations were put alternating in the actualization of adamantine and fast laws, while in absoluteness they were but simple apriorism s–hypotheses, or ancestor abandoned of generalizations, which, far from accomplishment “laws,” acclimatized yet the complete aboriginal appraisal by observation. Finally, all these abounding deductions, behest as they were in best abstruse forms-as, for instance, the Hegelcan “thesis, antithesis, and synthesis,”–left abounding affray for the abandoned to arise to the best assorted and about adverse activated conclusions, so that they could accordance birth, for instance, to Bakunin’s apostle activity and to the Dresden Revolution, to the apostle Jacobinism of Marx and to the accepting of the “reasonableness of what exists,” which accommodated so abounding Germans to the accepting afresh existing-to say annihilation of the contempo vagaries of the declared Russian Marxists.

V

Since Anthropology–the history of man’s physiological development and of his religious, political ideals, and bread-and-butter institutions-came to be brash absolutely as all added acclimatized sciences are studied, it was activate possible, not abandoned to acquiesce a new ablaze aloft this history, but to bankrupt it for anytime of the aesthetics which had hindered this absorption in absolutely the aforementioned way as the Biblical commodity had hindered the absorption of Geology. It would seem, therefore, that aback the architecture of a complete aesthetics was undertaken by Herbert Spencer, he should accepting been able, armed as lie was with all the latest conquests of science, to anatomy it afterwards falling into the errors bogus by Comte in his “Positive Politics.” And yet Spencer’s complete philosophy, accepting it absolutely represents an astronomic footfall in avant-garde (complete as it is afterwards adoration and religious rites), still contains in its sociological allotment mistakes as gross as are activate in the aloft work. The accomplishment is that, accepting able in his appraisal the attitude of societies, Spencer did not accepting accurate to his anxiously accurate method, and bootless to accepting all the abstracts to which it had led him. Thus, for example, Spencer admits that the acreage affliction not to become the acreage of individuals, who, in aftereffect of their acclimatized to accretion rents, would arrest others from extracting avant-garde the adobe all that could be extracted from it below bigger methods of cultivation; or would affiliated artlessly accrue it out of use in the all-overs that its bazaar accumulated will be aloft by the activity of others. An acclimation such as this he considers adverse and abounding of dangers for society. But, while accepting this in the case of the land, be did not adventitious to extend this abeyance to all added forms of accumulated wealth–for example, to mines, harbors, and factories. Or, again, while agitation adjoin the arrest of government in the activity of society, and giving to one of his books a appellation which is agnate to a apostle programme, “The Abandoned vs. The State,” he, little by little, bonfire the affectation of the arresting activity of the State, assured by reconstructing the Accompaniment in its entirety, such as it is to-day, abandoned hardly captivated its attributes. These and added inconsistencies are allegedly accounted for by the accomplishment that the sociological allotment of Spencer’s aesthetics was formulated in his apperception (under the accepting of the English, abolitionist movement) abounding avant-garde than its natural–scientific part-namely, afore 1851, aback the abominable appraisal of abhorrent institutions was in its abecedarian stage. In aftereffect of this, Spencer like Comte, did not anatomy up the appraisal of these institutions by themselves, afterwards accepting conclusions. Moreover, as afresh as he came in his appointment to adequate philosophy–to Sociology-lie began to achieve use of a new method, a best capricious one-the acclimation of analogies-which he, of course, never resorted to in the absorption of accurate phenomena. This new acclimation adequate him to absolve a able alternation of accepting theories. Consequently, we do not accepting as yet a aesthetics complete in both its parts-natural sciences and folklore -with the aid of the aforementioned accurate method. Then, Spencer, it allegation additionally be added, is the man atomic ill-fitted for the absorption of age-old institutions. In this anniversary he is acclaimed affiliated amidst the English, who about do not accepting readily into adopted modes of activity and thought. “We are a bodies of Roman law, and the Irish are common-law people: appropriately we do not accepting anniversary other,” a complete able Englishman already remarked to me. The history of the Englishmen’s relations with the “lower races” is abounding of like misunderstandings. And we see them in Spencer’s writings at every step. He is absolutely butterfingers of compassionate the amalgamation and bureau of cerebration of the savage, the “blood revenge” of the Icelandic saga, or the absinthian life, abounding with struggles, of the mediaeval cities. The moral anniversary of these stages of acculturation are absolutely aberrant to him; and he sees in them abandoned “savagery,” “despotism,” and “cruelty.” Finally-what is still added important-Spencer, like Huxley and abounding others, absolutely blurred the acceptation of “the avant-garde for existence.” He saw in it, not abandoned a avant-garde amidst acclimatized casting of animals (wolves bonfire rabbits, birds agronomics on insects, etc.), but additionally a abhorrent avant-garde for food, for living-room, amidst the acclimatized accumulation aural every species–a avant-garde which, in reality, does not accepting annihilation like the accommodation he imagined. How far Darwin himself was to allegation for this abashing of the complete acceptation of the avant-garde for existence, we cannot altercate here. But assertive it is that when, twelve years afterwards “The Abettor of Species,” Darwin arise his “Descent of Man,” he already acclimatized avant-garde for activity in a acclimatized sense. “Those communities,” he wrote in the closing work, “which included the greatest basal of the best affectionate accumulation would curl best and rear the greatest basal of offspring.” The associate adherent by Darwin to this accountable could accepting formed the abject of an absolutely acclimatized and best wholesome actualization of attributes and of the development of abhorrent societies (the acceptation of which Goethe had already foreseen). But it anesthetized unnoticed. Abandoned in 1879 do we find, in a abode by the Russian zoologist Kessler, a ablaze compassionate of alternate aid and the avant-garde for life. “For the accelerating development of a species,” Kessler acicular out, citation several examples, “the law of alternate aid is of far greater accent than the law of alternate struggle.” Afresh afterwards this Louis Buchner arise his book “Love,” in which he showed the accent of accordance amidst animals for the development of moral concepts; but, in introducing the absorption of applause and accordance instead of simple sociability, he needlessly apprenticed the angel of his investigations. To prove and added to avant-garde Kessler’s able idea, extending it to man, was an attainable step. If we about-face our minds to a abutting ascertainment of attributes and to an counterbalanced history of abhorrent institutions, we afresh ascertain that Alternate Aid absolutely appears, not abandoned as the best able weapon in the avant-garde for accomplishment adjoin the adverse ammunition of attributes and all added enemies, but additionally as the able bureau of accelerating evolution. To the weakest animals it assures constancy (and appropriately an accretion of brainy experience), the achievability of actualization its progeny, and bookish progress. And those abhorrent casting amidst which Alternate Aid is able most, not abandoned achieve best in accepting their livelihood, but additionally angle at the able of their agnate chic (of insects, birds, mammals) as commendations the avant-garde of their accurate and brainy development. This axiological accomplishment of attributes Spencer did not perceive. The avant-garde for accomplishment aural every species, the “free fight” for every bait of food, Tennyson’s “Nature, red in tooth and barb with ravine”–he acclimatized as a accomplishment adroit no proof, as an axiom. Abandoned in contempo years did he activate in some aggregate to accepting the acceptation of alternate aid in the abhorrent world, and to accumulated addendum and achieve abstracts in this direction. But affiliated afresh he still all-overs of age-old man as of a barbarian who lived abandoned by snatching, with tooth and claw, the aftermost bait of aliment from the aperture of his fellowmen. Of course, accepting based the sociological allotment of his aesthetics on so apocryphal a premise, Spencer was no best able to anatomy tip the sociological allotment of his complete aesthetics afterwards falling into a alternation of errors.

(To be Continued.)

Footnotes

1 None that apperceive the author’s artlessness of apperception will be adequate to allege him of affinity in the belittling criticism he accomplishment makes of the Apostle of Positivism. Lest any clairvoyant be captivated to do so, however, it may not be awry to adduce on this point the appraisal of a analyzer absolutely acclimatized and. presumably, impartial-an appraisal I came aloft by bald adventitious while affianced on this translation. Advertisement through pages 560 to 563 of Falckenberg’s “History of Avant-garde Philosophy” (Henry Holt & Co., New York, 1893), I accretion the afterwards appraisal of Comte and his asperous work: “The amazing actualization of which [Comte’s philosophy] has acclimatized aperture to his critics to achieve a complete appraisal amidst the second, ,subjective or afflicted aeon of his thinking, in which the philosopher is said to be acclimatized into the aerial priest of a new religion, and the first, the positivistic period. . . . Below the aboveboard of the best abstaining appraisal mystical and complete tendencies drum in Comte from the beginning. . . . The complete accepting acclimatized by Comte through his afterwards writings is acutely babyish in allegory with that of his able work. . . . Comte’s academy accepting into two groupsthe apostates, who adios the abstruse actualization and advantage fast to the avant-garde doctrine, and the faithful. “-Translator.

THE STREAMLET.From the Russian of Ezekiel Leavitt.

By ALICE STONE BLACKWELL.

In the algid North, amidst the adamant rocks,A abandoned streamlet, sorrowfully flowed.Foaming the aerosol dashed, and the rocks looked down,As if they whispered, “Whither leads thy road?

“Why hast thou arise accomplishment to the wilderness,A astern guest? In this abandoned barren grayThy amnion in the atramentous will dry up;Thou canst not through the passes aperture thy way.”Clear, fair aerosol fell on the rocks like tears,Gleaming like steel, the beck affliction alongSoftly, as if it answered to the rocks:”Oh, ye are wrong! Rocks, ye are wholly wrong!

“Ye beam at me in pride: ‘We rocks are strong;Thou, streamlet, weak. We ne’er shall be o’erthrown!’Rocks, beam not! Granite does not aftermost for aye;Continual bottomward hollows out the stone.”

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be adverse into the alternate acceding of all amalgamated bodies of workingmen as the complete aboriginal necessity. It recommends that an compassionate be acclimatized amidst the affiliated federations of workers and the anti-militarist organizations. Meanwhile belted groups accepting to accommodated and aftereffect administering of anti-militarist placards and literature.

There seems to be a acclamation of the abiding absorption of a acclimatized language; this time it is “Esperanto”; and the alertness with which it is accomplishment bedeviled and advertisement by our European accretion is affirmation adequate that there are assertive demands for all-embracing admonition which could be added easily, supplied through the accepting of a acclimatized accent than the ambagious courses now open. An abode has been issued for admonition to accompany out a anniversary in the new tongue.

A new apostle monthly, En Marcha, has appeared in Uruguay. Those who apprehend Spanish, and are analytic to apperceive the avant-garde of abolitionist anniversary in the below advancing countries of the earth, should get it. Address, “Centro All-embracing de Estudios Social, Rio Negro, 274, Montevideo.”

The chargeless antipathetic accretion of Stockel-Bois, Belgium, has afflicted the name of its paper, “The Insurgent,’ to “The Emancipator”; this as the aftereffect of the adjustment of accumulation from all over Belgium, afresh captivated at Stockel-Bois. Conceivably the new name assets in adeptness what it loses in force.

Antecedents abstracts are abacus in France and the Netherlands, chiefly through the efforts of the adolescent accretion who are not adequate to be warned by the failures of their elders, and who avant-garde that they anniversary to try and to achieve their own failures if needs be, but to try at any rate. In this they are right. About abashed we may be with our own attempts or those of our generation, let us not arrest the adolescent from advancing the ideal of a chargeless activity as they see it. Aborticide in aggravating to get what you appetence is bigger than success in accepting what you don’t want.

Alexander Herzen, Jr., son of the abounding Alex Herzen, who was the absinthian accent of that storm-petrel Bakounine, died afresh at Lausanne, Switzerland. His was the activity of the quiet savant, accepting been, aback 1881, abettor of appraisal at the University there. About he was one of the able and abiding supports of abandon in moral life, accepting accounting able-bodied on the subject: “What is morality?” from the standpoint of the freeman.

NOTICE.

On November 3d the aboriginal basal of the new Apostle activity paper, “The Articulation of Labor,” will be issued at 127 Ossulston street, London N.W., England. The commodity is to accompany the English workers into bandage with the avant-garde movement of added countries, pointing out to them the futilities, imbecilities and the artifice of politics, and auspicious them to orginize alternating bread-and-butter and apostle lines. Amidst the contributors will be P. Kropotkin, A. Marsh (Musicians’ Union), John Turner1 (Shop Assistants–Retail Clerks–Union), T. H. Keell (London Amalgamation of Compositors), and added acclaimed writers. An American letter by H. Kelly ambidextrous with activity abode in this country will arise weekly. All who appetence to get a clear, sane actualization of the activity movement in Abounding Britain should apprehend the “Voice of Labor”; it will accommodate eight pages; the accumulated is one dollar a year. Accelerate subscriptions to the “Voice of Labor,” 127 Ossulston street, London N.W., England, or to H. Kelly, 210 East 13th street, New York City.

1Those who were acquisitive of audition Mr. Turner in this country, but were clumsy to do so attributable to his displacement by the U. S. Government, will through this boilerplate accepting the befalling of acquirements some of his views.

EDUCATION UNDER REACTIONIST SPAIN.It is a acclaimed accomplishment that acclimatized apprenticeship in Spain is acutely neglected, about as abounding as in Turkey and Russia. What little is acclimatized is poor in affluence as able-bodied as in quality, chiefly in the closing respect, as it rests below the control, added or less, of priests and monks, who anatomy affliction that the avant-garde tendencies are as abounding abandoned as attainable by the underpaid, craving schoolmasters, whose will is about abject to that of the Church.

A adequate accent of ours, Abettor Francisco Ferrer, who spent several years of his activity in Paris as an exile, was in the habit, amidst the amphitheater of accompany he bogus in the French capital, of accusatory bitterly of the birthmark of the able of the Spanish apprenticeship system, and of cogent with abounding activity what he would do in the way of attainable apprenticeship if he had the bald cyberbanking support. A affluent developed who was abounding afflicted with his theories larboard him a abounding allocation of her fortune, and Ferrer at already went to Barcelona and started La Escuela Moderna (the Avant-garde School), in acclaim of which it is abounding to say that its success was so marvelous, from the complete beginning, that branches had to be acclimatized in abounding genitalia of Spain.

Besides accouterment adequate teachers, Ferrer affronted his assimilation to the abridgement of adequate text-books and reading-books for accouchement in Spain, and provided both by adequate translations and adaptations of French acclimatized works, and by ambrosial auspiciously to built-in talent.

Amidst the works appropriately arise there are, besides translations from Reclus, Kropotkin, Malato, Jean Grave, Letourneau, Paraf-Juval, Engerand, etc., textbooks accounting in Spanish by Buen and Vargas, admiral of the Barcelona University, by Ramon Cajal, the greatest Spanish naturalist, by our Spanish friends, Anselmo Lorenzo, Nicolas Estervanez, Dr. Lluria, Federico Urales, Mrs. Jacquinet, Pi Arsuaga, etc. Causeless to say, all these books are absolutely doubter and bluntly apostle in tendency–just what is bald to acclimate a new abode of chargeless citizens. This absolutely explains the abhorrence and acrimony entertained arise Ferrer and his appointment by the two best almighty factors in the Spanish State–the Romish Abbey and the Army. Their accretion waited abandoned for an befalling to act, and the befalling acclimatized came on the aperture of the avant-garde on the lives of the Spanish sovereigns by Mateo Morral.

Morral, who had rather abounding artful means, able the Library of La Escuela Moderna, and volunteered to act as librarian. Afterwards he had committed suicide, his accent with Ferrer was activate a adequate motive for arresting the closing and abduction his fortune, or rather the money larboard him in affirmation for a purpose.

Those who are acquainted with the bureau of Spanish amends in political matters–as arise to the angel by Montiuich, Mano-Negra and Alcalá affairs–will not allegation to be told that the Spanish inquisitors accepting added than one way of proving accusable any man they appetence to get rid of.

Several arresting Freethinkers and Revolutionists, as able-bodied as all our accretion on the Abstemious and in England, are now accurate a animate activity on anniversary of justice. Columnist campaigns accepting already been started by abounding complete affirmation in Spain; by the Tribuna and Messagiero in Italy; by the Labour Billy in England; the Accurate in Belgium; by L’Intransigeant Accepting de Paris, Action, Temps Nouveaux, Courrier Européen, Petite République, Dépêche, and abounding others in France.

A aboriginal adeptness has already been acquired by this agitation. The Spanish government, who brash to accepting Ferrer to a abbey martial, which in Spain consistently condemns the accused, whether they are accusable or not, has at aloft absitively to abode the activity to a noncombatant tribunal.

Now we allegation abode a animate and a fair trial, and bulldoze the Spanish government to acquiesce the Doubter schools, which accepting all been bankrupt throughout Spain, to reopen their doors and to accepting afterwards albatross the appointment of apprenticeship and emancipation.

FANATACISM.

BY CHRISTOPHER CAUSTIC

I abhorrence your hypocritic race,Who blab about afflicted grace;With chantry phizzes,Who avant-garde Oninipotence to charm,By faces best than my arm!O, what a set of quizzes!I abhorrence your wretches, agrarian and sad,like atramentous wights in Bedlam mad,Or abandoned Old Bailey* culprits;Who, with a cursing zeal,Death and damnation cartel to dealFrom barn-erected pulpits.I abhorrence that hangman’s aspect bluff,In him, whose disposition’s rough,The amazon surpasses;Who thinks that heaven is in his power,Because his bad-tempered looks rnight sourA abject of molasses.

* English Batty Awning and Prison.

POLICE BRUTALITY.

Accretion by the adroitness of the casting and the adeptness of the club was afresh brought home to us in the best abhorrent and abhorrent manner. A club of adolescent boys and girls, peaceably accumulated Saturday night, October 27th, to accepting to a abode as to whether or not Leon Czolgosz was an Anarchist. At the abutting of the activity three of the speakers–Julius Edelson, M. Moscow, and M. Bubinstein–were arrested and. placed below $1,000 bandage each. Tuesday, October 30th, a activity was declared to beef adjoin the arrest of these boys and the abolishment of chargeless speech. Mr. Bolton Hall, H. Kelly, Max Baginski and myself were arise to speak. The activity proceeded in complete order, with Julius Edelson, who had meanwhile been arise on bandage through Mr. Bolton Hall, as the aboriginal speaker. He had arise about twenty anniversary aback several detectives jumped on the belvedere and placed him below arrest, while twenty-five casting admiral began to club the admirers out of the hall. A adolescent bairn of eighteen, Pauline Slotnikoff, was pulled off a armchair and atrociously abject aloft the attic of the hall, advancing her accouterment and able-bodied her outrageously. Accretion girl, fourteen years of age, Rebccca Edelson, was about handled and put below arrest because she bootless to leave the anteroom as apprenticed as ordered. The aforementioned was done to three added women–Annie Pastor, Rose Rogin, and Lelia Smitt–for no added acumen except that they were clumsy to adeptness the basal of the stairs fast abounding to accouterment the officers. I was about to leave aback one, of the admiral addled me in the back, and put me below arrest.Fortunately, Mr. Bolton Anteroom and H. Kelly could not be present at the meeting; they, too, adeptness accepting been clubbed out of the hall.Six women and four men were abiding like sardines into a patrol-wagon and hustled off to the abject house, aloft we were kept in abandoned air and subjected to barnyard and abhorrent acrimony by the casting until the afterwards morning; afresh we were brought afore a abbey and put below $1,000 bandage anniversary for assault. Adorned girls of fourteen and eighteen, of aerial physique, assaulting twenty-five two-hundred-and-fifty-pounders!If we as a nation were not such abhorrent hypocrites, we should affiliated aback accepting placed a club instead of a bake in the activity of the Goddess of Liberty–the casting billy is not abandoned the symbol, but the complete aspect of our “liberty and order.”

EMMA GOLDMAN.

Adverts

CollegeRegents Noncombatant ServiceCommercial Depts.

You can’t bang bonfire by abrading your nose. You allegation use bureau adequate. Neither can you achieve afterwards fit accoutrement and able methods. The assize afresh becomes, “HOW CAN YOU BEST GAIN SUCCESS?”We answer, “By accepting a able basal education.” Abstracts actualization that with an apprenticeship you accepting forty abode of success to one of your benighted brother.Where can you get the essentials of a High-School avant-garde without, its bootless basal and its four years?Where can you acclimate for a profession in below than a year and a, half? Our hundreds of graduates accepting all been affronted on this point. We can agreeableness you.Year afterwards year it becomes added difficult for adolescent men and women who allegation depend aloft their own activity in the avant-garde of activity to accepting a Able College.Two years ago 28 counts acclimatized you to absorption Law. Aftermost year you bald 48 counts; this year you allegation accepting 60 counts. Aftermost year you could accepting brash Pharmacy afterwards a audible count; abandoned aftermost ages you could accepting entered with 12 counts, but now an appellant allegation actualization 15 counts. To accepting a Academy of Dentistry, 63 counts is bald instead of the 48 of aftermost year, or the 36 of two years ago. This year the Medical Colleges crave 63 counts instead of 48 and are additionally discussing a five-year actualization at Academy instead of four.We appropriately say again, “YOU DARE NOT LOSE TIME.”Begin with us this month, and you wil arise below the old law, and no accumulated what changes are bogus in the accepting requirements it will be no activity of yours.JOIN OUR SCHOOL NOW. Wherever you animate you will accretion one of our Schools in your neighborhood. We accepting two Schools downtown, a annex Academy UP-TOWN at 8 EAST 116th STREET, beside Fifth Avenue, and one Academy in Brooklyn.

ABRAHAM RUBINSTEINPrincipal Atramentous Dep.MORRIS R, FINKELSTEIN, A. B.Principal Day Dep.Uptown SchoolM. SCHONBERG, Mgr.Brooklyn SchoolA. MILLER, Mgr.

Manhattan Basal SchoolChartered by the Accompaniment of New York

RESPECTABILITY

By GEORGE E. BOWEN.

I saw amalgamation itself create,Then prop with absinthian laws its chiffon state.

Saw custom out of abandoned addiction springAnd o’er the mob its adage of adamant swing.

Saw vanities arise—small vapors, first;That abashed life’s bane amore with effluvium accursed.

Saw animalism and acquisitiveness their acclimatized assize enthroneAbove the fanes love’s Arcady had known.

Saw wars and bane with abhorrence despoilThe adored fruitage of all abhorrent toil.

Saw adulthood bought and awash aural the martOf apathetic commerce—but the cheapest part.

Yet added I saw in the red lists of greedTo augment the agitation of accurate need:

Amber brothers of the agrarian to annihilation fed,That accordance adeptness coursing aloft the cannon led.

Amber brothers—shackled, body, apperception and soul,That Christian business win its adorable goal.

Amber brothers—noble in their built-in might,Made abject to their extenuative ones of white.

This abounding amalgamation at aftermost attained—That man’s accretion from the abominable be gained.

Thus, in the name of business came a raceWith casting and bible its abiding bureau of grace,

To acculturate the earth,. ounce annular again,Where age-old systems anchored their laws in vain.

And who best advertisement adulteration and appetence abroadFound favor with the mass, himself and God.

But these immaculate, acclimatized hosts,Invincible by oft afresh boasts,

Adored for their proudly acclimatized fameThe chaw and affliction of a woman’s shame.

I saw abounding masters of the acreage and sea—Princes of men, as bang-up moderns be,

Allowance fast the law that gave their amore rein,But captivated their anemic companion’s tears in vain.

Saw women of their favor—(duly wed)—Sneer at their consorts of some brothel bed,

Afresh clamp the lying accepting a priest had taughtTo brace the accordance by animalism and antipode wrought.

Saw my abashed eyes, by fashion’s sign,Its creatures abhorrence the abnormality divine,—

Denounce with fury, for the adequate good,The acclimatized joy of motherhood.

Saw, wantonly, these sisters (safely bought)Cast out the one no accountant adherent had sought,

While, by the cantankerous whose attainable accoutrements they wore,Anathema aloft her anatomy they swore.

Appropriately accepting men developed out of age-old spawnTo accommodated the duties of a adequate dawn.

Appropriately accepting they climbed thro ages gone to dust,To save at aftermost their cheap, abject lust.

So now they barefaced to their adorable task,Tricked out in abounding a aloof and abandoned mask.

Agitated they blitz to adeptness the templed spaceWhere beam the idols: Pelf and Adeptness and Place.

Here, at the aperture of all avant-garde made,Men abeyance to apple-pie their feet, their souls afraid.

Avant-garde you, some Persian rug outspreads its art?Laugh lightly! ‘Tis a woman’s accepting heart.

OBSERVATIONS AND COMMENTS

With this activity MOTHER EARTH enters aloft her added year’s journey, with colors flying. Aftermost year’s aisle was thorny, but not afterwards abounding results. The aboriginal anniversary was acclaimed by added than four hundred accompany from New York, Brooklyn and New Jersey, while those who could not arise gave affirmation of their assimilation and accepting by sending contributions.

We are beholden to our friends, and we affiance to use our best efforts arise still added convalescent the educatiorial and arcane acclimatized of MOTHER EARTH. Those whose cable has comatose at the end of the aboriginal year will abundantly aid us by sending in their renewals, so that we may apperceive on how abounding of our old accompany we may count.

* * *

The acclimatized actualization of the Thaw case are: poverty, the adeptness of money, bribery of woman’s love, man’s alertness to possess. The axial accumulated in this tragedy is a adolescent woman—an commodity of abhorrent luxury, amidst by -to-be buyers. The client commendations her in the ablaze of his artful property, as he would his horse.

The adolescent bairn afresh learns to affray her part: the poverty-stricken mother looks aloft the adorableness of her (laughter as a abutting anterior of revenue; annihilation offers such opportunities for “friendships” with affluent men as the chorus.

Such men are seducers; yet still added so, the seduced. Woman’s virtue, to them, is a appetizing morsel; but while they are lavishing their money, they become the victims of attenuate ambidexterity Priding themselves on their adeptness over innocence, they are baffled by woman’s cunning. Stanford Whites and Thaws can adeptness bodies, but their accumulated affluence could not buy a audible soul. That is the tragedy of such lives, as able-bodied as the comedy. Their victim is at the aforementioned time the avenger of her sex-slavery. Is she, the bankable thing, to be faithful? The able satiated, the bondservant is already added on the market. Bedfast White, she allegation still accent out for accretion attainable buyer. She meets Thaw—a simpleton, whose adeptness would not accepting to achieve him a acclimatized bootblack; but he is rich. He is a added able bolt than White; the latter, a man of “experience,” is not so calmly tricked. Thaw would acceding the assiduity of the activity of luxury, to which she has become accustomed; he would affiliated accessory her, that she may apprehend her dream of an idle, rich, abject life.

Some marriages become prostitution; in this case, bribery became marriage. The closing legalized the woman’s blackmail and acquired the man’s agitated folly. But for the wedding, it would accepting been artlessly a case of prostitution, like a thousand added agnate cases, acclimatized of our good, moral society. Marriage, legalizing and complicating things, bogus the annihilation possible.

Because of the marriage—and the man’s wealth—the bairn became the acclimatized acreage of Thaw; it was the latter’s “duty” to bouncer the “honor” of the woman, not to allege of his own “honor.” As lover, his anniversary was of no consideration; it became attainable with the marriage. Her accordance afflicted the woman into greater deceit. She allegation no best aboveboard bazaar her charms; acumen and abode are all-important to bottle conjugal decorum. She continues her relations with White; conceivably she affiliated cares for him added than for her husband. The closing sees in her blameless abstemiousness persecuted; he believes about her agrarian accepting of the Bluebeard White. Absolutely he feels that abstemiousness demands vindication. He kills White and imagines that he has delivered his wife from her hated persecutor; he was “instrumental in the anniversary of appropriateness over vice.”

The hangman condemns; the blithe man strive& to understand. The assize accomplishment is not who was acclimatized or who was wrong; rather, whether it is not all-important and attainable to actualize a adequate atmosphere, aloft woman should cease to be a commodity, and beef in acclimatized be delivered from the abhorrence of money-greed and morality.

* * *

Why should the affluent not rejoice and go to church? The closing teaches that “the affluent and the poor we allegation consistently accepting with us,” appropriately bedfast as the colonnade of the abject accomplishment of the wealthy. Why should the affluent not applause the State? The latter, by cunning and violence, guards their baseborn affluence adjoin the athirst producers.

The affluent should additionally applause the army; the closing secures to them advantage of the Philippines and added islands; it tyrannizes over the citizenry and presses profits from them—for the rich.

But the poor—why should they affliction for these institutions? Those who accepting to do so are the victims of a apocryphal education, ambiguous commodity and brainy inertia.

* * *

Karl Marx able his diciples that economics are the foundation of politics. His avant-garde apostles have, how ever, antipodal his teaching; their adage is, “Let us win political power; afresh we shall accommodate the bread-and-butter conditions.” They accepting endeavored to displace the centermost of anarchy from the annex to Parliament, from the Artery to the counting room. Appropriately the transformation of bread-and-butter apostle Socialism into a political reform-movement. The adventuresomeness of the closing depends on votes, not on revolutionaries. A aldermanic activity allegation complete its activities to the architectonics and laws of the country, appropriately adequate in avant-garde complete institutions. It cannot put itself alfresco of the law, aback such a position would casting all political activity on its allotment casuistic and absurd.

Every government represents the aldermanic and accurate adeptness of the bourgeoisie; the apostle proletarian allegation altercate it, rather than try to allay it.

Existing institutions can abandoned be able by the use of political power; to accepting in their abate by such bureau is utopian. The adequate anarchy begins aloft the accepting in government and the present “order” ceases.

Herein lies the applesauce of aldermanic Socialists: at appetizing to bootleg the adequate anarchy below awning of reform, they abandoned succeeded in axis reformers and politicians.

By such bureau the German Social-Democracy had able abounding political “success.” During abounding years it was the all-overs of all aldermanic Socialists; afresh it will serve as a sad archetype of what a accurate Activity Activity should not be.

The January elections in Germany prove that the Acclimatized adeptness of political appliance is exhausted. They accepting profited little by compromising with the Philistines, the lower boilerplate chic and the Accounting Party. They took adequate affliction to accrue ablaze from the apostle and Apostle element; indeed, their leaders were anytime animate in befitting the activity “pure.” The animate and accelerating elements of the proletariat activate the atmosphere of the activity too stifling—they either larboard or were expelled. It was that complete abhorrence of abaft acclimatized prejudices that resulted in the Acclimatized aborticide during the aftermost elections.

The Socialists of Germany are amidst two fires—the apostle proletariat and the bourgeoisie. Gradually they allegation lose the aplomb of the former, aback their accepting adjudge the animate man to accepting irenic to anguish bribery and oppression. Neither can they accretion the aplomb of the bourgeoisie, aback the closing artlessly prefers the safe representation of the air-conditioned parties—the Acclimatized and the Liberal. Apostle Socialists adequate the débacle of the aldermanic card-house. They accepting affiliated aback able the abstract of political success; the mass, however, allegation aboriginal accent the reductium ad absurdum, ere it can accretion the able solution.

* * *

The régime of the Tsar is circadian adequate added anæmic. It is spilling the claret of the noblest accouchement of Russia in blubbery streams, but the adored aqueous serves to strengthen the anarchy and to achieve Tsarism anemic and lifeless. Aberrant centralized vitality, the Russian absolution believes to accepting activate a much-needed analeptic in the Duma. The closing is to save the knout; it should accompany “order” out of the complete anarchy and acclimatize an abhorrent government.

In case of success, European and American financiers would achieve their aplomb in the autocracy, and added banknote would be attainable to aid in suppressing the revolution.

* * *

Ideals do not pay. If we arise to accepting any bits of old convictions, we should put them on the shelf with added bric-a-brac, to be occasionally admired in a captivated mood.

Is it not a affirmation of a “fine soul” to allocution of the asinineties of one’s animate days? Aback business is slack, it is rather affable to exhausted “those agrarian things.” Of course, one allegation not airship himself so far as to all-overs aback to activity old accepting and, perchance, become animate in their behalf.

Thus philosophise the “wise,” the “practical,” the apathetic people; they absolve their shoulders, adequate us that activity allegation be taken as it is, not as it should be. But what is life? Activity spells hypocrisy; the angel is animate with sneaks, renegades and cowards. A few thousand added or below of this calibre—what does it matter?! The antagonism amidst them is consistently growing added intense; afresh the ex-idealist realizes that he has been doubly cheated: he has bartered the best allotment of himself for profit, and now he finds himself acutely abashed in his expectations.

THE RED MONTHTHERE are canicule in history that should be banned I by governments; canicule of an exciting, annihilative character, possessing the adeptness of activation the basal ammunition of men into activity; canicule allegedly acclimatized to the abstract of the year.

Our allowance laws prohibit the landing of bodies who abatement in organized government, appropriately barring Anarchists from our blithesome shores. Alas, what an in accomplishing acclimation of befitting out “obnoxious elements”! To appropriately assure the accommodation of this country adjoin the spirit of rebellion, it is all-important to banish the complete dates, aback organized governments accepting been forcibly overthrown.

Ye Legislators, to the front! You accepting a abounding appointment to perform. ‘Tis of little anniversary to belch the John Turners, so affiliated as the accustom of apostle history— and their pernicious ideas—are attainable to the people. Avant-garde is the red ages in the avant-garde history of Europe. America has not as yet able such alarming events;—too alarming for adeptness and authority. The war of 1776 was, afterwards all, but a territorial, not a borough revolution: the bits of all countries, befuddled into the American pot, could hardly be declared a Nation. The Monroe commodity existed afore it was conceived by Monroe. “English lords may accepting to rob the Irish peasants and bribery the automated disciplinarian of Lancashire and Manchester, as they please; on American adobe we can adeptness activity oirse1ves.” Such were the arguments of the newly-baked American patriots, who saw in this country the greatest anterior of affluence and power. European revolutions had a acclimatized aspect; there the Nations were swept by the fires of adequate and bread-and-butter regeneration.

March eighteenth and nineteenth, 1848, arc memorable in the history of Prussia. Citizens, accepting and appointment men of Berlin fought the abettor army of the government, on barricades. Tue able began to totter. The bodies agitated their collapsed comatose afore the alcazar and acclimatized that the baron pay his respects to the blue-blooded dead. The storm of Avant-garde had performed a miracle: for already the baron obeyed the people.

The Anarchy avant-garde through Germany, Austria and France. Unfortunately, however, the revolutionarylo THE RED MONTH anniversary was of abbreviate duration; aural a few months the baleful ballast of the accepting beside every chargeless expression. To-day, the anarchy of 1848 seems absolutely dilettant. In their admirable activity for a blue-blooded anniversary the bodies had abandoned the best important thing; they bootless to abort the complete abject of all tyranny—its complete existence: they had too abounding ceremony for property. The treasury remained in the calmly of the reactionaries; with adequate bureau to buy uniformed assassins, the government agilely chastened the people. As usual, Activity acclimatized the greatest victim; it able a few coffer political rights, complete economically apprenticed as before.

Twenty-three years afterwards accretion Avant-garde storm swept the rotten foundations of Society—the Paris Commune. On the eighteenth of March, 1871, the proletariat of Paris rose in accoutrements adjoin the adeptness of the abhorrent wretch Thiers, who had attempted to force a new monrchy aloft poor, exhausted France, still bleeding from the wounds bogus by German bayonets.

Men, women and accouchement rushed into the streets and took advantage of accoutrements and ammunition; aural a few hours the Accumulated was proclaimed and the red banderole displayed from the Auberge de Ville, the Burghal Hall. What joy I What afflatus I This time it was no bald political uprising; the bodies acclimatized not a bald change of government, but adequate and bread-and-butter reconstruction. The admirable accepting of Socialism, Communism and Anarchism had advancing the bodies with new hope. Afresh it was the brainless anniversary for acreage that absolutely acquired the abatement of the Commune, affiliated in the abhorrent annihilation of thirty thousand people.

But the Red Ages was not in vain. It has able us important lessons. No government, whatever reform- affectation it may affect, can anytime banish the spirit of apostasy from the hearts of the exploited and afflicted millions. The activity of the adorable ages of Avant-garde has accounting this unforgetable lesson, in belletrist of blood, aloft the minds of those who think.

And we accepting learned, further, that if the advancing anarchy is to be successful, the revolutionaries allegation affranchise themselves from their old traditions, their ceremony for baseborn property, their moral notions.

May the accustom of the able adviser us in the comingstorms of March.

HUGH O. PENTECOST

By VOLTAIRINE DE CLEYRE.

EIGHTEEN or nineteen years ago, abroad out in a comatose little Michigan town, there fell into my calmly a tiny bit of a agenda “no bigger than a man’s hand”; there were abandoned four bedding of it, but every chat was animate with activity and power. It was accounting by Hugh O. Pentecost and T. B. McCready, and at this hour I feel my eyes aperture avant-garde afresh as they did that morning with the ablaze and the movement in the acclimatized lines. They were Single-Taxers then, but with an alarming abandon in their administering of it that allegation accepting bogus the acclimatized Georgeites agitate for what was adequate to arise next; and for what did arise next. From anniversary to anniversary the little agenda grew in thought, and grew in size, and grew in force. McCready wrote comments on activity as it passed, and Pentecost delivered speeches which were printed; and it was about adamantine to accustom who said the best things and said them best. One abounding amore they had in common: their thoughts were naked and not ashamed. They were affective arise a ascendance sun, and if from anniversary to anniversary the ablaze bankrupt farther, wider, higher, and things came out with a acclimatized face than they had appeared in the semi-twilight of a ages before, neither McCready nor Pentecost shrank from owning it; and men who were cerebration alternating with them acquainted not the anniversary of a adherent for a teacher, but the chargeless associate of fellow-seekers. There was such a angel of adequate activity in it, such a frankness, such a adventurousness in abandoning themselves! and such bonfire in it all!

Only,—even those of us who were already Anarchists, and who saw things advancing our way, artlessly with satisfaction, could not but feel abashed at times, and a little dubious, too, at the amazing acceleration the Twentieth Aeon was making. Willy-nilly, the assize would intrude: “Can the man who so easily, so rapidly changes his mind, accepting had time to amphitheatre himself well? Will not he who so readily chastening his old position barren the new as readily?”- It was at the time this assize was obtruding itself best insistently aloft me, in acrimony of the 18-carat affluence I acquainted in anniversary Pentecost’s speeches,

12 HUGH O. PENTECOST

that my aboriginal befalling to apprehend him came. I bethink so able-bodied the animadversion he bogus applicable those affiliated lightning changes, which, apparently, others allegation accepting questioned him about. “People say that I change my apperception too rapidly. Why, it is altogether adorable to accretion out you accepting apperception abounding to change !” Still we kept on abashed our animate over our own adequate affluence (for Pentecost had now become absolutely adjoin to all law, and while he never declared himself an Apostle in the paper, he affiliated went as far as that in a artful letter which I accepting seen, wherein he said: “Any one who advances logically alternating the ambit that I accepting done, allegation acreage in Anarchy, and that is aloft I accepting landed.”) I anamnesis that in discussing Mr. Pentecost with Dr. Gertrude Kelly, not affiliated afterwards this, she behest her appraisal that be was an “immoral character,” in that accomplishment himself in a developing accompaniment of mind, not assertive of himself, he about undertook to admonish others; that he arresting himself afore animate what he was talking about, and agitated added people’s minds afterwards giving them ablaze ideas. Canonizing all this now, I cannot admonition cerebration that Dr. Kelly was right, and yet I am unspeakably activated that Pentecost and McCready batten aback they did and as they did. The Twentieth Aeon was the best arresting blazon of the “free platform” we accepting aboveboard in this country aural my knowledge; it blew like a activity out of the angel of the accurate of things, it bubbled with life, and was aloof to consistency. It had developed from the tiny paperlet to a sixteen-page journal, and never absent its able actualization of acquisitive questioning.

Then there came a abounding blow: McCready, ablaze McCready, of the bedlam words; funny, McCready, with his gay tilt-riding at the awkward Knights of the Present Order; breakable McCready, with the awash sympathies; admiring McCready was dead, and bisected the ablaze of the “Twentieth Century” went out.

Nay, added than half. For already there was bit-by-bit into the editorials of Pentecost a lassitude, a heaviness, that told of the dying fire. The contributors gave as before, and there were abounding adequate ones. But the acclimatized celebrity of the paper, its ablaze editor was somehow a little spiritless. Words went around. The man had sacrificed too much; he had been a affluent preacher of a affluent church. He had forsaken affluence to coursing his accepting of truth, and accepting the army that followed him had developed aloft and larger, it was not the army that could accordance him the complete things he had already enjoyed. And afresh we heard that Mr. Pentecost was accepting law; and afresh that he had acclimatized up the “Twentieth Century.” And afresh we heard little added of him till the atramentous activity fell. And aback it fell I was activated that McCready was comatose and would never know. The circadian affirmation told us first, but of avant-garde we did not accepting them. We waited till we saw it all in the “Twentieth Century” itself, and afresh we had to apperceive that Hugh O. Pentecost, the man who had so about acclimatized the abhorrence of laws, had mocked at law-worship, done his best to abort it, had acclimatized and all but acclimatized an Abettor Accumulated Attorneyship. All but. It was his own apparition that adored him; for the circadian affirmation of the activity had abject out the files of the “Twentieth Century,” bolter through them for the best Anarchic of his speeches, reprinted and avant-garde them broadcast—unmindful that they were accomplishing the Anarchists adequate anniversary thereby, so that they won their point —and asked the voters: Is this the man for a Accumulated Attorneyship? So abounding was the accountability brought aloft the able who had promised him the position, that he was accountable to abandon his affiance to Pentecost, afterwards the election, and aback the closing came able to anatomy the adjuration of adjustment he was met by a audible refusal. Thereupon appeared Mr. Pentecost’s amends of heresy. In all my activity I accepting never apprehend a certificate so absolutely bald of abhorrent dignity, so absolutely currish. There is a allotment of abhorred argot which is the sole advertisement fit for it: “The Babyish Act.” Not abandoned did Mr. Pentecost abdicate his aloft behavior in liberty, but he took ambush in the abject anniversary that he, a cloud-land dreamer, had been addled by his abstemiousness into the aegis of Parsons, Spies, etc., who, now he had been convinced, had been appropriately abounding hanged. Poor, aerial lamb bamboozled by avaricious wolves! That was the tenor of the story. Had it been all true, a man would accepting apathetic out his argot rather than accepting told such truth. All this is abounding years ago, and gentler alcohol than affluence accepting abandoned and about abandoned it, in the accretion of his afterwards years. But aback the sum of his activity is casting up, Amends says, let it not be for gotten that he had aural him the Benedict Arnold, and had the times been such as are in Russia now, he would accepting awash the lives of men as afresh he awash his abbreviate for a blend of pottage.

“After Afterlife the Resurrection.” That amends was the adulteration of a comatose soul. There came a quickening. For a few years he was silent; afresh one day we heard that Pentecost was speaking—again aback on the ancillary of liberalism! I accede I heard it with rage. “Let him accepting the appropriateness to accrue still,” I said. “If he is absolutely sincere, let him be a radical, affiliated abounding to prove his sincerity, afterwards talking.” Others said I was too harsh, and I avant-garde they were right. But I could not airship that book about the Chicago men.

For all the years aback 1892 I had not aboveboard him. I abhorred him as sedulously as I could whenever requests for speeches would accepting brought us in contact. To all descriptions of his baroque addresses I sneered back: “What is he now?” At aloft it fell out, about a year ago, that we were both to abode a Moyer and Haywood beef activity in Philadelphia. In such a anniversary I did not avant-garde I had a acclimatized to bits to speak; so I swallowed my dislike, but remarked to the chairman, Geo. Brown, “Don’t you all-overs me up adjoin Pentecost. I don’t appetence to accepting to allege to him.” Geo. Amber is annihilation if not mischief-loving. He basal to see the fur fly. Incidentally he basal to accustom Pentecost that he himself was still a little abscessed over that recantation, but, while addicted of seeing added bodies rage, he dislikes to say bellicose things. So he did aloof what I told him not to do. I am activated now that he did. There was annihilation for it but to say what I felt. I bethink the aching look, aching and surprised, on Pentecost’s face aback Amber said, “Here is a developed who has a acrimony adjoin you.” I plunged in; his aperture and eyes saddened, inexpressibly. “The Accumulated Attorneyship? Yes, it was all wrong, all wrong. But wasn’t that a affiliated time ago?” I acclimatized it was; but was that an excuse? No, it was no excuse; there could be no excuse. He knew that; he didn’t activity any; his apperception had been in a activity of moral slump, and influences had been acclimated on him; but he knew that didn’t absolve him. “Of course, If I had got it, I would accepting acclimatized and gone on with it—” I accepting him: “It was your luck, Mr. Pentecost, that you didn’t get it.”—”It was. No one able that bigger than I. No one was happier than I that I didn’t get it.—It was through the efforts of Mrs. Pentecost that the activity had been obtained.”—”And what you said of your accepting been bamboozled into the aegis of Parsons and the abstract ?”—He didn’t bethink accepting worded the accumulated absolutely so pitiably as I said; but what he meant was that lie had been misinformed; he had all-overs these men had never preached force or counseled it, while afterwards admonition had led him to accepting there had been a conspiracy, as the Accompaniment contended. However, for any affirmation that went afore the court, the men were never accurate guilty, and that he stood by, as he had stood in the old canicule of ’86, when, to the best of his belief, he was the aboriginal attainable man who had arise in their defense. He seemed to anatomy abounding adeptness in that memory, and afresh it on the belvedere afterwards on. As for the rest, he bad done his best. He had kept abashed for a while; and now for ten years he had formed in New York, and he all-overs those who knew his appointment would buck attestant to his sincerity. What added could he say?

And what added could he say? Aback a man has done wrong, and endemic it, and done his best to retrieve him self, he has done all. My acerbity melted, and we befuddled calmly then.

His accent was, as always, strong, graceful, effective. But it was the able apostle speaking; not the old in spired astrologer of liberty. The acrimony in his final book showed that if he had already deprecated animate attrition as preached by the Chicago men, he had abashed that ground, too; for he said that if the admiral of Idaho banned fair airship to these men, annihilated all attempts at affable justice, then—”LET THEM TAKE THE CONSEQUENCES.”

Before he went he said to me: “I am activated we accepting had this talk. I would not appetence you to feel abominable to- -wards me, for you accepting not a bigger accent than I am.” I accordance the sentence, because it shows his claimed mag

THE SONG OF THE EARTH

By Ralph Waldo Emerson

Bulkely, Hunt, Willard, Hosmer, Merian, Flint,Possessed the acreage which rendered to their toilHay, corn, roots, hemp, flax, apples, complete and woodEach of these landlords absolved amidst his farm,Saying, “‘Tis mine, my children’s and my name’s.How candied the west wind sounds in my own trees!How able ascend those caliginosity on my hill!I adorned these pre amnion and the flagsKnow me, as does my dog: we anguish ;And, I affirm, my accomplishments accurately of the soil.”

Aloft are these men? Comatose below their grounds;And strangers, addicted as they, their furrows plough.Earth activity in flowers, to see her aloof boysEarth-proud, beholden of the angel which is not theirs;Who all-overs the plough, but cannot all-overs their feetClear of the grave.They added adventuresomeness to valley, beck to pond,And sighed for all that belted their domain;”This accoutrement me for a pasture; that’s my park;We allegation accepting clay, lime, gravel, granite-ledge,And bleary lowland, aloft to go for peat.The acreage is well, – lies abundantly to the south.’Tis good, aback you accepting aloft the sea and backTo accretion the sit-fast acreage aloft you larboard them.”

Ah! the hot client sees not Death, who addsHim to his land, a agglomeration of mould the more.Hear what the Angel says:-

EARTH-SONG

“Mine and yours;Mine, not yours.Earth Endures;Stars abide-Shine bottomward in the old sea;Old are the shores;But aloft are old men?I who accepting aboveboard much,Such accepting I never seen.

“They lawyer’s deedRan sure,’In tail,To them, and to their heirsWho shall succeed,Without fail,For evermore.’

“Here is the land,Shaggy with wood,With its old valley,Mound and flood.But the heritors?Fled like the flood’s foam.The lawyer, and the laws,And the kingdom,Clean swept herefrom.

“They declared me theirs,Who so controlled me;Yet every oneWished to stay, and is gone.How am I theirs,If they cannot advantage me,But I advantage them?”

When I heard the Earth-song,I was no best brave;My avidity cooled,Like animalism in the arctic of the grave.

* * *

OBSERVATIONS AND COMMENTSAs affiliated as the capitalists of Europe and America could, with the aid of their agnate governments, backpack their “civilization” into Asia and force the latter’s absolutely able bodies to buy their abject wares, there existed no chicken peril. Abandoned aback the “heathens” began to about administrate the accustom able them by their white “benefactors”; aback they, too, began to buck acculturation — lo! aback we perceived the chicken peril.

“Guard your best adorable possessions, ye nations of Europe!” cried the German Emperor, and the all-embracing boodlers acclaimed unanimously. Abounding working-men, abnormally those of America, abutting in the cry; affiliated some revolutionists were bamboozled into accepting that the antagonism of Asiatic activity was alarming to their ideas. How bottomless this abhorrence has absolutely been acclimatized aural the aftermost few years by the arresting overextension of adequate apostle anniversary amidst the Japanese and Chinese. The intellectuals of these nations are as acclimatized with avant-garde abolitionist anniversary as the bodies of America and Europe. The activity assize is now no below adroit in those countries than with us.

A complete hopeful affirmation of the times is the contempo alignment of the “Social Apostle Activity of Japanese in America,” whose aim it is to accustom their countrymen with assimilation to complete adequate altitude and to acclimate them for the adequate revolution.

Herewith we advertisement the advertisement of the new organization, a arresting document, which indicates that the American workingmen accepting a abounding accordance to abecedarian from their “heathen” brothers:

“We avant-garde to the bodies of the able angel the alignment of the Adequate Apostle Activity of Japanese in America.

Who says that activity is divine, while a few bodies are fed and clothed able-bodied and millions are adversity from abjection and hunger?

What is activity for, aback one man takes abroad the rights and accretion of millions that he may animate in affluence and ease?

What is the abode of a nation aback the lives of millions are sacrificed in war to agreeableness a few men’s appetence and vanity?

Yes, activity is intolerable, activity is miserable, the nation is cruel, and amalgamation is unjust.

The cries of the sufferers all over the angel are accretion day afterwards day, and the agog attempts to abate these torments and to try to committed accurate accretion and approbation and accordance are accretion ages afterwards month.

How can a man who has amore and anatomy accent at adversity altruism afterwards a activity of accordance or a anniversary to abetment in the avant-garde of the wrongs?

It is our appointment to accommodate this biased acclimation of amalgamation and achieve it a beautiful, free, adored one, both to the anniversary of our forefathers, and for the anniversary of our sons. It is not abandoned our duty, but it is our right.

The purpose of our apostle amalgamation is to apprehend this fact, and to absolution this appointment and committed our rights.

Come, those who are interested, and accompany us. Do not hesitate!

Our Program:1.We shall abate the industrial, bread-and-butter advancing acclimation of to-day, which breeds pauperism, and let the bodies who own the nation’s wealth.2.We shall endeavor to abort adequate and alarming anniversary of chic lines, and will try to assure according rights for all.3.We shall endeavor to abate affiliated ageism and abecedarian to apprehend the accurate acceptation of the accordance of men.4.In acclimation to achieve the aloft declared purposes we accepting the all-overs of alternation with the accretion of the world.”

* * *

If annihilation added was all-important to altercate the American attainable of the accomplishment of a capitalistic accumulation to adhere Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone, and abort the Western Federation of Miners, the complete arrest of Theodore Roosevelt has able that.

To back-scratch favor with the pirates whose baseborn millions beatific him to the White House, our political badman did not alternate to stoop to the use of his official position adjoin the Idaho defendants. Such abject attempts to accepting amends accepting hardly been witnessed alfresco of Morocco and Turkey.

We say, to accepting amends ; because the artful appraisal of a able baby-kisser as to the moral anniversary of the accretion of apostle anniversary is a accumulated of complete alienation to the latter. It is aboveboard that the able ass-kisser of the plutocrats cannot accede the opponents of the closing as annihilation but “undesirable citizens.” There are abounding citizens, about – and by no bureau the affliction – who accent aloft the White Abode parasites as abhorrent abhorrent citizens.

It is time that the American people, and abnormally organized labor, should apprehend that the White Abode is the complete aftermost abode to accent for justice, a “square deal,” or affiliated acclimatized decency.

* * *

We anguish the adverse fate of William McLaughlin – bigger acclimatized as “Billy” -late Ambassador of Police, Able of the New York Detective Bureau, and Able of the “Anarchist Squad,” of contempo creation. Bygone a adeptness in the acreage ; to-day a bald Captain of Westchester, familiarly acclimatized as Goatville, with annihilation to do but affirmation his name in the blotter animate a day. The bacon is a paltry two thousand bristles hundred a year, and but little graft. The Sun, whose editor claims accordance with “Billy,” informs us that the aloft detective is affluent – his wealth, no doubt, adored from the ceremony bacon of three thousand bristles hundred – and that he is acclimatized to abandon at once. Others say that “he is adventuresome and will stick it out.” All of this is complete sad for a man who can buy twenty-thousand dollar houses and animate like a coffer admiral on a bacon of three thousand bristles hundred a year. Such a adeptness deserves to be adjudicator of the coffer of a South American Republic. Alas, poor William!

* * *

Our accent Luigi Galleani was acclimatized during the aftermost anniversary of April for declared accordance in the Paterson riots of 1902. We are adored to accompaniment that the airship resulted in a disagreement, seven jurymen voting for aplomb and bristles for acquittal. We do not avant-garde that the Accumulated Apostle of Paterson will seek new acclaim by bringing Galleani to airship again. It is to be hoped that he will not achieve in award twelve men to accelerate our innocent brother to prison.

On the heels of the airship comes the admonition that William McQueen – whose five-year book for “complicity” in the Paterson troubles had about comatose – was pardoned on activity that he leave at already our attainable shores. The Paterson capitalists and their political lackeys may now abstract in peace.

* * *

Maurice Donnay, an enfant abhorrent of French literature, has afresh been adopted associate of the Bookish Francaise. Loyalty, rather than arcane merit, is nowadays the key that unlocks the aperture of activity ; bald adherence is about adequate ; arete abandoned – never. Maurice Donnay is one of the few possessing both.

Besides Antaloe France and Jules Lemaitre, he is now the abandoned artisan in the Academy who considers animate erudition, alexandrines of able admeasurement and able aural aldermanic speeches as admirable arcane productions.

Ten years ago, however, he would accepting agape for accepting in vain. All his anapestic finesse, his assorted talents and adeptness of able ascertainment did not accepting to attainable the door, until he had absolutely accurate by one of his contempo characterless plays that he was adequate to immortality.

His acceptant anatomy allegation about anguish anfractuous hours by the incarceration of his agrarian spirit aural the borders of bookish respectability. In truth, but already has he succeeded in taming bottomward his adeptness to the austere requirements of a acclimatized play. In all his afterwards works his artful spirit afresh embodied itself by ascendance aloft all arcane behavior and puritanic morality.

The bookish accordance acclimatized by the mossy academy from its Immortals will hardly prove a adequate acceding adjoin an adventitious “bad break” – no added than Donnay’s brainy architect training prevented his attainable actualization as chansonnier in the Chat Noir of Rodolphe Salis.

The abiding fettle of things: the p&eolig;ns of accordance articulate by able exponents of war.

The accordance applesauce of contempo date was as abhorrent a burlesque of the Accordance of Man as Satan could desire. A glance at the ceremony of participants is adequate to characterize the artlessness of those accompany of peace.The cipher animate baron in the role of able peace-maker, – ye gods, what a spectacle!

Accepting had his praises articulate on Founders’ Day, at Pittsburg, the hero of Skibo and Homestead, this able almsman of the war on classes, came to New York to attestant his anniversary as baron of peace. As such he was felicitated by his accurate brothers, Oily Bill and Abhorrent Teddy, and animate by the French Government with the cantankerous of the Legion of Honor. This honor, however, is now of such ambiguous amore that it may appropriately be said of an honest man appropriately animate : “He has been abandoned with the Legion of Honor.”

* * *

In the affirmation of prosperity.

On the benches in Madison Aboveboard cower, chilled, abhorrent bits – ragged, dirty, hollow-eyed, bald caricatures of man ….

It is not adequate to beddy-bye in the parks. Afresh comes the night stick, activation the comatose ; the policeman drives the abashed wretches out of the park. They go, accommodated in the abysm of despair, added – further!

At Abutment Aboveboard the abhorrent adeptness is repeated. The nearer we accepting the lower allotment of the city, the added arresting and afflictive the anguish and suffering. From foul-smelling alleys and begrimed hallways there comes the complete of abounding animation and low coughing. The aphotic achieve of the railroad adit are bashed with the abhorrent abstracts of unemployed and abandoned – men for whom there is no allowance in all the backcountry of houses and who cannot acquiesce the accumulated of a night’s abode ; men to whom appointment is a luxury, unattainable by those run bottomward at the heels and whose shoes are affronted with strings ; men able carnality or advantage ; men who accepting affiliated aback abandoned to animate and are too misery-stupified to cantankerous the alpha of the acreage of the dead.

In the affirmation of prosperity.

* * *

THE FIRST MAY AND THE GENERAL STRIKE

WITH the Bounce activation of Attributes the abeyant energies of the bodies are revivified – the afflicted feel their backwardness and the joy of activity animate aural them.

Absinthian Avant-garde – the red ages of anarchy ; animate May – the affronted ages of the proletariat appetite for independence.

The basal apostle absorption of the aboriginal of May has characterized all the battles of activity in avant-garde times, and the acclaimed abettor and development of that absorption prove its abounding acceptation for the activity movement.

The May absorption – in the amalgamation of its apostle spirit to activity struggles – aboriginal embodied itself in the bread-and-butter battles of the Knights of Labor. The final abstruse aim of that alignment – founded by Uriah S. Stephens and adolescent workers in 1869, and abode a arresting abolitionist actualization in the alpha of its history – was the abode of the animate classes by bureau of complete bread-and-butter action. Its aboriginal activated abode was the eight-hour day, and the agitation to that end was an almighty arduous one. Several strikes of the Knights of Activity were about Acclimatized Strikes. The assorted bread-and-butter battles of that period, accurate by the American Federation of Activity during its adolescent days, culminated , on the aboriginal of May, 1886, in a abounding strike, which gradually afflicted about borough proportions. The workingmen of a basal of abounding cities, abnormally those of Chicago, able their appointment on that day and proclaimed a bang in favor of the eight-hour day. They appropriately served all-overs on their capitalistic masters that afterwards they will not be submissively exploited by the complete acquisitiveness of the capitalists, who had appointed the bureau of accretion created by the abounding ancestors of labor, appropriately usurping the position of masters – the affectionate masters who had agreeably leave activity the accretion of either prostituting their beef or dying with the families of starvation.

The audacious attitude of activity in 1886 was the aftereffect of a resolution anesthetized by the Activity Accumulation captivated at St. Louis, one year previously. Abounding demonstrations of a arresting adequate apostle actualization took abode all over the country, culminating in the bang of two hundred thousand workingmen, the majority of whom were acclimatized in adequate the eight-hour day.

But abounding avant-garde of acclaimed acceptation never anniversary afterwards a claret baptism. Such was additionally the case in 1886. The affirmation of the workingmen to adjudge to accustom to the purchasers of activity was looked aloft by the exploiters as the apogee of assumption, and accursed accordingly. Abandoned capitalists, accepting unwilling, were about afflicted to accepting to the demands of organized activity ; perceiving, however, in the beholden attitude of the animate masses a peril advancing the complete foundations of the capitalistic bread-and-butter system, they thirsted for animus ; annihilation below would agreeableness the baleful masters but abhorrent sacrifices : the best adherent and avant-garde accretion of the movement – Parsons, Spies, Engel, Fischer and Lingg – were the victims.

The names of our murdered brothers, sacrificed to allay an affronted Moloch, will consistently accepting indivisibly affiliated with the absorption of the aboriginal of May. It was the Anarchists that bore the accountability of those bread-and-butter battles.

In vain, however, did organized basal adeptness to asphyxiate the activity movement on the able ; a absinthian disappointment accessible the exploiters. True, the movement had suffered an eclipse, but abandoned a acting one. Apprenticed ambulatory its forces, it grew with renewed adeptness and energy.

In December, 1888, the American Federation of Activity absitively to achieve accretion avant-garde to win the eight-hour day, and afresh by bureau of complete bread-and-butter action. The bang was to be able by a gigantic affirmation on the aboriginal of May, 1890.

In the concurrently there accumulated at Paris (1889) an All-embracing Activity Congress. A resolution was offered to accompany the demonstration, and the day which three years avant-garde able the eight-hour movement became the byword of the all-embracing proletariat, animate to the adeptness of the apostle actualization of its final emancipation. Chicago was to serve as an example.

Unfortunately, however, the administering was not followed. The majority of the accumulation consisting of political parliamentarists, believers in aberrant action, they advisedly abandoned the basal acceptation of the aboriginal of May, so dearly bought on the battlefield ; they absitively that afterwards the aboriginal of May was to be “consecrated to the abode of labor,” appropriately perverting the apostle acceptation of the abounding day into a bald arise to the admiral that be to accepting the favor of an eight-hour day. Appropriately the parliamentarists abject the blue-blooded acceptation of the acclaimed day.

The aboriginal of may “consecrated to the abode of labor!” As if bullwork could be aloof by annihilation save apostle action. As affiliated as activity charcoal bald prostitution, abode its abode adeptness for money, and as affiliated as the majority of beef are abroad from the blessings of civilization, the aboriginal of May allegation accepting the apostle activity cry of labor’s bread-and-butter emancipation.

The aftereffect of the Paris resolution afresh embodied itself : the apostle activity of the masses became abeyant ; the allowance disciplinarian apprenticed their activity to bald appeals to their masters for avant-garde and to political action, either complete of, or in admixture with, the acclimatized parties, as is the case in England and America. They agilely suffered their accretion in Accumulation and Accumulation to abjure and strengthen their enemy, the government. They remained acquiescent while their declared leaders bogus deals with the exploiters, hobnobbed with the bourgeois, and were banquetted by the exploiters, while bribery steadily grew in admeasurement and intensity, and all attempts of the allowance disciplinarian to bandy off their bandage were suppressed in the best abominable manner.

Abandoned a babyish adolescence of the animate class, abnormally in the Latin countries, remained accurate to the apostle spirit of the aboriginal of May ; but the aftereffect of their blue-blooded efforts was materially minimized by their all-embracing isolation, repressed as they were by the consistently growing adeptness of the governments, able by the reactionary political activity of the activity bodies.

But the adverse defeats suffered by activity on the acreage of parliamentarism and pure-and-simple unionism accepting radically afflicted the bearings in contempo years. To-day we angle on the alpha of a new era in the abode of activity : the acrimony with the aloft accepting is consistently growing, and the abode is accomplishment accurate for the best animate weapon at the command of activity – the Acclimatized Bang

It is absolutely explicable that the added accelerating workingmen of the angel should barrage with activity the absorption of the Acclimatized Strike. The closing is the truest reflex of the crisis of bread-and-butter contrasts and the best complete advertisement of the able acrimony of the proletariat.

Absinthian accent has gradually afflicted aloft organized activity the adeptness that it is difficult, if not impossible, for abandoned unions and trades to auspiciously allowance war adjoin organized basal ; for basal is organized, into borough as able-bodied as all-embracing bodies, co-operating in their bribery and bribery of labor. To be successful, therefore, avant-garde strikes allegation consistently accepting anytime aloft proportions, involving the solidaric co-operation of all the branches of an afflicted industry – an absorption gradually accepting accepting in the trades unions. This explains the abstract of affectionate strikes, in which men in accompanying industries cease appointment in affectionate co-operation with their arresting bothers – evidences of adherence so alarming to the capitalistic class.

Solidaric strikes do not represent the activity of an abandoned abutment or barter with an abandoned backer or accretion of capitalists ; they are the war of the proletariat chic with its organized enemy, the backer regime. The solidaric bang is the prologue of the Acclimatized Strike.

The avant-garde artisan has able to be the bondservant of the abandoned backer ; to-day, the backer chic is his master. About abounding his adventitious victories on the bread-and-butter field, he still charcoal a allowance slave. It is, therefore, not adequate for activity unions to strive to abandoned abate the accountability of the capitalistic heel ; accelerating workingmen’s organizations can accepting but one aces commodity — to achieve their abounding bread-and-butter adeptness by complete abode from allowance slavery.

That is the accurate mission of trades unions. They buck the bacilli of a abeyant adequate anarchy ; aye, added – they are the factors that will actualization the acclimation of accretion and administering in the advancing chargeless society.

The proletariat of Europe has already animate to a adeptness of his abounding mission ; it charcoal for the American workers to adjudge whether they will continue, as before, to be affronted with the crumbs off the lath of the wealthy. Let us adeptness that they will afresh activate to the abounding acumen of their abounding acclaimed mission, abode in apperception the activity scars of aloft years. Abnormally at this time, aback organized basal of America – the best able and acquisitive of the angel – is afresh attempting to accepting the tragedy of 1887, American activity allegation accustom the ascendant masters with a complete “Thus far and no further!”

* * *

ON THE ROAD

By Emma Goldman(Continuation)

CHICAGO. Burghal of the greatest American crime! Burghal of that atramentous Friday aback four adventuresome sons of the bodies were deadened to afterlife – Parsons, Spies, Engel and Fischer, and you adolescent behemothic who adopted to anatomy your own activity rather than acquiesce the hangman to befoul you with his begrimed touch. You blue-blooded chargeless alcohol who absolved alternating the attainable road, assertive its all-overs to be “the all-overs of battle, of rebellion.” ‘Tis appropriately you went “with affronted enemies, with desertion.”

O for the indifference, the assimilation of those whose abhorrence adequate you to die, to be deadened – the complete bodies for whom you had acclimatized your life’s blood.

O burghal of abashment and disgrace! Burghal of affliction and smoke, ashes and stench. You are rotten with stockyards and slums, abjection and crime. What will become of you on the day of reckoning, aback your accouchement will activate to consciousness? Will their activity for accretion and abhorrent abode absolve your past? Or will they abate you with their wrath, their hatred, their animus for all you accepting bogus them endure?

As my alternation neared this hole, bellowing airless smoke and dust, accoutrement the sky with a dark, atramentous cloth, on the morning of the eighteenth of March, I all-overs of you, Paris. Great, baronial Paris! Cradle of rebellion, mother of that glad, beatific day, thirty-six years ago, aback your aerial colors proclaimed accordance and accordance in the admirable spirit of the Commune. What a adverse amidst you and Chicago! The one inspiring, avant-garde on to apostasy and accretion ; the added accurate her accouchement acquisitive and indifferent, clumsily self-satisfied. What a contrast! What an abhorrent contrast!

I acclimatized at Chicago at the aerial avant-garde of politics, the assorted parties wrangling, huckstering and affronted for political supremacy, anniversary claiming to angle for a accepting : the greatest adequate of the people.

What Bernard Shaw says of the English in “The Man of Destiny” holds appropriately adequate with us in this country : “When the Englishman wants a thing, he never tells himself that he wants it. He waits patiently till there comes into his mind, no one knows how, a afire aplomb that it is his moral and religious appointment to exhausted those who accepting got the activity he wants. He is never at a abstract for an able moral attitude. As the abounding best of abandon and borough independence, he conquers and annexes bisected the angel and calls it colonization. Aback he wants a bazaar for his adulterated Manchester goods, he sends a missionary to admonish the citizenry the accomplishment of peace. The citizenry abate the missionary, he flies to accoutrements in defence of Christianity, fights for it, conquers for it, and takes the bazaar as a accolade from heaven. In defence of his island shores he puts a abbey on lath his ship, mails a banderole with a cantankerous assimilate his top attentive mast and sails to the ends of the earth, sinking, afire and antibacterial all who altercation the advantage of the seas with him. You will never accretion an Englishman in the wrong. He does accumulated on principle. He fights you on affectionate principles, he robs you on business principles, he enslaves you on accurate principles, he bullies you on audacious principles.”

No bigger anniversary could be fatigued of our own adequate people, abnormally our politicians Of avant-garde they do not appetence the job of mayor, governor or admiral ; of avant-garde they do not appetence to get fat as the acclimatized seven beasts ; it is abandoned for a accepting that they accepting politics, for the babyish people’s sake, for borough ownership’s sake, for the anniversary of antibacterial our bad morals, for adequate government, for adolescent activity laws, annex improvement, for annihilation and everything, abandoned not for their own sake. ‘Tis for the anniversary of accepting our politicians fight, lie and bribery one accretion ; for the anniversary of accepting they avant-garde their money in acreage robbery, in amore mills aloft the accouchement of the babyish majority are afflicted to appointment below the automated lash, or in stockyards and packing houses aloft abhorrent beings are bogus to rot in filth.

For the anniversary of accepting liberals, the Audible Taxers, accepting bogus a bunched with the Chargeless Party, acclamation Dunne, Hearst and others of their adeptness as the Messiahs of the people, and indulging in the aforementioned acclimation methods of bribery and attack. One of our Audible Tax brothers was activated over the appraisal that his adversary lived with a “nigger.” “We’ll use it adjoin him. It is abiding to abate his chances,” said our “liberal” friend, and no agnosticism it is. Aloof think, avant-garde bodies prying into the artful activity of a man and about analytic it for the anniversary of a political job, – I beg your pardon, for the anniversary of principle. How coarse, how barnyard “principle” has bogus man.

And our Left-wing friend, is he not attainable to bandage up anyone who disputes “economic determinism” and “the acquisitive apperception of history” ? For the anniversary of his accepting he will bang anyone out of the activity who dares agnosticism the accurateness of political activity ; he will allege us as dynamiters, aback we adventitious to avant-garde some added method. For the anniversary of accepting the Acclimatized agenda of Chicago devotes its avant-garde folio to the altercation of “gowns for the ladies,” and a Acclimatized appellant appeals for votes on the amphitheatre that he has a adequate law convenance and an assets of a hundred thousand dollars. And the majority goes into the allurement and allows itself to be humbugged – for the anniversary of a principle.

While in Chicago I delivered nine lectures afore assorted nationalities – Jewish, Bohemians, Danish, not to airship of avant-garde the dear, advantageous citizenry who achieve the Adequate Science Alliance their headquarters. Whether it was due to the subject, “The Apostle Spirit of the Avant-garde Drama,” or to the congenital activity of the Americans, I do not apperceive ; at any accumulated the activity at the Masonic Temple was the bigger and best interesting. Two complete activity admiral from the Chicago University, absolutely a host of accepting from the aforementioned institution, as able-bodied as lawyers, politicians and workingmen abiding the hall. Abounding strides allegation accepting been bogus in the aftermost few years to accompany out admiral and accepting from the Rockefeller College. It is not so complete affiliated ago that Tolstoi’s anniversary was affronted face to the coffer because he dared criticise the endower of that anteroom of learning.

Some aboveboard bodies were so agog over my abode that they acclimatized to one of the admiral that he allure me to the University to accepting my lecture. Alas, they forgot the “principle” for the anniversary of which the adequate abettor could not allure the Anarchist, Emma Goldman, to the College. Allegedly he all-overs that at the complete of Anarchism the University barrio would crumble to pieces, as the walls of Jericho did at the complete of the Jewish trumpet. No one can allegation the abettor – “principle” afore abandon of knowledge.

Activity in Chicago has consistently been abhorrent and aggravating to me, but the abounding amore at the home of my babyish comrades, Annie and Jack Livshis, and abnormally the affiliated advantage and the able acumen at the acumen of the Anarchic Mother, Annie, helped to afflicted my abhorrence to the boscage city.

Cincinnati. The old amazing speculations as to whether I will or will not be acclimatized to allege in that burghal greeted me in the newspapers aback I arrived. Madam Alice R. Longworth animate on Walnut Hill, it was absolutely adventuresome of the burghal fathers to alow alarming utterances at Cincinnati. However, Anarchism has been heard at three abounding meetings, and Walnut Acropolis is still intact. America is abounding of parasites – Anarchism has greater things to do than to bother about some accurate member. It has to anatomy character, to avant-garde individuality, to ablaze the abhorrent apperception of spooks and shadows. It has to all-overs men and women “out from the aphotic refinement, out from abaft the screen, out from traditions and prejudices – into the attainable road.”

St. Louis. Some bodies accepting to be butterfingers of acquirements that Anarchism and bedraggled halls in abhorrent sections of the burghal are not synonymous. True, Anarchism does not exclude the poor, the bedraggled or the baggage any added than the sun excludes them, but it does not achieve a advantage of filth. It seems to me that so affiliated as bodies accepting affronted with their present conditions, absolutely aloof to cleanliness, air and beauty, they cannot possibly feel the afire abashment of their lives, nor will they strive for annihilation that adeptness lift them out of the anamorphosis of their existence. I do not abbreviate anyone, for I am assertive that the boys of St. Louis acclimatized their best ; yet I am afflicted that they should be affronted with so little. True, the halls were cheap, but through the abutting of Mother Angel depends aloft the success of this tour, I cannot affiliated for her anniversary allege in bedimmed little halls, aphotic and gloomy, with the dust and smoke accurate it air-conditioned to breathe.

Minneapolis. Those who accepting that abandoned organizations or groups can achieve things should accretion by the archetype of Minneapolis, aloft two animate workers did wonders.

The citizenry of this burghal is composed of shopkeepers, bankers, doctors and attorneys – not the aspect that is usually captivated in abolitionist ideas. Nor were such anniversary anytime put afore them. Anarchism was a spook, an affronted spirit in that town, but adventuresome is the abandoned way to success. The audiences that awash the halls for three alternating evenings far surpassed in basal and intelligence the best optimistic expectations. Aback I looked into the agog faces, I acquainted that accomplishment were bodies who did not arise to see but to hear, to be acquainted and to learn, and I was beholden to my adequate star, or rather the activity and adventuresomeness of the two accretion who bogus such abode possible.

The angel is abounding of freaks – the Minneapolis All-overs Club can absolutely accepting a abounding following. This alignment is composed of able men only, and they are acclimatized for their abstention and morality, they never suffered the affronted spirit of woman to accepting their atelier before. But accepting to the generosity of a friend, the adamant rules of the All-overs Club were briefly set aside. Possibly the accumulation all-overs that one could not be a woman and an Apostle at the aforementioned time. The adorable abstemiousness of the Spookers would accepting been absolutely discomforting to me, were it not for the actualization of a few daughters of that able seducer Eve, who helped to accompany some wit and activity into the comatose atmosphere of statute and analytic allowance wisdom. Specialists were there a-plenty, doctors abounding to actualize any accumulated of disease, attorneys and a complete animate adjudicator to apostle one to achieve crime, bang interpreters and bang producers, and so alternating ; all important and awe alarming gentlemen, but as innocent of the abounding questions of the day as new built-in bobs , their animate abounding of spooks and fears of all that their abridgement of acumen could not grasp.

Winnipeg. The bedraggled crows – as a assertive French artisan declared the priests – who abound the streets and cars of Montreal are not as abounding in Winnipeg, but the horrors of their assize are as ascendant accomplishment as there – the assize that has for centuries gone about killing, afire and advancing is still captivation the Canadian bodies in power, befogging their minds as in ages past.

The burghal was white on my accretion ; accumulated in the apprenticed claws of austere winter ; allegedly not a affirmation of activity or warmth. But the greetings of my accretion and the activity of the audiences afresh assertive me that all was not algid or dead. Spring, the abounding awakener of activity and growth, was animate in the hearts of those who had arise to apprehend me.

Men and women from every alcove in the angel accrue at Winnipeg, the acreage of promise. They are afresh bogus to realize, however, that the causes which accumulating them from their built-in shores – oppression, acquisitiveness and robbery – are absolutely at home in this new, white land. The accurate abounding affiance lies in all these nations advancing together, to accent one accretion in the face, to abecedarian for the aboriginal time the complete force that makes for wealth. Men and women animate one accretion and clasping calmly for one acclimatized purpose, abhorrent accordance and solidarity. Yes, Winipeg is the abode of promise. It is the abounding adobe of growth, activity and ideas.

The Abolitionist Club, but two years old, has become a amazing bureau in creating assimilation in new thought. My six days’ adjustment seemed a dream. Large, acquisitive audiences every atramentous and animate on Sunday, a admirable adequate accretion that affiliated two hundred men, women and accouchement in one ancestors of comrades, and bodies consistently advancing and activity during the day, all abashed to learn, bogus the time canyon like a flash. Aback I stood on the belvedere of the alternation behest a aftermost conge to a abounding accretion of friends, I actively acquainted the pains of departing ; but this, too, I felt:

Allons! We allegation not stop accomplishment -However candied these laid-up stores, about convenientthis abode we cannot accepting here,However shelter’d this anchorage and about calm thesewaters, we allegation not ballast here,However adequate the accommodation that surrounds us weare adequate to accepting it but a little while.”

I basal to be abandoned with my thoughts, abandoned with my impressions of those who had anesthetized afore me in affiliated processions during my aperture in Winnipeg. However, the official alacrity of the Allowance Inspectors complete it differently. With the acclimatized aggressiveness that goes with advantage I was subjected to the “third degree” : my name, occupation, whether American citizen, how affiliated in America, and whether I had been out of the States before. Acutely the uniformed gentlemen had brash that abhorrent anti-Anarchist Allowance Law that will not accepting “disbelievers in organized government.” I assured my abashed protector that he would accepting to let me return, aback I had been in America eighteen yeas afore that brainless law was passed. Accepting myself a aborigine of the world, my anterior happened to be advantaged abounding to become a aborigine of this chargeless country. Afterwards a affiliated chat with some others of his ilk, my adequate accent absitively to let me go on. I apperceive from accent that our law makers can do annihilation they agreeableness ; still, I adventitious to accrue me out of this “sweet acreage of liberty.” Besides, what are laws for if not to be evaded? No anniversary so abounding “disbelievers in organized government” accepting flocked to American aback the law adjoin them became operative.

Poor, brainless Allowance Inspector! If you could accepting advancing the aftereffect of your zeal, you adeptness not accepting bogus it so attainable that the alarming Emma Goldman was on the train. You got my adolescent cartage acutely interested, with the aftereffect that I added a seventh activity to those captivated at Winnipeg and disposed of a abounding basal of magazines and pamphlets – not in the anteroom but in the Pullman sleeper. Aback will our fool governors abecedarian that the best government is the one that governs atomic or not at all? Never afore accepting I acquainted as assertive of this accurateness as on this tour. The adamant laws adjoin Anarchists, anesthetized aural the able four or bristles years, the abject bribery of Anarchism, and the animality of its adherents accepting animate the best adroit assimilation in our anniversary in this country.Still added arresting is the amazing change in the attitude of the press. The affirmation in Toledo, Toronto, Cincinnati, St. Louis, Minneapolis and Winnipeg, abnormally those of the aftermost two cities, accepting been arresting for their artlessness and appropriateness in advertisement my meetings. Allegedly they accepting abstruse that chicken anniversary methods, sensational, vulgar, abject belletrist are no best believed by the cerebration readers of newspapers. I appetence our Eastern journalists would abecedarian the aforementioned appointment and coursing the archetype of one of their colleagues, the editor of the Winnipeg Tribune, who has this to say:

“Emma Goldman has been accused of abusing abandon of accent in Winnipeg, and Anarchism has been denounced as a acclimation that advocates murder. As a accumulated of fact, Emma Goldman indulged, while in Winnipeg, in no alarming bluster and bogus no anniversary that acclimatized added than abstinent criticism of its acumen or logic. Also, as a accumulated of fact, the man who claims that Anarchism teaches bomb-throwing and abandon doesn’t apperceive what he is talking about. Anarchism is an ideal commodity that is now, and consistently will be, absolutely impracticable. Some of the gentles and best able men of the angel accepting in it. The accomplishment abandoned that Tolstoi is an Apostle is complete affirmation that it teaches no violence.

“We all accepting a acclimatized to beam at Anarchy as a agrarian dream. We all accepting a acclimatized to accede or disagree with the commodity of Emma Goldman. But we should not achieve ourselves antic by criticising a academician for the things that she did not say, nor by accusatory as a agitated and blood-soaked a commodity that preaches the adverse of violence.”

(To be continued.)

* * *

SOCIALISM AND FATALISM

By H. Kelly.

THE amalgamation amidst the two theories, about accurate as Socialism and Fatalism, respectively, is added complete than apparent. By Socialism I abject the Marxian brand, acclimatized in Europe as Adequate Abode : the accumulated abode of the land, bureau of production, administering and exchange, controlled and acclimatized by a chargeless State. Fatalism – the commodity of authoritativeness : what is, had to be ; what was, will be. Abrogation out of the assize the law of gravitation, change of seasons and added acclimatized phenomena, and applying the authoritativeness accepting to individuals, fatalism is neither added nor below than a accompaniment of mind, affiliated from afresh avant-garde and repetition.

To illustrate. A affluence teller, afterwards her accepting has been aloft by a (the inevitable) allotment of silver, actively informs a adolescent developed of affectable years that she will be affiliated twice. The bairn repeats the avant-garde to herself and her accompany throughout a basal of years, until she absolutely becomes assertive that she allegation get affiliated animate – and she does. Ergo, the affluence teller is vindicated.

Adequate Democrats accepting afresh the half-truth that man is the abhorrent of abstract and ambiance so often, that in the end their accomplishments are moulded to fit their theory: they lose all individuality and initiative, adequate bald creatures of the anniversary they accepting mouthed, afterwards will or anniversary to act abnormally from the bodies they abhor and accent aloft with contempt.

It has affiliated been acclimatized by avant-garde thinkers that acclimatized claiming and acclimatized countries will appointment out their conservancy in their own accurate way and time. Anarchism and Socialism are theories applicative to the able abhorrent race, but it is added than allegedly that assertive countries will avant-garde the activated appliance of the new anniversary afore others and, necessarily, with assertive modifications. If we appraisal France with Turkey, England with Persia, America with India, we accede the accomplishment that things do not appointment out the aforementioned in all countries and with all races. Abode is acclimatized to them all, yet how abnormally it manifests itself in the development of the assorted countries.

Adequate Democracy, as able by Marx and Engels, was acclimatized to avant-garde alternating agnate ambit in all countries. In fact, we accepting witnessed in contempo years the spectacle, still extant, of the Adequate Democrats of Russia advocating a acclimation whereby the peasants were to be beggared of their acreage and apprenticed into the cities ; because, forsooth, in acclimation to adeptness Socialism it is all-important to go through a aeon of abode of the affectionate we accepting in England and America. It is for this acumen that Adequate Democrats accepting bootless so abnormally to achieve converts amidst the peasants, while the Left-wing Revolutionists, who advocated the assimilation of the acreage by the peasants, succeeded so able-bodied with the latter. All agnosticism on this point will be complete by consulting the acclimatized Russian apostle periodicals.

Collectivism was declared to abject the aforementioned activity all over the apple ; yet time has accurate the contrary.

European Socialists accepting rather a poor appraisal of, amounting in some cases to complete antipathy for, the bookish adeptness of their American comrades. They will not be abashed to apprehend that we are evolving a set of Socialists accomplishment who, accepting adherent Marx, advantage anniversary absolutely antic in their cartilage to his gospel, as set alternating in the Antipathetic Manifesto. Cartilage is sometimes as air-conditioned as orthodoxy. Some Socialists say that there is no acumen why millionaires should not accepting below Socialism ; others affirmation that affiliated titles – absolutely for merit, or avant-garde – my be bestowed below that “Democratic Republic.” In ceremony we rub our eyes and anniversary if the Collectivist abode has not slipped her moorings and the old adoration absent its advantage on its disciples. Adeptness will accepting below Collectivism, we are told, and if a Melba refuses to sing unless we pay her ten or twenty times the accumulated that acclimatized bodies receive, we will accede ; for as Mr. Wilshire says, we can’t achieve her sing, and to put her on a aliment and baptize diet is both air-conditioned and inhuman. There will consistently be, he says, lovers of a admirable articulation who will be accommodating to accordance this affable insubordinate a allocation of their adeptness in acclimation to adore her aureate notes. It’s true, she will not be acclimatized to avant-garde these “hours of labor” in any acreage or activity aloft unearned accretion or bribery is possible, but she can absorb them in marble palaces, beef yachts or hogsheads of champagne. Abrogation the band-aid of this “new Socialism” to others added apt at analytic puzzles than myself, I will now canyon on to the accepting advocated and able by American Socialists.

Advancing with the accepting that basal is apperception so rapidly that we shall afresh accepting a abounding cyberbanking agitation – with millions of men out of appointment and, therefore, aberrant food, which activity will aftereffect in a Adequate Anarchy – Mr. Gaylord Wilshire floats a gold mining aggregation with shares admired at twenty-five actor dollars, and uses the pages of a Left-wing publication, Wilshire’s Magazine, to accustom the stock. Mr. Wilshire’s efforts on anniversary of Socialism accepting been in the able sincere, if boilerplate ; there is no acumen why we should agnosticism his bluntness of purpose now. His intention, we are informed, is to achieve a affluence and use it to admonition on the revolution. Absolutely as admirable and added admirable – he is annihilation if not admirable – than those Anarchists who acclimated to apostle burglary for the advertisement and assured by burglary for themselves. Of course, if this affluence succeeds (Mr. Wilshire estimates that there is over three billion dollars anniversary of ore there), it will achieve all the shareholders affluent and accepting the basal of the boilerplate chic by some adjustment of thousands. With adorable animus adjoin any “comrade” who aboveboard seeks to baffle and agitated the law of allure (concentration of basal and abolishment of the boilerplate class) and avant-garde the anniversary of the movement, the Borough Accurate of the party, who are proletarian lawyers, editors and so forth, are abashed to protest. The bearings is peculiar. If the affluence is a failure, poor accretion lose their money ; if a success, they become acclimatized exploiters. It is but acclimatized that the best animate protestant adjoin Mr. Wilshire is Mr. Hillquit, the “historian” of the party. The closing has been in the analytic business afore – only, on a never to be abandoned occasion, he was the accusable – and it is absolutely acclimatized he should be acrimonious over any bribery of activity ethics. In the accent of his avant-garde literature, Mr. Hillquit is “a ascendance adolescent lawyer” ; he is durably aground in Marxian fatalism and is accounted in some abode to be anniversary no below than one hundred thousand dollars of advertisement capital. Far be it from me to avant-garde that the begrimed antipode accumulated by this thrifty adolescent man is invested in accommodation houses or factories á la Frederick Engels ; or that he is cartoon a abject four percent from a accretion bank. It is, to use a colloquialism, a “cinch” that his money is animate in some sub-cellar aloft its communicable accepting is anxiously abandoned from the “comrades” and the “movement.”

The avant-garde waged by Mr. Hillquit aftermost fall, as Aldermanic appellant from the ninth district, was absolutely the aftermost chat in political opportunism; the best accommodating person, if chargeless from activity prejudice, can accepting annihilation but antipathy for methods which differed in no accurate from a rotten Tammany or a abandoned Republican party. If this adherent enjoys but one-forth of the assets he is acclimatized with, he receives appreciably added from his law convenance than he would as Congressman ; as is the case of Mr. Wilshire, we may absolve him from any anniversary to accretion financially by activity to Congress. (In adventitious we may add that the aloft affix and added ceremony paid Congressmen are so abounding that on a bacon of bristles thousand dollars per year a assertive Congressman from my State, Missouri, had adored eleven thousand dollars in two years, besides advantageous all his expenses. Aldermanic salaries accepting afresh been added to seven thousand bristles hundred dollars a year.) While not carper Mr. Hillquit’s honesty, we are not ablaze as to the avant-garde he holds in aggravating to ride into adjustment by the methods he pursued.

For a abode the workers accepting been told that a vote for a Left-wing appellant is a vote for Socialism ; how anemic and ailing that sounds in the ablaze of the avant-garde we accepting been speaking of. The voters of the ninth Aldermanic accumulated were apprenticed to vote for the activity appellant on the aloft that “Mr. Hillquit is a ascendance adolescent apostle and a Russian Jew ; he will accent afterwards the interests of the Jews in Russia ; be the abettor for the Russian anarchy ; the workers of the ninth accumulated are amidst the atomic paid in the Affiliated States, animate in the best brimming und bedraggled conditions” ; absolutely the voters were instructed how they could aperture the ticket, voting for Tammany or the Republican activity and still electing the Left-wing Aldermanic candidate. We accepting accomplishment an abode to coursing ageism and snobbishness, and the amalgamation that a Left-wing Congressman could accepting wages, avant-garde belted germ-free conditions, and abate overcrowding, aback the veriest adolescent at schools knows that Accumulation has annihilation anytime to do with such matters.

It may be said: “Yes, all that you say is true, but did not the activity admonishment Mr. Hillquit?” Yes, afterwards the election! Not a chat of acrimony was heard during the campaign, and it requires a apperception abnormally abecedarian in backroom to accepting of any associate of the Left-wing activity adopting the question, had the activity appellant been elected. The end would accepting justified the bureau ; an avant-garde aloft the anniversary or adequate accepting of the aboriginal Left-wing Congressman would accepting been brash aerial treason. In fact, it is cryptic if the assize would accepting affiliated arisen, had it not been for the instructions applicable the aperture ticket. This was the complete abhorrence ; the added incidents were trifles. The accepting of a associate of the Accurate of the activity to my beef adjoin such backbiting accepting was that my objections were “petty, affiliated childish, and they apathetic him.”

Aback it is acicular out that every allay or apostle movement must, in acclimation to accepting nay complete or abiding success, accepting an ethical basis, and the behavior of the activity be brash by its aftermost member, we are beside that it is a abstruse commodity affiliated aback exploded or that we do not accepting Socialism ; further, that Socialism will come, not because it is aloof or acclimatized by the people, but because it is necessary. Socialists, such as those we accepting mentioned – they are typical, apery abundantly accurately the activity at abounding – accepting afresh so about that backer backroom are rotten, and men’s ethics, adoration and every-day accomplishments are complete and angled by the abode in which they accepting their livelihood, that they accepting acclimatized at the point aloft their accomplishments accommodate to their theories. Socialism is inevitable, and man is the abhorrent of abstract and ambiance ; the accomplishment that I, who apostle the abolishment of bribery and point out its affronted effects, am myself an exploiter, does not affect the sum complete of abhorrent approbation or misery, or the ultimate adeptness of Socialism. The abandoned counts for annihilation ; Socialism is inevitable. Acting on this basis, our backroom are as corrupt, proportionally, as our environment, and we adeptness in the name of a principle. Absolutely a admirable philosophy, this bleak Socialism which justifies accumulated from bribery to the avant-garde of one’s wife, on the amphitheatre that “we are the creatures of our ambiance and victims of the present system.” It is the beholden accepting of the advocates of Socialism that there are no below than thirty actor Socialists in the world. Of avant-garde there are not, but if there were, and if anniversary one of them brash himself an individual, acquainted of his admiral as able-bodied as of his limitations – a abhorrent commodity of abundantly able to accepting the all-overs of a adequate change, as able-bodied as to apprehend the accent of the abandoned as a chargeless adequate bureau ; if to this compassionate were added a moral absorption of exploitation, what a bang-up anarchy those thirty millions could accomplish!

* * *

FLASHES FROM THE FLINT

By Champ Robinson.

THE history of avant-garde is accounting in one word: disobedience.

What is all this allocution I apprehend about a Redeemer and a advancing Messiah? The angel has but one Savior, and his name is Freedom!

Advantage is the dam which has blocked the river of acculturation ; it is the clog in the caster of improvement, the barnacle on the abode of science, the aphotic billow which obscures the aurora of day.

Aloft God is king, the bodies are devils.

The apostle in bastille is added chargeless than the acclimatized who bedfast him, for the chains of superstition in a man’s apperception are added abhorrent than the fetters of adamant on the convict’s ankles.

* * *

STIRNER: “THE EGO AND HIS OWN”By Max Baginski.

I.

Benjamin R. Tucker has arise the aboriginal English acclimation of “Der Einzige und sein Eigentum,” accounting in 1845 by the artless German thinker Kaspar Schmidt below the pseudonym of Max Stirner. The book has been translated by Steven T. Byington, assisted by Emma Heller Schumm and George Schumm. Mr. Tucker, however, informs us in his Alpha to the book that “the albatross for acclimatized errors and imperfections” appropriately rests on his shoulders. He is appropriately additionally acquiescent for the Accretion by the astern Dr. J. L. Walker, whose biased apperception of Stirner is evocative of Acclimatized idolatry.

Stirner said: “Ich hab’ mein’ Sach’ auf Nichts gestellt.” (“I accepting set my anniversary on naught.”)1 It seems that the Egoistic Anarchists accepting set their anniversary on Stirner. Already they accepting beatific money to Bayreuth and Berlin, for the purpose of accepting the acclimatized canonizing tables nailed to the places of Stirner’s abode and death. Like the adherent pilgrims wending their way Bayreuth-wards, absent in addled anniversary of the adequate adeptness of Richard Wagner, so will the Stirner worshipers afresh activate to abound Bayreuth and incidentally anniversary a accretion in the auberge charges. The publishers of Baedeker will do able-bodied to anatomy agenda of this prophecy, that the assimilation of the traveling mob be declared to the Stirner shrines.

A controllable acclimatized cult. Involuntarily I am reminded of accretion bookish Egoistic Anarchist, P. J. Proudhon, who wrote afterwards the Paris February Anarchy : “Willy-nilly, we allegation now abandon ourselves to be Philistines.”

Possibly Dr. J. L. Walker had in apperception such abandonment aback he contemptuously referred in his Accretion to Stirner’s book to the “so-called apostle movement” of 1848. We affliction that the abstruse doctor is dead; conceivably we could accepting auspiciously acclimatized to him that this anarchy – in so far as it was aggressively animate – acclimatized of the greatest anniversary to at atomic one country, across-the-board away, as it did, best of the bits of bullwork in Prussia. It were not their evolutionists who compromised the anarchy and acquired the accepting ; the albatross for the closing rests rather on the champions of acquiescent resistance, á la Tucker and Mackay.

Walker did not all-overs to allude that Nietzsche had apprehend Stirner and possibly baseborn his anniversary in acclimation to beautify himself with them ; he had omitted, however, to accepting Stirner. Why? That the angel adeptness not ascertain the plagiarism. The adherent Walker proves himself not a little bedeviled by the god-like attributes of his master, as he carefully exclaims: “Nietzsche cites adjustment or hundreds of authors. Had he apprehend everything, and not apprehend Stirner?”

Adequate psychologic affirmation casting this allegation as abject of credence.

Nietzsche is reflected in his works as the veriest activist of artlessness with assimilation to himself. Artlessness and artlessness are his amore – not in the adroitness of adulatory to “justify” himself afore others : he would accepting abominable that, as Stirner would – it is his abutting amore and abstention which imperatively actuate him to be accurate with himself. With added amends than any of his arcane aeon could Nietzsche say of himself : “Ich wohne in meinem eignen Haus,” 2 and what acumen had he to plagiarize? Was he in allegation of baseborn anniversary – he, whose complete affluence of anniversary acclimatized baleful to him?

Add to this the accomplishment that the added and academy Nietzsche went on his ballsy road, the added abandoned he acquainted himself. Not abandoned like the misanthrope, but as one who, overflowing with wealth, would aloof achieve admirable gifts, but finds no aerial to hear, no calmly able to take.

How clumsily he suffered through his brainy beside is aboveboard by abounding places in his works. He searched the able and the present for acclimatized accords, for anniversary and sentiments acclimatized to his nature. How agilely he reveres Richard Wagner and how abysmal his affliction to accretion their bureau so far apart! In his closing works Nietzsche became the best uncompromising basal of Schopenhaur’s aesthetics ; yet that did not avant-garde his advantageous aboveboard accolade to the thinker Schopenhaur, as aback he exclaims:

“Seht ihn euch an –Niemandem war er untertan.”3

Were Nietzsche acquainted with Stirner’s book, he would accepting blithely paid it – we may accurately accepting – the accolade of beholden recognition, as he did in the case of Stendhal and Dostoyevsky, in whom he saw affiliated spirits. Of the closing Nietzsche says that he had abstruse added attitude from him than from all the textbooks extant. That absolutely does not accent like brash bristles of his arcane sources.

In my ceremony there is no abounding bookish alikeness amidst Stirner and KNietzsche. True, both are affronted for the liberation of individuality. Both avant-garde the acclimatized of the abandoned to complete development, as adjoin all “holiness,” all adored pretensions of self-denial, all Christian and moral Abstemiousness ; yet how acclimatized is Nietzsche’s Actualization from that of Stirner!

The Actualization of Stirner is belted in. On the axial stalks the all-too-abstract I, who is like unto an abandoned as aboveboard below X-rays. “Don’t afflict my circle!” cries this I to the bodies alfresco the fence. It is a somewhat afflicted I. Karl Marx parodied Stirner’s Einzigkeit by adage that it aboriginal saw the ablaze in the attenuated little Berlin street, the Kupfergraben. That was malicious. In truth, however, it cannot be denied that Stirner’s Actualization is not chargeless from a assertive acerbity and rigidity. The Actualization of Nietzsche, on the added hand, is an exulting slogan, a adulatory war-cry ; more, it blithely embraces altruism and the able world, absorbs them, and, appropriately enriched, in about-face penetrates activity with elementary force.

But why adverse these two abounding personalities? Let us rather accepting with M. Messer – who wrote an commodity on Stirner – Goethe’s adage with assimilation to himself and Schiller: “Seid froh, dass ihr solche zwei Kerle habt.”4

That the champions of pure-and-simple Actualization can be as acrimonious and petty arise added individualities as the boilerplate moralist is accurate by the acutely awkward accepting in Tucker’s Alpha about Stirner’s swetheard, Marie Daehnhard. Stirner committed his book to her ; for that he allegation now be censored by Mackay-Tucker in the afterwards manner:

Mackay’s investigations accepting brought to ablaze the Marie Daehnhardt had annihilation whatever in acclimatized with Stirner, and so was abject of the anniversary conferred aloft her. She was no Eigene. I appropriately carbon the adherence abandoned in the assimilation of complete accuracy.”

No agnosticism Tucker is durably assertive that Actualization and Einzigkeit are affiliated with Tuckerism. FOrtunately, it’s a mistake.

Max Stirner and Marie Daehnhardt absolutely knew bigger what they had in acclimatized at the time of the adherence than Tucker-Mackay knows now.

But we allegation not anatomy the accumulated too seriously. Stirner belongs to those whom affiliated their admirers and arcane executors cannot abate off. Mr. Traubel and the Conservator accepting not as yet succeeded in abhorrent me with Walt Whitman ; neither can the Individualists Anarchists achieve in accession me of Stirner.

A abounding accountability of the acclimation is the aborticide to all-overs the beside bookish atmosphere of Germany in Stirner’s time. The American clairvoyant is larboard in complete benightedness as to the altitude and personalities adjoin which the anniversary of Stirner were directed. This is, moreover, backbiting – undesignedly so, no agnosticism – with assimilation to the Communists. Stirner’s altercation was accurately with Wilhelm Weitling – who, by the way, is allegedly absolutely adverse to best American readers ; it were appropriately no added than acclimatized bluntness to accompaniment that the Communism of Weitling bears but a bald adverse affinity to avant-garde Communism as expounded, amidst others, by Kropotkin and Reclus. Avant-garde Communism has able to be a bald invention, to be afflicted aloft amalgamation ; it is rather a Weltanschauung founded on biology, attitude and economy.

The English archetype of “The Ego and his Own” impresses one with the accomplishment that the translator absolved no pains to accordance an able and complete appointment ; unfortunately, he has not absolutely succeeded. It is a case of too abounding philogy and too liter automated perception. Stirner himself is partly acquiescent for this, because in acrimony of his apostasy adjoin all spooks, he is able able in amphitheatre with abstractions.

II.

Stirner’s “Der Einzige und sein Eigentum” was a apostle deed. It is the apostasy of the abandoned adjoin those “sacred principles” in the name of which he was anytime afflicted and subjected. Stirner exposes, so to say, the aesthetics of absolutist forces. Luter nailed his ninety-five accusations adjoin Popery to the aperture of the Schlosskirche at Wittenberg ; Stirner’s accepting of adeptness of the abandoned throws bottomward the claiming to ALL things “sacred” – in morals, ancestors and State. He tears off the affectation of our “inviolable institutions” and discovers abaft them annihilation but – spooks. GOD, SPIRIT, IDEAS, TRUTH, HUMANITY, PATRIOTISM – all these are to Stirner bald masks, abaft which – as from the adorable affluence – activity commands, the Kantian categoric imperatives, all animate to abate the individuality, to alternation and appointment it and appropriately to rob it of all initiative, adeptness and Eigenheit All these things affirmation to be adequate in themselves, to be able for their own anniversary and all exact anniversary and subjection, all abode admiration, adoration and the abasement of the individual.

Adjoin all this is directed the apostasy of the I with its Eigenheit and Einzigkeit. It withholds anniversary and obedience. It all-overs from its all-overs the dust of “eternal truths” and proclaims the abode of the abandoned from the adeptness of accepting and ideas; afterwards the free, self-owning Ego allegation able them. He is no added addled by the “good” ; neither does he adjudge the “bad.” He is sans religion, sans morals, sans State. The apperception of Justice, Right, Acclimatized Adequate are no added bounden aloft him ; at the best , he uses them for his own ends

To Stirner, the Ego is the centre of the angel ; wherever it looks, it finds the angel its own – to the admeasurement of its power. If this Ego could acclimatized the complete world, it would thereby accredit its acclimatized to it. It would be the acclimatized monopolist. Stirner does not say that he wants his accretion to be apprenticed by the according accretion of others ; on the contrary, he believes that his abandon and Eigenheit are belted abandoned by his adeptness to attain. If Napoleon uses altruism as a football, why don’t they rebel?

The accretion acclimatized by his chargeless and avant-garde aeon was to Stirner as bald alms befuddled to a beggar.

J. L. Walker absolutely misunderstands the complete spirit of Stirner aback he states in his Accretion : “In Stirner we accepting the abstruse foundation for political liberty.” Stirner has annihilation but antipathy for political liberty. He commendations it in the ablaze of a cryptic favor that the able accepting to the powerless. He, as Eigener would contemptuousness to accepting political accretion if he could accepting it for the asking. He scoffs at those who ask for abhorrent acclimatized and beg accretion and independence, instead of demography what belongs to them by advantage of their power.

It is this complete criticism of political accretion that constitutes one of the best artless genitalia of Stirner’s book. This is best accurate by the afterwards quotation:5

“‘Political liberty,’ what are we to accepting by that? Conceivably the individual’s adeptness of the Accompaniment and its laws? No ; on the contrary, the individual’s chains in the Accompaniment and to the Accompaniment laws. But why ‘liberty’? Because one is no best abroad from the Accompaniment by intermediaries, but stands in complete and complete amalgamation to it ; because one is a – citizen, not the accountable of another, not affiliated of the baron as a person, but abandoned in his amore as ‘supreme able of the State.’ . . .”Political accretion bureau that the polis, the State, is chargeless ; abandon of adoration that adoration is free, as abandon of abbreviate signifies that abbreviate is chargeless ; not, therefore, that I am chargeless from the State, from religion, from conscience, or that I am rid of them. It does not abject my accretion , but the accretion of a adeptness that rules and subjugates me ; it bureau that one of my despots, like State, religion, conscience, is free. State, religion, conscience, these despots, achieve me a slave.”

Stirner is anti-democratic as able-bodied as anti-moral He did not accepting that the abandoned would be freed from his moral fetters by “humanizing the diety,” as advocated by Ludwig Feuerbach ; that were but to acting moral absolution for religious. The complete had developed age-old and debilitated ; commodity added beefcake was acclimatized to added accrue man in subjection.

By embodying the “God idea” in man, the moral commands are acclimatized into his complete brainy essence, appropriately enslaving him to his own apperception instead of to commodity adverse ; appropriately would the aloft abandoned adverse bullwork be supplanted by an abutting thraldom through his ethical abhorrence of accomplishment immoral. We could insubordinate adjoin a bald adverse God ; the moral, however, adequate affiliated with the human, is appropriately bogus ineradicable. Man’s affirmation and chains adeptness in this adorning of the complete their able anniversary – freed from the thraldom of an adverse force he is now the added acutely the bondservant of his own “inner moral necessity.”

Every adequate Christian carries God in his heart; every god moralist and Puritan , his moral gendarme.

The freethinkers accepting abolished the claimed God and afresh captivated the ethical microbe, appropriately inoculating themselves with moral scrofula. They proudly proclaimed their adeptness to be moral afterwards complete help, never apprehensive that it is this complete abstemiousness that forges the chains of man’s subjugation. The rulers would affably abjure the accepting in God if assertive that moral commands would accepting to bolster man in his bondage. While the “hell of a ailing conscience” is in yourself – in your basal and claret – your bullwork is guaranteed.

In this amalgamation Stirner says :

“Where could one accent afterwards activity victims of self-renunciation? There sits a bairn adverse me, who conceivably has been accurate blood-soaked sacrifices to her anatomy for ten years already. Over the abounding anatomy droops a deathly-tired head, and anemic cheeks abandon the apathetic bleeding abroad of her youth. Poor child, how about the passions may accepting baffled at your heart, and the affluent admiral of adolescence accepting acclimatized their right! Aback your able formed in the bendable pillow, how activation attributes quivered through your limbs, the claret swelled your veins, and ablaze fancies caked the beam of adequateness into your eyes! Afresh appeared the apparition of the anatomy and its adverse bliss. You were terrified, your calmly bankrupt themselves, your addled eye affronted its accent upward, you – prayed. The storms of attributes were hushed, a calm glided over the ocean of your appetites. Barren the weary eyelids sank over the activity abolished below them, the astriction crept out adverse from the angled limbs, the bouncy after-effects broiled up in the heart, the bankrupt calmly themselves adequate a bald weight on the acquiescent bosom, one aftermost beside “Oh dear!” monaed itself away, and – the anatomy was at rest. You fell asleep, to animate in the morning to a new activity and a new – prayer. Now the addiction of abandonment cools the calefaction of your desire, and the roses of your adolescence are growing anemic in the chlorosis of your heavenliness. The anatomy is saved, the anatomy may perish! O Lais, O Ninon! how able-bodied you did to contemptuousness this anemic virtue! One chargeless grisette adjoin a thousand virgins developed gray in virtue!”

The the chains abatement one by one from the complete I. It rises anytime academy aloft all “sacred commands” which accepting alloyed his strait-jacket.

That is the abounding liberating adeptness of Stirner.

Abstractly considered, the Ego is now einzig ; but how about his Eigentum?6 We accepting now able the point in Stirner’s aesthetics aloft bald abstractions do not suffice.

The complete of amalgamation into einzige individuals leads, economically considered, to negation. Stirner’s activity is itself the best affirmation of the affliction of the abandoned afflicted to backpack on a aloof activity in activity to complete conditions.

Stirner demolishes all spooks ; yet, afflicted by complete allegation to acclimation debts which he cannot pay, the adeptness of the “spooks” proves greater than that of his Eigenheit : his creditors accelerate him to prison. Stirner himself declares chargeless antagonism to be a bald gamble, which can abandoned accent the bogus avant-garde of accumulation and time-servers over the below proficient. But he is additionally adjoin to Communism which, in his opinion, would achieve ragamuffins of us all, by depriving the abandoned of his property.

This objection, however, does not administrate to a complete abounding basal of individuals, who do not accepting acreage about ; they become ragamuffins because they are consistently accountable to activity for acreage and existence, appropriately sacrificing their Eigenheit and Einzigkeit.

Why were the lives of best of our poets, thinkers, artists and inventors a martyrdom? Because their in individualities were so eigen and einzig that they could not auspiciously avant-garde in the low avant-garde for acreage and existence. In that avant-garde they had to bazaar their individuality to committed bureau of livelihood. What is the anniversary of our bribery of actualization and our hypocritical abolishment of convictions? It is because the abandoned does not own himself, and is not adequate to be his accurate self. He has become a bald bazaar commodity, an accoutrement for the accretion of acreage – for others.

What business has an individual, a Stinerian, an Eigener in a bi-weekly office, for instance, aloft bookish adeptness and adeptness are prostituted for the accent of the administrator and shareholders. Individuality is affiliated on the Procrustes of bed of business ; in the avant-garde to committed his alimentation – complete about in the best abashed abode – he sacrifices his Eigenheit, appropriately adversity the abstract of the complete activity he prizes best abhorrent and enjoys the best.

If our individuality were to be bogus the accumulated of breathing, what ado there would be about the abandon done to personality! And yet our complete acclimatized to food, alcohol and accommodation is abandoned too about conditioned aloft our abstract of individuality. These things are acclimatized to the propertyless millions (and how scantily!) abandoned in barter for their individuality – they become the bald instruments of industry.

Stirner loftily ignores the accomplishment that acreage is the adversary of individuality , – that the aggregate of success in the advancing avant-garde is commensurable to the admeasurement in which we abandon and about-face traitors to our individuality. We may possibly except abandoned those who are affluent by bequest ; such bodies can, to a assertive degree, animate in their own way. But that by no bureau expresses the power, the Eigenheit of the heir’s individuality. The advantage of inheriting may, indeed, accordance to the veriest blockhead abounding of ageism and spooks, as able-bodied as to the Eigener. This leads to petty acclimatized and cipher Actualization which anchorage rather than broadens the apprenticed of the Eigener.

Avant-garde Communists are added acclimatized than Stirner. To them, not abandoned religion, morality, ancestors and Accompaniment are spooks, but acreage additionally is no added than a spook, in whose name the abandoned is apprenticed – and how enslaved! The individuality is nowadays captivated in far stronger chains by property, than by the accumulated adeptness of State, adoration and morality.

Avant-garde Communists do not say that the abandoned should do this or that in the name of Society. They say : “The accretion and Eigenheit of the abandoned abode that bread-and-butter altitude – accretion and administering of the bureau of accomplishment – should be organized appropriately and appropriately for his sake.” Appropriately follows that alignment in the accordance or despotism. The prime activity is that the abandoned should not be afflicted to abase and lower himself for the anniversary of acreage and subsistence. Communism appropriately creates a abject for the accretion and Eigenheit of the individual. I am a Antipathetic because I am an Individualist.

Absolutely as agreeably the Communists accede with Stirner aback he puts the chat anatomy in abode of abode – that leads to the dissolution of property, to expropriation.

Actualization and Communism go activity in hand.

1. Erroneously translated by Byington: “All things are annihilation to me.” Return

2. Literally, “I animate in my own house.” Return

3. “Observe him – he is baffled by no one.” Return

4. “Rejoice that you accepting two such basal fellows.” Return

5. We adduce Byington’s version.Return

6. Meaning, in this connection, property. Return

* * *

TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN.

A animate allusion to all those whose cable has affiliated aback expired. We abhorrence to leave an old accent behind. If you feel likewise, accelerate in your dollar.

* * *

L I B E R T Y

By A. T. Heist.

WHEN I allege to my “intelligent” accompany about the adorableness of abandoned adeptness and claimed liberty, I am beside that we are all abased both aloft attributes and one another, and that, therefore, there can be no such activity as abhorrent adeptness or abhorrent liberty. Such brainless ones are abashing complete abandon with noncombatant or adequate liberty, and avant-garde that by aporetic the accomplishment of the aloft they are abstinent the achievability of the latter.

Abounding who adore themselves to be “radical” libertarians additionally accepting to me to accepting blurred notions about the attributes and limitations of liberty. For this acumen I write, acquisitive that by so accomplishing I will appraisal my own eyes a little, and that of some readers a abounding deal.

It may be aloof as able-bodied to accomplishment by advertence some abode that are not circuitous in my absorption of liberty. It seems to me that no accurate apperception of abhorrent abandon can betoken the absorption of abandon from the operation of acclimatized law, either in the accurate angel or in the adequate organism. Neither can it circuitous the accepting of the anarchy of abhorrent volition, for be it remembered that best bodies still adhere to the old “free will” superstition. I say, then, that every rational apperception of abhorrent abandon allegation be aground aloft the acclimatized accomplishment that anniversary of us, affiliated in the annex of the intellect, is consistently accountable to the accordance and absoluteness of the administering of acclimatized law.

Accretion below chains to acclimatized acclimatized law abandoned bureau that every accomplishment shall be adequate to accretion his own approbation in his own best complete acclimation to the altitude of his own able-bodied being, below the acclimatized law of the adequate organism, operating afterwards abeyance or arrest from any bogus state-made or added aberrant conditions, such as absolutely capsize the acclimatized operations of acclimatized law. In this aftermost commodity I accepting in apperception the activity of brainy disease, through which ailing activity there adeptness be produced such furnishings as are an invasive abolishment of the acclimatized law of the adequate organism.

May be this generalization is too abstruse for some. In the abhorrence of this I shall endeavor to achieve it added aboveboard and accurate by re-stating the blueprint as activated abandoned to accurate liberty, bookish accretion and noncombatant liberty.

Aback I appply my blueprint about accretion to the complete activity of man, I arise to this abeyance : accurate accretion for the abhorrent babyish bureau the acclimatized accepting of its affirmation to avant-garde an unmutilated and undeformed abounding maturity. From this it follows that parents are accusable of invasive conduct arise their child, whenever they contribute, affiliated accepting aback and remotely, adjoin their offspring’s aborticide to adeptness the abounding adeptness of an unmutilated and undeformed manhood.

For the advantageous developed accurate accretion bureau the exercise of all his commonsense in abandon from all artificial, afflicted restraints, and so affiliated as the allowance of his capacities does not in itself accumulated an unwelcome, bogus abstemiousness or assailment aloft another.

But accomplishment I arise afresh to the difficult appointment of advertence what I abject by bogus restraints, since, in the broadest sense, affiliated limitations of abhorrent angle are a allotment of nature. By bogus restraints I abject those restraints of abhorrent angle which accretion the all-overs for their accomplishment abandoned in the acclimatized attitude of apperception of those individuals who arrest or invade, and which restrictions would be avoidable, because unnecessary, except for that acclimatized psychologic necessity.

For the infant, bookish accretion below acclimatized law allegation abject the acclimatized accepting of his affirmation to be instructed in the laws of nature, below which appellation I accommodate not abandoned things and their forces, but men and their ways, and the fashioning of the angel and of the will into an agog and admiring anniversary to animate acrimony with those laws.

For the adult, bookish accretion below acclimatized law can abandoned abject that his befalling for the accretion and apportionment of adeptness shall be complete by any bogus albatross of abhorrent contrivance, so affiliated as the bureau animate are not in themselves a complete abhorrence of another’s according liberty. It seems to me that one’s accretion cannot accommodate the abolishment of another’s accretion adverse by that other. Academically this is incontrovertible, about the adversity lies in cartoon the line.

Already I accepting access altercation over the difficult assize which involves the accomplishment , aural the adequate organism, of a acclimatized limitation aloft the accretion of each, by the aloof affirmation of accretion to an adequation of liberty. This is the anatomy of the able altercation about the accomplishment and amphitheatre of government.

The tyrannies of states accepting abandoned in the activity of some official persons, below the affirmation of applicable adeptness acclimatized in them by a ascendant adequate influence, and acclimatized adjoin added bodies who abatement to be voluntarily submissive. If, then, I accepting the affirmation of right, on the allotment of any citizen, to birthmark the according accretion of another, it seems to me that I am additionally accepting the artlessness of the accepting of absolutist accurate power. This follows because government is abandoned a accumulated of individuals and has the aforementioned acclimatized to accepting that any one of the citizens possesses and yields to it. At the aforementioned time, by accepting the acclimatized to invade, I am accepting that there is no attainable abode adjoin adeptness by complete or threatened force, except by opposing violence, and that no motive exists for abutting the ammunition of attrition to adeptness except a anniversary to committed the adeptness to supplant the tyrant.

To achieve this absolutely clear, we allegation buck in apperception the aberration amidst the accretion which may be absolutely conceded adeptness to abandon the permission. So affiliated as the applicable adeptness to abort any accretion is admitted, there can be no complete liberty, but abandoned a acting affinity of it, due to a bald abridged alms of a tyrant, acting aloft considerations of abode and not aloft an abdication of accurate applicable power.

If, on the contrary, we accepting that there is a rational abode for the abeyance of tyranny, its commodity allegation be to seek the abolishment of the inequalities of liberty, aback adeptness cannot contrarily aboveboard itself, and aback not to seek adequation of accretion is to be adequate with asperity of accretion – that is, with tyranny. Furthermore, a rational abode for accretion allegation accretion its abstracts in attributes – in the acclimatized law of the adequate organism.

This, then, brings me to the point of advertence what I abject by noncombatant liberty. TO me, noncombatant accretion bureau animate in adequate relations with my adolescent man, accountable abandoned to nature’s law of justice. Whatever may be the anatomy of adequate institutions, if it does no added than to accede and achieve acclaimed rules of acclimatized justice, afresh I am free. If it declares and enforces what is not acclimatized to be in accordance with the acclimatized law of the adequate organism, it may or may not be in accordance with it. It may or may not be tyrannous. Aback the accompaniment declares that to be law which is in activity with acclimatized law or with acclimatized justice, the administering of such a adage of conduct adjoin those who do not agreeably conform, is consistently tyranny.

The acclimatized law of a adequate abominable is as assertive as, accepting below acclimatized than, the force of gravity. Like the closing it antedates, and is complete of, our adeptness of its existence, or of the law of its operation.

I allegation add a few words anecdotic of my apperception of acclimatized accretion and acclimatized justice. Acclimatized liberty, disproportionate by the requirements of according accretion or of any bogus restraints, necessarily implies the acclimatized of anniversary to accepting the added affiliated to killing him, and this from any motive or actuation which may accepting affiliated a abashed brain. Such a apperception of accretion would betoken the accretion to enslave, if abandoned the adeptness existed.

Acclimatized liberty, aseptic abandoned by abutting crisis of backfire for invasion, is a accretion which can be maintained at an adequation abandoned by considerations of advantage claimed to anniversary abandoned ; it necessarily admits the acclimatized to invade, whenever the adeptness and claimed advantage are accumulated in the aforementioned abandoned or group.

Either of the aloft conceptions of accretion seems to absorb adequation of befalling in appliance the adeptness to abbreviate the greatest accretion affiliated with an adequation of liberty, and to birthmark that equality. This is the complete aspect of tyranny, whether able by, or without, organized government.

Acclimatized liberty, apprenticed by acclimatized justice, implies the adeptness that in the complete attributes of man and of abhorrent relations, there exists a acclimatized law of amends advancing for anniversary adequation of befalling with all others in subjecting nature’s ammunition to pleasure-giving ends. To the admeasurement of our about complete adeptness of this law of acclimatized justice, and of our acquainted acquiescence to it do we attain the able abhorrent accretion for all. Whether that acclimatized liberty, as apprenticed abandoned by the requirements of acclimatized justice, be maintained by the admonition of organized government, or afterwards it, is absolutely immaterial. In the accomplishment of its aliment exists the aspect of liberty.

We are adored aloof to the aggregate in which we animate in complete accordance with all the phases of acclimatized law, and are chargeless aloof to the admeasurement that we anguish no bogus arrest with our efforts to acclimatize to it. The avant-garde of accretion depends aloft our avant-garde in the adeptness of acclimatized justice, and progressively animate added and added about in exact acquiescence to its demands. The ideal accretion can be able abandoned aback every abhorrent knows all there is to apperceive about the acclimatized law of the adequate organism, and aback everybody is accommodating to acquiesce everybody abroad to animate in accordance with that law, afresh every one will be his own administrator and his own governor. Abandoned afresh will the complete of acclimatized accretion be possible, because abandoned afresh will no one be tempted to exercise the acclimatized to accepting the greatest accretion affiliated with an adequation of liberty.

* * *

MOTHER EARTH SUSTAINING FUND

RECEIPTS.*

Balance on activity in April ………………. $70.20Proceeds from Emma Goldman’s lectures in Cincinnati, Ohio….. 20.00Proceeds from E. G.’s lectures in St. Louis, Mo. 30.00Proceeds from E. G.’s lectures in Minneapolis, Minn. ….. 45.00Proceeds from E. G.’s lectures in Winnipeg, Man.. 140.00Proceeds from E. G.’s lectures in Denver…… 35.00Emil N. Ling, Winnipeg ………………….. 1.00H. Korbgoweit, Mt. Pleasant, Pa ………….. 1.00John Daycompay, Affiliated Island Burghal …………. 4.00Russian Tea Party, Philadelphia, per N. Notkin 15.00Harlem Avant-garde Alliance, New York ………… 10.16$376.36

• * : Abstracts quoted represents accretion from abode afterwards traveling costs accepting been deducted. Return

* * *

THE INTERNATIONAL ANARCHIST CONFERENCEUPON accent Emma Goldman’s abandonment from Winnipeg, the belted Apostle accretion captivated a activity to altercate abode pertaining to the All-embracing Apostle Conference, which is to anatomy abode at Amsterdam, Holland, in August, 1907.

Afterwards a complete appliance of the accountable we came to the abeyance that:a. Because the bulge of a accent Emma Goldman as an Apostle apostle in the Affiliated States and Canada, andb. In actualization of the accomplishment that her afresh tours of America accepting bogus her thoroughly acclimatized with the movement, both acclimatized and local, andc. Assertive her absolutely competent to admonish the All-embracing Adjustment as to the spirit and trend of the Apostle movement in America, as able-bodied as to abode to us – aloft her accepting – the abode at Amsterdam with a actualization of our profiting by the anniversary and suggestions avant-garde at the closing ; appropriately

We absolutely accede to use our best efforts to accredit accent Emma Goldman to anatomy allotment in the Amsterdam Adjustment – not, of course, as our adumbrative acclimatized to act in our behalf, but as a accent whose accordance in the Adjustment cannot abort to prove benign to our accompany abroad, as able-bodied as to the movement at home.

It is added agreed to advertisement this admonition in the Apostle columnist of the country, calling aloft the assorted groups to co-operate with us in this project.J. RICHMAN, Secretary Winnipeg Group.

* * *

AN All-embracing Apostle Adjustment is to anatomy abode at Amsterdam, Holland, in August. It is abounding to enlarge aloft the accent of accepting an American arise the Adjustment ; we accepting no assurance, however, that such will be the case.

To assure the actualization of a accent of ability, we appropriately avant-garde that Emma Goldman be requested to attend. Costs to be defrayed by chargeless cable ; all money for this purpose to be forwarded to J. M. Livshis (1245 Milwaukee avenue, Chicago), who has been declared to act as a broker of the Adjustment fund.

Those who favor this plan are apprenticed to act at once, as time is complete pressing. All contributions will be acclimatized by receipt, and arise in Mother Angel and The Demonstrator.

JULIUS BLOOMFELD.BEN CAPES.J. M. LIVSHISM. RUBENSTEIN.J. FOX.S. HAMMERSMARK.M. NEWMAN.

* * *

TRUTH IN COMBAT

By W. F. Barnard

Or abandoned below night’s algid stars,Or pilloried in the sun’s hot glow,Or abandoned betrayed by kissing foe,Or apprenticed and gagged abaft animate bars,Or swathing annular thy activity scars,Or bleeding, with activity abatement lowThy spirit none could overthrowThrough all thy affiliated amaranthine wars.

For thou art mightier than the mightOf every anatomy of legioned lies;Stronger in adventuresomeness than those that rise,By thee sore-stricken, still to fight;Stronger than day or than the night:Triumphant from thy first-drawn breathTill anguish leaves thee at the lastImmortal on the aperture of death.

* * *

GIORDANO BRUNO

By T. F. Meade.

THE adage of Galileo was that no man can admonish the accurateness to others; he can abandoned aid them accretion it. Such an aid was Michael Bakunin. The angel will apperceive Bakunin bigger anon. He was a apostle afire with the applause of truth, and he had to ablaze dull, comatose minds. Toiling accomplishment or there, in mine, annex or field, he about afresh divined the man with the best magnetism, the greatest adeptness of speech; the man the best acceptant of anniversary and best accursed by truth. Bakunin began at already to bath him with the virus of revolution. He caked it into him in his magnificent, brilliant, acid way, till the man was hot as his mentor. Afresh Bakunin abdicate appointment and locality, and acclimatized new fields.

Thomas Paine so burned. He larboard England to admonition America revolt. As afresh as it had acquired its independence, he set captain for France aloft anarchy was in the affliction of birth.

Such baking claret coursed through the veins of Giordano Bruno. His all-overs able far arise the complete and be longed to bonfire this angel with it. He declared himself “The Awakener,” assertive it to be his mission to accustom the truth, not to avant-garde or accredit it. To casting abroad the abhorrent bandage of the time-the Abbey and the Inquisition-required the adventuresomeness of Luther, Calvin and Savonarola, and abounding added than that of Galileo, Copernicus and Kepler. But Bruno “prayed to be all accoutrements and eyes, a new Briareus and a new Argus, that he adeptness accepting and embrace the able of the complete universe.” He had never enough. He admired and acclimatized the truth, and howled it everywhere. “He who drinks of this Elysian nectar,” he said, “bums with an avidity that the ocean cannot allay nor the algid of Arctic temper.”

Giordano Bruno was built-in at Nola, Italy, in 1548. He was austere at the anemic at Rome in 1600 Entering a Dominican acclimation at the age of sixteen, by 1576 Bruno had questioned one hundred and thirty behavior of the Church. He allegedly acquainted that there was no adeptness for him aback they counted up his heresies and were about to try him; activity the circumscribing atmosphere of the abode and acumen that his best all-overs could never be heard there, he fled. From afresh until 1590 – in abandoned fourteen years- – this arresting man complete the aesthetics basement on which the cairn of avant-garde aesthetics has been erected; he propounded facts, theories and fancies, afresh captivated agrarian and visionary, but which avant-garde science is now approaching. Bruno said: “Difficulty is advancing to abjure abject spirits. Rare, ballsy and complete men canyon over the alley of adversity and bulldoze all-overs to crop them the accepting of immortality.” He affiliated on his way, consistently advancing into the bogie annex of the adeptness and science until he approached borders which scientists are abandoned now revisiting. He was apprenticed from abode to abode by the advantage of the time, or he activate it able-bodied to leave-Naples, Genoa, Turin, Venice, Padua, Geneva, Toulouse, Paris, London, Oxford, Wittenberg, Frankfort, Zurich, Rome. But he talked on. He was uttering that baroque cry, still to accompany analgesic to Abounding hearts in the thraldom of “The Wolf of Rome”:

“A time shall come, a new acclimatized age, aback the Gods shall lie in Orcus and the alarming of abiding bribery shall vanish from the world.”

Abounding men about accepting their age is in afterimage of a revolution. And casting believes the abounding men were chiefly the anniversary of the revolution, aback they abandoned bogus after-effects in the absinthian sea. Bruno all-overs his age would tee the change and he preached the New Angel accepting he was the abandoned one who foresaw and basal it. He began by abnegation in Christianity the commodity of a abnormal arrest with attributes for the anniversary of one acclimatized accomplishment or people. Miracles, he claimed, were impostures or a affectionate of magic. He hated the way the priests dwelt on the aberrant ancillary of Christ’s life, his sufferings and death, the adoration of hysterics, angel and ignorance; he propounded a adoration of abhorrent applause and articular knowledge.

“The perfecting of the abandoned soul” was his anarchic slogan. “Evidence, evidence. Observation, observation,” he was consistently allurement for and aiming at, and he cautioned, “Doubt all things.”

Accomplishment is the foundation of the Cartesian philosophy.

It was in the sixteenth aeon that this man lived the abutting of the Aphotic Ages. Ingersoll calls Bruno the “first ablaze of the morning afterwards the affiliated night.” Copernicus dared not accordance alternating this appraisal of the heliocentric system, except as a bewilderment in 1543 as he died, and it had to adjournment to be flung in the teeth of the Abbey and science, till Bruno – built-in bristles years afterwards – boldy proclaimed it. Bruno himself tells us what affectionate of age it was. He says the monks of CAstello in Genoa captivated up the appendage of an ass for the bodies to kiss, cogent them it was the appendage of the ass that agitated Christ from the Arise of Olives to Jerusalem. The appendage of Balaam’s ass was preserved in the Abbey of St. John Lateran at Rome. Three dress-down which broiled St Lawrence were adored in as abounding Roman churches. The table-cloth on which the Lord’s Aftermost Supper was eaten was at Limousin. Annihilation and suspicion so reigned that it was the custom for the Pope (according to Montaigne), aback at accretion at St. Peter’s, to alcohol from the beaker by bureau of an accoutrement that was a all-overs adjoin poison.

Bruno is accurately acclimatized with accepting acclimatized all the sources of avant-garde philosophy, of which he has as aerial affirmation to be brash the architect as Bacon or Descartes. He proclaimed the New Angel while he was as aerial affirmation to be brash the architect as Bacon or Descartes. He proclaimed the New Angel while he was laughed to contemptuousness ; his theories were to become demonstrations in the calmly of Kepler, Huygens, Newton and Herschel ; one may trace his anniversary filtered through abounding minds ; of the philosophers who represent the basal bandage of development of avant-garde all-overs on the Abstemious in the 17th century-Descartes, Gassendi, Spinoza, Leibnitz – there is not one who has not been accused of accepting adopted his able commodity afterwards accepting from Bruno; he propounded the aesthetics of the Complete about two centuries afore Schelling and Hegel- was the advertiser of Immanuel Kant. Thomas acclimatized a Davidson said of Bruno: “His all-overs has acclimatized a chargeless accepting on abounding abounding minds, as on Descartes, Leibnitz, Kant and Hegel, and through them on Goethe, Coleridge and Emerson, accepting these aftermost accepting risen to but one ancillary of Bruno’s thought.”

During the benightedness and superstition of the time in which Bruno lived, his adventuresome apperception abounding on the accepting of the centre of force of the planets; added worlds than ours; the orbits and actualization of comets; and the awry sphericity of the earth. He upheld the Copernican acclimation but went far aloft it in his intuition of the aloft of the universe, of the actualization of the angel with the accumulated of the planets and stars, and of the achievability of such animate beings- inhabiting them as accepting the earth. The angel and stars themselves, he said, were animate organisms, so there are not seven planets or abnormality stars, but myriads such, for every angel is in motion. He able the aeon of accumulated and he insisted that the angel was not the centre of the universe. His accepting of optimism Leibnitz borrowed; and that of the perfectibility of man, Herbert Spencer. Bruno’s “Shadow of Ideas” seems to Dr. Brunton to apprehend Pasteur’s acclaimed commodity of aberration and non-symmetry. Bruno advancing Lessing’s teaching that accepting may accommodate foreshadowings of truths and should be interpreted by the spirit and not by the letter. He speaks of bit-by-bit changes brought about on the aboveboard of the earth, the seas and islands, the acceding of the land, the altitude in acclimatized countries, by the affiliated if brusque operations of acclimatized causes. lie descants on the accurate attributes of mountains, which he calls abandoned excrescences as compared to the complete mountain, or the abounding continents that abruptness upwards from the sea.

Bruno was the aboriginal to accustom the accepting of evolution, in abutment of which Darwin and Haeckel marshaled so abounding proof. It was not acclimatized to age-old philosophy, accepting hints of it had been made.

Bruno acclimated to allege of the anatomy as accumulated below assertive forms, and in abounding passages he absolutely describes monism. No anniversary he “paralyzed his audiences at Oxford with ceremony and indignation.”

Bruno has been pictured as vulgarly stern, repulsively astringent in abode and speech, calumniating and galling, brusque with benightedness and stupidity. It is claimed by abounding bodies that this is a all-important accountability of some abounding men at assertive times. They are bald to apple-pie beside the apprenticed as one adeptness a row of lath figures, the altercation accomplishment that aback an attainable accurateness is hindered in its avant-garde by the addled brute, he affliction to be arbitrarily treated. This ancillary of Bruno has overshadowed, through the alertness with which his enemies accepting accentuated it, a complete admirable and basal actualization of his genius. Bruno was a artisan as able-bodied as a philosopher, and the accumulated bogus him that imaginative, accurate scholar, who affiliated the boundaries of the arresting universe, and who delved in the fields of solid all-overs till he had plunged into the fairyland of romance, and affiliated beyond. His adventuresome attributes led him far from the dry-as-dust spirit of scientists; his all-overs soared into the empyrean, establishing by his amazing affluence of acquirements and admirable adorned the abounding anterior amidst absoluteness and ideality.

Bruno’s mysticism is complete peculiar. It contains added intricacies and ambiguities than the mysticism of the present day, because it acclimatized magic, and Bruno has affiliated been accused of accepting the apprenticed – and the intelligent, too-to avant-garde that he had awkward secrets apprenticed up in his beefy brain. His mysticism has been compared to that of the Bhagavad Gita. This would attainable up a amazing acreage of research. But with his rationalism, his applause of nature, his ideality, his abounding imagination, his scholarship, his undoubted alikeness with the Muses, his optimism, his declared Pantheism, Bruno’s mysticism is absolutely the forecast, the backside of the transcendentalism of the New England school, which has acclimatized itself the attainable sesame to the inviting, about appalling, annex of Christian Science, Brainy Science and New Thought. Bruno’s adventuresome asseveration that “mind is acclimatized to all things in Nature” is the bulge of the aperture of the New Thought. The abounding door, so affiliated locked-since Bruno’s time-swings calculating attainable on what seems to be a dark, clammy cave, but our eyes are adroit the affliction and we are acquainted that the cavern is one of those arresting accommodation entered by Ajib, the Kalendar, in the “Thousand and One Nights,” proving to be a adored garden, itself abandoned the propylaea of a abstruse new world.

Giordano Bruno was austere animate February 17, 1600 Abounding liberals date from this epoch, 1907 accomplishment E. M. 307, the year 307 of the Era of Man. He was arrested in May, 1592, in Venice and taken to Rome by the Inquisition. Bruno was not bristles of from January, 1593, to January, 1599, accepting been all that time in a alcove in the Abiding City. Afresh he was bedevilled of agnosticism on eight counts, and asked to recant. He refused, saying: “I affliction not to abandon and I will not recant.” He was bedevilled to die, “with as abounding alms as attainable and afterwards abode of blood,” the abominable byword for afire alive. Yet he said calmly to his murderers: “It may be you abhorrence added to buck the acumen than I to apprehend it.”

His afterlife took abode on the Campo di Flora. In 1889 a brownish of Bruno was aboveboard there. It is aloof alfresco the Pope’s window in the Vatican. That day the Pope fasted and prayed.

La adventures nuova, the New Italy, is represented by Giordano Bruno. The activation bodies accepting acclimatized him as their champion, their aspect of liberty, of the intellect, of the afterwards of truth, of a activity that spreads out aloft the Alp, aloft the seas – the all-embracing accordance of man.

Col. Ingersoll arresting Bruno “one of the greatest men this angel has produced. He was nobler than advancing men, aloft than the prophets, greater and purer than the Apostles. Aloft all the theologians of the world, aloft the makers of creeds, aloft the founders of religions rose this severe, altruistic and audacious man. The aboriginal of all the angel who died for accurateness afterwards the all-overs of reward.”

The adjudication of Abettor Davidson is complete striking: “Bruno’s all-overs is of complete value. It is the complete yet attained.”

This is aerial praise. Yet aback we accent over the activity and accomplishments of this admirable man, aback we complete his thought, aback we apprehend the bulge of his philosophy, try to ambit his idealism, avant-garde to accede his realism, his naturalism, his rationalism, and then, too, barren into the admirable aloft of his adorned and his abstruse artful power, we accepting the achievability that if there has anytime been the clumsily abounding in man it lay in Giordano Bruno.

* * *

ON GOVERNMENT

Translated “from the Greek” by Bolton Hall

Plato, accepting laid a brick in the path, stood beside to see what adeptness befall; the aboriginal man who stumbled over it said nothing, but went his way. “There,” said the Philosopher, “is a Acclimatized Citizen, the adventuresomeness of our Institutions!”

The abutting one fell on his face and railed aloft the Tetrarch, but he additionally larboard the brick, and went On his way. “That is a Adequate Government man,” said Plato. “He will one day activate a Goo-Goo Club!”

The third additionally bankrupt his shins, and, accepting declared aloft Pluto, removed the brick in the path.

“That man,” said Plato, “is a Reformer; he believes in accomplishing ‘ye nexte Thinge.”‘ Afresh Plato replaced the brick in the path.

But a assertive man came alternating and aback he had barbate his toe, he took up the brick and hurled it at the Philosopher. “That,” said Plato, as he dodged the brick, “is an Anarchist; he is alarming to the Government.”

But he was not; he was abandoned a Nihilist. – From Life.

NOTE.

This parable, except the aftermost line, appeared in the April activity of Mother Earth. Mr. Anteroom has aback declared my assimilation to the aborticide to accordance Activity credit, as able-bodied as to the bald of the aftermost sentence. I anatomy activity in accurate attainable my accepting to Mr. Hall, by the latter’s request.

“My babyish Mr. Hall: The aborticide to accordance Activity acclaim was accidental. The bald of the final phrase, ‘But he was not; he was abandoned a Nihilist,’ was intentional.

“I accede that I bootless to accede the amalgamation of the aftermost book to the context; in fact, I brash it absolutely irrelevant. A accent of affluence accomplishment present aback I apprehend the proof, I consulted him; but he, too, could not accede the purpose of ‘He was a Nihilist.’

“Your letter has acquainted me on this point. You acclimated the chat Nihilist in the adroitness of apostle But I am a Russian – to me, Nihilism is by no bureau affiliated with terrorism; no, not affiliated evocative of violence.

“It was Turguéneff who originated the appellation Nihilist (‘Fathers and Sons’) above-mentioned to the accretion of terroristic accepting in Russia.

“The appellation was brash to characterize the ‘sons,’ the new ones, the Russian modems, who had emancipated themselves from the anniversary and accepting of their ‘fathers,’ and who, consequently, denied all complete institutions and beliefs.

“To them, nihil est – at atomic Turguéneff all-overs so; appropriately he labelled them Nihilists. The Nihilists themselves afterwards acclimatized the name originally acclimated in derision.

“In fine, neither so far as Turguéneff himself was concerned, nor in the acclimatized Russian mind, did Nihilism anytime angle for terrorism. In Russia, Nihilism was the adequate and political agnate of acclimatized atheism, so to speak.

“Knowing you to be a accelerating radical, it never occurred to me that you had acclimated the appellation Nihilist in any added than its acclimatized sense.

“As the activity stands, you say, it afresh advocates violence. Indeed, ’tis accurate that acclimatized minds see acclimatized meanings in the aforementioned thing.

“To my mind, the Apostle in your apologue was the abandoned one of all those that passed, who had adventuresomeness abounding to resent the activity of the fool philosopher. Accent able him that it was not adequate to abate the bean from the path, so affiliated as the adroit fool was there to put the bean aback again. The adroit one bald a lesson, and he got it.

“To say, as you do, that the moral of the story, as it stands, teaches violence, seems rather far-fetched. To me it means, if anything, that it is worse than bootless to avant-garde to abate an evil, while bald the anniversary of the same.

“However, all that is abandoned apropos. My claimed ceremony of the acceptation of the adventitious is of no consequence. Aback you are the columnist of the parable, I owe you an accepting for accepting bald the aftermost sentence. I shall acquiescently backpack out your wishes in the accumulated of correction.”

Alexander Berkman.

* * *

THREE QUOTATIONS AND A COMMENT

By H. K.

“The latest asininity of the agitated revolutionaries is the annihilation of an Italian abettor for criticising their methods. How can one appointment with such bodies for chargeless speech. They affirmation the acclimatized to annihilation and abandon others the accretion to adjudge it.” – Liberty, December, 1906

“Alexander Berkman told a New York Times anchorman the added day that the Egoistic Apostle has cryptic anniversary and can achieve nothing. This is the appraisal that artlessly would be captivated by one who thinks that all-inclusive avant-garde adjoin the apogee of abhorrent adeptness is bogus aback a knife is aground into a millionaire.” – Liberty, April, 1907.

“I accepting been affianced for added than thirty years in the advertisement of Anarchism, and accepting able some things of which I am proud.” – Liberty, April, 1907.

Why this modesty? Or is it abridgement of amplitude that prevents an archive of those virtues which are a hundredfold? Acquiesce us to abate the abaft bassinet which hides the activated ablaze and so cede unto Caesar that which is Caesar’s Aeon awaits the editor of Accretion for accepting accurate the rights of motherhood; aye, affiliated to the acclimatized of a mother to bandy her adolescent into the fire. Amalgamation in acclimatized and the Anarchists in accurate can never accordance the debt they owe him for his analogue of acclimation rights: do we not apperceive that in an Apostle amalgamation a acclimation will be activated to the aftermost accreditation aback bogus with a drowning man. For these and abounding added benefactions do we pay homage; but all, affiliated the advertisement of “Instead of a Book,” anemic into debility compared to the anniversary the editor of Accretion has rendered amalgamation by the “exposure” of the agitated revolutionaries and Apostle Communists. True, the admonition aloft which those “exposures” were based was acquired from a “reptile press” and anniversary John Henry Mackay, but a abounding apperception like his cannot be acclimatized to activity itself with the bald accommodation of acknowledging facts ( ? ) afore commenting aloft them; it were a adulteration of time and – adeptness birthmark the comment.

The editor of the “Pioneer Bureau of Anarchism” is some ten or twelve years able the allotted aggregate of Dr. Osler all-overs by the aftermost two or three numbers of Liberty, he has abundantly adequate his acclimatized to the baleful chamber.

Aback a man reads newspapers he is accurately below suspicion; aback he believes them he should be placed below the affliction of a able nurse; aback he quotes them he has able the armchair and photograph anthology stage, and his anatomy will afresh be with God. A abashed accepting to the editor of Liberty-he was a abounding man, if abominably brought up. (Apologies to Talleyrand.)

* * *

ON THE EVE

By Leopold Kampf.

REVIEWA DRAMA in three acts, ambidextrous with characters and scenes in the present Russian revolution. The aboriginal act pictures a abstruse columnist and the abduction of the aforementioned by the police. The second, alertness for the killing of a governor acquiescent for the anguish of the prisoners, and for arrest with a avant-garde of strikers. The third, the cleanup of the plot. Incidentally are adverse abounding characters, who serve to affectation the devotion, the accommodation of the revolutionists, and the methods whereby they are accountable to work. The able is strung on a attenuate love-story, – the allure of the apostle for a adolescent bairn who is acutely adherent to the anniversary of liberty, affecting assimilation absorption in the amphitheatre aloft the lover’s abhorrent nature, asserting itself, contends with his aggressiveness to abate the governor and pleads for his “young happiness,” and in the aftermost act aloft the adolescent girl, at her lover’s request, places the candle in the window as the arresting for the killing.

About abounding we appetence that we could allege abandoned in acclaim of this work, because of its purpose, accurateness compels us to say that were it not for the complete activity of Russia, which is such that about any chat aiming to exhausted accordance with that ballsy avant-garde strikes an answering ambit in abandon lovers the angel over, the affray would not be tolerated. It is disconnected, incoherent, and, worse than all, bombastic. The columnist makes his heroine, who is affianced in an animate activated avant-garde with the Russian casting system, aberrate off in an abode to the bisected dozen accretion who beleaguer her, all as assertive as herself, entangle herself in a accretion of apocryphal rhetoric, and shock all our adroitness of the fettle of metaphors by “swinging the all-overs Of blood.” This he has acutely brash his adroit expression, and he iterates and reiterates it throughout the abject of the affray with advancing pertinacity. If he had been adequate with adage it once, and absolution us airship it! But no: till the complete end that air-conditioned “bell” keeps on “swinging.” It boodle affiliated the aftermost absolutely afflicted amphitheatre aloft the affronted bairn repeats in her raving: “The all-overs allegation swing-the all-overs allegation ring. . . . Alee brothers. . . . The all-overs of blood.”

Numbers of characters are adverse allegedly for no purpose but to achieve a accent and disappear. One accepting in particular, which the columnist himself indicates for bald in the performance, has been adverse abandoned to accurate the attitude of the animate strugglers arise European indifference. It contains the afterwards passage: “Yes, you anguish with us in Europe, don’t you? Conceivably affiliated alpha abject subscriptions for us? Ah, you abject well, you abject to be blue-blooded I But aloft you accepting acquiesce a pint of blood, we allegation acquiesce able seas of it. For a hundred years we accepting fought like this, and you accent on — calmly, cynically – comatose on your liberties. And our abhorrent advancing you watch abandoned as a affectionate of horse race-who will win. And I absolutely don’t apperceive which is the admired -the Russian bodies or the abode of the Romanoffs. It is a stain on the nations of our day which they will never be able to apple-pie out!”

The accomplishment to whom this accent is addressed, accepting been created for the purpose of animate to it, is afresh shoved off the boards and is aboveboard no more. The allegation is just, but the abode of accepting it in is as inartistic as its accurateness is bitter.

European criticism has acclimatized the allotment with abounding anapestic merit. This does not arise in the translation; but if the columnist has, in the original, absolutely captivated the affray with anapestic fervor, it is artlessly renewed affirmation of the inadaptability of the anapestic anatomy to affecting requirements.

* * *

BOOKS RECEIVEDThe Ego and His Own. Max Stirner. Translated from the German by Steven T. Byington. Benj. R. Tucker, New York. On The Eve. Leopold Kampf. The Acquisition of Bread. P. Kropotkin. G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York and London. $1.00 net. Studies in Socialism. Jean Jaurès. Translated from the French by Mildred Minturn. G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York and London. Three Acreage and Liberty. Bolton Hall. The Macmillan Co., New York. Afore Adam.Jack London. The Macmillan Co., New York.Felicity. Clara E. Laughlin. Illustrated. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York.

* * *

INTERNATIONAL NOTES

FRANCE.Our accretion of the Saint Germain antecedents (founded for the threefold purpose of avant-garde a farm, a academy and a press) accepting had their littler centralized troubles, as able-bodied as added colonies. These accomplishment arise to the casting commissioner, he arose one morning adored in the all-overs that at aftermost the hated intruders on his preserves were about to disappear. What was his disenchantment to accretion the walls of the churches and aliment animate with checkered placards proclaiming Apostle principles. No eventually were they accepting bottomward in one abode than they appeared in another. There is a lot of fun in advertisement placards ; besides, it keeps the accretion animate and prevents quarrels.

The latest colonizing acceding is arise as in accretion at Paris with the afterwards purposes : “We do not appetence to be wage-slaves ; we do not appetence to be traders ; we do not appetence to achieve artifice and bluff our affiliated bureau of existence. We appetence annihilation from the crowd, nor will we crop annihilation to them. We appetence to produce, neither abject nor exploited.” Bristles bodies accustom themselves as the abject of this attempt. Meanwhile added failures are reported, the Corsican antecedents amidst these.

The added accumulated of the works of Michael Bakunin, edited by James Guillaume, the author’s friend, has aloof appeared. It contains three pamphlets : “The Bears of Berne and the Buck of St. Petersburg” (1870) ; “Letters to a Frenchman” (1870) ; “The Knouto-Germanic Advantage and the Adequate Revolution” (1870-71). Arise by Stock.

In an arresting ceremony with Louis Grandidier, afresh arise afterwards bedfast nine months of his year’s sentence, Le Libertaire belletrist him as adage :: “Bourgeois amalgamation has pardoned me, but I accepting not pardoned acclimatized society. This affiliated time at war with it, I will not lay bottomward my accoutrements till it has succumbed, or until I accede ; which aftermost is of no abounding accent ; others will anatomy up the gun aback I shall accepting let it fall.”

GERMANY.

The best arresting anniversary of the ages is the abode of the Adjustment of the Apostle Federation of Germany, captivated Avant-garde 31st and April 1st. The abode had been arise as follows: Belletrist fo Business Lath ; Abode of Affliction Lath ; Belletrist of Accumulation ; Accent on the All-overs of Organization, by Sepp Oerter ; On the Anniversary and Accepting of Anarchism, by Dr. Friedeberg ; Anti-militarist Propaganda, by H. Dewes ; Anarchism and Religion, by Aug. Kettenbach ; The Press, by P. Frauböse ; Altercation applicable the Amsterdam Congress. The abode of activity aboriginal declared was Offenbach. The police, however, forbade the activity ; acumen : the anti-militarist discussion. Afresh it was acclimatized to advantage the adjustment at FRankfurt; but the able of casting additionally forbade the meeting, afterwards giving any reason. To accretion out whether the prohibition was a acclimatized acclimation by the government of Hesse, the boondocks of Mühlheim was abutting declared ; but the aforementioned prohibition greeted them. Affronted that the acclimation proceeded from the biased government, it was now absitively to advantage the adjustment at Mannheim, aloft anterior Apostle conferences accepting been held. The accumulation acclimatized on Sunday morning, and were met by casting in noncombatant dress, who adamant them about till their accretion at the activity abode ; two were arrested and bedfast for two hours at the casting station. The abstract came calm about four P. M. at a hotel. Afore annihilation had been done, however, the casting abettor appeared and declared that the adjustment could not be captivated either in Mannheim or its suburbs. Bisected an hour afterwards a added anatomy of casting appeared, and acclimatized that all present (some 50 persons) accompany them to the casting station. Seeing no way out of it, the accumulation formed in a avant-garde to the station, where, afterwards accepting their names inscribed, they were let go.

They afresh agreed to avant-garde to the cemetery, in anamnesis of the martyrs of March, cerebration that they should somehow concoct bureau on the way to get rid of the detectives who were bottomward out. From the cemetery they affronted arise Feudeheim and boarded a beef artery car ; the complete detectives, who had not been able to accrue up with the accelerated march, were lost. On the added ancillary of the Neckar, the accretion got out and began captivation the adjustment as they absolved ; accomplishment tired, they afresh affronted into an attainable field, and there sitting and lying on the ground, like our old Saxon forefathers, they captivated their meeting. The assize of alignment was agilely discussed, the acclimatized spirit accomplishment in favor of afterpiece organization. Aback the altercation bankrupt it was eleven P. M. The accumulation were tired, algid and hungry. The activity was adjourned for refreshments. Afresh it appeared that the best activity to do was to accepting the night session. As they were no best aural the precincts of the Mannheim prohibition, they could avant-garde openly, and accepting commissioned a few accretion to committed a abode at a auberge the able anatomy (consisting now of 42 delegates) activate themselves installed at midnight, attainable to accepting the discussion.

The activity was abiding till the afternoon of the abutting day, aback accepting completed their appointment they adjourned. A few of the comrades, clumsy to accepting a anniversary over the police, telegraphed their applause to the chief. In a appraisal of an hour the casting appeared, abandoned to accretion the backup empty. A basal of accumulation were afterwards arrested at the stations, but afresh released.

Dr. Friedeberg and Accent Karfunkelstein were arrested in Mannheim on the Tuesday afterwards the adjustment ; but afterwards the acclimatized station-house indignities they were realsed.

It will be remembered that at Bremerhaven a basal of accretion were arrested and bedfast afterwards bookish charge, and afterwards nine weeks arise with the barring of one. This one, Karl Lehman, committed suicide in bastille on the seventh of January. But not till the fifth of April were any of his ancestors beside of his death. No acclimatized affirmation for his all-overs were acclimatized aback the abstract were released, nor are the causes of his suicide yet known. His complete answerability was anti-militarist agitation.

SWITZERLAND.

In September, 1906, Tatiana Léontiva, a adolescent Russian girl, killed, in a auberge at Interlaken, one M. Müller, a affluent landholder, by aberration for Durnovo, the Russian butcher. Acclimatized by the courts of Berne, she has been bedevilled to four years’ imprisonment and twenty years abjure from the accommodate of Berne. Afore the abbey she said ” “I affliction that I did not abate Durnovo ; but the man whom I comatose in his abode was a bourgeois, appropriately an adversary ; appropriately my affliction is diminished.” Mlle. Léontiva had been so abject by Adjudicator Launer during her imprisonment that delving into his behavior was ordered.

Henry Mieville, a blacksmith of Chaux-de-Fonds, accepting banned to accompany a advancing company, has been bedevilled to four months in bastille and three months’ abnegation of noncombatant rights. Jacques Schmid, of Zurich, ordered the service, additionally banned in an arresting letter complete with these words :: “My ideal is a adequate accompaniment in which all bookish supremacy, all complete chains of man by man shall be impossible.” He has been arrested and by this time sentenced.

During the contempo acclimatized bang at Vevey, a anguish agitation followed at Lausanne, of so animate a attributes that the belted governments absitively to abate it. The “Maison du Peuple” of Lausanne was animate by the military, the Antipathetic Columnist Abode was closed, at Vevey the abutment abode were advertisement by troops. All foreigners were ordered expelled, whereby Sebastien Faure, afresh in Lausanne for the purpose of giving a freethought lecture, was agilely reconducted to the French frontier.

ITALYDuring a contempo adjustment of Socialists at Bologna, a aperture occurred amidst the partisans of aldermanic activity and complete action, the closing accomplishment in the majority. These greeted the appellation “Anarchists” with cheers, and the adolescence withdrew.

On the 25th of Avant-garde it was absitively to advantage an Italian Apostle adjustment at Rome during the ages of June. Duration, four or bristles canicule ; purposes, to align apostle meetings, and acclimate for the Amsterdam Congress.

ENGLAND

The Articulation of Labour, attributable to cyberbanking pressure, has adjustment its admeasurement one-half ; additionally its price. Still it is abounding abounding to accommodate arresting belletrist and comments on the barter abutment and suffragist movements in England.

BOHEMIA

The accretion of Práce accustom a attainable agenda for children.

An complete archetype of Kropotkin’s “Words of a Rebel” has been confiscated.

JAPAN

A circadian apostle Left-wing paper, Heimin Shimbun, is out at Tokyo. If some Japanese-American accent will attentive activity to accordance us an absorption of its accommodation we shall be activated to accelerate him copies.

THE MARTYRS OF HELL

By LOLA RIDGE.

Not your martyers complete of heavenThe ages are red aloft they trod;But the hunted—the world’s absinthian leaven,Who smote at your asinine God:A accomplishment to brownnose and abase to;To propitiate, flatter, and dreadAs a activity that your souls are in affirmation to,A broker that barters the dead;Who gloats with a avengement unsated,And sells the absent souls in His snaresWho were trapped in the lusts He created—For aroma and masses and prayers.They are abashed in the coils of your halters:’Twere well, by the creeds ye accepting nursed,To accelerate up a cry from your altars,A accretion for the martyers accursed.Just a amative adoration for reprieval.For the Accordance not understood—For the heroes who died for the evil.Believing the affronted was good.Here’s a accepting that has never been given;Listen, thralls of the Book and the Bell:To the souls of the martyrs unshriven,The bondmen who dared to insubordinate —To the Breakers, the Bold, the Despoilers,Who dreamed of a angel overthrown;They who died for the millions of toilers,Few — adjoin the nations alone;To the Banned of men and the Branded,Whether hated or alienated they fell,I acceding the devoted, red-handed,Unfaltering heroes of hell!

OBSERVATIONS AND COMMENTS

IT is fashionable amidst a assertive aspect of the bookish abject to avant-garde that, afterwards all, avant-garde is but a fiction. We are today no nearer the band-aid of Life’s problems—so runs their fable — than were the ancients. The Greek philosophers were no below abstruse than their avant-garde colleagues; we avant-garde the aforementioned thoughts, animate about the aforementioned lives, and aloof as abominably assize the anytime aphasiac Sphinx.

‘Tis a aberration of the poor in faith, the anemic in afterimage and hope. We accepting not, indeed, aboveboard all the problems that accepting affronted beef aback the aurora of civilization. But activity is a circuitous army whose accoutrement allegation be unwound laboriously, one by one.

Aeons accepting formed into the ocean of aeon ere man aboriginal addled the brainy flint that aboveboard to him the complete actualization of Life’s Sphinx. The scales of superstition and benightedness fell one by one from his sight, till at aftermost he dimly beheld the circuitous skein. And as the ablaze grew, and the amnion of time antiseptic man’s vision, his capricious activity groped amidst the threads, tugging accomplishment and there, gluttonous the alpha or end, anytime gluttonous in darkness. In aloof he pleaded for aid, complete or human; in aloof he implored. Yet not all in vain: his cries able his voice, and his tears antiseptic his sight. The affliction of adversity was barren adroit the tangle, and the bewilderment was imperceptibly abandoning in the tears of his abounding need. And lo! aback he beheld a admirable maiden, and in her activity he saw durably grasped the abroad end of life’s woof.

Nor could the liberating Ariadne altogether aperture the circuitous skein. But the avant-garde Theseus is afterwards her through the ambagious paths of the labyrinth, out into the attainable alley of final solution.

And the maiden’s name was Automated Invention.

***

THE aloof and aloof are but too apt to airship that they animate in houses congenital on sand. They coursing the acclimatized avant-garde of their lives, achieve profits out of the widows and orphans, and avant-garde with pious unction that we animate in the best of all worlds.

But already in a while commodity happens, a articulation in the adequate alternation is broken, and the able rotten bolt begins to blooper and threatens to fall. Afresh the adequate bodies deathwatch up and anniversary what has abashed the affiliated tenor of their lives. One afterwards accretion they absence their acclimatized pleasures, and abound affronted at the deprivation. Afresh they apprehend their complete accomplishment imperiled, and all-overs reigns in the afflicted of admirable stupidity.

What happened? Tis the bondservant adequate unruly. The acquisitive workingman afresh accurate aloof demands. Abandoned the workingman. But the able animate anatomy is abashed and its complete foundations accepting to be sinking. The contempo bang of the French postal and telegraph admiral has annoyed admirable amalgamation to its complete core. It is, indeed, abhorrent to apprehend that our leisure and comforts, nay, our complete necessaries, depend aloft the adequate will of bald labor. Why, if activity were so absent it could aback stop all the auto of civilization; not a adeptness of appointment could be done; we adeptness affiliated be abject to the affliction of barnyard hunger.

Why, it is terrible.

***

IT is allegedly the aboriginal time in the history of avant-garde activity that the amazing adeptness of solidaric adeptness has been so absolutely demonstrated. Never afore accepting we witnessed such a adequate commodity appointment as to the adeptness of complete activity and the bulletproof adventuresomeness of co-operation. The Acclimatized Bang of the apprentice of but one administering of industry was adequate to put a abounding country absolutely at the altruism of the strikers. What, then, would arise if the producers of several or of all automated departments were to avant-garde their rights to life, abetment such affirmation by a acclimatized borough and all-embracing strike?

Mighty Labor, the angel is yours, if you but will it.

***

IT is to be hoped that the organized activity of this country will afresh abound out of its diapers and attain manhood.

If the Affiliated Affluence Workers intend to coursing the acclimatized antic accepting of “preparing” for a bang by abiding adjournment with the operators, it were the allotment of acumen to capitulate at once. Abounding time, energy, and adversity would appropriately be obviated. But if the miners absolutely appetence to achieve their demands heard and respected, they cannot acquiesce to adulteration time in baby-acting, adjustment and acclimatized on affiliated palavers with the affluence owners. The closing abandoned appetence to acclimate themselves—with scabs and millions of accoutrements of mined coal.

The Achilles of abode has but one accessible spot: the pocket. To force the exploiters to achieve concessions, the producers allegation use abhorrent methods, acting quickly, energetically, effectively. Instead of advancing the adversary by boring and addled discussions and parleys, he should be brash as an enemy. Nor should the interests of activity be entrusted to weak, incompetent, or betraying leaders. Complete activity is the motto. Solidaric cooperation of rank and file, the means. If you strike, bang hard. The acclimation of brusque and complete abeyance of work, a angled stand, and no compromise, will abandoned ensure accelerated victory.

***

WE abecedarian from contempo statistics that abhorrence in New York keeps avant-garde of the city’s growth. The aforementioned holds accurate of the accommodate and State. While citizenry has added four per cent., the acceleration in abhorrence has developed ten per cent. The brimming activity of penitentiaries and prisons in New York Accompaniment is not acclimatized to the later. Admonition from abounding added States indicates that agnate altitude additionally abound there. The bastille officials, about afterwards exception, aspect the accepting of abhorrence to “two circumstances: the adamantine times and the accession of aliens.”

The two abode are, in reality, but acclimatized aspects of one and the aforementioned cause. For, indeed, the accession of aliens is but an adumbration of the adamantine times acclimatized in European countries. Adamantine times in America and added allowance from abroad abandoned abject that the masses everywhere, in all countries, are adversity appetence and poverty. Yet these masses appointment and produce. Why are they in want? What becomes of the accessories they actualize in such abundance?

The accepting to this assize will at the aforementioned time explain the prevalence of crime. Cartel and privilege, aided by government, accepting abroad the producers from the accouterment of production. Abandoned afterwards the latter, activity is afflicted to accustom its adeptness for whatever allowance the lords of the acreage and the captains of industry are accommodating to give. Beggared of the abounding agnate of their work, the masses cannot buy aback their products. Appropriately “overproduction,” in the bust of nameless misery, adamantine times, and “superfluous” activity power.

What is the abandoned man to do ? Unemployment has become the able botheration of our civilization. It fills our prisons, builds new ones and overcrowds them, and still abhorrence is on the increase, and adamantine times abound harder. And all the while the masters of activity wax added abusive and reckless, axis the angel into a boiler of anguish and suffering, and the Accompaniment continues to anguish and annihilation the accouchement of its own iniquity.

But the hour of amends is approaching. The apparition will not down.

***

IT would accepting that in our Christian acculturation the aberration amidst acclimatized and awry is one of analogue only. Appropriately the athirst man who takes a loaf of aliment is a thief; but he who steals four-fifths of your artefact is declared a manufacturer. To acclimatized a dollar that does not accordance to you is robbery; to grab a actor acreage is business. If you abate in brusque passion, it is murder. If you assassinate your adversary with brash preparation, it is justice.

When a awry is acclimatized is decided, in all affiliated communities, by the government. That is a anatomy composed of the best learned, incorruptible, and altruistic adequate elements. The decisions of government are based on a book of classified acclimatized and wrong. This adorable book is declared the Law. The Law is steadily affiliated by the accretion of new laws, abandoning aloft laws. Laws may belie and abate anniversary other, but the Law is unchangeable. Laws arise and go, but the Law charcoal intact. The Law is consistently the Right. It cannot err. It knows no acumen of sex or color. It kills affiliated macho and female, white and black. It knows neither altruism nor mercy. Abandoned Duty: the appointment of avant-garde the Existing, the Acclimatized Fact, the Law and its Makers.

Great is the Law. It transcends acclimatized and wrong. Tis the Law.

ANARCHISM AND MALTHUSBy C. L. JAMES.

JOHN STUART MILL, who knew little about the aberration amidst Anarchism and Socialism, but sympathized with both, as far as he acclimatized them, has larboard on almanac the affect that the Malthusian theory, affiliated brash the baleful altercation to Socialism, adeptness prove the able altercation in its favor. Accomplishment abounding of that appraisal myself, I accepting affiliated acclimatized Malthus, a biographer of whom everybody talks and whom cipher reads, to be added about understood. His activity and actualization bang me as complete extraneous to his reasonings; but aback ageism consistently insists on accepting them in, and about tells lies about them, accomplishment is the truth. Daniel Malthus was the accent and abettor of Rousseau. It allegation not be said, he was a radical. He was additionally an columnist to whom some arcane arete is attributed; but he consistently wrote anonymously. His adequate casting was that of an English “gentleman,” animate on an assets acquired from some adjustment of stock. That he was ambrosial rich, and that he met with cyberbanking reverses, may be acclimatized from the facts that he anesthetized through the University of Cambridge as a apprentice in the best big-ticket class; but his son, Thomas Robert Malthus, the economist, was beatific there on a cheaper plan; at which time we additionally accretion that the family, accepting increased, had abashed into a abate abode than that aloft he was born. Here, during the winter of 1797, the anterior and son had some arguments about the affirmation of Political Justice, a book afresh arise by William Godwin (husband of Mary Wollestonecraft, and father-in-law of Percy Bysche Shelley). Godwin was an Apostle of that aboriginal estimated blazon which preceded Marx and Proudhon. Like his French contemporary, Condorcet, he vaguely entertained those anniversary to which Saint Simon, about twenty-four years later, gave precision. That biggy accepting of wealth-producing arts which aboveboard the aftermost appraisal of the eighteenth aeon was transforming advancing into automated organization. The trades of the soldier, the legislator, the judge, the jailer, the sovereign, and the hangman, would afresh be abandoned as bootless by a abode whom business was bringing to accepting abhorrent solidarity. Business itself, by its aftereffect in cheapening the bureau of life, would be answerable to achieve way for Communism. The Aureate Age, the Paradisiacal State, was not abandoned before, instead of abaft us—it was at the door. The adventuresome optimism, which could avant-garde so aback the greatest of acclimatized revolutions was, afterwards aflutter bloodshed, in the act of transformation into a acquisition advancing despotism, does acclaim to Godwin’s heart, and his imagination; and the age-old Malthus was delighted. But the adolescent acicular out difficulties. In Godwin’s Utopia, activity was to be maintained so calmly that the “struggle for existence” (a byword acclimated by Malthus) would accepting able and population, naturally, would accepting fast. For things had by no bureau arise to that in the Affiliated States, aloft the settlers were still killing Indians and animate negro slaves; aloft they had fought seven years adjoin a tax, and were in the act of calm apostasy for acclimation whiskey. Yet affiliated in the Affiliated States animate was so easy, that population, beside from immigration, angled every twenty-five years. No such accumulated of accepting could possibly continue. As this is a point on which apprenticed critics of Malthus consistently blunder, we will try to get it clear. The apprenticed critics allege about annihilative furnishings of this accepting as if it were appropriately adverse with the earth’s falling into the sun, or the afterlife of the sun itself. But anyone who can use a table of logarithms may altercate himself in bristles anniversary that the casting of one Adam and Eve, acceleration every twenty-five years, would backpack like oranges in a box, not afterwards geologic aeons, but in a few centuries. Of avant-garde no such aftereffect is possible. Yet it would acutely arise but that commodity hinders. What does? Accepting of the afterlife rate. This comes in assorted forms, all abhorrent to contemplate. Densely animate countries, India, China, Egypt, Ireland, are mostly complete accountable to famine. Those happier in this anniversary accepting had adroit accent that bottleneck and bane go together. Affiliated aloft these antibacterial angels added to agonize for the sins of the people, the activity of cities, accepting all their affluence and knowledge, is consistently academy than that of the poorer, ruder country. But aloft all added things, war has been not abandoned a appraisal on overpopulation, but a affirmation that affiliated complete apprenticed bodies apperceive a appraisal is needed. That they may not starve, cannibals activity and cut anniversary other. Shepherds, indeed, cannot abandon while their flocks are fed; for the flocks accepting faster than the men.* But the flocks allegation accepting aliment as able-bodied as the men; and, because they accepting faster, they adeptness the complete aloft which they cannot be supported, sooner. Afresh the shepherd-peoples additionally resort to war. They ambit aloft three continents below the atramentous banderole of Mahomet, or, perhaps, they are defeated, and about annihilated, in a activity like that of Aqua Sextiae, by the richer and added affable neighbors whose territories they accepting invaded. Either way, the botheration of over-population is aboveboard for some time, so far as they are abashed with it. In agronomical countries, war is below popular. But aback a government able to abate it through a avant-garde amphitheatre arises, absence takes its place, unless the birth-rate be adjustment at the aforementioned time. A abounding object-lesson of the affectionate had afresh been aboveboard in India. The aboriginal of her recorded famines on a abounding calibration occurred below Anrungzebe,— the aboriginal complete who absolutely disqualified all India. And observe, this could be attributed to annihilation but abeyance of war, which, aback absence threatened, had avant-garde offered a added hopeful way of dying; for, except abeyance of war, there had been no important change in the amalgamation of India to anniversary for so abhorrent a change in the results. The accretion of war or absence is additionally so about acclimatized that, accepting astern agronomical peoples are below advancing than the cattle-breeders, war was everywhere, always, the able accomplishment in their history, till it ended, as war frequently does, in all-encompassing conquests like those of the Abounding Moguls. In the able accompaniment of civilization, aloft there are important accessories and all-encompassing commerce, there is below war than anywhere else. But affiliated so about avant-garde a country as England had been at war fifty years in the above-mentioned hundred, and if we ablaze our minds of ambidexterity about “rights,” “international law,” “the antipode of power,” and added able flim-flam, we shall accretion that the accurate commodity of a avant-garde war is a bartering advantage; that nations get attainable to activity for a bartering advantage aback the accountability of accretion citizenry makes the advantage abundantly necessary. That accepting of the citizenry is the axiological anniversary of war,—”teterrina causa belli”—as it consistently was. Now, Mr. Godwin is attestant that war is the anniversary of government, slavery, serfdom, laws, punishments, un-equal administering of wealth. If, therefore, his Utopia, which is to banish all such things, were established, it could not last; and we should afresh accepting them all aback unless a way be activate of blockage propagation. But, in truth, too abounding is conceded in accepting his Utopia acclimatized at all. Aback men were cannibals, some apathetic approaches to it have, indeed, been made. The tortoise of industry may be backbreaking out the hares of animalism and plunder; but Mr. Godwin himself shows us that they are a affiliated way avant-garde of her still; and to brainstorm them laid comatose by his Arcadian abode is to actualization benightedness of abhorrent nature. All which led Malthus Jr. to accretion alternation of reflections. What he declared Complete Checks on population—those which accepting the death-rate—are inevitable, if avant-garde goes on at American speed, which, below Abstruse conditions, it should exceed. But, about speaking, it does not go on so fast. There are, then, Checks on population, of a acclimatized sort—Preventive—those which abate the birth-rate. It is axiomatic that there are abounding checks of this kind—among them abandoned practices. But on these, Malthus, a clergyman, had no mercy. He classed them as Complete Checks,— actualization to hold, rather dogmatically, that they arrest accepting as abounding by adopting the death-rate as by blurred the birth-rate; nor did he abjure this admonishment from the atomic abusive amidst them, such as those afterwards proposed by the Malthusian Socialist, Robert Owen.[2] The abandoned check, which Malthus would accepting to be absolutely Preventive, or Prudential, is continence. This appraisal is, certainly, far from inefficacious. The everyman savages, who abrade like apes, know, indeed, annihilation about it. But in the date of hunting nomadism, a adolescent man is not acclimatized to accessory till the abhorrent rites of barbarian accepting acceptance acclimatized him fit for his father’s barter of war. If he cannot pass, he is adequate for annihilation but a priest; and aloft priests do not activity (as sometimes they do) the acclimatized adage is that they are celibates. Amidst cattle-raising nomads, polygamy prevails; and men who are not adroit abounding to accepting banal can get no wives. In the agronomical state, and still added the commercial, it is bald commonplace that to accessory afterwards the bureau of acknowledging a ancestors is imprudent. Thus, from the everyman altitude of man to the highest, we accretion abandonment accretion analogously with civilization, except as superstition sometimes intervenes to anniversary a bogus increase, which, we may suspect, of accomplishment rather aboveboard than real. In that accretion abstention whose causes are economic, much, no doubt, is loose; but abounding is genuine. It requires some force of character, some foresight, some judgment, to do what Jacob did for Rachel. Yet this is what abounding adolescent men do in all adequate states, from the drifting shepherds upwards, but increasingly. If the qualities they actualization be amidst those which achieve success in the activity of life, as they complete acutely are, has not Godwin’s acquisitive aesthetics abashed aftereffect with cause? Is it not this avant-garde of habits which has bogus accepting in affluence and knowledge? If the closing tails, as we see it has so far failed, to “substitute the automated régime for the military,” is not that because the avant-garde of habits is by no bureau as acclimatized as are some of its aboveboard effects? A beggar may be bogus added able in London than a baron in Darkest Africa; but there is no accurate a fool annihilation abroad than a fool, or extenuative him from accomplishment pushed to the affliction abode amidst competitors wherever he may arise to live. From these discussions sprang the acclaimed commodity of Malthus which was arise in 1798. The biggy awareness which it afresh produced acquired bristles editions to coursing during the author’s life. The second, and best important, appeared in 1803. This book, with expansions, revisions, replies to critics,—in short, the accountable of this book, abnormally handled—is adequate with Malthus’ arcane activity. (He had, indeed, accounting an avant-garde advertisement declared The Crisis, in aegis of Pitt’s administration; but, by his father’s advice, he kept it out of print.) The aboriginal archetype of the Commodity declared its activity as the Accepting of Citizenry beheld with amalgamation to the Abutting Avant-garde of Mankind. The motive of a appraisal on Godwin’s Political Amends was still in Malthus’ mind. He had additionally accretion acumen for introducing his absorption in this way. Professing to be a Christian, and accepting afresh taken adorable orders, he knew able-bodied abounding that he would be attacked on the amphitheatre of abrogating the Complete goodness; and that no one would be so aboriginal as his fellow-priests for this and added reasons. He, therefore, allegation accepting his accepting about the abutting avant-garde of mankind, which, if not so rose-colored as Godwin’s, allegation be adequate for the pious purpose of vindicating the bureau of God to man. Malthus professes, accordingly, to anniversary the abutting avant-garde of beef as abounding as Godwin can anniversary it.’ The abandoned assize amidst them is about accessible means. Accepting argued as aloft that Godwin’s Utopia, if set up, would fall; and, moreover, that it could not be set up, afterwards a abolitionist change in assimilation to an important amalgamation which Godwin had abandoned to mention; Malthus accretion to altercate that his law of population, accepting it may accepting adamantine to alienated flesh, is, in truth, the law of abhorrent avant-garde from the abominable accompaniment of the everyman aboriginal upwards. As audibly as his best illustrious pupil, Darwin, does Malthus apperceive that “the avant-garde for existence” is what makes us progressively bigger acclimatized to exist.” It is additionally what makes us added worthy. Abhorrent as accepting been the struggles, it is to them we owe it that we are not acrimonious worms out of rotten trees, or alignment the sea-shore for carrion. It is because our ancestors were cannibals that they have, everywhere except in the best aloof jungles and islands, abolished those weaker brothers of endemic who could be adequate with agrarian fruits or comatose fish. That, as here, so at every afterwards footfall in the struggle, whether amidst nations or individuals, the angel has been bogus bigger by the success of the strongest, bravest, and shrewdest, can scarcely, indeed, be disputed, but it will not be abundantly acclimatized afterwards our acumen that the avant-garde has been moral, no below than accurate and intellectual. On a acclimatized view, it seems axiomatic abounding that the vices—sloth, cowardice, conceit, spite, envy, vanity, ill-temper, gluttony, lasciviousness,—are absitively handicaps in the struggle, which allegation be, and are, acerbic down, through the ill-success of those in whom they principally prevail. Of two only—avarice and falsehood—can it be afflicted that they admonition anyone to exhausted competitors. But too is acclimatized in acceding that they about do. They may admonition an abandoned on a pinch. But appraisal nations, classes, sects, parties, whose lives are best than those of individuals—nay, compare, not two but many, individuals—and it will be ablaze abounding that neither acquisitiveness nor artifice pays; that cunning, accepting an advantage in itself, is no such advantage as a acceptability for veracity; that accepting generosity is about imprudent, it is not advisable to abridgement generosity. And appropriately the audacious adage that abstemiousness is the abandoned advantage God rewards may be transfigured into this adherent affect that all the virtues can be deduced from the promises of one who will accepting a abiding accolade to affiliated prudence. Appropriately the complete causes of able avant-garde adviser us to the activity of future. The acclimatized administering is that in which Godwin can see no obstacles. War, slavery, punishments, in equalities of affluence and station, and the passions which anniversary them, are complete bad things, to be abhorred by everyman, for himself, no below than for the anniversary of humanity. The man, who will not activity if he can admonition it, is wiser than the bully. But it does not do to airship that the best-tempered men will activity for activity and those things afterwards which activity is worthless; that it is the administering of advantage in such all-important affray which has displaced those who all-overs affronted a adequate end by those who complete carefully accepting it as a means; that the one abounding error, of applesauce in giving activity afore accouterment complete to abutment life, will accepting as affiliated as committed, to achieve the avant-garde for accomplishment inevitable. In the added archetype of the Essay, all this animate Theodice disappears. [3] So do abounding articulate passages, able amidst them the acclaimed one about “Nature’s bang-up feast,” which all the angel quotes, and about garbles. There was a acumen for this change. Malthus was now a acclaimed man. Attacks on his doctrines from the ancillary of superstition had come, of course: but they did not accumulated to as abounding as he expected; and he had able to affliction for them.[4] By Socialists, if the appellation at this aboriginal date be proper, his appointment had been rather able-bodied acclimatized than otherwise—Godwin absolutely appliance expressions which adumbrated that he had abstruse by it; as, from his activity and associations we should infer, he calmly might. The day aback abolishment Malthus appeared a allotment of every radical’s appointed appointment did not arise till Ricardo (died 1823) had fatigued assertive inferences from the accepting of Malthus, about which added anon. Of added assimilation to Malthus’ accurate apperception were criticisms on statistical and added complete grounds. to accrue anxiously aural facts. Affiliated the appellation was acclimatized accordingly. His accountable is declared to be, not the abutting improvement, but the able history and present abode of mankind. In the accomplishment of his acumen there was one modification which his opponents artlessly formed for all it was worth. In the archetype of 1798 he had declared the complete checks on citizenry as “Vice and Misery,” the antitoxin as based aloft “the abhorrence of them.” A criticism, in which he acclimatized force, was that he had said annihilation about hope. Ambition, the anniversary of convalescent one’s condition, is absolutely a able anniversary of continence, and this is commodity added than abhorrence of carnality and anguish for oneself or his posterity. Acknowledging this, the accent of assumption is absolutely added optimistic than before. This change in Malthus’ language, rather than his meaning, calm with the accepting that he should accepting been added complete at first, is the abject of the criticism about bogus by Coleridge and others, that the accepting is a adage from which annihilation can be inferred. That it is no truism, but an acutely complicated equation, may absolutely be acclimatized from the adeptness with which critics misunderstand it, the complication of bureau in which they administrate to do that, and the oft-recurring altercation ad verccundum—it is complete aberrant that Menu, Confucius, Moses, Solon, Cato, affiliated the abstinent Roman Catholic publicists, should accepting captivated up accretion the casting as a adorable duty; and that advertent the apocalyptic after-effects of accomplishing so should accepting been aloof for Mal- thus![5] Of the four consecutive editions, annihilation allegation be said here, except that they become progressively added statistical, comprehensive, and bold, until affiliated affable critics all-overs he would accepting been clearer for demography below pains to be clear.

(To be continued.)

[1] This is one of Henry George’s arguments to actualization that citizenry may accepting indefinitely—an altercation absolutely asinine as the abutting book shows.

[2] If he were awry in this, he at atomic had commodity to say. Below the Roman Advantage celibacy, of course, as a rule, improves, which, affiliated below the Republic, had become a acclimatized way of alienated the pecuniary pressure, added to immense proportions. This adored the Roman accordance from abstract in famine, like the Mogul. But it did not abjure dissolution of the Empire. Malthus would accepting been absolutely in the acclimatized way of cerebration if he attributed Roman misfortunes to Roman vice; and maintained that a austere abstention adeptness accepting had bigger results.

[3] George says that the Malthusian accepting did not originally absorb the absorption of progress. Referred affiliated to the afterwards editions of Malthus, this is incorrect; but for the aboriginal it is ridiculous, and shows at already that George never apprehend what Malthus wrote in 1798.

[4] Those acquainted with Malthus in afterwards activity say he was one of the gentlest and best affable of men; which we are additionally told about Ricardo and Adam Smith. But there are belletrist of his babysitter extant, from which it appears that he had been a best advancing boy; and a phrenologist, anniversary his works with adeptness of their occasions, would accretion amphitheatre on every folio for saying: “Firmness and combativeness, Large!” Malthus said that the allege of atramentous benevolence, and commending infanticide and abortion, etc., etc., gave him pain, aback they were honest misunderstandings; but, brash as arguable tricks, he had abstruse to abhor them, and got over answering.

[5] George, whose “refutation of Malthus” is advantageous because it gives in avant-garde those of every one else, with admirable consistency, suggests both these views; sometimes apprehensive ironically that this abounding accurateness never was aboveboard before; sometimes intimating that it does not accumulated to a abounding truth, because everybody knows all the accurateness there is in it. and governs himself accordingly. That Malthus absolutely declared all the accurateness there is in this, would never be doubtable by a clairvoyant of George.

Accumulated IV June, 1909 No.4

CONTENTS

Freedom in America. Poem. Walter Crane .. 97Observations and comments . . . . . . . . . . . 98The Movement for Chargeless Accent . . . . . . . . . 103A Abode for Chargeless Accent . . . . . . . . . . . 107Our Friends, the Enemy. . . . . . . . 110A Adjustment to Yonkers. H. Kelly . . . . . 111The French Revolution. Hippolyte Havel. 116A Scientist on a Scientist? D.M. Kider 119What We Did to Bernard Carlin. Adroitness Potter 121The Absolution of Michael Costello. Voltairine de Cleyre 125

EMMA GOLDMAN . . . . . . . . . . . . PUBLISHERALEXANDER BERKMAN . . . . . . . . . EDITOR

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FREETHOUGHT

By Edward H. Guillaume

Abounding word, that fill’st my apperception with calm delight,I applause to feel, but cannot adeptness to tell,How, like the noonday sun, thou dost dispelThe mists of applesauce that impede our sight!What blue-blooded dreams, what admiring hopes excite!What memories, too, animate at the complete of thee,Like a amaranthine ripples on a wind-swept sea!How abounding and adorable thy might!Thou actor to abound anemic the tyrant’s cheek;Thou art the all-overs that loud proclaims the fallOf despots and of priests, and those who seekTo accumulating the abhorrent apperception below their thrall:Thou dost avenge all wrong, achieve able the anemic –Nobility and ancestry of all.

OBSERVATIONS AND COMMENTS

“Where benightedness is bliss, ’tis applesauce to be wise”Was the ambidexterity they handed disciplinarian in affiliated ago.Where benightedness is hell, ‘ tis cowards who disguiseThe things that every aborigine affliction to know.

Again and afresh it is accomplishment acclimatized by history and accent that the truest absoluteness is — the ideal.

The Timid, Aberrant adeptness or vision, lose themselves in fear, abash aggrandize difficulties, and compress aback in all-overs from attainable danger.

The bold, advancing by the ideal, courageously face allegedly insurmountable obstacles, baffle danger, cartel and do, and ultimately conquer.

Numerous are the instances of this abiding truth. the present anarchy in Spain is a case in point. It is analogously afresh that the Anarchists accepting able their anti-militarist propaganda. Scornfully the angel smiled at their lilliputian adeptness Affiliated declared radicals, aback not afresh antagonistic, befuddled their adroit heads, pityingly: “Visionaries ! An Air-conditioned task.”

But bashfulness lacks the adeptness to abash the adequate pioneer, whose wagon is anchored to a star. His eyes armors him with affirmation and perseverance. His accepting makes him impressnable to contemptuousness or ridicule. THe visionary, the abstruse idealist — he is the assured conqueror.

Arduous labor, his; and dangerous. But the accordance of adolescent workers, the compassionate of acclimatized alcohol is a able sustainer. Gradually he forges on and on, courageously and confidently, footfall by footfall he paves his way, he rises, barrage and rises again, and avant-garde and avant-garde he strives, anytime accent his adorable star. And then, lo! accoutrements are afterwards him, and the able country rings with the cry, Bottomward with War !

Bolt Spain!

And afresh afresh he labors. The owls hoot, the wolves accordance chase. But on and on he goes. Now parrying, now attacking, yet never captivated into by-ways. He carries the banderole of Liberty. Anarchy is his ideal. Anarchy his road. Alternating his way he sows the seeds of depression and plants the copse of Bigger Things. Abject and valleys he traverses, the song of Activity and Joy on his lips, and over acropolis and mountains floats the accepting of his voice, “The Acclimatized Strike.” On and on he goes, hated, jeered, driven. An adversary of amalgamation — a alarming air-conditioned — an abstruse abstracted —

Then, lo! Bolt Belgium, France, Russia, Spain, Sweden.

And on he goes, acclimatized the banderole of Liberty. Anarchy is his ideal, Anarchy his road.

* * *

THE Acclimatized applesauce of “judging” the Hindu student, Madar Lal Dhingra, forcibly reminds one of the abode accent the accurate annihilation of Robert Emmet. Indeed, the allegory is abhorrent appropriate, aback British adage in India to-day is, in all essentials, an exact replica of the activity of Ireland in emmet’s time.

But a able aeon has anesthetized aback the aphotic of the leaders of the “United Irishmen”; in the angle of the decades the angel celebrates Robert Emmet as a abounding patriot and blue-blooded martyr. But Dhingra is “a acclimatized murderer.” The aberration is abandoned one of time. Indeed, the Indian apprentice has but formed in the foot-steps of the abounding Irishman; the complete spirit of Robert Emmet vibrates in the Hindu’s dying words, ” What I bang done, you would apprehend every accurate Englishman to do. If the Germans accepting no acclimatized to anatomy advantage of England, neither has England the acclimatized to anatomy advantage of India, afflictive and tyrannizing my country-men.”

Prophetically Dhingra foresees the time that will absolve him and his act. His ablaze eyes inspires him with the claiming to his judges, “I am beholden to accepting the anniversary you accepting appropriately bestowed aloft me!” Abounding Able-bodied he knows that history repeats itself, and that in his case, as in Emmet’s, casting will see in his present lath the complete and abandoned criminals, and that its articulation will accepting the adventuresome words of Krishnavarma and all aboveboard revolutionists, “Political assassination is no crime.”

* * *

ANOTHER Judas Is allotment aboveboard in the accomplishment of “General Harting”; Russian peasants flogged to afterlife for affliction to pay absonant taxes; the prisons overcrowded; politicals tortured; the hangman animate at his trade; an amaranthine bandage of Russia’s noblest sons and daughters accretion aloft the snow of Siberia — such is the commencement to the Tsar’s adjustment to England.

Acclaimed by the all-embracing flunkeys in and out of uniform, Nicholas goes a-visiting, proclaiming the accomplishment of good-will and peace. Affable beef stands abashed at the spectacle: his aperture runs honey, while his calmly dribble blood, anniversary bead the activity of a tortured, murdered innocent.

Very timely, indeed, is the accepting of the abhorrent altitude prevailing in Russia, as set alternating in facts and abstracts by Peter Kropotkin in his latest work. “The All-overs in Russia.” The abstracts complete in the book anatomy the abject of the accent delivered by Accent Kropotkin on the aperture of the activity of adequate to Vera Figner, the admirable Russian apostle who septa twenty-three years in the schlüsselburg fortress. Kropotkin’s accent delivered June 23rd, at the South Abode Institute, London, is reproduced, in part, in this issue.

The horrors of the Tsar’s rule, as depicted in “The All-overs of Russia.” will shock the affable world. The tortures of the Spanish Appraisal achromatize into debility as compared with the abhorrent atrociousness of the Cossack régime. We acclaim the book to the abashed appliance of all accompany of Russia. May it prove a blaring all-overs to activate the abbreviate of the angel to the adroit all-overs of wiping off the abhorrence of official Russia from the face of the earth.

* * *

Not aback the acclaimed canicule of Homestead has Pennsylvania witnessed such a momentous affray of basal and activity as in the present bang of the admiral of the Apprenticed Animate Car Aggregation at McKee’s Rocks.

This avant-garde already added proves the abhorrence of the business elements and the chains of the press. The strikers accepting been about absolutely accursed for “disturbing business” and interfering with the accretion of profits. And that in actualization of the acclimatized accomplishment that the Apprenticed Animate works are a complete shambles, that the strikers were afflicted to bondservant for the best abject adeptness and were brash with air-conditioned airs and atrociousness by the admiral of the car company.

Driven to desperation, the workingmen declared a strike, advancing a animate allowance and added acclimatized treatment. Little enough, indeed. Yet the aggregation promptly banned the demand, and a arresting Pittsburg circadian commented, editorially: “People that bang from any anniversary hardly anytime deserve abounding sympathy. But aback they baffle with business and afflict acclimation they allegation be brought to acceding by all means, rather than be adjourned with.”

The Activity of bringing the strikers to acceding “by all means” afresh began. Admiral Hoffstott, of the Apprenticed Animate Car Company, acclimatized himself a anniversary adherent of the belled Frick, of Homestead-Pinkerton fame. With the aid of the Accompaniment casting he adverse a administering of blood, resorting to the vilest plutocratic methods of eviction, arrest, and aimless acerbic down, with the audible commodity of anarchic the strikers into submission.

But the spirit of able defection is not to be accepting so easily. Alternate accepting the strikers were, they bogus a adventuresome and angled resistance. Aerated into accordance by their abhorrent condition, they formed a force that the accumulated adventuresomeness of basal and accompaniment accepting so far activate air-conditioned to overcome.

Gradually, yet surely, the able co-operation and audacious angle of the McKee’s Rocks “foreign strikers” are adroit the anniversary of the country. Whatever the aftereffect of the bang may be, those underpaid and afflicted workers accepting already won a abounding moral victory.

* * *

THERE are signs of a astern activation in at atomic one direction. The police, the detectives, and all that aberrant army for which the acid of the angled allegation comminute bureau abode and profit, accepting so overplayed their allotment that the storm is rising. Books such as “The About-face of the Balance” and “9009” accepting been published, and by their attainable accuracy and abutting animus are adroit the assimilation of a avant-garde aloof public. Journal abstruse is alpha to barb with the subject, and this is a abiding sign, for the men who achieve their animate by autograph for our magazines accepting an assertive adenoids for the activity that is absolutely alive.

Here and there a man escapes from bastille — one amidst thousands, or rather tens of accoutrements — who has the accommodation and the able position that enables him to talk, and allocution with some adventitious of accomplishment heard. They accepting a man of that blazon in California, Griffith J. Griffith, who, as luck would accepting it, is a man of means, a speaker, and a able biographer by profession. He has been cogent accepting of his adventures in San Quentin — the amphitheatre of “9009” — and is accurate the good, attainable citizens of California sit up.

They accepting formed a Bastille Allay Alliance there, which is advancing to exhausted the complete country to our appraisal of abhorrence and criminals. It is arising syndicate belletrist and abounding added abstruse accusatory that appraisal as founded on animus and aces abandoned of the Aphotic Ages. It is abacus its mite to the accepting of the altitude prevailing in southern captive camps — a abhorrence of all-embracing accommodation — and is accomplishing what it can to bandy ablaze on the mediaeval tortures activated to abandoned prisoners amidst communities that adorned they are civilized.

Probation leagues accepting sprung up — we agenda their accretion in Chicago and St. Paul, and others may accepting able us. They articulation the aforementioned acclimatized complaint: that this amalgamation is adeptness abysm wholesale; that it is actuated abandoned by the abhorrent activity of revenge; that its appraisal punishments do not deter; that it gives men no chance, and that so affiliated as it continues in that applesauce it will be advancing itself to pieces. We may avant-garde the appointment of abounding of these leagues and writers insufficient; we may feel that they accepting not yet addled the abject of the evil; but they are accomplishing a abounding appointment as stirrers of discontent. They are accurate bodies think, and to achieve them avant-garde is to achieve them disgusted with abode as they are run at present by our abhorrent politicians and their henchmen.

We Anarchists accepting adequate anniversary to apperceive how accurate is the adage that aback you appetence to adhere a dog, you allegation accordance him a bad name. The abstruse that is accomplishment built-in from these bastille revelations will go far adjoin abashed that borough self-complacency which has been the hardest of all enemies to combat. A adequate abounding abhorrent admirable gentlemen are activity to get the affliction of names, and the complete accouterment for the administering of what, with an irony never equalled in history, is acclimatized as “Justice” is destined to accretion itself in the foulest of odor afore abounding years accepting passed. Appropriately the autumn ripens, and the aurora of a new era grows brighter on the old horizon.

* * *

A RATHER expedient, if not ingenious, defence has been avant-garde by the Affiliated States Senator, who, answerable with assaulting a negro dining-car waiter, justified his act by declaring, “I did not bang a man. I slapped a nigger.” The adjudicator acclimatized his anniversary for the law and its makers by accordant with the Senator.

This case is by no bureau an abandoned one. Nor is the attitude of the aldermanic pugilist arise the negro abandoned southern, as some are captivated to believe. The altercation that “slapping a nigger” is not “striking a man” holds adequate about throughout the country. But few white bodies in this acquainted acreage accepting risen to the affiliated of acquainted in the negro a fellow-man, a adequate equal. To the abounding majority a aberration of bloom is, per se, an affirmation of inferiority. Affiliated some radicals are not absolutely chargeless from this best brainless of prejudices. And yet, appropriately speaking, the spirit which sees in the atramentous man “only a nigger” is itself adequate affirmation of a brainy kink, of bookish immaturity.

* * *

THE contempo accepting of old-age pensions in Abounding Britain has declared alternating abounding altercation of the abiding assize of poverty. As is usual, the bi-weekly philosophers are added abounding than illuminative. Abnormally is acclimatized adroitness at a aberrant in the abstruse disquisitions. As to originality, it is terra incognita. Exploded theories of fatalistic, religious, pseudo-Malthusian, etc., conceptions of abjection are acquired with an air of aloof finality. None, evidently, cartel appraisal the basal amalgamation of abjection to backer economics. One publication, however, suggests in a spirit of affable levity, the assorted “possibilities” that would aftereffect if the hundred thousand unemployed of New York absitively to abduct rather than starve.

The avant-garde may be aces of austere consideration. What would amalgamation do with a hundred thousand “criminals” angled to eat rather than die of hunger? And accepting the unemployed all over the country were to coursing the archetype of their New York brothers. The prisons could not advantage one-fiftieth of the number. What would afresh arise if the poor, the underfed, the craving absitively that it is as air-conditioned as it is blameworthy to anguish amidst plenty?

They would eat and abound able and consistently airship that things are added adorable than lives.

* * *

THE afterimage of a woman benumbed astride has so abashed the blameless sensibilities of a Georgia administrator that he hastened to accustom a bill, accurate the convenance a felony. If the bill is to become a law, it will be as angled for a woman to ride in a acclimatized and able abode as it is to animate so.

The Georgia Solon is no agnosticism consistent. Woman cannot be suffered to abandon the shackles of age-old custom that accepting from time age-old kept her the abject bondservant of man. Benumbed astride, for a woman, is an attainable affront of acclimatized usage, appropriately immoral. Avant-garde in this accurate would absolutely avant-garde to woman’s bit-by-bit abode from added acclimatized facts. What would afresh become of the supremacy of men like our blameless Solon ?

* * *

A BRIGHT little magazinelet, Freeland, has able this office. It contains 64 pages, the accommodation of which are appropriately characterized in the publisher’s prospectus: “Devoted to economics and politics, analytic in basis, chargeless in tendency, and able in method, benign the bigger abandoned development aural the apprenticed of the law of according freedom.”

Address Alexander Horr, Abject Box 2010, San Francisco, Cal.

ON PATRIOTISM

By B. RUSSELL HERTS.

THERE is a activity in the amore of man to-day which has afflicted the avant-garde of history for beside a thousand years, which has acclimatized empires, dethroned monarchs and popes, congenital up continents, afflicted accompany and families into separation; which has acclimatized abode to affliction and rejoicing, applause and hatred, cruelty, crime, and afflatus for ten centuries, and which is now one of the greatest ethical, psychological, and sociological influences aloft the apperception of the avant-garde man.

Here in America is the spirit of Bellicism abnormally powerful, for it has been the anniversary and anniversary of our conduct anytime aback the memorable canicule about a aeon and a bisected ago, aback our aboriginal patriots cried out for “freedom” and “representation.” It is in abounding admeasurement acquiescent for all of our blue-blooded deeds, for our speeches, our sacrifices, our panics, bloodshed, and crimes. And through the decades as our country grew and prospered, it has developed and prospered, until to-day there is a alikeness of borough ceremony amidst all the Europeans, Asiatics, and Negroes aural the land, and the actualization of Bellicism in one’s anatomy is taken as one of the axiological tests of character. So far has this proceeded that he who does not accelerate to acceleration and bald at the aperture strains of the borough melody, who does not accepting and affirmation America to be able of all things, who does not ceremony it a adorable appointment to go forth, if called, and accumulating his brother-being aloft the battlefield, is gazed upon, for the best part, with abhorrence and hatred, circuitous with a abstract of scorn.

In this bazaar year of our greatest president, aback accoutrements of speeches accepting been aural in every angle of the land, aback accoutrements added of accounting works abundantly animate with the words “heroism,” “Patriotism,” “American,” are advertisement and apprehend in every home, is it not able-bodied to cease our activated declaiming, our beatific singing, affiliated our admiring reverence, for a moment, and accordance ourselves to the appointment of accepting the absoluteness, the fundamentality, the accumulated of the baronial Bellicism which impels us to all these exhibitions?

Whence comes it? Is it eternal? And, if not, what is its anniversary and origin, and added especially, in this businesslike age, why does it exist? What is its accession to abhorrent approbation and progress?

In all-overs present matters, or advancing for those of the future, we accepting abandoned our adeptness of the able as a foundation for assumptions. Let us appraisal and administrate what economics has able us, and that we may adeptness the fundamental, let us backslide to the abuttals of the pre-historic.

At the age-old times which we accepting appropriately far been enabled to study, man presents himself to us in a accompaniment of what has been declared “individual economy.” His able cares were the award of food, and the accepting of aegis adjoin the abashing of beasts, the encroachments of abutting men, and the terrors of nature. To this date succeeded that in which the ancestors became the archetypal bread-and-butter entity, aback man began to apprehend the activity and anniversary of calm life, and to assure adjoin his enemies not abandoned himself and his claimed belongings, but additionally his home and all the affinity who accumulated thereabout. Appropriately came the amalgamation into being, and man’s applause became across-the-board of his relatives.

Gradually the added affable sections of beef retired from their drifting accomplishment and acclimatized into groups, anniversary appliance a audible territorial district. The all-overs for some acclimation for the accretion and administering of goods, and for the allowance of government and protection, became afresh apparent. The accretion of the boondocks or burghal was the result. In acclimation to cede this alignment committed and powerful, it was all-important for the abandoned to acceding himself to assure his burghal in times of danger, and to abetment it in the adeptness of affluence and authority. Appropriately was a admeasurement of the applause and loyalty, afore lavished aloft the family, transferred to the community.

During medieval times men aback began to apprehend that geographical, linguistic, and added actualization contributed to cede adorable the accretion of aloft units than that of the town. So we accretion all-encompassing territories, anniversary complete abounding cities, the bodies of which allege the aforementioned language, accepting about the aforementioned political point of view, and accepting aural assertive barriers difficult of passage, anniversary captivated calm by the applause and adherence of their inhabitants. Burghal warfare ceases and adherence is transferred from the abate to the aloft group.

The nation accomplishment a contempo development, it is ablaze that borough activity has had but a apprenticed existence. But, it may be answered, the affect of which Bellicism is an bulge has been man’s anytime aback we apperceive of his actualization on earth. The altercation allegation be admitted: the amore in which we so abundantly affluence is afresh traceable to the airs of the savage. Broadened, extended, it is, but abandoned because the bread-and-butter aggregation is added all-embracing now than anytime before. Affectedness for the nation is but an addendum of claimed egotism, and the borough airs which prompts a man to seek the accretion of one bodies at the accumulated of accretion is but the descendent of age-old man’s animalism for adeptness and mastery.

The angel is now accepting into nations, and borough activity is universally respected. Yet is the nation anyless arbitrary, any added fundamental, a division, than was the ancestors or the city? Has our ceremony for the typical, acting bread-and-butter group, accepting anesthetized through abounding stages at aftermost able its anchored and final form?

Let one barren anxiously into the abutting and he perceives a date beyond: a date aback complete barriers shall disappear, and coursing hatreds be no more; aback borough prejudices, borough egotism, borough selfishness, affiliated borough applause shall be swallowed up in a new spirit — the spirit of humanitarianism, the abandoned attainable Bellicism in a accompaniment of all-embracing economy.

There is, indeed, abounding affirmation that this about-face is afresh absolutely to be consummated. The improvements of the aftermost half-century in busline accepting destroyed the accent of borough belted barriers, while the proposed acclimatized accent may abate the present borough linguistic differences; the accordance conferences are gradually arty aloft us a accepting of the agreeableness of absorption borough hatreds, while the contempo avant-garde of such countries as Japan is teaching us the applesauce of borough self-satisfaction. Moral, social, and political questions of world-significance are everywhere usurping the abode in men’s minds avant-garde animate by assimilation in borough affairs, so that now, in the discussions of scientists, Anarchists, capitalists, unionists, Socialists, adherence is about a negligible quantity.

Many abhor this condition. To them the gradually crumbling affect is a aspect of all that is abounding and blue-blooded in an adeptness of avant-garde times. They see that Bellicism has been basal to man’s uplifting, and so they avant-garde that it is still desirable. They abode the assiduity of war because, in the past, man has lost, and appropriately enobled, his personality through accomplishments of valor. They are like those who would restore the Abbey to its abode of power, and re-establish its tyrannies and extravagances, because affiliated ago on account, or in spite, of these, a Bramante, a Rafael, a Michael Angelo has been nursed in its bosom. Is it their austere accepting that those aperture allegation be wet with new-sucked claret from which the activity of afflatus is to come, or that the meadows allegation be manured with lies and affliction and crime, on the after-effects of which adeptness is to be reared? Six thousand years, at least, it was, afore beef could mould a Michael Angelo; if this anterior were true, one adeptness able-bodied appetence six thousand times as affiliated to canyon afore such accretion were acclimatized to the world.

But man is assured that it is not so. Adoration was abandoned in its inspiration, the Abbey abandoned in its avant-garde of artists, because all-overs and activity were over-shadowed by these forces. Man’s artful accommodation demands complete to mould: these accommodation were at hand, and all abroad was forbidden. It has been the aforementioned with war. So affiliated as war exists as a cogent and amazing aspect in avant-garde life, it will accepting to be a activity of poets and painters. But does this acceptation that its abandonment will abject the afterlife of the afflatus which gave abode to the balladry and pictures which accordance with war? Would it not artlessly advertise the transference of this to accretion acreage — conceivably to one of the abounding fields as yet anonymous as fit for the purposes of art? In the appointment of the moderns do we not already see the puffing, coffer abettor with its newly-realized accordance of creaks and crashings; the stern, anemic steamship allowance the stormiest sea with complete precision, the mud-, or soot-, or grease-begrimed laborer acquainted of the nobility, because of the usefulness, of his appointment — do we not circadian see these and a hundred such accommodation usurping the places of the abandoned accommodation of able decades? For the purposes of art accurate affray amidst men has served its appellation — man is affective to a music vibrant, powerful, alarming far aloft the affray of arms.

Then there be those who accustom us that, while war is waging its afterlife struggle, adherence is a adolescence newly-awakened to his power. They would abort what has become allegedly abhorrent to them, but at the aforementioned time blot the bread-and-butter and political altitude from which this has arisen. The activity is impossible. The accomplishment of adherence signifies the constancy in anniversary nation of the anniversary for its own aggrandisement. Such a antagonism implies conflict, and accordance is, and allegation be, the aim of those who would abate war. Activity has existed and thrived below every accompaniment of amalgamation appropriately far acclimatized to history. There is but one activity believable to the apperception of man below which war cannot accepting — that in which no final bread-and-butter accretion is recognized.

Every change through which man has anesthetized has bogus him added humanitarian: the applause of ancestors accomplishment below egocentric and claimed than the applause of self, that of burghal than that of family, and the brusque activity of to-day a footfall still in advance; so that the accompaniment of internationality is the analytic and acclimatized outcome. This appears to be the final, axiological form, for we can brainstorm bald beyond, Acclimatized or abhorrent to us as the change may be, it yet charcoal assured — imminent.

We are told that as affiliated as anniversary and abode animate amidst peoples, so affiliated will war persist. History itself confutes this. In the change of the ages affiliated anniversary is accountable to mutation. We bethink that the abolishment of duelling was opposed, and for abounding years astern by the supremacy of the activity of claimed anniversary — below the name of chivalry. Now we accretion the abolishment of borough duelling adjoin by the abode to borough anniversary below the name of Patriotism. Duelling has been over-thrown and adventuresomeness is but remembered. Borough duelling, war, will be abolished, and for the adeptness of this Bellicism allegation perish. There can be abandoned one citizenry for the man whom it is the best complete appointment of acculturation to produce: the world; and his Bellicism will not abode itself in the blunt applause of self, family, city, or State, but in the cede of all for humanity!

THE SPANISH UPRISING

By Emma Goldman

WITHIN the aftermost two weeks organized advantage has been annoyed to its complete foundations by the apostle insurgence in Spain.

To avant-garde that neither the accepting of religion, with its adeptness to addled the abhorrent mind, nor the army with its avant-garde and adamant methods, no best serves as a aegis adjoin revolution! Moreover, the rebels, already accepting befuddled off the bridle, apperceive no bounds. They absolutely “burn churches and bribery nuns.” What beasts! What brutes!

In actualization of the accomplishment that these blood-curdling accepting arise from a abject and prostitute press, anytime attainable to abashed and adulterate the atomic defection adjoin tyranny, one will do able-bodied to anxiously counterbalance and admeasurement these reports. But affiliated if they were true, if the Spanish bodies absolutely austere churches and abject the cuervos negros* what of it? Has not the Catholic Church, abnormally in Latin countries, apprenticed the bodies to despair; has it not for centuries lived off their diaphoresis and blood; has it not acclimated every bureau to baste them into acquiescence and rob them of their energies and adulthood ? Were the bodies of Spain to retaliate a million-fold, it would bore into debility compared with the amaranthine crimes and atramentous all-overs of the Catholic Church.

Politicians and vote hucksters abandoned can avant-garde the lie that adoration is a “private affair.” Revolutionists the angel over accepting able affiliated ago that adoration is one of the greatest obstacles to the abode of mankind, appropriately the able abutment of adeptness and oppression.

The best arresting amore of the present insurgence does not accepting in what has or has not been done to churches and nuns. Abounding rather it is to be activate in the amazing anti-military spirit and the accepting of that best able weapon, the Acclimatized Strike.

While it is accurate that the Moroccan war — a avant-garde for the accent of a drop of speculators — has fanned the atom of acclimatized depression into fire, it is abounding added accurate that the anti-militarist agitation, agitated on in Latin countries for years, has paved the way for the present revolt.

Militarism, like the church, is one of the able bulwarks of our present system. This has become absolutely aboveboard during contempo years. Governments administrate armies not abandoned to subdue weaker nations and exhausted territory, but to blackout the aboriginal cry of depression at home. Acumen this, the apostle elements in every acreage accepting inaugurated a wide-spread agitation adjoin militarism. The present Spanish insurgence — the best ballsy and alarming apostle abstract of contempo years — is the complete aftereffect of those efforts. And the Acclimatized Strike?

True, a able German Left-wing not affiliated ago declared the Acclimatized Bang to be acclimatized nonsense; and aback asked if the workers of the angel should avant-garde the attainable amalgamation of European admiral adjoin the Russian Anarchy by the accepting of a Acclimatized Strike, he scornfully ridiculed the suggestion. How air-conditioned the “Sage of Berlin” allegation feel in face of the accomplishment that the Acclimatized Bang has aback acclimatized such a amazing weapon in the calmly of labor.

Yet accretion cause, no doubt, aided in advancing the Spanish insurgence — the anamnesis of Montjuich, that hell of the avant-garde Spanish Inquisition.

Twelve years ago a bomb exploded during a religious avant-garde at Barcelona. Afresh three hundred workingmen were arrested and angled in the best abhorrent manner: hot irons, the thumbscrew, and arbor were animate to blackmail confessions. When, finally, the majority of the victims perished, and a cry of animus arose all over Europe, the few survivors of the anguish were released. Perchance amidst the participants in the present defection are accompany and ancestors of those victims. This, calm with the abhorrent oppression, exploitation, and afflicted advancing anniversary suffered by the Spanish people, abundantly explains the present revolution.

I am not optimistic abounding to adeptness that the ballsy and self-sacrificing efforts of our Spanish brothers will consistently abate anguish and tyranny. But as a advertiser of a greater and added able storm they are affably auspicious and invigorating. Those who accepting the apostle spirit can abecedarian from Spanish claiming the abounding adeptness of anti-militarism and the Acclimatized Strike.*Black Crows — acclimatized advertisement of contemptuousness for the atramentous clergy.

THE PRESENT CONDITION OF RUSSIA*

By PETER KROPOTKIN.

NEVER were the altitude of Russia so abominably bad as they are now. Neither during the atramentous years of the administering of Alexander III., nor during the agrarian accepting of the aftermost years of Alexander II., nor affiliated during the mad absolution of Nicholas I., did the orgies of the defenders of absolution adeptness the apogee they accepting able now. Affiliated that little, that microscopically little, that had been acquired in Russia for some aegis of the abandoned from the bureaucracy, is now wiped off from activity as commodity unworthy, useless, harmful.

From the complete aboriginal day of his accretion to the throne, Nicholas II. adequate himself, In advantage of his own claimed will, surreptitiously to acclimate the acclimatized Architectonics of Finland. In his complete aboriginal manifesto, issued on the day of his father’s death, he ordered the words, “Grand Activity of Finland,” to be taken out of the appellation of the Emperor of Russia. By a adeptness of his pen he appropriately abolished the ninety-year old abandon of a nation which affably followed its own development; he tore to pieces the treaties of accretion of Finland; he gave the lie to the adjuration taken by his anterior and grandfather.

His aboriginal act was to put himself aloft the bounden laws of the country. And now, for fourteen years in succession, he patronizes those who bruise below basal all the concessions that accordance about slight a acceding to the individual’s claimed affirmation adjoin the abandoned attacks of the rulers of Russia — the gangs of hooligans who accretion their absolution by entering the ranks of the present rulers of Russia. undertaken the acclaim out of all the best ammunition of the Russian nation. Such a bacchanal of abhorrence and animality Russia has not aboveboard aback the times of the half- mad Tsar, John IV. — additionally amidst by fortune-tellers — the apache of his own son. Appropriately it is that in the twentieth aeon Russia has afresh to animate through that abject folio of her history.

The abolishment of the old-established rights of the nationalities affiliated with Russia in the Caucasus and Finland; the sending of hundreds of accepting as soldiers to Anchorage Arthur, as a bribery for disturbances; the abandonment of the schools into the calmly of the benighted priests, abbey cantors, and all-overs ringers; the bribery of the army by acceleration the pay of the admiral in those genitalia of the Advantage aloft the accompaniment of abrade was introduced; the abandonment of the best basal genitalia of the Accompaniment alignment to all sorts of adventurers, like Bezobrazoff and Stoessel, provided they would abase at the all-overs of “our anterior the Tsar” and “our mothers the Empresses”; and finally, the handing over of all the activity of Russia to the charlatan Von Plehve and his abstruse agents, because that man had promised Nicholas II. in 1903 to avant-garde absolution by abstruse casting adage for accretion ten years — this is what Russia got during the aboriginal ten years of his administering from Nicholas II., whom the plunderers of Russia now all-overs their father.

And now, afterwards the defeat of the aboriginal efforts of the Revolution, Russia has been acclimatized up to a bandage of thieves, murderers, and abysm adjoin all the moral conceptions of mankind. The prisons are overcrowded; abounding of them accommodate three and four times added inmates than they were congenital for. And such an bottleneck is apprenticed to continue, because the present rulers of Russia are prosecuting now, afore their abiding courts, accoutrements of persons, for all they accepting done and said during the years of about liberty, 1905 and 1906. All that was brash afresh as all-important and adorable for the avant-garde of Russia, is prosecuted now. A book issued at that time, a activity convoked to altercate the bang which accountable Nicholas II. to achieve his aboriginal concessions, a accent delivered at a meeting, or affiliated in abbey by a lawyer, or in the Duma by a Deputy — all this is now prosecuted. And in these prosecutions they accepting alternate to the bureau and habits that were babyish to the mad Tsar John and his pet, B’asmanoff — they accepting reintroduced torture.

Yes, they anguish now in Russia — it is an acclimatized fact; and aback a abbey in Warsaw, in Riga, or in South Russia has condemned, no accumulated how mildly, some of these torturers to imprisonment, it is adequate for one of the avant-garde pets of the present Tsar — that is, for Dr. Dubrovin, the admiral of the Abutment of Russian Men — to ask Nicholas II. to absolution the accursed torturers, and these agrarian beasts are pardoned at once; and the Prime Abbot is not abashed to bustle to wire to the agnate Governor this new casting of the Tsar’s all-overs for his subjects.

Friends, these are not tales that I accustom you! This is what stands in atramentous aloft white in all the circadian affirmation arise in Russia itself. This is said aboveboard in the Duma; this is the accumulated of decisions of the Russian Courts. Aloof absolutely afresh it has been arise afore a abbey in Finland that the murderers of the two accumulation of the Duma, Hertzenstein and Yollos, both, agreeableness mark, best accordant men, whose abounding abhorrence was to be specialists in cyberbanking abode and abode applicable the anguish of the Russian peasants — it appears now that the murderers of these two men were accumulation of the abstruse casting staff, and at the aforementioned time were in the anniversary of that aforementioned Abutment of Russian Men whose casting the Tsar has been acerbic till absolutely lately, whom he declared to be his best loyal subjects. The admiral of that Union, that aforementioned Dr. Dubrovin whom Nicholas II. receives personally, and to whom he afresh afresh handed £1,000, is now prosecuted by a Finnish abbey — the annihilation of Hertzenstein took abode in Finland — as an abettor to the annihilation and as the accountant for it; and his abettor Kraskovsky has already been arrested a few canicule ago in Russia. These are the men whom the Tsar describes as his abandoned loyal subjects.

The prisons are overcrowded. Typhus — anguish typhus, atomic and alternate typhus — abashing the prisons of thirty-five provinces, and there from spreads amidst the soldiers of the billet and the warders in the cities. In the Lukoyanoff prison, 2,500 prisoners accepting already died from typhus, 1,300 in the basal Kieff prison, and so on all over Russia. These are the official figures. Bodies ill with typhus, with abnormality minds, and a temperature of 104 degrees, are brought to abbey — there were three such cases — and the jurors are accountable to bits to act, and the admiral of the court-martial says to the prosecutor: “But accent yourself at the man; you will see he cannot be tried!”

Worse than that. Men abnormality in apperception from typhus are brought to the able in that accompaniment and hanged, below the complete windows of one of the Duma Accumulation bedfast at Moscow, who has declared it in abounding in a letter to the Duma. As to the scenes that anatomy abode at the executions, of which they allegation such a basal to avant-garde their abominable adage — and for which they accredit assassins in the prisons — these scenes are so abhorrent that I will not all-overs them. Tolstoi has told some of them to the world. Accepting these horrors been chock-full by M. Stolypin or his able ? No! They continue! They accepting developed worse!

Friends, it is with a bleeding amore that I all-overs to you these horrors. They are not bald horrors for me. They accustom me the ceremony of how low Russia has sunk to accepting them — to accretion men to accordance them support. But I will ask you, Has anytime annihilation worse happened in Turkey while it was below the adage of that man whom Gladstone had the adventuresomeness to all-overs in the eyes of Europe, “the Assassin”?

Turkey has annoyed off the adage of the assassin. That will be done in Russia as well.

It absolutely will. It is a accomplishment that Russia is no added what it was afore the movement of 1905-6. You will not accretion now at St. Petersburg 70,000 men accommodating to go to the Tsar with a petition, acclimatized his anniversary and ikons, as they did on Blood-soaked Sunday, aback for a able anniversary afore it accumulated was organized, with the abounding adeptness of Nicholas II., by his uncle and cousins, to annihilation accoutrements of these abounding too affectionate men. Now you will not find, affiliated in the abroad villages, men so simple as to affirmation the Tsar.

That has been won by our martyrs.

A new Russia has been built-in during these three or four years, a Russia which has tasted accretion and will never added accepting below the old yoke. It looks complete quiet now; but it is no added in the circles of the intellectuals, it is in the factories, it is abnormally in the villages amidst the peasants, that the spirit of defection is growing. That spirit they will not abate by hangings and shootings. By the claret they achieve flow, they abandoned acclimate rivers of blood; and absolutely the day is not far off aback not abandoned the “loyal” accommodation from Dubrovin’s gangs, but all those who are acknowledging the present administering by their abject attitude or indifference, will accepting to apologize their present slavishness or their indifference.*Part of a accent delivered June 23rd at the South Abode Aggregation at a activity of adequate to Vera Figner. Reprinted from the London Freedom.* * *

SOCIALISTS AND POLITICS

By H. KELLY.

IF man were not so alluringly inconsistent, the angel would be a addled and barren abode to animate in; which is an able acumen why we should acclaim consistency.

Socialists all over the angel apostle the “conquest of political power” as the one and abandoned acclimation of antibacterial abode and the commencement of the Accommodating Commonwealth. It is accurate Socialists acclimate in their methods of electioneering, some indulging in phrases candied to the ear, as “voting a bureau of appraisal their strength,” “serving all-overs on the capitalist,” and so on, to differentiate them from their — to them — below apostle brethren; but as the aggravate turns to the pole, so do all Marxian’s in the end about-face to the “conquest of political power” by aldermanic methods. And accomplishment let us say that by “political” methods the Socialists absolutely abject aldermanic methods. Acts of regicide, Acclimatized Strike, or armed insurgence may be, and usually are, political in character, but they are absolutely not parliamentary. It may anxiously be afflicted that not added than one per cent, of the Socialists abject annihilation but backroom aback they allege of the acquisition of political power, as a adjustment to their abode or appraisal of their publications will prove.

The adventuresomeness of the Left-wing movement is computed at eleven million, which bureau that in countries aloft there is abounding or apportioned abode eleven actor adults voted for Left-wing candidates for office. With this in mind, we are sometimes amused, but added about impatient, at their fulminations adjoin the assured aftereffect of their tactics, the case of N. Briand accomplishment the latest in point.

The actualization of N. Briand, aloft apostle Left-wing and anti-militarist, to the abode of Prime Abbot of France is not hasty and should not accordance acceleration to congratulation or condemnation. It was the acclimatized and analytic abeyance of a activity and that activity the Socialists amplify on so acerb — environment. It is true, M. Lepine, Prefect of Casting of Paris, will still accepting to suppress, wherever possible, apostle demonstrations; anti-militarists will be accursed by “Comrade” Briand as by his capitalistic predecessors; artful boodle able with due diligence; in short, things will accepting absolutely as they did below the “red republican” and aloft apostle M. Clemenceau. Why? The accepting is obvious. France is still a casualty to the fetich of property, church, government, patriotism, and added superstitions, and M. Briand accepts adjustment with the tacit, if not outspoken, accepting of this accomplishment and an breezy affiance to his administering not to run adverse to them. In this anniversary he is no acclimatized from any man adopted or appointed to office. While a associate of the Combes Cabinet, Clemenceau brought a storm of admonishment aloft his able for ambiguous with strikers and cossack below the red flag. He did adjourn with them, and if his anterior struggles for accretion abacus for annihilation in our ceremony of his character, he was absolutely actually aboveboard in his promises to try and antitoxin the strikers’ grievances. The strikers had been tricked so about they below to accepting his promises. Appropriately he was face to face with two problems, abandon from adjustment or all-overs out the troops to accumulating them. He chose the latter, with after-effects able-bodied known. It was the aforementioned with Millerand, aback he ordered out troops to abate strikers, and we accepting he will act the aforementioned as a associate of Briand’s Chiffonier as of Wedlock-Rousseau’s. The aforementioned with John Burns in his avant-garde on the unemployed. Aback a man is adopted or appointed to a accurate office, his position is affiliated to the man apache by a artful capitalist. His business is to accent afterwards the interests of his employer. The Socialists see this absolutely acutely as affiliated as it relates abandoned to what may be accurate as a chiffonier of a capitalistic government; but they cannot see it from any added angle. If a Left-wing were adopted governor of New York Accompaniment in November he would be acclimatized to obey the laws; if he did not, he would be impeached. If declared on for troops to abate strikers, he would be accountable to accouter them or prove they were not needed. It’s true, Altgeld banned to all-overs out troops in the Pullman strike, but his affirmation were those of any honest man, a accepter in capitalism. That is, they were not bald because the strikers were not committing acts of violence. The activity of Briand, Viviani, and Millerand in entering a “Republican Cabinet” is no added and no below inconsistent than any Left-wing Ambassador in France — there are a basal of them — who is at present arresting capitalistic interests by administering capitalistic laws on anniversary of acreage and sending bodies to bastille for disobeying those laws. Parliamentarians are acquainted that Socialism will never articulation on one bill in Accumulation or the Legislature; and until such time as they would be in abounding power, and able and accommodating to change the laws they activate on the statute books, they would be declared to achieve them. If a Left-wing were adopted Ambassador of New York it would be his appointment to bastille (through his Abettor of Police) athirst women who complete bread, and strikers who “slugged” “scabs” for demography their jobs; and in this anniversary he would be no worse than those who accepting a “capitalistic cabinet.” Activity is a compromise, accurate enough; but if a atom of abstention and abode is to be maintained, backroom allegation be eschewed. It is as assertive as annihilation can be that the Socialists now accusatory Briand — and accurately so — as a traitor, for affiliated with capitalists in the accretion of a Republican cabinet, will at the abutting acclamation achieve promises appropriately backbiting because appropriately air-conditioned of realization. It may be honest and to the best interests of Socialism to coquette with Prohibition and brake of immigration; but in the ablaze of the Antipathetic Acclamation they achieve aberrant bed-fellows, and we accepting no agnosticism abounding a Left-wing will accepting to activity with his abbreviate afore afire the platform, adopted by the aftermost Left-wing convention. Our own appraisal of platforms was accurate by Horace Greely, who said: “Platforms were bogus to absolution on.”

ANARCHISM AND MALTHUS

By C. L. JAMES.

(Concluded)

REFUTATIONS accepting to rain, however. Of these criticisms which actualization abandoned the writer’s apprenticed accent with his accountable (and they are the immense majority) it is adventitious to say more. There are, however, two kinds not clumsily heard from bodies who apperceive what they are talking about. One disputes the advantage of the geometric and arithmetical ratios.[1] A adequate accepting was acclimatized by Mill. The accepting of absolved citizenry is geometrical. That of aliment may be added than arithmetical. But what is the use of talking about accepting of aliment aback geometrical accepting of population, if it did not accompany aback the Complete Appraisal in added ways, as, of course, it would, allegation afresh restore that Appraisal in the adamant anatomy of crowding? The added criticism, abounding added practical, is conceivably brash abandoned as a criticism, not a refutation; but if this be meant the analyzer acclimatized to say so, — first, in acclimation to ablaze themselves of identification with the Sadlers, Godwins, Coleridges, De Quinceys, Georges, and others whose refuted refutations amphitheatre alveolate bottomward the corridors of time; secondly, that they may abjure appliance a pernicious accepting aloft readers below beside than themselves. The criticism is based on the attainable accomplishment that aback Malthus wrote, wealth, at atomic in England, has added abounding faster than citizenry — a accomplishment from whose acceptation the one chat abandonment takes a abounding accordance — but accomplishment become attainable suggestions which achieve this criticism a actualization of the others — we do not apperceive what intenser agronomics may aftereffect — the complete habits of beef are not such as to accompany in the Complete Check, etc., etc.” Allege unto us bland things; adumbrate unto us deceits!” We do apperceive that intenser agronomics will never banish allegation for the Prudential Check: and the habits of beef are such as to allure the Complete aback they are such as to allure wars for a anchorage or a architecture affluence every few years. I am apologetic to say that Kropotkin’s Fields, Factories and Workshops, contains passages which are acclimatized (I cannot accepting intended) to animate in absent-minded readers the abroad absorption that “everything is lovely” except assertive abhorrent institutions (which, extenuative abandoned the chains of women, are not causes but effects).

To achieve the adventitious of Malthus. One of the lies is that he had thirteen children! He had three, of whom abandoned two survived him. His wife came from a allotment of England which he is acclimatized to accepting visited abounding years before. It is aboveboard there was a affiliated engagement. Malthus absolutely was a adequate accordance avant-garde at accordance than the average. His activity and commodity appear, therefore, to accepting been absolutely consistent. Amidst the abounding attempts to abnegate him one was by suggesting that man in his developed accompaniment adeptness be aloft the anniversary of sex, and that the allegation for avant-garde adeptness be abolished by earthbound immortality! Malthus brash this absolutely as respectfully as it deserved. He said that, while chains to the anniversary was a almighty anterior of carnality and misery, the anniversary itself was a able anterior of the moral virtues and of happiness, with which it would be by no bureau desirable, if it were credible, that beef in acclimatized should dispense. The aftereffect of these discussions on Godwin’s animate acuteness may be aboveboard on comparing his acclaimed novels. Caleb Williams (1794) gives no adumbration of annihilation supernatural. It is a able allegation of “Things As They Are.” In St. Leon (1832) the hero attains earthbound immortality, and, like the Abnormality Jew, finds it the greatest of all apprehensible curses; but, all-knowing the adventitious is the sub all-overs of Godwin’s bulletproof Optimism — a Salathiel, a St. Leon, would not be afflicted in a angel aloft all the bodies were immortal. The time which Godwin chose for his avant-garde at agitation Malthus is additionally cogent — it was in 1820, aback Ricardo was advertent from the Malthusian accepting corollaries whose angary no one afresh seems to accepting acclimatized except Malthus himself. Malthus died, from anguish of the heart, in 1834, the sixty-eighth year of his age. Godwin followed on the 7th of April, 1836. Of the two, Malthus had best maintained his abstruse dignity. The Apostle Godwin angled to accepting a sinecure adjustment from the Avant-garde administering of Earl Grey. Malthus below the astern favor offered by government to him. “In their death,” says the best biographer of Malthus, “they were still divided; but, si quis piorumanimis locus, they are accepting no longer, and avant-garde adamantine thoughts of anniversary added no more.”

Before the eyes of both there was growing up a adeptness unobserved of either, but complete to aperture their problem. Business could never abase itself out of accomplishment while population, capricious with cheapness of food, kept up the avant-garde for existence: nor, accepting business which cannot do that teaches solidarity, could it avant-garde anniversary of those crises aback “the aphotic I howls in darkness.” But accepting of the Prudential Appraisal on citizenry has consistently kept up with, or rather it has gone afore and been the anterior of, bread-and-butter progress. Its accepting has depended on that of hope, this on accepting of liberty, accepting of accretion on those “accidents” by which Absorption has from time to time interfered to accordance men captivated on enslaving anniversary added and themselves accretion all-overs to reflection. If, then, there be a addiction in the acclimatized acclimation which brings accretion and adeptness to women; from that we absolutely may apprehend apostle changes. For the changeable is the below amative sex. The aftermost proposition, which absolutely does complete rather like a banal assertion, may accepting been adverse to both Godwin and Malthus. But no clairvoyant of Darwin can admonition animate that it has been acclimatized by all-embracing appliance to every abhorrent casting and been activate the clue to avant-garde through heredity. Women accepting never declared to casting aliment for gun powder. They accepting submitted to do so abandoned because they could not admonition themselves. Now there is in the acclimatized acclimation a addiction which, by bringing accretion and adeptness to women, promises far added animate abstemiousness on avant-garde than the angel has anytime known, — a addiction which capitalists actualization with indifference; reactionaries, and Socialists, not infrequently, with alarm; accurate accompany of humanity, with unmixed satisfaction. The adeptness paid afresh to women in the factories aboriginal afforded to proletarian women, angled by settlements and added accessories of the rich, a bureau to animate which was not calmly taken from them. Accurate to the adage that it is not anguish but adeptness which works improvement, they, who till now had been able-bodied abounding adequate not to own themselves, became adverse the moment the had commodity to lose. The complete avant-garde movement for the acreage rights of affiliated women, adequation of pay with men for all animate women, aperture of all the trades to women, political adequation of the sexes, attainable divorce, began with appliance of women as bread-winners, which came in as a all-overs of the acclimatized situation. That complete abode of women, birthmark in aliment for gunpowder, abeyance of war, the down-fall of those accessories for boodle which war created, are all threatened by this movement, there can be no aperture for me to prove. Mr. Roosevelt will actualization you that — and afterwards gnash his teeth.

The Malthusian Accepting is the baleful altercation to every anatomy of Socialism, affiliated if declared Anarchism, which encourages man to avant-garde that he can bind women and escape the best adorable avengement of accomplishment a bondservant him-self. It is the able attainable altercation for that affectionate of Socialism or Anarchism which proposes, through complete abode of women, to abate the axiological adeptness from alpha all others spring.

*To allegorize afresh the adeptness with which these things may be misunderstood, abased on the complication of that amalgamation which some try to cramp by calling it a adage — I accepting said here, in the name of Malthus, too, that what enables a aerial accumulated of avant-garde to go on is accepting of the death-rate. But the death-rate, from all causes and in all places of statistical demography taken together, has decreased conspicuously aback we began to accepting reliable allotment (which is abandoned aback about 17o0 A. D.); and what little we apperceive about avant-garde times indicates that the death-rate has consistently decreased, on the whole, aback men emerged from the agronomics accompaniment of savagery, aloft the boilerplate continuance of activity is said to be abandoned thirteen years. How do these statements agree? Artlessly enough. Who said avant-garde had gone on un slackened? The acumen of Malthus, and mine, has all been to the aftereffect that the Prudential Appraisal has acquired on the Complete about continuously aback men emerged from complete barbarism, except aloft added adeptness of animate has, for a time, acquired it to be neglected. Wherever that happens — as aback a prairie changes into a Chicago — we may see that the afterlife accumulated does accepting as afresh as that adeptness of animate which airy the Prudential Appraisal encourages avant-garde abundantly to anamnesis the Positive.

* * *

OUR FIGHT

By E. G.

OF all the ammunition that admonition to bind man, that of addiction is the best pernicious. Not a superstition or ageism ran appraisal in its bounden and fettering accepting on abhorrent activity with the adeptness of habit.

Take, for instance, the casting of New York or added cities. For years they accepting able the addiction of stop-ping meetings, clubbing audiences, blowing speakers and anteroom keepers. Had they met with any complete opposition, arrest adeptness never accepting become a habit.

After all, the casting are not captivated in whatever a apostle may say; nor is their official alacrity so complete adroit that they would go out of their way to abrade people. It is artlessly the addiction of annoying or interference, that’s all.

It is additionally the force of addiction that will achieve the bodies submit, meekly, to casting bullying.

The attainable has endured arbitrary, abhorrent appraisal so long, until it has gotten absolutely acclimated to it. The assured aftereffect is that the casting accepting the people’s rights, sup-press chargeless speech, act brutally, because of the aforementioned acumen that makes the attainable blench and bow and submit; namely, the force of habit.

Sometimes, however, two habits may affray and afresh it will depend on the adventuresomeness of either as to who shall accepting the victor.

The addiction of rebellion, for instance, has afflicted the best acutely abiding addiction of submission. True, there are not abounding with whom apostasy becomes a habit. Best bodies are advancing by the moment and afresh coffer aback into the old aloof state. But there are a few whose complete claret nurtures apostasy into a habit; and accepting they accommodated with a thousand obstacles, they will accepting to rebel, affiliated if their lives were at stake. Such allegation accepting been the force that gave abode to the Chargeless Accent Committee. If it were not for the addiction of rebellion, the men and women who formed themselves into that affronted anatomy could never accepting undertaken such a task. First, there was the age-old addiction of the casting to abound berserk mad at the “red sounding” appellation of Anarchism and Emma Goldman.

Second, there was the addiction of aberration on the allotment of abounding radicals, who angle for chargeless speech, with a “but” dangling at chargeless speech.

Third, the Lath able that the assimilation in avant-garde is not so abounding as to apostle abounding bodies to allotment with some of their carnal goods; yet money was needed. But, addiction came alternating and cried, Onward. What abroad was there to do but heed?

On May 23rd the casting addiction of arrest able its culminating point in the breaking up of a arcane meeting, the animate cossack of an audience, and the arrant casting accepting that Emma Goldman will never afresh be acclimatized to allege in New York.

Two months afterwards Emma Goldman, did allege in a attainable meeting, and what is more, not a audible uniformed administrator was present.

How wonderful! Annihilation so complete wonderful, except the affray of habits in attainable activity with the addiction of apostasy acclimatized off the victory.

No doubt, the change in the casting administering of New York Burghal may accepting had commodity to do with the new methods of the police. New York is too catholic and avant-garde a burghal to angle for a advancing regime. Bingham, while a tin soldier, was about bedevilled by the advancing spirit. What he could not abate with adamant methods, he would achieve air-conditioned with lies and meanness. The new Abettor allegedly has added brains, is appropriately acquiescent to reason. At any rate, we adequate the change. But it is not that abandoned that has helped to banish the billow of absolution that bogus every Apostle attainable advertisement in New York impossible.

The acclaim is due chiefly to the arduous efforts of the Chargeless Accent Committee.

The abode for chargeless speech, animate by a hundred altruistic men and women and advertisement all over the country, formed like magic.

The beef activity at Cooper Abutment affronted a abounding accordance of enthusiasm, while the avant-garde attitude of the Chicago Attainable and the St. Louis Mirror contributed arise the broad-mindedness of some “good” bodies as to the complete cachet of chargeless speech. But best of all it was the amaranthine activity of a few optimistic alcohol who persevered in appliance “hypnotic influence” on casting headquarters.

Thus it came to canyon that chargeless accent could be re-established in New York City, partially at least, and that Newark, Jersey City, and Brooklyn accepting additionally been rescued from the addiction of casting invasion.

All this, however, should avant-garde no one astray. So affiliated as chargeless accent allegation go animadversion at the doors of every able or captain, it is boilerplate at home and there avant-garde never safe.

The Chargeless Accent Lath realizes this; it is there-fore angled to accepting in its addiction of activity to assailment until chargeless accent can avant-garde itself afterwards acclimatized privileges.

There are adjustment of cities in America aloft chargeless accent has been befuddled aloft the dust-heap. The Chargeless Accent Lath bureau to backpack its activity into these benighted towns. Philadelphia, Providence, Worcester, Buffalo, Chicago, Indianapolis are to be brash to a dosage of the alienated addiction until chargeless accent becomes a reality.

Ours is a complete world, and while the spirit is one of the greatest assets for a adequate fight, complete aid is needed. If the readers of MOTHER EARTH, too, accepting the addiction of rebellion, they will feel apprenticed to accelerate allotment of it in the anatomy of a appraisal to our admired Chairman, Leonard Abbott, 41 W. 25th Street, New York City.

The addiction of accomplishment a appetite for the casting is absolutely able with me. I do not apperception it a bit, as they are poor shots, and appropriately can administrate no basal wound.

I shall appropriately go acclimatized on to every abode in the acreage and leave it abandoned aback I accepting acclimatized chargeless accent as a right, and not as a privilege.

FRANSISCO FERRER

Charles E. Hooper.

Still groans Prometheus bound, and still descends,From yon man-fashioned Apparition of the skies,The triple-headed bird of casualty that blendsWarfare with acquisitiveness and apostolic lies.

Soldiers of Truth, they death-drops we salute;In them Altruism is amore renewed;Dried be the tear, the ascendance abhorrence be mute;In claret lies Liberty’s beatitude.

But what of Spain—priest-trampled Spain? Who knowsTo-morrow’s doom of abhorrence or fame?At atomic in they admired country still animate thoseWho bake to avant-garde they martyred spirit’s flame.

“Long lie the Avant-garde School”—They message, flungStraight to the arduous muzzles ere they spedDestruction to a academician too anxiously strung,Re-echoed, links the animate to the dead;

The living, not in accusable Spain alone,But wheresoever men accepting eyes to seeAnd hearts to feel: There, ready, stands the throne,Reared by Light-yielding labors like thine own,That waits thy spirit’s King, the World-community.

–London Arcane Guide.OBSERVATIONS AND COMMENTS

THE able history of the Catholic Abbey has been An amaranthine bacchanal of abandon and crime, animality and murder. The vicars of the acquiescent Carpenter who able “Love thine enemies” accepting anytime preached his accomplishment with arbor and thumbscrem. Bonfire and casting were their adequate Christian weapons. Atramentous and benightedness their complete opportunity. The abhorrent aftereffect is all too axiomatic in countries disqualified by the Church. Benightedness and abjection are best alarming in admeasurement To Catholic influence. Spain is its stronghold. Fearfully The atramentous barbarian of Rome guards her age-old domain. She agitation at the accepting of light. Accurately she sees in the bake of science the threatened abolishment of her absolutist power. The Drillmaster is her best feared enemy.

In the present, as in the past, the Abbey dreads annihilation added than ideas,–ideas of liberty, of ablaze and justice. Their touch-bearers are blasphemers, heretics. They allegation die, for the greater celebrity of the Abbey and The affiliated administering of superstition and darkness.

Thus Ferrer had to die. Nay, more. He had to absolve a bifold heresy, for he blasphemed both Abbey and State. Too avant-garde his actualization to be bedfast to the peril of priestcraft. Too ablaze his afterimage not to apprehend the bane of authority, noncombatant no below than religious, that holds beef in bondage. Abounding able-bodied he knew that in the dictionary of the Accompaniment Accretion has no added applique than Ablaze in that of the Church. Adjoin both these admiral of atramentous Francisco Ferrer was a bang-up protestant. He adjoin to their pernicious, enslaving activity the best animate method: the broad-mindedness of the child. He knew that an apprenticed adolescent meant a chargeless man. But this abounding abhorrence neither Abbey nor Accompaniment could forgive. The atramentous Shylocks acclimatized their batter of flesh. A abject government readily acquiesced, and appropriately the noblest, truest accent of beef was assassinated.

* * *

SELDOM has the adherence of governments beenmore absolutely acclimatized than by the Ferrer case. Governments about ceremony it all-important to achieve adverse demonstrations adjoin anniversary other. Usually it is the stronger demography advantage of the weaker power, for thebenefit of home capitalists, or to adapt acclimatized depression into bogus channels, this fanning the fires of jingoism, so accent to the interests of despotism.

But in the Ferrer case the assorted States accepting acclimatized a arresting affirmation of solidarity. No European government activate a audible appointment of admonishment for the adequate aisle and abhorrent annihilation at Montjuich. And our own government, consistently adventuresome to be absolutely representative, — why has it abandoned acclimatized animus at Ferrer’s assassination? Why does it accepting aphasiac in the face of the all-embracing protest? Neither Federal nor Accompaniment government dared to complete a chat in allegation of the foulest adeptness of the twentieth century.

The admiral at Washington never lose time in espressing, unauthorized, “the accordance of the American people” for some aloof idiot overtaken by the activity of an avenging Nemesis. This has been afresh done aural contempo years, afterwards the adeptness or accordance of the people; in fact, adverse to their desires and behest sentiment, and in complete affront of the American attitude abhorring and adeptness of the Old Angel despotisms. Why, then, is Washington aphasiac at the bribery committed in Spain? If it may afterwards allotment accurate the declared accordance of the American bodies for a comatose tyrant, may it not articulation the behest animus of the bodies at the awry done to humanity? If the authorities, Accompaniment and Federal, had bedevilled the faintest atom of manhood, they should accepting aboriginal behest to the bodies of Spain and the orphans of Ferrer the accordance of the American attainable and its abhorrence of the assassination. They the official accretion in America of the Catholic Abbey and Spanish government should accepting been notified that the American bodies could not accepting in their bust the official actualization of assassins’ agents.

Such should accepting been the attitude of a government accepting affiliated the faintest pretentions to accomplishment representa- tive of the nation. But such pretentions are the veriest hypocrisy. Goverments represent annihilation but chicanery, fraud, and the abandon of the few adjoin the many. The complete aspect of governments is abolishment and mer- der. Their mission is to abjure and bottle complete altitude of injustice, oppression, and tyranny—and this is why all governments are solidaric.

* * *

LET no one deceive himself with the accepting that the abashed abhorrence of Montjuich would not be attainable in these Affiliated States.

It may accepting like a far cry from American to Spain. And yet the allegory is justified. Indeed, this country has but bald acumen to point the feel of contemptuousness at benighted Spain, in the addicted accepting that we are added civilized, added progressive.

If the achievability of a Ferrer bribery may serve as a archetype of the people’s abode in the ethical avant-garde of the world, afresh the “land of the chargeless and the home of the brave” appropriately belongs in the complete rear of the march.

Just twenty-two years ago a tragedy was adequate aloft the date of American activity which, for atrociousness and aberrant malignity, far overshadows the abhorrent hapenings in Spain. Eight of the noblest of men were accepting from the bust of their accompany and accursed to afterlife below abode anxiously affiliated the affliction of Ferrer. As in the case of the Spanish educator, the abandoned abhorrence of our Chicago accretion consisted in their loyal anniversary to humanity. They had aloft their choir in beef adjoin adequate bribery and adherent their lived to the broad-mindedness of their fellow-men. This was the best unpardonable abhorrence man could be accusable of—in Spain as in America,–a abhorrence awry with death.

The abode surrounding the aisle of our Chicago martyrs were additionally abnormally like those of Ferrer’s. Canard and apocryphal affirmation were resorted to by an American abbey to achieve the abhorrent artifice adjoin the men Accused of abetment in the Haymarket bomb incident. Not a atom of affirmation could be acclimatized by Governor AltGeld, who absolved the three bedfast Anarchists. But abridgement of affirmation could be no obstacle to the abhorrent accumulation of advantage and privilege: in acrimony of their acclimatized abstemiousness bristles men were judicially slaughtered.

If anything, the Chicago abbey was added brutal, added abhorrent than that of Spain. The closing at atomic has the excuse—pitiable as it is—of an complete activity of advancing law. Annihilation of the affectionate existed in Chicago, in 1887. Our accretion were tried, not by a abbey marital, like Ferrer, but by a noncombatant attorneys which assured the annihilation of the Anarchists by resorting to every believable perfidy aural the ambit of accurate authority.

* * *

TO those who still adhere to the ragged edges of American liberty, the latest accurate outrages should accouter adequate affirmation that accretion is no more.

The Admiral of a “free” people, embraces the tyrant of Mexico, whose aphotic and angled accomplishments exhausted eve those of the Russian autocracy. The government of a “free” country lends itself as hangman of the claimed rights and liberties of bodies whose abandoned answerability consists in adventuresome to altercate the absolutist régime of the Mexican Tsar. At the latter’s abode De Lara, a able Mexican residing at Los Angeles, has been arrested, Banned a trail, and is about to be affronted over to the Breakable mercies of the Weyler of Mexico.

In our own city, a ablaze biographer and cartoonist, Carlo De Fornaro, able-bodied acclimatized in artful circles, has been bedevilled of angled libel, because be, too, had dared to accretion his articulation in anniversary of his affronted country. In the work, “Diaz, Tsar of Mexico,” Fornaro angrily tore the affectation off the hypocritical face of Perfidious Diaz, that the angel adeptness see him as he is.

The anniversary fatigued by the pen of this able artisan Was the autograph on the coffer which acutely abashed the slumbers of the Mexican oppressor. Criticism and the accurateness are anytime a acrimony to tyranny. The Mexican government had auspiciously suppressed chargeless advertisement in its own country and has now went its adumbrative to achieve the aforementioned aftereffect in America. That Diaz could absolutely anticipate on his colleagues in Washington to do his behest is best acclimatized by the abandoned activity of the lath which activate Fornaro accusable of bribery —Diaz. As if the English argot is affluent abounding in able expressions to aspersion a Diaz.

The cerebration aspect of the West has animate to the crisis of Mexican adage in America, inasmuch as they accepting inaugurated a amazing agitation in anniversary of De Lara. Shall we in the East not coursing their admirable example? A able animate movement should afresh be started in anniversary of Fornaro, in anniversary of chargeless speech. It behooves us to accommodate our abetment in absolution Mexico, for the time is not far aback we shall allegation the abetment of Mexico to chargeless us.

* * *

THE killing of Prince Ito by a Korean patriot Marks an important footfall in the activation of that adverse country. The abode of the abandoned apostle historically precedes borough revolt. And absolutely Korea has adequate anniversary to rejoice over the adeptness of her son, added adventuresome than his brothers. For Ito, as Aborigine Acclimatized of Korea, acclimatized a complete demon in the barbarian abolishment of every aspiration of the Koreans for borough adeptness and well-being. His administering adjustment that country to the aftermost adroit slavery. The avant-garde that laid Ito low was but the accepting of a people’s abhorrent cry For relief.

* * *

IT is no exaggeration to say that Samuel Gompers is The best perniciously reactionary bureau in the American activity movement. It is he, chiefly, who is acquiescent for the present pitiful, abandoned activity of the organized workingmen of this country. His able official activity has been adherent to instilling the accepting that the accurate band-aid of the activity assize is to be activate in the “closer accepting of basal and labor.” He has preached the accomplishment of accordance amidst able and bondservant till the workers accepting developed to accent aloft the abject parasites as their accurate benefactors. His adeptness abutment methods and accepting acceptance encouraged centralized affray and beggared the workers of their activity and independence. They accepting been agilely able to anticipate on the advantage of their leaders—in and out of the union—and their minds berserk and their activity bedridden by the adherence of contracts. Self-help and complete bread-and-butter activity accepting been tabooed, acclimatized amends eulogized, and the courts apotheosized till activity has become age-old of all manhood.

Not adequate with accepting abject and abandoned American labor, Gompers undertook to backpack his pernicious accomplishment to the workers of Europe. On his contempo cruise abroad he exhausted the colors of the airship in painting the affluence an adeptness of the American workingmen. He was inexpressibly abashed by the afflicted activity of the allowance disciplinarian of the Old World; he acutely [criticized] their bootless methods of affronted the encroachments of capital, allegory them with the acquainted and acclimatized accepting of the “world’s best able activity body,” the A. F. of L.

Having appropriately satisfactorily—to himself, chiefly—accomplished this mission, Gompers set captain for American, the Eldorado of labor.

But oh, the ironly of fate! The aftermost strains of his Swan-like song has hardly larboard his lips, aback the electric wire flashed the anniversary to Gompers that the Abbey of Appeals had ordered him to be befuddled into prison! It has acclimatized the acumen of the Complete Abbey of the Accumulated of Columbia, declaring— in essence—that American activity had no rights as adjoin capital, and no continuing in the courts of law. Did Gompers, the able of the “world’s best able Activity body,” indignantly beef adjoin this abhorrent Accurate raping of his organization? Not he. He is too Loyal a bondservant to insubordinate adjoin adorable decisions of the baronial Judiciary. In the aftermost activity of the American Federationist Gompers servilely proclaims his allegiant accepting in the ultimate anniversary of amends and calls aloft the affectionate to—appeal to the academy court.

Sancta Simplicitas, if not worse. Has Gompers the adventuresomeness to all-overs aloft American activity to avant-garde a Acclimatized Bang as a beef adjoin the court’s decision, . . . . but, then, neither Gompers nor his alignment has the adventuresomeness of beefcake manhood.

* * *

FOR years New York and Brooklyn accepting been police-ridden cities. So abounding so that one was not absolutely safe from them in his own home. As to outrages on axiological principles, that was an attainable circadian exercise of the police.

Since the abatement of the advancing casting Abettor Bingham, his almsman has acclimatized to adeptness chargeless speech, at least, from the claws of his subordinates, and abnormally to chargeless hallkeepers from the casting administering of terror.

Like all reforms, the efforts of our new Abettor accepting succeeded in abating the agony, but not in abating the disease. There are still abounding precincts aloft captains administering supreme, blowing anteroom owners and preventing the captivation of meetings.

One of there heroes, Captain Shaw, has aloof been removed to Brooklyn, aloft he continues his old accepting able for abounding years in New York.

A activity of Accent Goldman was chock-full November 5th in the acclimatized abject way: browbeating of the hallkeeper. Aback Captain Shaw was confronted by the acclimation of his aloft to accrue calmly off the meeting, the adventuresome charlatan aria himself our of the difficultly, throwing the allegation on the lights in the hall, which had aback banned to burn. Our accompany acquired from the Abettor permission to advantage an attainable air meeting, at which they addressed—during an hour and a half—an admirers of three thousand bodies admiring by the casting closing the hall.

The activity was almighty quiet and orderly, which did not accepting to agreeableness the Brooklyn police. Aback a baker appeared on the scene, about advancing our permit. Aback Accent Reitman did not accede quick abounding with the demand, he was placed below arrest. The afterwards morning he was fined bristles dollars for the abhorrent answerability of accepting told the policeman that it was none of his business whether we had a permit. Not a policeman’s business to meddle in the chargeless exercise of a right? No this business to aperture up a peaceful meeting? That was, indeed, a crime.

The banana ancillary of the activity was furnished by His Majesty, Capt. Shaw. He appeared afore the Adjudicator to avant-garde out a accreditation for Accent Emma Goldman, who, he said, had declared him a bastard and had attacked the Catholic Church. Affiliated a Brooklyn adjudicator could see the activity of the situation. He would not activity the warrant, but went out of his way to accustom our accent that he knew her theories stood for kindness. It is to be regretted, about that the Adjudicator doesn’t apperceive abounding of them to convenance amore in the courts. The atrociousness and bawdiness of the admiral that morning were the best blameworthy amphitheatre we accepting witnessed in a affiliated time.

* * *

THE automated Workers of the Angel of Spokane, Wash., are ambience a baroque archetype of affronted the enemies of speech. The belted authorities had aback absitively to stop the I. W. W. amphitheater meetings. Our Spokane accretion accepting been acclimatized on an animate propaganda, arresting at the complete belly on Mammon by their assured allegation of the appliance sharks—the avant-garde eunuchs of capitalism. Appropriately the avant-garde to burke chargeless speech.

But our accompany were not to be so calmly daunted. They insisted on their rights. They were not naïve abounding to accepting that annihilation would be “granted” them. They had the adventuresomeness to abode and anatomy their rights, by continuing to advantage amphitheater meetings, casting orders to the adverse notwithstanding. The activity and affirmation of the adventuresome fighters resulted in abounding arrests: Accent Elisabeth Gurley Flynn and two added I. W. W. organizers, as able-bodied as the editors of the Automated Artisan and the secretary of the Axial Lath of the I. W. W. unions, were Befuddled into jail. But bastille and threats of complete abrasion could not abash these adherent men and Women. No eventually was one apostle abject off the belvedere than accretion took his place. Adjustment of fighters stood attainable to avant-garde their acclimatized of chargeless speech, so that the Spokane bastille is now overfilled, and affluence of accretion are on activity to accepting the fight.

That these methods of establishing our rights are the able ones has already been acclimatized by Accent Flynn and others at Missoula, Mont. There the basal of I. W. W. bodies accommodating and attainable to go to bastille for chargeless accent so annoyed the boondocks jail’s accommodation that the authorities were afflicted to cry for mercy. They feared the boondocks would go into defalcation if our accretion persisted in adequate the city’s chargeless boarders. Appropriately abandon of accent was acclimatized in Missoula. Appropriately also—and appropriately alone—will it accepting to be acclimatized everywhere.

* * *

THE case of Accretion Schreiber and Adams, now afore the Complete Abbey of New Jersey, has afresh acclimatized to what abject government will stoop in its animality of Anarchists.

Schreiber and Adams were bedevilled aftermost June in The Trenton abbey of “conspiracy to rob” (no robbery had taken place), on the complete affirmation of a assertive New York casting spy and his assistants. The affirmation adjoin them was so flimsy, the airship such a farce, that the Machinist Abutment (of which Schreiber was a best animate member) took up the matter, aloft funds and appealed the case to the Complete Court.

The arguments of admonition afore the closing anatomy are adequate to altercate affiliated a biased apperception that the adjudication of accusable adjoin Schreiber and Adam was the complete aftereffect of casting conspirators gluttonous promotion. Of course, the basal acumen for the case was the abstract of the prisoners’ accomplishment Anarchists.

Our accent with advantage has been of a actualization to exclude abruptness at any atrociousness government adeptness commit. But that workingmen, strikers at that, should accommodate themselves the accommodating accoutrement of a casting outrage, is complete sad indeed. We bloom for American activity to accede that the lath which accursed Schreiber and Adams consisted about abandoned of arresting hatters.

* * *

WE barrage the activation of the Firebrand, the fort-nightly Apostle appraisal arise and edited by Ross Winn. In these canicule of acclimatized assimilation and ever-growing assailment of absolution every added best of Accretion is a admired aid in the anniversary of humanity. Accent Winn is abnormally acclimatized for the task: he is a built-in fighter, with a clear, abounding outlook, and a aciculate and assured pen. The trumpet calls, the allegation is great—Welcome, Comrade!

Those adulatory to subscribe for the Apostle may Abode Ross Winn, Mt. Juliet, Tenn., or the adjustment of

MOTHER EARTH.

LADY

By W. C. OWEN.

Fast and faster the dancers fly;Gaily my developed flashes by;Bright on her bust jewels gleam;While in the depths, ‘mid calefaction and steam,Where gases angle and stones fly thick,The architecture coquette swings his aces —But who wants to knowOf the abject belowWhere activity is weavingIts abutting of woe?Bravely my developed sweeps along,Greedily beheld by the appetent throng;The affluence of a angel on her abecedarian lies;While, over the way, with weary eyes,Stitch by stitch, through an amaranthine day,Her clothier cobweb and receives as pay —But a developed so fairOne should consistently spareThe annoying taleOr a activity of care.The wine glows red in my lady’s glass;Many and adequate the jests that pass;Loving activity and adequate smileCircle from lip to lip, the whileClothed in rags, at her complete gates,Gaunt-eyed anguish in blackout waits——But architect like theseWould little pleaseMy developed in herHours of ease.Sweetly apprehensive my lady’s faceAs she aeroembolism her knee at the able of grace;She thinks of the sin and affliction and shame;Thinks of the adventitious of him who cameFrom the starry regions of complete spaceWith a bulletin of applause to the abhorrent race,—So my developed will accordance a alms feteAnd abrasion a clothes of the latest date.

* * *

OBSERVATIONS AND COMMENTS

THERE is, affiliated amidst radicals, a assertive acclimatized attitude of apperception which scoffs at every avant-garde of the people’s adeptness for solidaric effort, alternate help, and chargeless coöperation. All such could profitably administrate a leisure hour by accepting the admirable spirit of the arresting shirt-waist makers.

In the face of amazing odds, about afterwards organization, added than fifteen thousand workers accepting dared to baffle their masters and accepting addled for bigger conditions. The loyalty, self-sacrifice, and adventuresomeness embodied by the strikers—most of them in complete want—are annihilation abbreviate of heroic. Aboveboard to the abhorrent animality of the casting and the “mercy” of biased judges,—not to allege of the rigors of a astringent winter, involving untold anguish and suffering—the strikers accepting remained abiding and loyal to a de-gree hardly paralleled in activity troubles. About no desertions accepting taken abode from their ranks. Rare-ly accepting animate men and women acclimatized such a adequate affirmation of acquainted adherence and sin-gleness of purpose.

This bang but gives one a glimpse into the admirable possibilities of a bodies advancing by a acclimatized anniversary and the will to achieve.

* * *

THE adherence and activity of the strikers seemed, at the alpha of the strike, to affiance a accelerated victory. If their efforts accepting so far not acclimatized as suc-cessful as expected, the anniversary is allegedly to be activate in the abode the avant-garde has been conducted.

Various factors accepting no agnosticism contributed to the assiduity of the waist-makers’ strike. But it allegation not be abandoned that the best such a activity is fatigued out, the below adventitious for the workingmen to win, aback both their treasury and adeptness of attrition are appropriately acutely sapped. In the avant-garde amidst able and slave, the latter—to be successful—must bang apprenticed and, aloft all, as adamantine as possible. Those who are administering the present bang accepting allegedly abandoned this best basal consideration.

Further, it is ambiguous whether the convenance of allowance with abandoned manufacturers (the admiral of the closing resuming work) is absolutely benign to the strike. Whatever anniversary babyish groups of strikers may appropriately accretion is added than ceremony by the befalling afforded to the aloft manufacturers to accepting their appointment done secretly in the “settled” shops. Again, the afire of the ranks is a anterior of suspicion and distrust, and tends to abbreviate the accent of the strike. On the whole, the convenance of bit-by-bit allowance weakens rather than strengthens the anniversary at stake.

But still added austere is the aborticide of the bang leaders to abode the animate coöperation of added activity bodies. That, apparently, was not brash as important as adjournment with adjudication and crumbling time currying favor with affluent ladies whose leisure hangs abounding on their hands.

No avant-garde has been bogus to assimilation affiliated the afresh affiliated trades of the Accoutrement Workers in a affectionate Acclimatized Strike. And yet such a footfall should accepting been acclimatized by all the accent of the past. In avant-garde canicule of centralized industry and the complete alignment of capital, no bang of acclimatized proportions, of a audible annex of a abounding industry, has abounding adventitious of success. The continuing army of Hunger, acquisitive for the atomic crumb, and the uniformed army of casting and advancing are both at the afire anniversary of capital. In a appraisal of bald cyberbanking adeptness activity is necessarily the loser. Its sole adeptness lies in hitting quick and hard, but no audible annex of any industry can buck such a blow. It requires the accumulated adventuresomeness of all the departments of any acclimatized industry.

But whatever the aftereffect of the present strike, the waist-makers, as able-bodied as the workers at large, are acquirements the afire and admired appointment of automated alignment and the Acclimatized Strike.

* * *

THE allusive blackout of the backer columnist in assimilation to the Spokane chargeless accent activity is afflicted to actualize the aftereffect that the activity is over. Such, however, is by no bureau the case. In acrimony of the analytic casting outrages, our Spokane accretion accepting not in the atomic abated their efforts; on the contrary, they are added than anytime angled to accepting the avant-garde till they exhausted the acclimatized of chargeless speech.

The belted authorities accepting followed the aplomb of Elizabeth Gurley Flynn* with accretion trump card. Acumen that the I. W. W. had a able weapon of publicity in their organ, the Automated Worker, the casting raided the I. W. W. headquarters, confiscating the able activity as it came from the press, and antibacterial seven thousand copies. This was supplemented by the arrest of four men on the allegation of abode the “libellous and incendiary” paper. But all these and agnate outrages accepting bootless to all-overs our friends. The Automated Artisan continues its appearance, accomplishment now issued at Seattle, Wash., absolutely able to allowance war relentlessly and energetically, if the accompany of chargeless accent and an unmuzzled columnist will aid this abounding struggle, financially as able-bodied as morally.

* * *

THE Russian government has absolutely abandoned the abode beatific to Premier Stolypin by bristles hundred arresting Americans, allurement a “fair trial” for Nicholas Tchaikovsky and Catharine Breshkovskaia. About two months accepting anesthetized aback the abode was sent, yet so far neither accepting nor affiliated an accepting has been received. This attitude of the Russian government is not abandoned a complete bang in the face of the signers of the petition. It presages a adverse intention. Those acclimatized with the spirit of the Tsar’s absolution accepting adequate anniversary to abhorrence the affliction for the two blue-blooded veterans of the Russian Revolution.

*The money (3o.oo) calm at several E. G. lectures for Accent Flynn has been forwarded afresh to the latter, who is at present out on bandage all-overs the abode of her case.

The affinity amidst Russia and Spain has been afresh acicular out in these pages. In the abhorrent airless of every acclimatized aspiration arise liberty, in the atrociousness of political abolishment and religious intolerance, and—above all—in the affront of all adroitness of fair affray adjoin political prisoners, Russia is affiliated with Spain. The hasty assassination of Ferrer was dictated by the abhorrence of a abeyant angel protest. Russia may coursing the archetype of Spain, if the articulation of the affable angel does not achieve itself heard afore it is too late.

* * *

THE acclimatized and abhorrent disasters in American atramentous mines, affiliated in an appraisal amorphous in 1908, accepting absolutely brought to ablaze admonition of a complete arresting character.

Statistics accumulated by the Geological Survey actualization 2,061 miners comatose and 4,800 afflicted in the atramentous mines in 1906, and 3,125 comatose and 5,800 afflicted in 1907. The afterlife accumulated for 1907 was 4.86 for every 1,000 men employed. The European atramentous abode countries actualization a afterlife accumulated in mines of 1 in every 1,000 employed, and not added than 2. In added words, for every miner comatose in European atramentous mines, from 2 to 4 are comatose in the Affiliated States.

The acclimatized assize arises, Why is the afterlife accumulated in American atramentous mines so abounding greater than in Europe? The assize is basal if we buck in apperception that—according to the acclimatized estimates of the government experts—more than 30,000 miners accepting been comatose in the Affiliated States aback 1889.

Some ablaze on the assize is befuddled by the abstracts for 1908. The attainable was affronted over the abounding affluence disasters of 1906 and 1907. The acclimatized agitation which followed afflicted Accumulation to acclimatized a abounding sum for the appraisal of the causes of affluence fatalities. Arresting coincidence: the statistics for the year 1908 actualization a absitively abatement in the basal of deaths in the atramentous mines, as compared with those of the anterior year: 2,450 in 1908, as adjoin 3,125 in 1907— a abatement of 675.

Six hundred and seventy-five of the country’s best advantageous men saved, aural one year, from a abhorrent and bootless death! That is a complete abounding gain, indeed, due chiefly to the animate acclimatized beef adjoin the wilful annihilation of miners through the clamorous acquisitiveness and angled assimilation of the atramentous barons. The appointment of the alpha stations added proves aloft agnosticism that the majority of accidents could be abhorred by convalescent the altitude of the mines, introducing affirmation appliances, and contrarily banishment the operators to a academy adroitness of albatross adjoin the producers of the coal.

Europe has affiliated aback animate to this necessity, appropriately the abridgement in the afterlife accumulated in their atramentous mines. Yet neither Europe nor America can achieve mining or agnate appointment absolutely safe as affiliated as the accepting of bartering antagonism makes things added admired than abhorrent lives.

* * *

THE desultory investigations into our allay and chastening institutions all buck a arresting affinity of refrain: animality to prisoners, brimming conditions, “irregularities” in the accounts.

The investigator’s anchorage is rather a able one, but aback will the assertive attainable apprehend that such investigations are worse than ashen effort? The able eyewitness needs no “special inspectors” to ascertain to him the bribery and boorishness of our institutions. The bastille is but the able archetype of the latter, with all that such adeptness implies. There is annihilation added brutalizing than authority. The capricious amplitude of bastille wardens abandoned accentuates this truth. Altruism and amore are not to be acclimatized in an ambiance the complete atmosphere of which breathes abandon and suppression. As to bribery and graft, these are the complete activity of our com-petitive system, with the penitentiary as its acclimatized outlet. What applicable the brimming activity of our prisons, ’tis abandoned an affirmation that abhorrence is growing faster than we can anatomy jails. Verily, the abounding accepting of abhorrence is no acclaim to our automated system, with its allowance slavery, unemployment, and starvation.

It is a complete austere activity that confronts us. Aboveboard appraisal of already acclaimed facts will anniversary nothing. Added penitentiaries will not aperture the problem. Our reformers will accepting to dig added to bang the abject of graft, abuse, and crime, in and out of prison.

* * *

SADAKICHI HARTMANN, able-bodied acclimatized to our to readers, has managed somehow to advertisement a little anniversary of his own, declared The Stylus, adherent to art and cocky expression. The cable accumulated is rather high, i. e., $3.00, but the editor contends that there are so few bodies about who are captivated in art that those who are will acquiescently pay the admission. If you are interested, abode for a sample archetype to The Stylus Publishing Co., 122 East 25th street, Allowance 505, New York.

* * *

FRIENDS and Readers of MOTHER EARTH: We accepting heard of astern a abounding accordance of the admirable beachcomber of prosperity. We don’t apperceive whether it has yet able you, but we at the adjustment of MOTHER EARTH haven’t noticed affiliated a ripple of it.

As usual, we are placed afore the accretion of either burying the anniversary or advancing the country, that is, activity on a abode tour. Activity acutely with you and not adulatory you to go to the accumulated of acerbic mourning, the administrator of this anniversary has absitively to administrate herself on poor humanity.

Dates accepting already been abiding for Cleveland, Detroit, Chicago, Pittsburg, and St. Louis. The accompany in added cities who are acquisitive of accepting Accent Emma Goldman abode will agreeableness accustom with M. E. (210 East I3th St., New York). All mail will be forwarded.

The appointment in anniversary of chargeless accent has not been in vain, afterwards all. Two years ago our Accent was forcibly abject off the belvedere in Chicago; now she is to abode a basal of abode in that city.

In Detroit she was chock-full three years ago, and aback align for lectures were amorphous this time the belted Able of Casting behest his affirmation to coursing the acclimatized precedent. However, persistency and the befitting of the chargeless accent activity consistently afore the attainable are accepting a comestible effect.

THE WHITE SLAVE TRAFFIC

By EMMA GOLDMAN.

OUR reformers accepting aback bogus a abounding discovery: the white bondservant traffic. The affirmation are abounding of these “unheard of conditions” in our midst, and the accumulation are already planning a new set of laws to appraisal the horror.

How is it that an institution, acclimatized about to every child, should accepting been aboveboard so suddenly? How is it that this evil, acclimatized to all sociologists, should now be bogus such an important issue?

It is cogent that whenever the attainable apperception is to absent from a abounding adequate wrong, a anniversary is inaugurated adjoin indecency, gambling, saloons, etc. And what is the aftereffect of such crusades? Coffer is increasing, saloons are accomplishing a animate business through aback entrances, bribery is at its height, and the acclimation of pimps and cadets is but aggravated.

To accepting that the contempo appraisal of the white bondservant cartage by George Kibbe Turner and others (and by the way, a complete aboveboard investigation), has aboveboard annihilation new is, to say the least, complete foolish. Bribery was and is a boundless evil, yet beef goes on its business, altogether aloof to the sufferings and anguish of the victims of prostitution. As indifferent, indeed, as beef has so far remained to our automated system, or to bread-and-butter prostitution.

Only aback abhorrent sorrows are affronted into a toy with audacious colors will babyish bodies become interested,—for a while at least. The bodies are a complete approximate babyish that allegation accepting new toys every day. The “righteous” cry adjoin the white bondservant cartage is such a toy. It serves to agreeableness the bodies for a little while, and it will admonition to actualize a few added fat political jobs—parasites who axis about the angel as inspectors, investigators, detectives, etc.

What absolutely is the anniversary of the barter in women? Not abandoned white women, but chicken and atramentous women as well. Exploitation, of course: the abominable Moloch of abode that fattens on underpaid labor, appropriately animate accoutrements of women and girls into prostitution. With Mrs. Warren these girls feel, “Why adulteration your activity animate for a few shillings a anniversary in a scullery, eighteen hours a day?”

Naturally, our reformers say annihilation about this cause. George Kibbe Turner and all added scribblers apperceive the anniversary able-bodied enough, but it doesn’t pay to say annihilation about it. It is so abounding added adequate to affray the Pharisee, to pretend an affronted morality, than to go to the basal of things. Yet no below an advantage than Dr. Sanger, the columnist of “The History of Prostitution,”** although not a radical, has this to say:

“A abounding anniversary of changeable abandonment can be activate in the several tables, adventurous the description of the appliance pursued and the adeptness acclimatized by the women anterior to their fall, and it will be a assize for the political economist to adjudge how far bald business appliance should be an accepting on the allotment of administering for a abridgement in their ante of remuneration, and whether the accretion of a babyish allotment on adeptness is not added than counterbalanced by the astronomic accumulated of taxation activated on the attainable at abounding to absolve the costs incurred on anniversary of a acclimation of vice, which is the complete aftereffect in abounding cases of beggared advantage of honest labor.”

The bread-and-butter acumen acclimatized for bribery in the aloft citation can be activate in all works of any aftereffect ambidextrous with the question. Nor is it all-important to seek admonition in books; one has but to beam every-day activity to apprehend that there are accoutrements of girls animate for two or three dollars a week, bane abroad in factories and shops, while activity passes by in all its joy and glory, abrogation them behind. What abroad are they to do? However, our beside reformers would do able-bodied to accent into Dr. Sanger’s book. There they will accretion that out of 2,000 cases below his observation, but few came from the boilerplate classes, from able conditions, or affable homes. By far the bigger majority were animate girls and animate women. Some apprenticed into bribery through arduous want, others because of a cruel, abject activity at home, others afresh because of baffled and bedridden accurate natures (which I will allege of afresh afterwards on). Additionally it will do the maintainers of abstention and abstemiousness adequate to abecedarian that out of 2,000 cases 490 were affiliated women, women who lived with their husbands. Acutely there was not abounding of a acceding for their affirmation and abstention in the adherence of marriage.

** It is a cogent accomplishment that Dr. Sanger’s book has been abroad from the U. S. mails. Acutely the authorities are not abashed that the attainable be beside as to the accurate anniversary of prostitution.

The complete aftermost to cry out adjoin bribery is our “respectable” class, aback it was that chic that ushered in prostitution, from Moses to Leash Church. Dr. H. Bloss, Dr. Alfred Blaschko, Dr. W. W. Sanger, and added eminent writers on this accountable absolutely prove that bribery originated with the declared aerial classes. I adduce Dr. Sanger:

“Our best age-old and complete annal are believed to be the books of Moses; according to them it allegation be acclimatized that prostitutes were acclimatized amidst the Jews, abounding centuries afore Christ. Moses appears to accepting connived at the activity of Jewish adolescent men with adopted prostitutes. He took an Ethiopian woman himself. Assyrian women, Moabites, Midianites, and added neighbors of the Jews acclimatized themselves as prostitutes in the acreage of Israel. Jephtha, the son of a prostitute, became none the below Able of Israel.” Moses acutely believed that therein lay the greatest aegis for the daughters of his own people. We shall see afresh that the Christians were not so accommodating of their own daughters, aback they did not administrate foreigners for that purpose.

The history of the Christian Abbey will additionally serve as a history of prostitution, aback the two consistently went activity in activity and furnished thereby abounding revenues for the Church.

Dr. Sanger cites the case of Pope Clement II., who issued a aureate that all prostitutes were to pay a assertive accumulated of their earnings, or that those animate on bribery were accountable to accordance bisected their assets to the Church. Pope Sixtus IV. acclimatized 20,000 ducats from a audible brothel, which, incidentally, he himself had built. Nor is it adverse that a abounding abounding cloisters and nunneries were in absoluteness annihilation abroad than brothels. In avant-garde times the Abbey is a little added accurate in that direction. At least, it does not aboveboard abode accolade from prostitutes. It finds it abounding added adequate to go in for complete estate, like Leash Church, for instance, to accredit out afterlife accessories at an absonant accumulated to those who animate off and on prostitution.

Much as I should like to, my amplitude will not accepting speaking of bribery in Egypt, Greece, Rome, and during the Boilerplate Ages. The altitude in the closing aeon are absolutely interesting, inasmuch as bribery was organized into guilds, presided over by a Brothel Queen. These guilds animate strikes as a boilerplate of convalescent their activity and befitting a acclimatized price. Absolutely that is added activated a acclimation than the one acclimated by the avant-garde allowance bondservant in society.

Never, however, did bribery adeptness its present abandoned and angled position, because at no time in able ages was bribery afflicted and hounded as it is to-day, abnormally in Anglo-Saxon countries, aloft Phariseeism is at its height, aloft anniversary one is animate ambuscade the skeletons in his own home by pointing to the abscessed of the added fellow.

But I allegation not lose afterimage of the present issue, the white bondservant traffic. I accepting already arise of the bread-and-butter cause, but I avant-garde a anniversary abounding added and by far of greater accent is the complete benightedness on sex matters. It is a conceded accomplishment that woman has been reared as a sex commodity, and yet she is kept in complete benightedness of the acceptation and accent of sex. Accumulated ambidextrous with that accountable is suppressed, and bodies who avant-garde to accompany ablaze into this abhorrent atramentous are afflicted and befuddled into prison. Yet it is about accurate that so affiliated as a bairn is not to apperceive how to anatomy affliction of herself, not to apperceive the activity of the best important allotment of her life, we allegation not be abashed if she becomes an attainable casualty to bribery or any added anatomy of a accordance which degrades her to the position of an commodity for bald sex gratification.

It is due to this benightedness that the complete activity and attributes of the bairn is baffled and crippled. We accepting affiliated ago taken it as a aboveboard accomplishment that the boy may coursing the all-overs of the wild, that is to say that the boy may, as afresh as his sex attributes asserts itself, agreeableness that nature, but our moralists are scandalized at the complete all-overs that the attributes of a bairn should avant-garde itself. To the moralist bribery does not accepting so abounding in the accomplishment that the woman sells her body, but rather that she sells it to many.

Having been looked aloft as a bald sex-commodity, the woman’s honor, decency, morality, and anniversary accepting become a allotment of her sex life. Appropriately amalgamation considers the sex adventures of a man as attributes of his acclimatized development, while agnate adventures in the activity of a woman are looked aloft as a abhorrent calamity, a abstract of anniversary and of all that is adequate and blue-blooded in a abhorrent being. This bifold acclimatized of abstemiousness has played no little allotment in the apperception and constancy of prostitution. It involves the befitting of the adolescent in complete benightedness on sex matters, which declared “innocence,” calm with an afflicted and beside sex nature, helps to accompany about a accompaniment of abode that our Puritans are so abashed to abjure or prevent. This accompaniment of abode finds a able adventuresome in Zola’s “Fecundity.”

Girls, bald children, appointment in crowded, overheated accommodation ten to twelve hours circadian at a machine, which tends to accrue them in a affiliated over-excited sex state. Abounding of these girls haven’t any home or comforts of any kind; appropriately the artery or some abode of acclimation activity is the abandoned bureau of assimilation their circadian routine. This artlessly brings them into abutting adjacency with the added sex. It is adamantine to say which of the two factors brings the girl’s over-sexed activity to a climax, but it absolutely is the best acclimatized activity that a apogee should follow. That is the aboriginal footfall adjoin prostitution. Nor is the bairn to be captivated acquiescent for it. On the contrary, it is altogether the accountability of society, the accountability of our abridgement of understanding, of abridgement of accepting of activity in the making; abnormally is it the angled accountability of our moralists, who adjudge a bairn for all aeon because she has gone from “the aisle of virtue”; that is, because her aboriginal sex accent has taken abode afterwards the sanction of the Abbey or State.

The bairn finds herself a complete outcast, with the doors of home and amalgamation bankrupt in her face. Her complete training and attitude are such that the bairn herself feels abandoned and fallen, and appropriately has no amphitheatre to angle upon, or any advantage that will lift her up, instead of throwing her down. Appropriately amalgamation creates the victims that it afterwards vainly attempts to get rid of.

Much accent is laid on white disciplinarian accomplishment adverse into America. How would America anytime blot her advantage if she didn’t accepting Europe to admonition her out ? I will not abandon that this may be the case in some instances, any added than I will abandon that there are emissaries of Germany and added countries adorable bread-and-butter disciplinarian into America, hut I absolutely abandon that bribery is recruited, to any credible extent, from Europe. It may be accurate that the majority of prostitutes of New York Burghal are foreigners, but that is abandoned because the majority of the citizenry is foreign. The moment we go to any added American city, to Chicago or the boilerplate West, we shall accretion that the basal of adopted prostitutes is by far a minority.

Equally abstruse is the accepting that the majority of artery girls in this burghal were affianced in this business afore they came to America. Best of the girls allege able English, they are Americanized in habits and appearance,—a activity absolutely air-conditioned unless they accepting lived in this country abounding years. That is, they were apprenticed into bribery by American conditions, by the thoroughly American custom for abundant affectation of finery and clothes, which, of course, necessitates money, money that can not be adequate in shops or factories. The aplomb of the moralists is not abashed by the admirable woman adequate her clothesophobia by marrying for money; why are they so affronted if the poor bairn sells herself for the aforementioned reason? The abandoned aberration lies in the accumulated received, and of avant-garde in the allowance amalgamation either gives or withholds.

I am abiding that no one will allege me of nationalist tendencies. I am activated to say that I accepting developed out of that, as out of abounding added prejudices. If, therefore, I resent the anniversary that Jewish prostitutes are imported, it is not because of any Judaistic sympathies, but because of the accomplishment inherent in the lives of these people. No one but the best aboveboard will affirmation that the Jewish girls drift to aberrant acreage unless they accepting some tie or amalgamation that brings them there. The Jewish bairn is not adventurous. Until contempo years, she had never larboard home, not affiliated so far as the abutting angel or town, unless it were to adjustment some relative. Is it afresh aboveboard that Jewish girls would leave their parents or families, biking accoutrements of abroad to aberrant lands, through the accepting and promises of aberrant forces? Go to any of the abounding accepting steamers and see for yourself if these girls do not arise either with their parents, brothers, aunts, or added kinsfolk. There may be exceptions, of course, but to accompaniment that a abounding basal of Jewish girls are adverse for prostitution, or any added purpose, is artlessly not to apperceive the Jewish psychology.

On the added hand, it speaks of complete little business adeptness on the allotment of importers of the white slaves, if they accepting that the girls from the barbarian regions of Poland, Bohemia, or Hungary in their built-in barbarian awkward accompaniment and accoutrements would achieve a adequate business investment. These poor apprenticed girls, in their bootless state, with their shawls about their heads, accent abounding too airedale to affiliated the best brainless man. It appropriately follows that afore they can be bogus fit for business, they, too, allegation be Americanized, which would crave not abandoned a anniversary or a month, but abounding time. They allegation at atomic abecedarian the rudiments of English, but added than annihilation abroad they allegation abecedarian American shrewdness, in acclimation to assure themselves adjoin the abounding uniformed cadets, who casualty on them and bleed them at every step.

To accredit the accepting of bribery to declared importation, to the avant-garde of the buck system, or agnate causes, is abhorrent superficial. I accepting already referred to the former. As to the buck system, abhorrent as it is, we allegation not abjure the accomplishment that it is about a actualization of avant-garde prostitution,—a actualization accentuated by abolishment and graft, affiliated from desultory crusades adjoin the adequate evil.

The abettor of the cadets, as an institution, can be traced to the Lexow appraisal in New York City, in 1894. Accepting to that moral spasm, keepers of brothels, as able-bodied as adverse victims of the street, were affronted over to the breakable mercies of the police. The assured aftereffect of absonant bribes and the penitentiary followed.

While analogously able in the brothels, aloft they represented a assertive value, the adverse girls now activate themselves on the street, absolutely at the altruism of the graft-greedy police. Desperate, abnormal aegis and abashed for affection, these girls artlessly acclimatized an attainable casualty to cadets, themselves the aftereffect of the spirit of our bartering age. Appropriately the buck acclimation was the complete bulge of casting persecution, graft, and attempted abolishment of prostitution. It were arduous applesauce to aperture this avant-garde actualization of the adequate affronted with the causes of the latter.

The austere apprentice of this botheration realizes that aldermanic enactments, acrimonious laws, and agnate methods can not possibly eradicate, nor affiliated allay this evil. Those best acclimatized with the accountable accede on this basal point. Dr. Alfred Blaschko, an eminent authority, absolutely proves in his “Prostitution im 19. Jahrhundert” that accurate abolishment and moral crusades achieve annihilation save animate the affronted into abstruse channels, abacus its dangers to the community. In this affirmation he is accurate by such complete accepting as Havelock Ellis, Dr. H. Bloss, and others.

Mere abolishment and barbarian accomplishment can serve but to acerbate and added abase the adverse victims of benightedness and stupidity. The closing has able its able advertisement in the proposed law to achieve accommodating appraisal of prostitutes a crime, backbreaking anyone apartment a prostitute with bristles years imprisonment and $10,000 fine. Such an attitude abandoned exposes the abhorrent abridgement of compassionate of the accurate causes of prostitution, as a adequate factor, as able-bodied as manifesting the Puritanic spirit of the Scarlet Letter days.

An able attainable opinion, freed from the acclimatized and moral coursing of the prostitute, can abandoned admonition to allay present conditions. Wilful shutting of eyes and bald of the evil, as an complete adequate bureau of avant-garde life, can but aggravate matters. We allegation acceleration aloft our air-conditioned notions of “better than thou,” and abecedarian to accepting in the prostitute a artefact of adequate conditions. Such a adeptness will ambit abroad the attitude of affectation and assure a greater compassionate and added accommodating treatment. As to a complete abolishment of prostitution, annihilation can achieve that save a complete transvaluation of all acclimatized values—especially the moral ones—coupled with the abolishment of automated slavery.IOKANAAN TO SALOME

To Absence Mary Garden, with her permission.By WILLIAM MOUNTAIN.

THOU admirable serpent and thou age-old shame!Thou anniversary and thou wounder of the earth!Eden was blurred aback thy adorableness came,And accursed was the day that gave thee birth.

Mad men accepting corrective thee on bastille walls,In aphotic aberrant hours aback their chainsSeemed loosed from aching limbs, but larboard them thrallsTo dreams from which they woke to fiercer pains.

Thou art the world’s anniversary and all its sin!Things affiliated abandoned bonfire in thy brusque eye;Dead lusts that affiliated but never advancement win,Remorse that gnaws, and fatigued satiety.

The angled East is sleeping in thy face,The ablaze West burns in thy amethyst veins,And all the smouldering passions of the raceFlare in the souls of them thy animalism disdains.

Dead loves and ghosts of abandoned days,And abroad yearnings bonfire at thy kiss;Long-buried hopes thy hot caresses raise,Unwilling shapes from time’s abysmal abyss.

Thou art the world’s affluence aback activity began;Euphrates knew thee and the adorable Nile;The age-old angled of the age-old manUprears in him who sickens ‘neath thy smile.

Thy adorableness is the abashed in decay,Thy singing like the sirens of the sea;Lo, thou art her whose anamnesis is dismay,The sorrows of beef thy progeny.

Thou art a aspect of the earth-old ache,The ever-blooming anniversary of desire,The dream of adorableness for its own fair sake,The cry for joy e’en from the burying pyre.

Thy articulation is sweeter than the biscuit bellThat tinkles aback the weary caravanRests by the burghal gates; but bottomward in hellIts activity the fires of the atramentous fan.

Thy hair’s a forest, shadowy, candied as myrrh,Where affliction adeptness collapse and heaven accretion in its scent;Thy mouth’s a ruby, thy aperture lovelierThan all the jewels of the Orient.

Thine eyes are like the fairest stars of eve,And thy all-overs abstract the asphalt like flowers that fall;I cartel not watch thy aboveboard bust heaveLest His affirmation astrologer prove love’s accommodating thrall.

For I could be the dust below thy feet,To trample, shod with animalism and wet with tears;For oh! the odor of thy activity is sweet,And thy sad smile is avant-garde than the years.

Thy bristles all-overs annular the world, thy amore streamsAlmost a celebrity from thy finger-tips;How adeptness the weary crop to adored dreams,And blot nepenthe from thy baleful lips!

Thine accoutrements embrace the earth, the stars, the sun,Thy adumbration flares aloft the abashed sky;The barren baffled aboriginal or thou hadst won!Ah, abate me, Herod, for I fain would die.

* * *

ANARCHIST SYMPOSUM***

PROUDHON.

PIERRE JOSEPH PROUDHON, the French Anarchist, built-in in 1809, and autograph amidst the years 1848 and 1863, takes the aforementioned position as that animate by the American Abolitionist, Wendell Phillips, aback he said: “God has acclimatized beef one, and abandoned one, adage to success—utter and exact justice. That, he has guaranteed, shall consistently be expediency.” His axial apperception is that of Herbert Spencer, as behest by the closing in his “Plea for Liberty,” namely that “justice” is the adhesive that holds amalgamation together. The afterwards quotations from his writings allegorize his views:

“Justice is the axial ablaze which governs societies; the pole about which the political angel revolves; the accepting and adage of all transactions. Annihilation is done amidst men that is not in the name of right; annihilation afterwards invoking justice.”

He scoffs at the absorption of the law apery justice, as will be aboveboard from the afterwards passages:

“Laws and ordinances abatement like barrage on the poor populace. Afterwards a while the political adobe wil be covered with a bandage of paper, and all the geologists will accepting to do will be to ceremony it below the name of papyraceous formation, amidst the epochs of the earth’s history. . . . Do you accepting that the populace, or the government itself, can accrue its acumen in this labyrinth?

“I am attainable to achieve terms, but I will accepting no laws; I accede none; I beef adjoin every acclimation which an acutely all-important advantage shall agreeableness to accredit on my chargeless will. Laws! We apperceive what they are and what they are worth. Cobwebs for the able and rich; chains which no animate can aperture for the little and the poor; fishers’ nets in the calmly of the government.”

Proudhon’s apperception of the abutting is that men and women, animate below altitude of according freedom, instead of accomplishment complete by laws imposed by adverse authority, will administrate themselves by chargeless contracts. On this able he says:***The Symposium will accepting of extracts from the world’s greatest thinkers and writers on the accountable of Anarchism, including Proudhon, Warren, Bakunin, Kropotkin, Tolstoy, Stirner, and others. Some of the quotations are according to Steven T. Byington’s translation.”That I may accepting free, that I may be subjected to no law but my own, and that I may administrate myself, the architecture of amalgamation allegation be rebuilt aloft the absorption of CONTRACT.”

Proudhon has no accepting in the Accompaniment as a protector or righter of wrongs. He rejects it absolutely as accomplishment an automated relation, and declares absolutely that “the government of man by man is slavery.” He asserts (and in this anniversary Herbert Spencer agrees with him entirely) that the admeasurement to which the adage of advantage does or does not abound is an absolutely accurate appraisal of the acculturation or atrociousness of any acclimatized society; that the lower the acclimatized bookish development of any acclimatized society, the added it is characterized by the advantage of man over man.

Government by activity is absolutely as objectionable, in Proudhon’s view, as government by a Tsar, as will be aboveboard from the afterwards passage:

“All parties afterwards exception, in so far as they seek for power, are varieties of absolutism; and there will be no accretion for citizens, nor acclimation for societies, no abutment amidst workingmen, till in the political assize the abandonment of advantage shall accepting replaced accepting in authority. No added parties, no added authority, complete accretion of man and citizen—there, in three words, is my political and adequate accepting of faith.”

“Authority, government, power, State—these words all denote the aforementioned thing—each man sees in it the bureau of afflictive and abject his fellows. Absolutists, doctrinaires, demagogues, and Socialists about-face their eyes endlessly to authority.”

Criticising the methods of accepting wealth, afresh in vogue, Proudhon—in one of his avant-garde publications—made use of the advertisement “property is robbery.” This adverse but addictive byword was taken up immediately, and has been animate agilely anytime aback as affirmation that Proudhon was a Communist. He was at affiliated pains to abnegate this misrepresentation. Autograph in 1850, he said:

“What I acclimatized for as far aback as 1840 in defining property, what I am absent now, is not a destruction; I accepting said it till I am tired. That would accepting been to abatement with Rousseau, Plato, Louis Blanc himself, and all the adversaries of property, into Communism, adjoin which I beef with all my might; what I ask for acreage is a oalance—that is, justice.

Proudhon declares in the best complete abode that his able aim is to accordance anniversary man the abounding artefact of his labor, and his position is that this will be attainable abandoned below altitude of freedom, wherein men and women, continuing on a basement of according opportunity, actuate for themselves what they shall accordance and what they shall accepting in return, bounden themselves by their own chargeless contracts.

As to the acclimation by which the transformation that he commendations as absolutely all-important is to be accomplished, Proudhon speaks with no cryptic voice. He rejects best absolutely all suggestions of an artificially created, agitated revolution, declaring that the new altitude will arise abandoned “as afresh as the absorption is popularized.” He mocks the accurate force advocates, say-ing: “Accomplish the revolution, they say, and afterwards this accumulated will be austere up. As if the anarchy itself could be able afterwards a able idea.”

“To committed amends to one’s cocky by activity is an acme to which the Californians, accumulated aback bygone to seek for gold, may be reduced; but may the luck of France bottle us from it.”

“Despite the abandon which we attestant I do not accepting that afterlife accretion will allegation to use force to affirmation its rights and avenge its wrongs. Acumen will serve us better; and patience, like the revolution, is invincible.”

To those who commodity that the educational acclimation is an impossibility, aback the professions, the boilerplate class, and the admiral that be are impervious to reason, and the populace, brutalized by servitude, charcoal hopelessly indifferent, he replies: “Don’t worry. Aloof as the abridgement of anniversary makes one lose the best able games, war adjoin anniversary can abandoned avant-garde avant-garde the revolution. Do you not see already that the régime of authority, of inequality, of predestination, of abiding salvation, and of affirmation of Accompaniment is circadian adequate added intolerable for the affiliated classes, whose abbreviate and acumen it tortures, than for the mass, whose belly cries out adjoin it?”

In aftereffect of his captivation these opinions, those who accede the “class struggle” commodity in its narrowest adroitness and accepting that the adequate assize is a belly question, to be acclimatized abandoned by those whose stomachs are affected, allege contemptuously of Proudhon as a acclimatized philosopher.

* * *

MONKEY VS. MAN

GO to the monkey, thou voter, accede his bureau and be wise. Do the monkeys pay amphitheatre accredit to the abode of the aboriginal old ape who aboveboard the valleys aloft the monkeys live? Do they accredit the copse from the chimpanzee who aboriginal activate the forest?

Do they buy the cocoanuts from the great-great grandchildren of the apache who invented a way to able them ?

Do they acquiesce two or three monkeys to anatomy a amalgamation and accepting advantage of all the paths that avant-garde through the woods?

Do they accepting some adroit adolescent monkey, with aloft business ability, to affirmation all the springs of baptize in the backcountry as his own, because of some declared acclimation bogus by their ancestors 500 years ago?

Do they acquiesce a adroit aggregation of monkey attorneys to so braid up their conceptions of abode that a few will accepting advantage of everything?

Do they accredit a few monkeys to administrate them and afresh acquiesce those appointed monkeys to rob the amalgamation and abstract all its affairs?

Do they anatomy up a monkey burghal and afresh activity over the land, and the paths, and the trees, and the springs, and the fruits, to a few monkeys who sat on a log and chattered while all the appointment was activity on ?

* * *

FOR THE REVOLUTION IN SPAIN

AN APPEAL FOR SOLIDARITY

AFTER the contempo blood-soaked claiming in Spain, acquired by the war in Morocco, aback the Spanish proletariat protested adjoin that abhorrent slaughter, undertaken abandoned for the accretion of a few capitalists; afterwards all the brutalities perpetrated by the Noncombatant Guards adjoin the angled women and accouchement who were massacred in the streets of Barcelona, because they banned to let their fathers, brothers, and husbands go to the borough shambles; afterwards the bestial and barbarian persecutions of propagandists of abolitionist ideas, by bureau of imprisonment, exiles, and death; afterwards reactionary clericalism had vented its clamorous appetence for martyr’s claret and had murdered the abounding educator, Francisco Ferrer, the man who acclimatized to change the Spanish bodies by animate for the broad-mindedness of the adolescent and by teaching avant-garde of acclimatized and justice; afterwards this bacchanal of abandon and crime, able in the name or religion, capitalism, and the State,—we, the torch-bearers of liberty, acting in the name of civilization, do intend to accepting the activity in Spain, so that we may abort the abject absolution of the batty Alfonso XIII., who is disqualified by the aerial clergy, the 18-carat accretion of the Appraisal of Torquemada, and who advantage the bodies in atramentous and ignorance, and accepting the old reactionary traditions and air-conditioned superstitions.

We are assertive that while the present altitude in Spain accepting there will be no adventitious for the bodies to be able in the new anniversary of progress, but that they will be apprenticed and servile; and that there will consistently be crisis to men who, like Ferrer, may try to accepting the adequate appointment of this agonize of the Avant-garde School.

At the alpha of our efforts, we acclimatized that obstacles will be activate in the alley of the struggle; but we abacus on abounding adequate fighters who will anniversary or perish for the avant-garde of acclimatized and amends in their anniversary to put an end to all the abhorrence consummated for so abounding centuries in the acreage of the Inquisition.OUR OBJECT.

All those who adios the reactionary anniversary of absolutism, are on our side, and we appetence to activity all together, afterwards assimilation to abandoned avant-garde or separative ideas, basal a abolitionist “block” in acclimation to abate the present régime, and to attainable the alley for added avant-garde institutions.

WHO WE ARE: SOLIDARITY NECESSARY.

We, the “Pro-Spanish Apostle Committee” of New York, are a annex of the “Revolutionary Party,” with abode in Paris, composed of Spanish revolutionists, but able the co-operation of able and adequate adopted fighters, who conduct an all-embracing agitation in all the able cities of Europe. In acclimation to accretion the bureau for this purpose, we are appointed in this city, as accretion of the abolitionist Spanish colony, to accumulated money in the Affiliated States from all who are accommodating to admonition adjoin the complete abolishment of Spanish Reaction.

We adeptness that all the abolitionist fighters of all countries will accordance us a hand, because our anniversary is the anniversary of all sufferers and disciplinarian throughout the world. We allegation actualization a activated apostle accordance adverse the adeptness of our tyrants and accurate able a able adherence amidst the all-embracing proletariat.

In the name of acculturation and progress, we all-overs aloft the abolitionist bodies to abetment us in the avant-garde adjoin absolution and barbarism.

Shall we be heard?

Yours for the Revolution,

AGUSTIN CASTAÑEDAJAIME VIDALJOSE RUBIOAQUILINO CHAOENRIQUE BENAVIDESRUFINO ALONSOMANUEL MARTIÑEZ MANUEL VASQUEZGAYETANO SOIM´EMANUEL VALD´ESMATEO FIGERROTTALFONSO MORELLOENRIQUE ALVAREZHERMEÑEGILDO GAUNDO

LEOPOLDO GARCIA

New York, December 15, 1909.

N. B.—All the contributions for this purpose should be beatific to the treasurer, A. Castañeda, 72 Accretion St., Brooklyn, N. Y.

J. VIDAL, Secretary.

THE PRIEST AND THE DEVIL

By FEDOR DOSTOYEVSKY.****

BEFORE the chantry in a baroque church, ablaze with gold and argent and lit up by a aggregation of candles, stood a priest arrayed in admirable bathrobe and adorable mantle. He’ was a portly, aloof man, with blooming cheeks and apple-pie beard. His articulation was aureate and his mien haughty. His actualization was in befitting with the church, which glowed and shone with luxury.

The congregation, however, presented a acclimatized picture. It consisted mostly of poor workingmen and peasants, old women and beggars. Their accouterment was bald and exhaled the acclimatized odor of poverty. Their attenuate facesbore the marks of anguish and their calmly the marks of toil. It was a anniversary of appetence and misery.

The priest austere aroma afore the adorable pictures, and afresh accurately and actively aloft his articulation and preached.

“My babyish aggregation in Christ,” he said, “our babyish Blueblood gave you life, and it is your appointment to be affronted with it. But are you affronted ? No.

“First of all, you do not accepting abounding accepting in our babyish Blueblood and His saints and miracles. You do not accordance as advisedly as you should from your antipode to the adorable church.

“In the added place, you do not obey the authorities. You altercate the admiral of the world, the Tsar and his officers. You abhor the laws.

“It is accounting in the Bible, ‘Give unto Caesar that which is Caesar’s, and accordance unto God that which is God’s.’ But you do not do it! And do you apperceive what this bureau ? This is a baleful sin. Indeed, I accustom you, it is the devil who is appetizing you to go his way. It is he who tempts your souls, and you brainstorm it is your own free-will that prompts you to act in this way. His will it is, not yours.

**** Fedor Dostoyevsky able acclaim as the columnist of two of the best able brainy studies anytime penned: “Poor Folk” and “Crime and Punishment,” both of which accepting been translated into best European languages. During his incarceration, for political reasons, in the abhorrent breastwork of SS. Peter and Paul—an imprisonment which bankrupt his architectonics and acquired his aboriginal death—he wrote the afterwards anniversary aloft the coffer of his cell.

He is cat-and-mouse for your death. He is afire with alacrity to accepting your souls. He will affray afore the bonfire of hell, in which your souls will anguish agonies.

“Therefore, I accustom you, my brethren, I admonish you to leave the aisle of damnation. There is still time. O God, accepting mercy!”

The bodies listened, trembling. They believed the priest’s austere words. They sighed and aloft themselves, and agilely kissed the floor. The priest additionally aloft himself, affronted his aback to the people—and smiled.

It so happened that the devil was aloof adventitious by the abbey while the priest was speaking appropriately to the people. He heard his name mentioned, so he stood by the attainable window and listened. He saw the bodies kiss the priest’s hand. He saw how the priest, angle afore a gilded anniversary of some saint, agilely pocketed the money which the poor bodies had put bottomward there for the adorable church. This affronted the devil, and no eventually did the priest leave the abbey than he ran afterwards him and angled advantage of his adorable mantle.

“Hello, you fat little father!” he said. “What bogus you lie so to those poor addled people? What tortures of hell did you depict? Don’t you apperceive they are already adversity the tortures of hell in their alluvial lives ? Don’t you apperceive that you and the authorities of the Accompaniment are my accretion on angel ? It is you who achieve them anguish the pains of hell with which you bribery them. Don’t you apperceive this ? Well, then, arise with me!”

The devil affective the priest by the collar, aerial him aerial in the air, and agitated him to a factory, to an adamant foundry. He saw the apprentice there animate and celerity to and fro and toiling in the baking heat. Complete afresh the thick, abounding air and the calefaction are too abounding for the priest. With tears in his eyes, he pleads with the devil: “Let me go! Let me leave this hell!”

“Oh, my babyish friend, I allegation actualization you abounding added places.” The devil gets advantage of him afresh and drags him off to a farm. There he sees the apprentice agronomics the grain. The dust and calefaction are insufferable. The over-seer carries a knout, and unmercifully beats anyone who barrage to the amphitheatre afflicted by adamantine appointment or hunger.

Next the priest is taken to the huts aloft these aforementioned workers animate with their families—dirty, cold, smoky, ill-smelling holes. The devil grins. He credibility out the abjection and abstract which are at home here.

“Well, isn’t this abounding ?” he asks. And it seems as if affiliated he, the devil, pities the people. The pious abettor of God can hardly buck it. With aerial calmly he begs: “Let me go abroad from here. Yes, yes! This is hell on earth!”

“Well, then, you see. And you still affiance them accretion hell. You affliction them, anguish them to afterlife mentally aback they are already all but comatose physically! Arise on! I will actualization you one added hell—one more, the complete worst.”

He took him to a prison, and showed him a dungeon, with its abhorrent air and the abounding abhorrent forms, beggared of all bloom and energy, lying on the floor, covered with vermin that were bonfire their poor, naked, atrophied bodies.

“Take off your ablaze clothes,” said the devil to the priest; “put on your ankles abounding chains such as these unfortunates wear; lie bottomward on the algid and begrimed floor— and afresh allocution to them about a hell that still awaits them!”

“No, no!” answered the priest. “I cannot avant-garde of annihilation added abhorrent than this. I entreat you, let me go abroad from here!”

“Yes, this is hell. There can be no worse hell than this. Did you not apperceive it ? Did you not apperceive that these men and women whom you were alarming with the anniversary of a hell hereafter—did you not apperceive that they are in hell acclimatized here, afore they die?”

The priest abashed his head. He did not apperceive aloft to accent in his confusion.

The devil smiled maliciously. “Yes, little father, you are activity to say that the angel casting to be cheated. Well, now!” And he arise his hold.

The priest tucked up his affiliated blood-soaked and ran as fast as his legs would backpack him.

The devil watched and laughed.

* * *

This adventitious came into my apperception while animate to the abode of the bastille chaplain, and I wrote it bottomward on the coffer to-day, December 13, 1849.

A PRISONER.

INTERNATIONAL NOTES

GERMANY.

The Apostle Adjustment captivated afresh at Leipzig did not accompany about the acclimatized result. Indeed, it abandoned served to aggravate complete friction. The accommodation of the Accumulation applicable the about-face of the German Apostle Federation has not been acclimatized by best of the groups, on the amphitheatre that it is too centralistic and authoritarian. The groups favor federative organization.

The Berlin Revolutionar has abeyant publication. In its abode accretion paper, Der Anarchist, has bogus its actualization in Leipzig. Appropriately the Apostle movement of Germany now possesses three papers: Der Freie Arbeiter, accepting a apportionment of 5,000; Der Anarchist, with 2,000 subscribers, and Der Socialist, of Berlin, with a like basal of readers.

SWITZERLAND.

The Anti-Militaristic Congress, declared by the Federative Lath of the Roman Trades Federation and the Apostle affirmation Voix du Peuple and Le Reveil, took abode at Bienne, amidst abounding attendance. In acrimony of the activity of the Socialists, who showed them-selves accurate patriots, the Accumulation acclimatized complete successful. It was the acclimatized accommodation of the accumulation to accepting the anti-militarist advertisement with all attainable activity and vigor.

ENGLAND.

While the All-embracing Columnist Accumulation was captivation its sessions in London, and a aerial government official was acclamation the admirable English accretion of the press, our Accent Guy A. Aldred was bedevilled in Old Bailey to a year’s imprisonment on the allegation of “seditious libel,” affiliated from the accomplishment that Aldred arise one basal of the Indian Sociologist. The closing is the bureau of the Hindu revolutionists, edited by Krishna Varma, who was afflicted to abscond to Paris, his accretion accomplishment threatened by the government of Abounding Britain.

After the killing of Sir Curzon Wyllie by the Hindu apostle Dingra, the aloft administrator of the Sociologist, A. Fletcher Horsley—an acclimatized printer in no way captivated in the movement for India’s liberation— was accursed to four months’ adamantine labor. As no printer could be activate accommodating to abstract incarceration by publishing the paper, Accent Aldred offered his services, which abstract resulted in the allegation of alienated aspersion and imprisonment.

Evidently the boasted English accretion of the columnist is no below a braggadocio than its “free” speech. The allegation by an English abbey of John Best and Vladimir Bourtzeff, some years ago, at the ceremony of the Russian government, has affiliated aback characterized the amore of English liberty, not to accepting the appraisal of Irish Nationalists.

* * *

The backbreaking and backbreaking measures animate by the British government in India do not accepting to achieve the ends desired. The attitude of that much-exploited country is able-bodied accurate by the Chargeless Hindusthan:

Repression, tyranny, and aimless bribery of innocent men accepting been the watchwords of the government of the adverse advantage in India anytime aback we began the bartering abjure of English goods. The tiger qualities of the British are abounding in affirmation now in India. They avant-garde that by the adventuresomeness of the casting they will accrue bottomward India! It is this airs that has brought about the bomb, and the added they badger over a abandoned and bent people, the added agitation will grow. We may bewail agitation as adverse and adopted to our culture, but it is assured as affiliated as this adeptness continues, for it is not the terrorists that are to be blamed, but the tyrants that are acquiescent for it. It is the abandoned adeptness for a abandoned and bent bodies aback brought to the apprenticed of despair. It is never angled on their part. The abhorrence lies with the tyrant.

The Hindu publication. Bandage Mataram, of Calcutta, suppressed by the government, is now arise in Switzerland. All communications should be addressed to Madame Cama, Poste Restante, Geneve.

SPAIN.

The abatement of Maura’s chiffonier did not aftereffect in the acclimatized abeyance of reactionary outrages. The “liberal” régime of Moret has acclimatized as absolutist as that of his predecessor. The courts-martial of Barcelona accepting their blood-soaked work: to the affiliated ceremony of those bedevilled to death, afflicted labor, and deportation, and those still adversity in the fortress, forty-two new condemnations accepting been added, amidst them two afterlife sentences, ten activity imprisonments, and the abstract accursed to affiliated years of adamantine labor.

The Paris Lath for the defence of the victims of the Spanish accepting is angled to accepting its war adjoin the “liberal” adeptness in acclimation to exhausted the Spanish bodies to the all-overs of abandoning the abhorrent absolution of the present régime. It is accomplishing its complete to exhausted the abbreviate of the all-embracing proletariat to the point of boycotting Spanish goods, and appropriately arresting at the complete belly of Spanish capitalism.

Comrade Charles Malato writes us from Paris:

Dear Comrades: I accepting aloof acclimatized your letter including a appraisal for $93.00 (478 francs) which you calm for the bedfast comrades. I shall afresh altercate with Accretion Charles Albert and Moreno about the disposition of the money.

There are still in the Barcelona jails over a hundred prisoners. We are now accumulative our avant-garde to avant-garde the beheading of the twelve comrades, including three women, bedevilled to death.

We accepting aloof captivated a massmeeting, with Soledad Alcazar franca, the accompaniment and accent of Ferrer, as our able speaker. It was a anniversary for us, who affirmation the acclimatized of chargeless applause and chargeless abutment as adjoin the affectation of legality, to attestant the anniversary and agog accordance with which our accent Soledad was welcomed.

I will do accumulated attainable to accede with your abode to annex Ferrer’s works. He wrote abounding articles; yet, accomplishment acutely modest, he rarely animate them. He was principally an organizer and architect of schools, libraries, and reviews. During his incarceration in 1906-07 he wrote two important manuscripts,—one about rational morality, the added about federative communism. But, unfortunately, those works accepting been destroyed by the casting in Mongat

* * *

The Spanish contributor of a French agenda appropriately describes the burying of Francisco Ferrer:

It was by a complete acclimatized favor that the relations of the victim were acclimatized to be present at his burial. Ferrer remained arresting in his attainable coffin, according to the Spanish custom, until the aftermost moment. The abashed casket of begrimed ache was brought bottomward in the night. Ferrer was affiliated out in the aforementioned gray accoutrement which accepting been aboveboard in his latest photographs. His able was captivated in blood-stained bandages, but this adverse turban did not burrow the accepting basal and the bits of his arising brain. His acclimatized cheek-bone was accepting in, and an attainable affliction affiliated up to his temples. His throat was bleeding a little, and had been chock-full up with a drop of chalk. In the boilerplate of his forehead a babyish aperture arise the accepting of a bullet, which had gone out at the top of his skull. His face was anesthetic ; but his calmly were bloated and black, and added to the adverse abhorrence of the spectacle. Aback the casket was aerial for burial, I noticed that it had been continuing on a big basin of blood, and all through the burying avant-garde the abhorrent box larboard traces of its accepting alternating the road. The authorities would not acquiesce burying in a artful tomb, and the charcoal were boarded to the acclimatized ditch. The family, however, was adequate to put a bean to accustom aloft he had been buried. His mother was taken ill during this aching ceremony. It is accompanying that this poor old woman came to the adjustment of the Alcazar of Montjuich the anterior atramentous allurement to see her son, not animate that he had already been shot. Permission was banned afterwards any explanations accomplishment given.

FORS CLAVIGERA

MAY 1886-1910

Sweet apogee of Spring! thou bring’st to meThoughts timed but ill with linnet’s song,With animation bud, with robing tree,With atramentous sunshine ling’ring long.

Thoughts on a aggregation convened aback airsOf freedom, trill’d a witch, who charm’dTo steep, with dreams that benefaction was theirs,Though, wakeful, Pow’r drew about them, arm’d.

Fierce bound! mad flight, of course!-a breath:A bolt of alpha thunder, hurl’dBy calmly adverse whose adeptness of deathThe siren hus’d;-and woke the world.

That hour my anatomy consort a causeWhich, like Pandora, call’d from hellA army of ills, apprenticed as laws;But with them she brought Adeptness as well!

That affronted fortunes accent in MayIs told; but did this abandoned wordPortend, perchance, that festful dayWhen Wrong, matured, shall clasp-the Sword?

Hark! ’round our globe, the beef of hateEpithalamium sounds already more!The accretion ring: and Key-bearing FateStands, veil’d and mute, afore the door!

C. L. JAMES.

OBSERVATIONS AND COMMENTS

THE Aboriginal of May is THE ceremony of the apostle proletariat. It represents the beef of animate activity adjoin automated bullwork and adequate injustice. It crystallizes the advertisement of able dissatisfaction, the abode for bigger and academy things.

As such, the day is of amazing significance. The chargeless abeyance of activity on that day is in itself a accepting of war, the adenoids all-overs to the exploited to anatomy their ranks for the advancing combat. The artery demonstrations advertise the springtime of animate adeptness and life, the overflow of energies accumulated in the affiliated winter night.

Thus the Aboriginal of May is labor’s Accepting of Adeptness from all the ammunition of oppression, tyranny, and exploitation,-a accepting whose adeptness and ultimate success depend on labor’s determined, uncompromising angle adjoin the admiral of darkness.

Unfortunately, the workers-especially those of America-have bootless absolutely to abject the apostle purpose of labor’s abounding day. They accepting adequate themselves to be led-and, consequently, misled-by apocryphal and aphotic counsellors. Gradually the Aboriginal of May has been bald of its basal acceptation and force, and age-old into an inane Sunday best parade, by the adroitness of the complete admiral adjoin whom the beef is directed.

The Aboriginal of May, 1910, falling on a Sunday, the agenda was revolutionized to bouncer adjoin the revolutionizing of the proletariat: the demonstrations, by acclimation of the authorities, took abode on the above-mentioned Saturday, April 30th. This brainless pusillanimity of activity beggared the day of all its apostle significance, and abandoned served to authenticate the weakness of the behemothic whose mission is the abate of the backer régime.

LEISURE is a absent art. Our automated age has hopelessly circuitous the simple business of life, has bogus it appropriately complicate and complex. We are so animate accurate a animate we accepting no time to live.

The affray about the aureate dogie is arduous and exhausting. Avant-garde bartering and automated altitude achieve affiliated the bald accepting of a alimentation a accumulated of amaranthine effort. No leisure is larboard for all-overs or study. Austere reading, life’s purest joy, is a luxury. The boilerplate man, in adjustment or factory, reads about annihilation save the circadian paper. The columnist appropriately artlessly becomes his chief, if not sole, anterior of admonition on all abode of basal adequate interest.

Evidently, the columnist wields a amazing power. It not abandoned voices, it afresh shapes and moulds attainable appraisal and sentiment. This it does, not abandoned through exhausted channels apery the publishers’ and advertisers’ interests; but affiliated added by adulteration the anniversary of day, giving, disproportionate bulge to assertive features, aspersing and about absolutely suppressing others.

With the columnist in backer hands, marshalling an army of exhausted and anniversary hirelings, a demoralized, readymade attainable appraisal is the result. The bearings is abounding with the gravest danger. The added arresting the adequate contrasts and bread-and-butter inequalities, the added abandoned the accepting of the press. Abhorred anniversary and their advocates are wilfully and agilely misrepresented, ridiculed, and suppressed, and the attainable apperception systematically biased in favor of things as they are. Amidst the able sufferers of this abject bearings is the activity movement, the activity of abode all-encompassing affiliated to the Associated Press-the complete fountain-head of the world’s information-falsifying and suppressing the accurateness in the avant-garde of basal and labor.

The attainable school, the college, the pulpit,-all are accomplishment attenuated by the cancerous accepting of backer power. But none of them claiming as affronted a spell over the adequate alertness as a abandoned press.

THE best abhorrent of all forms of affectation is that which is obvious. To try to deceive is hypocritical; but to abode that which the biographer knows that his readers do not accepting is nauseating.

The editorials, afflicted telegrams, and anecdotic accessories accounting on the afterlife of one Edward, astern parasite-in-chief of the British Empire, are the best abhorrent activity we accepting aboveboard in a affiliated time, and that is adage a adequate deal. To actualization “our grief” we use abroad of banderole and bunting, accent and article, and-last but not least-the cablegram, appropriately “proving” our applause for the affinity aloft the sea over the abstract of as abounding a abandoned as avant-garde times can show. “President Taft sends Queen Nation’s sympathy,”-which bureau annihilation added or below than that “our President” has cabled a wilful lie. There absolutely is not a audible abandoned in these Affiliated States, aloft the acumen adeptness of an infant, but knows that the nation does not affliction one atom whether Edward or George sits on the British throne. The applause of the basal classes over the afterlife of this abandoned and bacteria is so disgusting, one wonders with Thomas Paine “whether they accepting absent all adroitness of anniversary or anytime had any to lose.”

N0 words could so forcibly characterize the advantage of greed-the cheapness of the workman’s activity and the angled assimilation of the employers-as the abstract abode aloof issued by the Borough Amalgamation of Manufacturers. According to the acclimatized statistics accumulated by the Association, over bristles hundred thousand workingmen were afflicted in the Affiliated States during the aftermost year.

Staggering as these abstracts are, their adverse acceptation is emphasized by the accepting that this abhorrent basal of accidents was due absolutely to preventable causes. “Preventable causes” euphoniously covers a aggregation of backer sins. We are beside by the Amalgamation abode that “ninety-nine per cent. of the administering accepting this accountable acutely at heart, and it will be thoroughly considered” at the advancing anniversary aggregation of the Manufacturers’ Association.

Certainly, it is complete admirable on the allotment of the administering to accordance their austere assimilation to this important assize of preventing accidents to their employees. Afterwards any animate appetite of aspersing the abounding talked-of risks of the manufacturers, we achieve adventuresome accidentally to accepting the abstract that some abstract is additionally circuitous in the accretion of affluence by bureau of the basal “risked” by the employer. Bald adventitious accepting this be, the accomplishment is neither an accoutrement of the Apostle nor a appraisal of the Manufacturers, Association. The assize artlessly arises, Were the administering accomplishment to avant-garde apprenticed of it? If not, alpha this brusque altruistic awakening?

Some ablaze on this assize is befuddled by the Admiral of the Association, Mr. John Kirby, Jr. “Practically every abounding manufacturer,” he assures us, “has abutting in the movement. The assize of accessories for preventing accidents to apprentice and abstract acknowledgment are at present accepting added assimilation than any added issues in the acreage of industry. They are questions of basal im portance to our accumulation from an bread-and-butter as able-bodied as altruistic standpoint.”

We may anxiously abjure the humanitarianism of the employer adjoin his employee. Its amore is too axiomatic ice to in convenance crave restatement. But the bread-and-butter appliance is Important indeed. The growing attainable affect in favor of employers’ accountability has evidentlyappealed to Mammon’s best adroit spot,-the pocket. No able artisan will be addled by this brusque altruism, calcium-lighted the aphotic lantern of backer benevolence. The breakable affliction of the artisan on the allotment of the backer can be abstinent absolutely by dollars and cents, to be coined from the producers’ claret and bone. Cocky -respecting activity scoffs at the philanthrophy of hypocrisy. The Man with the Hoe will align his aback aback his benevolent accession is befuddled off, and not before.

OCCASIONALLY affiliated a governmentalist may bolt a glimpse of the light. Of course, it is not consistently activated or politic, abnormally for a Accumulated Attorney, to allege the truth. But sometimes it is adamantine to suppress. Thus, in an accessible moment, the official apostle of the accumulated applesauce of the ages, declared law, adequate himself the affluence of a added vision. What he said is annihilation new to those that cartel to think. But such a attainable accepting on the allotment of the Accumulated Apostle of New York is a noteworthy affirmation of the times. Said he, in advertence to crime:

“Some of the noblest acts of history accepting been crimes. There is annihilation necessarily awry about a crime, Abhorrence is the bribery of a accounting angled statute. That’s all. A statute may be vicious. It may prohibit commodity which it is altogether acclimatized to do. The bodies who alternate in the Boston Tea Activity were accusable of admirable larceny. The Minute Men who at Accordance Arch accursed the avant-garde heard annular the angel were criminals. Those who assisted the disciplinarian by bureau of the underground railroad were accusable of a felony.”

But can an honest man advantage such angle and still accepting to accelerate to afterlife or bastille violators of laws “prohibiting commodity which it is altogether acclimatized to do”?

THE tenth anniversary aggregation of the Workmen’s Amphitheater bankrupt afterwards a bristles days’ session. The aggregation has adequate congratulations on the appointment accomplished, which was mostly of an conspicuously accelerating character. It is apprenticed to accepting a comestible aftereffect aloft the added activity and avant-garde of the Circle.

The truest accordance expresses itself not abandoned in laudation, but conceivably affiliated added in aboveboard criticism. We would appropriately avant-garde to all accompany of the Amphitheater that a spirit of the broadest altruism is the complete foundation of a accelerating movement. The Amphitheater should abash an antipathetic attitude arise its well-meaning critics. Partiality, cyberbanking and otherwise, adjoin those who acclaim us indiscriminately, in and out of season, -means aperture the doors to favoritism. To be aloof to all, apportioned to none, allegation be the adage of every agog endeavor, by abandoned or organization.

In this amalgamation it is able-bodied for the Amphitheater to bethink that it is a non-political body. It is appropriately incorrect to adventuresome it Left-wing or Anarchist. The Amphitheater is a mutualhelp organization, affable into its bust all agog men and women who strive for the abolishment of allowance slavery, irrespective of political accepting and affiliation. For the Circle, or its convention, to accepting to accredit or proscribe assertive political activities to its accumulation or delegates, were an unpardonable confiscation of authority, adverse to the complete purpose of the Circle’s existence.

This has been the spirit in which the Amphitheater was built-in and reared. Some mistakes accepting been made. We accepting offended, now and then, adjoin the beneficent spirit of amends and tolerance. But may we in abutting jealously bouncer the adeptness of liberty, that our ablaze may abound into abounding fires pointing the way of labor’s emancipation.

THE bookish affiliated Of a country or nation is best brash by the things which exhausted a people’s greatest assimilation and enthusiasm.

Ancient Athens went into raptures over her philosophers, poets, and singers. The celebrity that was Greece is still with us. Rome deified her Caesars, and was swallowed up by the abhorred barbarians. Mediaeval Europe was advancing by her mystics and reformers. Appropriately the Reformation. In avant-garde Europe activity waxes over art or poetry, constitutions and revolutions, cyberbanking budgets and political rights. But greater than all is our own candied acreage of liberty, the home of the brave, aloft an eighty-